Elevation 1,976 m (6,483 ft)
Listing List of mountains in Greece
Pronunciation Greek: [ˈtomaros]
Location west central Epirus
Coordinates 39°29′17″N 20°47′28″E / 39.488°N 20.791°E / 39.488; 20.791Coordinates: 39°29′17″N 20°47′28″E / 39.488°N 20.791°E / 39.488; 20.791

Tomaros (Greek: Τόμαρος, also Tmaros or Olytsikas) is a mountain in southwestern Ioannina prefecture, rising to the south of the archaeological site of Dodona. The mountain is part of the Pindus mountain range. Its maximum elevation is 1,976 m and is named the Pentalakos. The GR-5/E55 (Antirrio - Agrinio - Arta - Ioannina) passes to the east and since 2004, the Via Egnatia (Igoumenitsa - Kozani - Thessaloniki - Alexandroupoli) passes to the northern side of the mountain with tunnels. Its length is approximately 30 km. and its width is approximately 15 to 20 km.


Nearest places


Forests dominate the low lying areas of the mountain. The valley areas are dominated by grasslands. Bushes and unvegetated portions dominate the higher elevations. The area around the mountain contains villages and forest roads. The ancient city of Dodona is next to the mountain.


Its panorama includes the nearby mountains in the eastern and central parts of the Thesprotia prefecture as well as southern and central Ioannina prefecture. It also offers views of the Aoos Valley, the city of Ioannina and Lake Pamvotida. The Ionian Sea can rarely be seen.


Two suggestions have been proposed[1].

Related to Greek temno cut + oros mountain (sharp mountain) PIE *tom-/*tem- "cut", Vale of Tempe, Tomi city , Tomouroi priests of Dodona (wood-cutters)[2] or chastified (with cutten tail,line oura)[3] or tomarion diminutive of tomos slice, piece of land, tome, volume.

Related to Tmor and Tomori mountains in Illyria and Illyrian eponym Temus. A proposed Illyrian word for "dark", PIE *temes akin to Latin tenebrae "darkness", temere "blindly, by chance", Old Irish temel "darkness", Middle Irish teimen "dark grey", Old High German demar "darkness", dinstar "dark", Old Church Slavonic tǐma "darkness", tǐmǐnǔ "dark", etc [4].


  1. ^ Zeus: A Study in Ancient Religion [1] By Arthur Bernard Cook
  2. ^ Greek Mythology Page 63 By Richmond Yancey Hathorn
  3. ^ Larcher's notes on Herodotus Page 273 By Pierre Henri Larcher
  4. ^ JP Mallory, J.P. and D.Q. Adams. Encyclopedia of Indo-European Culture. London: Fitzroy and Dearborn, 1997: 147.

External links

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Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Dodonäisches Orakel — Dodona in Epirus Geflügeltes Pferd, Votivgabe aus Dodona aus dem dritten Viertel des 6. Jahrhunderts v. Chr., jetzt im Louvre …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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