Motorways and roads in Cyprus

Motorways and roads in Cyprus
Cyprus Motorway logo

Since the arrival of the first motor cars on the island in 1907[1], Cyprus has developed one of the most modern road networks in Europe. According to 2002 statistics, the road network in the free areas of Cyprus consists of about 7,206 km of paved and 4,387 km of unpaved roads. Although the first motorway in Cyprus, A1, was completed as recently as October 1985, the country already has the most motorway km per capita (38.6km /100,000 inhabitants) amongst all European Union members.[2] There are no toll paying roads in Cyprus to date.

Contents

Maintenance

The Public Works Department of the Ministry of Communications and Works is responsible for the maintenance, improvement and construction of motorways, the majority of rural and interurban road network and the main urban roads. The Municipalities are responsible for the secondary and local urban roads; the District Administration Authorities are responsible for the paved and unpaved district (tertiary) roads and village roads. The Forestry Department is responsible for most unpaved roads in forest areas, this is in order to accommodate the administration and protection of forests.

The Turkish invasion of 1974 radically changed the program of road development and created new priorities in order to cover the augmented needs in the government controlled areas, where 80% of the Cyprus population and the greatest portion of development had concentrated.

Under these circumstances New Road Development Schemes were promoted, which were partially financed by foreign Financing Organizations. Under these development projects new 4 lane motorways were constructed and more are on their way as follows:

Cyprus Motorways List

Cyprus Motorway Map
Motorway logo Connecting Cities Status Special Features
A1 highway logo
A1 Nicosia - Limassol Completed 1st Motorway in Cyprus, 5,200m Emergency runway
A2 highway logo
A2 Nicosia - Larnaca Completed 1st Modern Motorway in Cyprus, 1st Motorway Interchange in Cyprus
A3 highway logo
A3 Larnaca Airport - Ayia Napa Completed First Beltway in Cyprus
A5 highway logo
A5 Larnaca - Limassol Completed 5,000m Emergency runway
A6 highway logo
A6 Limassol - Paphos Completed 950m tunnel, 110m tall bridge, one of the 300 largest in the world.
A7 highway logo
A7 Paphos - Polis Final Plans 3 tunnels
A8 highway logo
A8 Limassol - Saittas Preliminary Designs N/A
A9 highway logo
A9 Nicosia - Astromeritis Partly under construction 1st Urban Motorway in Cyprus
A22 highway logo
Nicosia 3rd Ring road Final Plans 2 km long underground within Lakatamia

The highway network is continuously developed. The first section of the A9 Nicosia - Astomeritis Motorway between Kokkinotrimithia and Akaki has been completed, whereas the rest is under construction. Also the upgrading of the Limassol Junctions is completed.

The following are under design:

Motorways logo layout, here A1 Nicosia - Limassol logo
Main roads logo layout, here B8 Limassol - Troodos logo
Secondary roads logo layout, here Paphos International airport road logo
  • Upgrading of the existing A1 Nicosia - Limassol Motorway to a 6 lane road between the Strovolos Junction and Alampra Interchange. Road works already started.
  • Limassol Port connecting road. Construction began in June 2010.
  • A7 Paphos - Polis Motorway is promoted through the D.B.F.O. method (Design, Build, Finance, Operate).

Preliminary and feasibility studies are conducted for the:

  • Nicosia 3rd Ring road
  • A8 Limassol - Saittas Motorway

Road Network Categories and Numbering

Roads and Motorways in Cyprus can be classified into 5 main categories:

  • Motorways, 2 lanes per direction, free of any at-grade intersections. They are the most important road network on the island, and the letter "A" is used on their official numbering system. Motorways usually run parallel to the same-number "B class" intercity roads that they replaced and sometimes these roads are even transformed to Motorways (e.g. A3 Motorway and B3 road). While there is no formal announcement about the numbering of new motorways under construction and under planning, it's anticipated that they will have the same number as their current main road. So Limassol - Saittas Motorway will be coded A8 because A is the letter of Motorways and 8 because it will "replace" B8 road.
  • Main Roads, Intercity roads, mostly one lane per direction, except sometimes in residential areas up to two lanes. B is the letter used in their official numbering system, with a number up to two digits long. Most of them have been replaced with their same-number Motorway (e.g. Traffic from Nicosia to Limassol now uses the A1 Motorway while in the past B1 road was the main connection between these cities)."B type" roads can be also main avenues within the city limits.
  • Roads, secondary road network, mostly connecting rural areas. One lane per direction, always paved. They use the letter "E" in their formal numbering system and they are 3 digits long. First digit is the serial number of the main road that the secondary road begins from (or the secondary road, that begins at another secondary road which begins at a main road etc.) and the last two digits is the serial number of the road. Smaller digits where the main road begins, larger ones near main road's ending.
  • Local roads, when coded during the 80's one lane and often dirt roads, today almost completely paved, and waiting for letter re - evaluation. They use "F" in the official coding system, and they are counted in the same way as "E"s are. There is no "E" with the same number as an "F".
  • Unclassified roads. They can be "B" and "E" type. The case here is that these roads were constructed after the road network was numbered, so they will remain without a serial number and road signs will remain with gaps until the next road numbering evaluation.

Road safety

Cyprus currently holds a worse than average road safety record in the European Union[3][4]

Official figures:[5]

1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
Accidents 3,172 3,052 3,021 2,080
Injuries 4,232 4,490 3,916 3,712 3,586 3,531 3,176 3,523 3,411
Fatalities 103 132 115 133 118 128 115 111 113 111 98 94 97 117 98 84[6] 89 82[7]
Fatalities/Million 150 189 161 184 162 174 155 149 150 147 129 124 128 154

References

Part of this article was copied from Cyprus's Press and Information office multimedia software "Aspects of Cyprus".


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