- David Ennals, Baron Ennals
The Right Honourable
The Lord Ennals
Secretary of State for Social Services In office
8 April 1976 – 4 May 1979
Prime Minister James Callaghan Preceded by Barbara Castle Succeeded by Patrick Jenkin In office
28 February 1974 – 9 June 1983
Preceded by George Wallace Succeeded by Patrick Thompson Member of Parliament
15 October 1964 – 18 June 1970
Preceded by John Arbuthnot Succeeded by Peter Rees Personal details Born 19 August 1922
Walsall, United Kingdom
Died 17 June 1995(aged 72)
Belsize Park, United Kingdom
Political party Labour
David Hedley Ennals, Baron Ennals PC (19 August 1922 – 17 June 1995) was a British Labour Party politician and campaigner for human rights. He served as Secretary of State for Social Services from 1976 to 1979.
Early life and military career
Born in 1922 to Arthur Ford Ennals and his wife Jessie Edith Taylor, Ennals was educated at Queen Mary's Grammar School, Walsall and the Loomis Institute in Windsor, Connecticut on a one-year student exchange scholarship. In 1939 he was a reporter on the Walsall Observer and during World War II he served in the Royal Armoured Corps from 1941 to 1945. Commissioned into Reconnaissance Corps in 1942 and posted to 3rd Reconnaissance Corps. He served in North Africa, Italy and the Rhine Crossing. He was captured during the Normandy campaign in June 1944 and spent several months as a prisoner of war. He was invalided out with the rank of Lieutenant.
Ennals stood unsuccessfully as a Liberal candidate for Richmond (Surrey) in the 1950 general election and again in 1951. He later joined the Labour Party and served as secretary to the international department at the Labour Party's head office.
In 1964 he was elected as the Member of Parliament for Dover. Following the 1966 election, Harold Wilson appointed Ennals as Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for the Army. He moved to become Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for the Home Department in 1967 under James Callaghan before being appointed as a Minister of State for Social Services in 1968. He lost his government post and his seat following Labour's defeat in the 1970 general election.
Ennals returned to parliament representing Norwich North following the February 1974 general election as was appointed Minister of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs. In 1976 he became Secretary of State for Social Services, which he held until Labour lost power in 1979. During his tenure he appointed Sir Douglas Black to produce the Black Report (published in 1980) into health inequality. After losing his seat in the general election of 1983, he was created a life peer, as Baron Ennals, of Norwich in the County of Norfolk.
He may be the only politician to be remembered for telling the truth and being laughed at for it. In a debate on health inequalities he told the House of Commons that "people who smoke cigarettes are going to die" - and a Member sang the line from "Fame": "I'm gonna live forever". The House collapsed in laughter and Ennals never quite lived the joke down.
Following his exit from parliament in 1970, Ennals became Campaign Director for the National Association for Mental Health (MIND), which he served as until 1973. He became Chairman in 1984, and served as President from 1989 to 1995.
After serving as secretary to the United Nations Association from 1952 to 1957, he became Chairman in 1984, as well as Chairman of the Gandhi Foundation, which he held until 1995.
Ennals married Eleanor Maud Caddick (born 1924/1925) on 10 June 1950, and they had four children before they divorced in 1977. Later that year he married Katherine Gene Tranoy (born 1926/1927).
Ennals's younger brother, Martin Ennals, was a human rights activist and Secretary-General of Amnesty International. His son, Sir Paul Ennals, is chief executive of the National Children's Bureau.
He died in 1995 of pancreatic cancer at his home in Belsize Park, London.
- ^ Who was Who, OUP 2007
- ^ London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 35746. p. 4483. 13 October 1942.
- ^ War Diaries of 3rd Reconnaissance Corps (TNA ref. WO166/10487)
- ^ War Diaries of 3rd Reconnaissance Corps (TNA ref. WO 171/418)
- ^ Who's Who of 475 Liberal Candidates Fighting the 1950 General Election. Liberal Publications Dept. 1950.
- ^ London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 38051. p. 3938. 19 August 1947.
- ^ UK General Election results: October 1951
- ^ House of Commons Library: Members Since 1979
- ^ London Gazette: no. 49477. p. 12063. 14 September 1983. Retrieved 2009-09-13.
- Dalyell, Tam (19 June 1995). "Obituary: Lord Ennals". The Independent. http://www.independent.co.uk/news/people/obituarylord-ennals-1587195.html. Retrieved 2009-09-13.
- "Lord Ennals; Ex-Cabinet Minister, 72". The New York Times. 19 June 1995. http://www.nytimes.com/1995/06/19/obituaries/lord-ennals-ex-cabinet-minister-72.html. Retrieved 2009-09-13.
- Glennerster, Howard (May 2008). "Ennals, David Hedley, Baron Ennals (1922–1995)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/59129. http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/59129. Retrieved 2009-09-13. Subscription or UK public library membership required
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by David Ennals
Parliament of the United Kingdom Preceded by
Member of Parliament for Dover
Member of Parliament for Norwich North
Political offices Preceded by
Secretary of State for Social Services
Secretaries of State for Health of the United Kingdom Ministers of HealthChristopher Addison · Alfred Mond · Arthur Griffith-Boscawen · Neville Chamberlain · William Joynson-Hicks · John Wheatley · Neville Chamberlain · Arthur Greenwood · Neville Chamberlain · Edward Hilton Young · Kingsley Wood · Walter Elliot · Malcolm MacDonald · Ernest Brown · Henry Willink · Aneurin Bevan · Hilary Marquand · Harry Crookshank · Iain Macleod · Robin Turton · Dennis Vosper · Derek Walker-Smith · Enoch Powell · Anthony Barber · Kenneth Robinson Secretaries of State for Social ServicesRichard Crossman · Sir Keith Joseph · Barbara Castle · David Ennals · Patrick Jenkin · Norman Fowler · John Moore Secretaries of State for HealthKenneth Clarke · William Waldegrave · Virginia Bottomley · Stephen Dorrell · Frank Dobson · Alan Milburn · John Reid · Patricia Hewitt · Alan Johnson · Andy Burnham · Andrew Lansley
Joel Barnett · Tony Benn · Albert Booth · James Callaghan · Anthony Crosland · Edmund Dell · Lord Elwyn-Jones · David Ennals · Michael Foot · Roy Hattersley · Denis Healey · Roy Jenkins · Harold Lever · Roy Mason · Bruce Millan · John Morris · Fred Mulley · Stanley Orme · David Owen · Lord Peart · Reg Prentice · Merlyn Rees · Bill Rodgers · Lord Shepherd · Peter Shore · John Silkin · John Smith · Eric Varley · Shirley WilliamsCategories:
- 1922 births
- 1995 deaths
- British Secretaries of State
- Deaths from pancreatic cancer
- Labour Party (UK) life peers
- Members of the Privy Council of the United Kingdom
- Members of the United Kingdom Parliament for English constituencies
- Labour Party (UK) MPs
- People from Walsall
- UK MPs 1964–1966
- UK MPs 1966–1970
- UK MPs 1974
- UK MPs 1974–1979
- UK MPs 1979–1983
- People educated at Queen Mary's Grammar School
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