List of birds of Burma

List of birds of Burma

This is a list of the bird species recorded in Burma. The avifauna of Burma includes a total of 1062 species, of which 6 are endemic, 2 have been introduced by humans, and 10 are rare or accidental. 1 species listed is extirpated in Burma and is not included in the species count. 51 species are globally threatened.

This list's taxonomic treatment (designation and sequence of orders, families, and species) and nomenclature (common and scientific names) follow the conventions of Clements's 5th edition. The family accounts at the beginning of each heading reflects this taxonomy, as do the species counts found in each family account. Introduced and accidental species are included in the total counts for Burma.

The following tags have been used to highlight certain relevant categories. It must be noted that not all species fall into one of these categories. Those that do not are commonly occurring, native species.

* (A) Accidental A species that rarely or accidentally occurs in Burma.
* (E) Endemic A species endemic to Burma.
* (I) Introduced A species introduced to Burma as a consequence, direct or indirect, of human actions.
* (Ex) Extirpated A species that no longer occurs in Burma although populations exist elsewhere.



Order: PodicipediformesFamily: Podicipedidae

Grebes are small to medium-large sized freshwater diving birds. They have lobed toes, and are excellent swimmers and divers. However, they have their feet placed far back on the body, making them quite ungainly on land. There are 20 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in Burma.

*Little Grebe "Tachybaptus ruficollis"
*Great Crested Grebe "Podiceps cristatus"


Order: ProcellariiformesFamily: Hydrobatidae

The storm-petrels are relatives of the petrels, and are the smallest of sea-birds. They feed on planktonic crustaceans and small fish picked from the surface, typically while hovering. The flight is fluttering and sometimes bat-like. There are 21 species worldwide and 3 species which occur in Burma.

*Wilson's Storm-Petrel "Oceanites oceanicus"
*Black-bellied Storm-Petrel "Fregetta tropica"
*Swinhoe's Storm-Petrel "Oceanodroma monorhis"


Order: PelecaniformesFamily: Phaethontidae

Tropicbirds are slender white birds of tropical oceans, with exceptionally long central tail feathers. Their heads and long wings have black markings. There are 3 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in Burma.

*Red-billed Tropicbird "Phaethon aethereus"
*White-tailed Tropicbird "Phaethon lepturus" (A)


Order: PelecaniformesFamily: Pelecanidae

Pelicans are large water birds with a distinctive pouch under the beak. As with other members of the order Pelecaniformes, they have webbed feet with four toes. There are 8 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in Burma.

*Great White Pelican "Pelecanus onocrotalus"
*Spot-billed Pelican "Pelecanus philippensis" (Ex)

Boobies and Gannets

Order: PelecaniformesFamily: Sulidae

The sulids comprise the gannets and boobies. Both groups comprise medium-to-large coastal sea-birds that plunge-dive for fish. There are 9 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Burma.

*Brown Booby "Sula leucogaster"


Order: PelecaniformesFamily: Phalacrocoracidae

The Phalacrocoracidae is a family of medium-to-large coastal, fish-eating sea-birds that includes cormorants and shags. Plumage colouration varies with the majority having mainly dark plumage, some species being black and white, and a few being colourful. There are 38 species worldwide and 3 species which occur in Burma.

*Indian Cormorant "Phalacrocorax fuscicollis"
*Great Cormorant "Phalacrocorax carbo"
*Little Cormorant "Phalacrocorax niger"


Order: PelecaniformesFamily: Anhingidae

Darters are frequently referred to as "snake-birds" because of their long thin neck, which gives a snake-like appearance when they swim with their bodies submerged.The males have black and dark brown plumage, an erectile crest on the nape and a larger bill than the female. The females have a much paler plumage especially on the neck and underparts. The darters have completely webbed feet, and their legs are short and set far back on the body. Their plumage is somewhat permeable, like that of cormorants, and they spread their wings to dry after diving. There are 4 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Burma.

*Darter "Anhinga melanogaster"


Order: PelecaniformesFamily: Fregatidae

Frigatebirds are large sea-birds usually found over tropical oceans. They are large, black and white or completely black, with long wings and deeply-forked tails. The males have inflatable coloured throat pouches. They do not swim or walk, and cannot take off from a flat surface. Having the largest wingspan to body weight ratio of any bird, they are essentially aerial, able to stay aloft for more than a week. There are 5 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Burma.

*Christmas Island Frigatebird "Fregata andrewsi"

Bitterns, Herons and Egrets

Order: CiconiiformesFamily: Ardeidae

The family Ardeidae contains the bitterns, herons and egrets. Herons and egrets are medium to large sized wading birds with long necks and legs. Bitterns tend to be shorter necked and more wary. Unlike other long-necked birds suck as storks, ibises and spoonbills, members of Ardeidae fly with their necks retracted. There are 61 species worldwide and 20 species which occur in Burma.

*Gray Heron "Ardea cinerea"
*White-bellied Heron "Ardea insignis"
*Great-billed Heron "Ardea sumatrana"
*Purple Heron "Ardea purpurea"
*Great Egret "Ardea alba"
*Intermediate Egret "Egretta intermedia"
*Little Egret "Egretta garzetta"
*Pacific Reef-Heron "Egretta sacra"
*Indian Pond-Heron "Ardeola grayii"
*Chinese Pond-Heron "Ardeola bacchus"
*Javan Pond-Heron "Ardeola speciosa"
*Cattle Egret "Bubulcus ibis"
*Striated Heron "Butorides striata"
*Black-crowned Night-Heron "Nycticorax nycticorax"
*Malayan Night-Heron "Gorsachius melanolophus"
*Yellow Bittern "Ixobrychus sinensis"
*Schrenck's Bittern "Ixobrychus eurhythmus"
*Cinnamon Bittern "Ixobrychus cinnamomeus"
*Black Bittern "Ixobrychus flavicollis"
*Great Bittern "Botaurus stellaris"


Order: CiconiiformesFamily: Ciconiidae

Storks are large, long-legged, long-necked, wading birds with long, stout bills. Storks are mute; bill-clattering is an important mode of stork communication at the nest. Their nests can be large and may be reused for many years. Many species are migratory. There are 19 species worldwide and 8 species which occur in Burma.

*Painted Stork "Mycteria leucocephala"
*Asian Openbill "Anastomus oscitans"
*Black Stork "Ciconia nigra"
*Woolly-necked Stork "Ciconia episcopus"
*Oriental Stork "Ciconia boyciana"
*Black-necked Stork "Ephippiorhynchus asiaticus"
*Lesser Adjutant "Leptoptilos javanicus"
*Greater Adjutant "Leptoptilos dubius"

Ibises and Spoonbills

Order: CiconiiformesFamily: Threskiornithidae

The Threskiornithidae is a family of large terrestrial and wading birds which includes the ibises and spoonbills. They have long, broad wings with 11 primary and about 20 secondary feathers. They are strong fliers and despite their size and weight, very capable soarers. There are 36 species worldwide and 5 species which occur in Burma.

*Black-headed Ibis "Threskiornis melanocephalus"
*Red-naped Ibis "Pseudibis papillosa"
*White-shouldered Ibis "Pseudibis davisoni"
*Glossy Ibis "Plegadis falcinellus"
*Eurasian Spoonbill "Platalea leucorodia"

Ducks, Geese and Swans

Order: AnseriformesFamily: Anatidae

The family Anatidae includes the ducks and most duck-like waterfowl, such as geese and swans. These are birds that are modified for an aquatic existence with webbed feet, flattened bills and feathers that are excellent at shedding water due to an oily coating. There are 131 species worldwide and 33 species which occur in Burma.

*Fulvous Whistling-Duck "Dendrocygna bicolor"
*Lesser Whistling-Duck "Dendrocygna javanica"
*Bean Goose "Anser fabalis"
*Greater White-fronted Goose "Anser albifrons"
*Greylag Goose "Anser anser"
*Bar-headed Goose "Anser indicus"
*Ruddy Shelduck "Tadorna ferruginea"
*Common Shelduck "Tadorna tadorna"
*White-winged Duck "Cairina scutulata"
*Comb Duck "Sarkidiornis melanotos"
*Cotton Pygmy-goose "Nettapus coromandelianus"
*Mandarin Duck "Aix galericulata"
*Eurasian Wigeon "Anas penelope"
*Falcated Duck "Anas falcata"
*Gadwall "Anas strepera"
*Baikal Teal "Anas formosa"
*Eurasian Teal "Anas crecca"
*Mallard "Anas platyrhynchos"
*Spot-billed Duck "Anas poecilorhyncha"
*Northern Pintail "Anas acuta"
*Garganey "Anas querquedula"
*Northern Shoveler "Anas clypeata"
*Red-crested Pochard "Netta rufina"
*Common Pochard "Aythya ferina"
*Ferruginous Pochard "Aythya nyroca"
*Baer's Pochard "Aythya baeri"
*Tufted Duck "Aythya fuligula"
*Greater Scaup "Aythya marila"
*Common Goldeneye "Bucephala clangula"
*Smew "Mergellus albellus"
*Red-breasted Merganser "Mergus serrator"
*Common Merganser "Mergus merganser"
*Scaly-sided Merganser "Mergus squamatus"


Order: FalconiformesFamily: Pandionidae

The Pandionidae family contains only one species, the Osprey. The Osprey is a medium large raptor which is a specialist fish-eater with a worldwide distribution.

*Osprey "Pandion haliaetus"

Hawks, Kites and Eagles

Order: FalconiformesFamily: Accipitridae

Accipitridae is a family of birds of prey and include hawks, eagles, kites, harriers and Old World vultures. These birds have powerful hooked beaks for tearing flesh from their prey, strong legs, powerful talons, and keen eyesight. There are 233 species worldwide and 50 species which occur in Burma.

*Jerdon's Baza "Aviceda jerdoni"
*Black Baza "Aviceda leuphotes"
*Oriental Honey-buzzard "Pernis ptilorhynchus"
*Bat Hawk "Macheiramphus alcinus"
*Black-shouldered Kite "Elanus caeruleus"
*Black Kite "Milvus migrans"
*Brahminy Kite "Haliastur indus"
*White-bellied Sea-Eagle "Haliaeetus leucogaster"
*Pallas's Fish-Eagle "Haliaeetus leucoryphus"
*Lesser Fish-Eagle "Ichthyophaga humilis"
*Gray-headed Fish-Eagle "Ichthyophaga ichthyaetus"
*Egyptian Vulture "Neophron percnopterus"
*White-rumped Vulture "Gyps bengalensis"
*Indian Vulture "Gyps indicus"
*Cinereous Vulture "Aegypius monachus"
*Red-headed Vulture "Sarcogyps calvus"
*Short-toed Eagle "Circaetus gallicus"
*Crested Serpent-Eagle "Spilornis cheela"
*Western Marsh-Harrier "Circus aeruginosus"
*Eastern Marsh-Harrier "Circus spilonotus"
*Northern Harrier "Circus cyaneus"
*Pallid Harrier "Circus macrourus"
*Pied Harrier "Circus melanoleucos"
*Crested Goshawk "Accipiter trivirgatus"
*Shikra "Accipiter badius"
*Chinese Goshawk "Accipiter soloensis"
*Japanese Sparrowhawk "Accipiter gularis"
*Besra "Accipiter virgatus"
*Eurasian Sparrowhawk "Accipiter nisus"
*Northern Goshawk "Accipiter gentilis"
*White-eyed Buzzard "Butastur teesa"
*Rufous-winged Buzzard "Butastur liventer"
*Gray-faced Buzzard "Butastur indicus"
*Eurasian Buzzard "Buteo buteo"
*Long-legged Buzzard "Buteo rufinus"
*Black Eagle "Ictinaetus malayensis"
*Lesser Spotted Eagle "Aquila pomarina"
*Indian Spotted Eagle "Aquila hastata"
*Greater Spotted Eagle "Aquila clanga"
*Tawny Eagle "Aquila rapax"
*Steppe Eagle "Aquila nipalensis"
*Imperial Eagle "Aquila heliaca"
*Bonelli's Eagle "Aquila fasciatus"
*Booted Eagle "Aquila pennatus"
*Rufous-bellied Eagle "Aquila kienerii"
*Changeable Hawk-Eagle "Spizaetus cirrhatus"
*Flores Hawk-Eagle "Spizaetus floris"
*Mountain Hawk-Eagle "Spizaetus nipalensis"
*Blyth's Hawk-Eagle "Spizaetus alboniger"
*Wallace's Hawk-Eagle "Spizaetus nanus"

Caracaras and Falcons

Order: FalconiformesFamily: Falconidae

Falconidae is a family of diurnal birds of prey. They differ from hawks, eagles, and kites in that they kill with their beaks instead of their feet. There are 62 species worldwide and 10 species which occur in Burma.

*White-rumped Falcon "Polihierax insignis"
*Collared Falconet "Microhierax caerulescens"
*Black-thighed Falconet "Microhierax fringillarius"
*Lesser Kestrel "Falco naumanni"
*Eurasian Kestrel "Falco tinnunculus"
*Amur Falcon "Falco amurensis"
*Eurasian Hobby "Falco subbuteo"
*Oriental Hobby "Falco severus"
*Laggar Falcon "Falco jugger"
*Peregrine Falcon "Falco peregrinus"


Order: GalliformesFamily: Megapodiidae

The Megapodiidae are stocky, medium-large chicken-like birds with small heads and large feet. All but the Malleefowl occupy jungle habitats, and most have brown or black colouring. There are 21 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Burma.

*Nicobar Scrubfowl "Megapodius nicobariensis"

Pheasants and Partridges

Order: GalliformesFamily: Phasianidae

The Phasianidae are a family of terrestrial birds which consists of quails, partridges, snowcocks, francolins, spurfowls, tragopans, monals, pheasants, peafowls and jungle fowls. In general, they are plump (although they may vary in size) and have broad, relatively short wings. There are 156 species worldwide and 33 species which occur in Burma.

*Chinese Francolin "Francolinus pintadeanus"
*Long-billed Partridge "Rhizothera longirostris"
*Japanese Quail "Coturnix japonica"
*Common Quail "Coturnix coturnix"
*Rain Quail "Coturnix coromandelica"
*Blue-breasted Quail "Coturnix chinensis"
*Hill Partridge "Arborophila torqueola"
*Rufous-throated Partridge "Arborophila rufogularis"
*White-cheeked Partridge "Arborophila atrogularis"
*Bar-backed Partridge "Arborophila brunneopectus"
*Scaly-breasted Partridge "Arborophila chloropus"
*Chestnut-necklaced Partridge "Arborophila charltonii"
*Ferruginous Partridge "Caloperdix oculea"
*Crested Partridge "Rollulus rouloul"
*Mountain Bamboo-Partridge "Bambusicola fytchii"
*Blood Pheasant "Ithaginis cruentus"
*Blyth's Tragopan "Tragopan blythii"
*Temminck's Tragopan "Tragopan temminckii"
*Himalayan Monal "Lophophorus impejanus"
*Sclater's Monal "Lophophorus sclateri"
*Red Junglefowl "Gallus gallus"
*Kalij Pheasant "Lophura leucomelanos"
*Silver Pheasant "Lophura nycthemera"
*Crestless Fireback "Lophura erythrophthalma"
*Crested Fireback "Lophura ignita"
*Siamese Fireback "Lophura diardi"
*Hume's Pheasant "Syrmaticus humiae"
*Ring-necked Pheasant "Phasianus colchicus"
*Lady Amherst's Pheasant "Chrysolophus amherstiae"
*Gray Peacock-Pheasant "Polyplectron bicalcaratum"
*Malayan Peacock-Pheasant "Polyplectron malacense"
*Great Argus "Argusianus argus"
*Green Peafowl "Pavo muticus"


Order: GruiformesFamily: Turnicidae

The buttonquails are small, drab, running birds which resemble the true quails.The female is the brighter of the sexes, and initiates courtship. The male incubates the eggs and tends the young. There are 16 species worldwide and 3 species which occur in Burma.

*Small Buttonquail "Turnix sylvatica"
*Yellow-legged Buttonquail "Turnix tanki"
*Barred Buttonquail "Turnix suscitator"


Order: GruiformesFamily: Gruidae

Cranes are large, long-legged and long-necked birds. Unlike the similar-looking but unrelated herons, cranes fly with necks outstretched, not pulled back. Most have elaborate and noisy courting displays or "dances". There are 15 species worldwide and 4 species which occur in Burma.

*Demoiselle Crane "Anthropoides virgo"
*Sarus Crane "Grus antigone"
*Common Crane "Grus grus"
*Black-necked Crane "Grus nigricollis"

Rails, Crakes, Gallinules, and Coots

Order: GruiformesFamily: Rallidae

Rallidae is a large family of small to medium-sized birds which includes the rails, crakes, coots, and gallinules. Typically they inhabit dense vegetation in damp environments near lakes, swamps, or rivers. In general they are shy and secretive birds, difficult to observe. Most species have strong legs, and have long toes which are well adapted to soft, uneven surfaces. They tend to have short, rounded wings and be weak fliers. There are 143 species worldwide and 15 species which occur in Burma.

*Red-legged Crake "Rallina fasciata"
*Slaty-legged Crake "Rallina eurizonoides"
*Slaty-breasted Rail "Gallirallus striatus"
*Water Rail "Rallus aquaticus"
*Brown Crake "Amaurornis akool"
*White-breasted Waterhen "Amaurornis phoenicurus"
*Black-tailed Crake "Amaurornis bicolor"
*Baillon's Crake "Porzana pusilla"
*Spotted Crake "Porzana porzana"
*Ruddy-breasted Crake "Porzana fusca"
*White-browed Crake "Porzana cinerea"
*Watercock "Gallicrex cinerea"
*Purple Swamphen "Porphyrio porphyrio"
*Common Moorhen "Gallinula chloropus"
*Eurasian Coot "Fulica atra"

ungrebe and Finfoots

Order: GruiformesFamily: Heliornithidae

The Heliornithidae are small family of tropical birds with webbed lobes on their feet similar to those of grebes and coots. There are 3 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Burma.

*Masked Finfoot "Heliopais personata"


Order: GruiformesFamily: Otididae

Bustards are large terrestrial birds mainly associated with dry open country and steppes in the Old World. They are omnivorous and nest on the ground. They walk steadily on strong legs and big toes, pecking for food as they go. They have long broad wings with "fingered" wingtips, and striking patterns in flight. Many have interesting mating displays. There are 26 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Burma.

*Great Bustard "Otis tarda"


Order: CharadriiformesFamily: Jacanidae

The jacanas are a group of tropical waders in the family Jacanidae. They are found worldwide in the Tropics. They are identifiable by their huge feet and claws which enable them to walk on floating vegetation in the shallow lakes that are their preferred habitat. There 8 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in Burma.

*Pheasant-tailed Jacana "Hydrophasianus chirurgus"
*Bronze-winged Jacana "Metopidius indicus"

Painted snipe

Order: CharadriiformesFamily: Rostratulidae

Painted snipe are short-legged, long-billed birds similar in shape to the true snipes, but more brightly coloured. There are 2 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Burma.

*Greater Painted-snipe "Rostratula benghalensis"


Order: CharadriiformesFamily: Haematopodidae

The oystercatchers are large and noisy plover-like birds, with strong bills used for smashing or prising open molluscs. There are 11 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Burma.

*Eurasian Oystercatcher "Haematopus ostralegus"


Order: CharadriiformesFamily: Ibidorhynchidae

The Ibisbill is a bird related to the waders, but sufficiently distinctive to merit its own family. The adult is grey with a white belly, red legs and long down curved bill, and a black face and black breast band.

*Ibisbill "Ibidorhyncha struthersii"

Avocets and Stilts

Order: CharadriiformesFamily: Recurvirostridae

Recurvirostridae is a family of large wading birds, which includes the avocets and the stilts. The avocets have long legs and long up-curved bills. The stilts have extremely long legs and long, thin, straight bills. There are 9 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in Burma.

*Black-winged Stilt "Himantopus himantopus"
*Pied Avocet "Recurvirostra avosetta"


Order: CharadriiformesFamily: Burhinidae

The thick-knees are a group of largely tropical waders in the family Burhinidae. They are found worldwide within the tropical zone, with some species also breeding in temperate Europe and Australia. They are medium to large waders with strong black or yellow black bills, large yellow eyes and cryptic plumage. Despite being classed as waders, most species have a preference for arid or semi-arid habitats. There are 9 species worldwide and 3 species which occur in Burma.

*Eurasian Thick-knee "Burhinus oedicnemus"
*Great Thick-knee "Burhinus recurvirostris"
*Beach Thick-knee "Burhinus magnirostris"

Pratincoles and Coursers

Order: CharadriiformesFamily: Glareolidae

Glareolidae is a family of wading birds comprising the pratincoles, which have short legs, long pointed wings and long forked tails, and the coursers, which have long legs, short wings and long pointed bills which curve downwards. There are 17 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in Burma.

*Oriental Pratincole "Glareola maldivarum"
*Small Pratincole "Glareola lactea"

Plovers and Lapwings

Order: CharadriiformesFamily: Charadriidae

The family Charadriidae includes the plovers, dotterels, and lapwings. They are small to medium-sized birds with compact bodies, short, thick necks and long, usually pointed, wings. They are found in open country worldwide, mostly in habitats near water, although there are some exceptions. There are 66 species worldwide and 13 species which occur in Burma.

*Northern Lapwing "Vanellus vanellus"
*River Lapwing "Vanellus duvaucelii"
*Gray-headed Lapwing "Vanellus cinereus"
*Red-wattled Lapwing "Vanellus indicus"
*White-tailed Lapwing "Vanellus leucurus"
*Pacific Golden-Plover "Pluvialis fulva"
*Black-bellied Plover "Pluvialis squatarola"
*Common Ringed Plover "Charadrius hiaticula"
*Long-billed Plover "Charadrius placidus"
*Little Ringed Plover "Charadrius dubius"
*Snowy Plover "Charadrius alexandrinus"
*Lesser Sandplover "Charadrius mongolus"
*Greater Sandplover "Charadrius leschenaultii"

andpipers and allies

Order: CharadriiformesFamily: Scolopacidae

The Scolopacidae are a large diverse family of small to medium sized shorebirds including the sandpipers, curlews, godwits, shanks, tattlers, woodcocks, snipes, dowitchers and phalaropes. The majority of species eat small invertebrates picked out of the mud or soil. Variation in length of legs and bills enable different species to feed in the same habitat, particularly on the coast, without direct competition for food. There are 89 species worldwide and 37 species which occur in Burma.

*Eurasian Woodcock "Scolopax rusticola"
*Jack Snipe "Lymnocryptes minimus"
*Solitary Snipe "Gallinago solitaria"
*Wood Snipe "Gallinago nemoricola"
*Pintail Snipe "Gallinago stenura"
*Swinhoe's Snipe "Gallinago megala"
*Great Snipe "Gallinago media"
*Common Snipe "Gallinago gallinago"
*Asian Dowitcher "Limnodromus semipalmatus"
*Black-tailed Godwit "Limosa limosa"
*Bar-tailed Godwit "Limosa lapponica"
*Whimbrel "Numenius phaeopus"
*Eurasian Curlew "Numenius arquata"
*Spotted Redshank "Tringa erythropus"
*Common Redshank "Tringa totanus"
*Marsh Sandpiper "Tringa stagnatilis"
*Common Greenshank "Tringa nebularia"
*Nordmann's Greenshank "Tringa guttifer"
*Green Sandpiper "Tringa ochropus"
*Wood Sandpiper "Tringa glareola"
*Terek Sandpiper "Xenus cinereus"
*Common Sandpiper "Actitis hypoleucos"
*Gray-tailed Tattler "Heterosceles brevipes"
*Ruddy Turnstone "Arenaria interpres"
*Great Knot "Calidris tenuirostris"
*Red Knot "Calidris canutus"
*Sanderling "Calidris alba"
*Red-necked Stint "Calidris ruficollis"
*Little Stint "Calidris minuta"
*Temminck's Stint "Calidris temminckii"
*Long-toed Stint "Calidris subminuta"
*Sharp-tailed Sandpiper "Calidris acuminata"
*Curlew Sandpiper "Calidris ferruginea"
*Spoon-billed Sandpiper "Eurynorhynchus pygmeus"
*Broad-billed Sandpiper "Limicola falcinellus"
*Ruff "Philomachus pugnax"
*Red-necked Phalarope "Phalaropus lobatus"

kuas and Jaegers

Order: CharadriiformesFamily: Stercorariidae

The family Stercorariidae are, in general, medium to large birds, typically with grey or brown plumage, often with white markings on the wings. They nest on the ground in temperate and Arctic regions and are long-distance migrants. There are 7 species worldwide and 3 species which occur in Burma.

*South Polar Skua "Stercorarius maccormicki" (A)
*Pomarine Jaeger "Stercorarius pomarinus"
*Parasitic Jaeger "Stercorarius parasiticus"


Order: CharadriiformesFamily: Laridae

Laridae is a family of medium to large birds seabirds and includes gulls and kittiwakes. They are typically grey or white, often with black markings on the head or wings. They have stout, longish bills and webbed feet. There are 55 species worldwide and 4 species which occur in Burma.

*East Siberian Gull "Larus vegae"
*Great Black-headed Gull "Larus ichthyaetus"
*Brown-headed Gull "Larus brunnicephalus"
*Black-headed Gull "Larus ridibundus"


Order: CharadriiformesFamily: Sternidae

Terns are a group of generally general medium to large sea-birds typically with grey or white plumage, often with black markings on the head. Most terns hunt fish by diving but some pick insects off the surface of fresh water. Terns are generally long-lived birds, with several species now known to live in excess of 25 to 30 years. There are 44 species worldwide and 15 species which occur in Burma.

*Gull-billed Tern "Sterna nilotica"
*Caspian Tern "Sterna caspia"
*Lesser Crested Tern "Sterna bengalensis"
*Great Crested Tern "Sterna bergii"
*River Tern "Sterna aurantia"
*Roseate Tern "Sterna dougallii"
*Black-naped Tern "Sterna sumatrana"
*Common Tern "Sterna hirundo"
*Little Tern "Sterna albifrons"
*Black-bellied Tern "Sterna acuticauda"
*Bridled Tern "Sterna anaethetus"
*Sooty Tern "Sterna fuscata"
*Whiskered Tern "Chlidonias hybridus"
*White-winged Tern "Chlidonias leucopterus"
*Brown Noddy "Anous stolidus"


Order: CharadriiformesFamily: Rynchopidae

Skimmers are a small family of tropical tern-like birds. They have an elongated lower mandible which they use to feed by flying low over the water surface and skimming the water for small fish. There are 3 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Burma.

*Indian Skimmer "Rynchops albicollis"

Pigeons and Doves

Order: ColumbiformesFamily: Columbidae

Pigeons and doves are stout-bodied birds with short necks and short slender bills with a fleshy cere. There are 308 species worldwide and 26 species which occur in Burma.

*Rock Pigeon "Columba livia"
*Snow Pigeon "Columba leuconota"
*Speckled Wood-Pigeon "Columba hodgsonii"
*Ashy Wood-Pigeon "Columba pulchricollis"
*Pale-capped Pigeon "Columba punicea"
*Oriental Turtle-Dove "Streptopelia orientalis"
*Eurasian Collared-Dove "Streptopelia decaocto"
*Red Collared-Dove "Streptopelia tranquebarica"
*Spotted Dove "Streptopelia chinensis"
*Barred Cuckoo-Dove "Macropygia unchall"
*Little Cuckoo-Dove "Macropygia ruficeps"
*Emerald Dove "Chalcophaps indica"
*Zebra Dove "Geopelia striata"
*Nicobar Pigeon "Caloenas nicobarica"
*Pink-necked Pigeon "Treron vernans"
*Cinnamon-headed Pigeon "Treron fulvicollis"
*Orange-breasted Pigeon "Treron bicincta"
*Pompadour Green-Pigeon "Treron pompadora"
*Thick-billed Pigeon "Treron curvirostra"
*Large Green-Pigeon "Treron capellei"
*Yellow-footed Pigeon "Treron phoenicoptera"
*Pin-tailed Pigeon "Treron apicauda"
*Wedge-tailed Pigeon "Treron sphenura"
*Green Imperial-Pigeon "Ducula aenea"
*Mountain Imperial-Pigeon "Ducula badia"
*Pied Imperial-Pigeon "Ducula bicolor"

Parrots, Macaws and allies

Order: PsittaciformesFamily: Psittacidae

Parrots are small to large birds with a characteristic curved beak shape. Their upper mandibles have slight mobility in the joint with the skull and the have a generally erect stance. All parrots are zygodactyl, having the four toes on each foot placed two at the front and two back. There are 335 species worldwide and 8 species which occur in Burma.

*Blue-rumped Parrot "Psittinus cyanurus"
*Alexandrine Parakeet "Psittacula eupatria"
*Rose-ringed Parakeet "Psittacula krameri"
*Gray-headed Parakeet "Psittacula finschii"
*Blossom-headed Parakeet "Psittacula roseata"
*Red-breasted Parakeet "Psittacula alexandri"
*Long-tailed Parakeet "Psittacula longicauda"
*Vernal Hanging-Parrot "Loriculus vernalis"

Cuckoos and Anis

Order: CuculiformesFamily: Cuculidae

The family Cuculidae includes cuckoos, roadrunners and anis. These birds are of variable size with slender bodies, long tails and strong legs. Unlike the cuckoo species of the Old World, North American cuckoos are not brood parasites. There are 138 species worldwide and 26 species which occur in Burma.

*Pied Cuckoo "Clamator jacobinus"
*Chestnut-winged Cuckoo "Clamator coromandus"
*Large Hawk-Cuckoo "Cuculus sparverioides"
*Common Hawk-Cuckoo "Cuculus varius"
*Moustached Hawk-Cuckoo "Cuculus vagans"
*Hodgson's Hawk-Cuckoo "Cuculus nisicolor"
*Northern Hawk-Cuckoo "Cuculus hyperythrus"
*Indian Cuckoo "Cuculus micropterus"
*Common Cuckoo "Cuculus canorus"
*Oriental Cuckoo "Cuculus saturatus"
*Lesser Cuckoo "Cuculus poliocephalus"
*Banded Bay Cuckoo "Cacomantis sonneratii"
*Plaintive Cuckoo "Cacomantis merulinus"
*Asian Emerald Cuckoo "Chrysococcyx maculatus"
*Violet Cuckoo "Chrysococcyx xanthorhynchus"
*Asian Drongo-Cuckoo "Surniculus lugubris"
*Asian Koel "Eudynamys scolopacea"
*Black-bellied Malkoha "Phaenicophaeus diardi"
*Chestnut-bellied Malkoha "Phaenicophaeus sumatranus"
*Green-billed Malkoha "Phaenicophaeus tristis"
*Raffles's Malkoha "Phaenicophaeus chlorophaeus"
*Red-billed Malkoha "Phaenicophaeus javanicus"
*Chestnut-breasted Malkoha "Phaenicophaeus curvirostris"
*Greater Coucal "Centropus sinensis"
*Andaman Coucal "Centropus andamanensis"
*Lesser Coucal "Centropus bengalensis"

Barn owls

Order: StrigiformesFamily: Tytonidae

Barn owls are medium to large sized owls with large heads and characteristic heart-shaped faces. They have long strong legs with powerful talons. There are 16 species worldwide and 3 species which occur in Burma.

*Australasian Grass-Owl "Tyto longimembris"
*Barn Owl "Tyto alba"
*Oriental Bay-Owl "Phodilus badius"

Typical owls

Order: StrigiformesFamily: Strigidae

Typical owls are small to large solitary nocturnal birds of prey. They have large forward-facing eyes and ears, a hawk-like beak, and a conspicuous circle of feathers around each eye called a facial disk. There are 195 species worldwide and 23 species which occur in Burma.

*White-fronted Scops-Owl "Otus sagittatus"
*Mountain Scops-Owl "Otus spilocephalus"
*Collared Scops-Owl "Otus lettia"
*Sunda Scops-Owl "Otus lempiji"
*Oriental Scops-Owl "Otus sunia"
*Rock Eagle-Owl "Bubo bengalensis"
*Spot-bellied Eagle-Owl "Bubo nipalensis"
*Barred Eagle-Owl "Bubo sumatranus"
*Dusky Eagle-Owl "Bubo coromandus"
*Brown Fish-Owl "Ketupa zeylonensis"
*Tawny Fish-Owl "Ketupa flavipes"
*Buffy Fish-Owl "Ketupa ketupu"
*Spotted Wood-Owl "Strix seloputo"
*Mottled Wood-Owl "Strix ocellata"
*Brown Wood-Owl "Strix leptogrammica"
*Tawny Owl "Strix aluco"
*Collared Owlet "Glaucidium brodiei"
*Asian Barred Owlet "Glaucidium cuculoides"
*Jungle Owlet "Glaucidium radiatum"
*Spotted Owlet "Athene brama"
*Brown Hawk-Owl "Ninox scutulata"
*Long-eared Owl "Asio otus"
*Short-eared Owl "Asio flammeus"


Order: CaprimulgiformesFamily: Podargidae

The frogmouths are a group of nocturnal birds related to the nightjars. They are named for their large flattened hooked bills and huge frog-like gape, which they use to take insects. There are 12 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in Burma.

*Hodgson's Frogmouth "Batrachostomus hodgsoni"
*Javan Frogmouth "Batrachostomus javensis"


Order: CaprimulgiformesFamily: Caprimulgidae

Nightjars are medium-sized nocturnal birds with long wings, short legs and very short bills that usually nest on the ground. Most have small feet, of little use for walking, and long pointed wings. Their soft plumage is camouflaged to resemble bark or leaves. There are 86 species worldwide and 5 species which occur in Burma.

*Great Eared-Nightjar "Eurostopodus macrotis"
*Gray Nightjar "Caprimulgus indicus"
*Large-tailed Nightjar "Caprimulgus macrurus"
*Indian Nightjar "Caprimulgus asiaticus"
*Savanna Nightjar "Caprimulgus affinis"


Order: ApodiformesFamily: Apodidae

Swifts are small aerial birds, spending the majority of their lives flying. These birds have very short legs and never settle voluntarily on the ground, perching instead only on vertical surfaces. Many swifts have long swept-back wings that resemble a crescent or a boomerang. There are 98 species worldwide and 15 species which occur in Burma.

*Glossy Swiftlet "Collocalia esculenta"
*Himalayan Swiftlet "Aerodramus brevirostris"
*Indochinese Swiftlet "Aerodramus rogersi"
*Black-nest Swiftlet "Aerodramus maximus"
*Edible-nest Swiftlet "Aerodramus fuciphagus"
*German's Swiftlet "Aerodramus germani"
*White-rumped Needletail "Zoonavena sylvatica"
*Silver-rumped Needletail "Rhaphidura leucopygialis"
*White-throated Needletail "Hirundapus caudacutus"
*Silver-backed Needletail "Hirundapus cochinchinensis"
*Brown-backed Needletail "Hirundapus giganteus"
*Asian Palm-Swift "Cypsiurus balasiensis"
*Fork-tailed Swift "Apus pacificus"
*Dark-rumped Swift "Apus acuticauda" (A)
*House Swift "Apus nipalensis"


Order: ApodiformesFamily: Hemiprocnidae

The treeswifts or crested swifts are aerial near passerine birds, closely related to the true swifts. They differ from the other swifts in that they have crests, long forked tails and softer plumage. There are 4 species worldwide and 3 species which occur in Burma.

*Crested Treeswift "Hemiprocne coronata"
*Gray-rumped Treeswift "Hemiprocne longipennis"
*Whiskered Treeswift "Hemiprocne comata"

Trogons and Quetzals

Order: TrogoniformesFamily: Trogonidae

The family Trogonidae includes trogons and quetzals. Found in tropical woodlands worldwide, they feed on insects and fruit, and their broad bills and weak legs reflect their diet and arboreal habits. Although their flight is fast, they are reluctant to fly any distance. Trogons have soft, often colourful, feathers with distinctive male and female plumage. There are 33 species worldwide and 4 species which occur in Burma.

*Scarlet-rumped Trogon "Harpactes duvaucelii"
*Red-headed Trogon "Harpactes erythrocephalus"
*Orange-breasted Trogon "Harpactes oreskios"
*Ward's Trogon "Harpactes wardi"


Order: CoraciiformesFamily: Alcedinidae

Kingfishers are medium-sized birds with large heads, long pointed bills, short legs, and stubby tails. There are 93 species worldwide and 15 species which occur in Burma.

*Blyth's Kingfisher "Alcedo hercules"
*Common Kingfisher "Alcedo atthis"
*Blue-eared Kingfisher "Alcedo meninting"
*Blue-banded Kingfisher "Alcedo euryzona"
*Black-backed Kingfisher "Ceyx erithacus"
*Banded Kingfisher "Lacedo pulchella"
*Brown-winged Kingfisher "Pelargopsis amauropterus"
*Stork-billed Kingfisher "Pelargopsis capensis"
*Ruddy Kingfisher "Halcyon coromanda"
*White-throated Kingfisher "Halcyon smyrnensis"
*Black-capped Kingfisher "Halcyon pileata"
*Collared Kingfisher "Todirhamphus chloris"
*Rufous-collared Kingfisher "Actenoides concretus"
*Crested Kingfisher "Megaceryle lugubris"
*Pied Kingfisher "Ceryle rudis"


Order: CoraciiformesFamily: Meropidae

The bee-eaters are a group of near passerine birds in the family Meropidae. Most species are found in Africa but others occur in southern Europe, Madagascar, Australia and New Guinea. They are characterised by richly coloured plumage, slender bodies and usually elongated central tail feathers. All are colorful and have long downturned bills and pointed wings, which give them a swallow-like appearance when seen from afar. There are 26 species worldwide and 5 species which occur in Burma.

*Red-bearded Bee-eater "Nyctyornis amictus"
*Blue-bearded Bee-eater "Nyctyornis athertoni"
*Green Bee-eater "Merops orientalis"
*Blue-tailed Bee-eater "Merops philippinus"
*Chestnut-headed Bee-eater "Merops leschenaulti"

Typical Rollers

Order: CoraciiformesFamily: Coraciidae

Rollers resemble crows in size and build, but are more closely related to the kingfishers and bee-eaters. They share the colourful appearance of those groups with blues and browns predominating. The two inner front toes are connected, but the outer toe is not. There are 12 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in Burma.

*Indian Roller "Coracias benghalensis"
*Dollarbird "Eurystomus orientalis"


Order: CoraciiformesFamily: Upupidae

Hoopoes have black, white and orangey-pink colouring with a large erectile crest on their head. There are 2 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Burma.

*Hoopoe "Upupa epops"


Order: CoraciiformesFamily: Bucerotidae

Hornbills are a group of birds whose bill is shaped like a cow's horn, but without a twist, sometimes with a casque on the upper mandible. Frequently, the bill is brightly coloured. There are 57 species worldwide and 10 species which occur in Burma.

*Oriental Pied-Hornbill "Anthracoceros albirostris"
*Great Hornbill "Buceros bicornis"
*Helmeted Hornbill "Buceros vigil"
*Brown Hornbill "Anorrhinus austeni"
*Rusty-cheeked Hornbill "Anorrhinus tickelli"
*Bushy-crested Hornbill "Anorrhinus galeritus"
*White-crowned Hornbill "Aceros comatus"
*Rufous-necked Hornbill "Aceros nipalensis"
*Wreathed Hornbill "Aceros undulatus"
*Plain-pouched Hornbill "Aceros subruficollis"


Order: PiciformesFamily: Capitonidae

The barbets are plump birds, with short necks and large heads. They get their name from the bristles which fringe their heavy bills. Most species are brightly coloured. There are 84 species worldwide and 11 species which occur in Burma.

*Great Barbet "Megalaima virens"
*Lineated Barbet "Megalaima lineata"
*Green-eared Barbet "Megalaima faiostricta"
*Red-crowned Barbet "Megalaima rafflesii"
*Red-throated Barbet "Megalaima mystacophanos"
*Golden-throated Barbet "Megalaima franklinii"
*Blue-throated Barbet "Megalaima asiatica"
*Moustached Barbet "Megalaima incognita"
*Blue-eared Barbet "Megalaima australis"
*Coppersmith Barbet "Megalaima haemacephala"
*Brown Barbet "Calorhamphus fuliginosus"


Order: PiciformesFamily: Indicatoridae

Honeyguides are among the few birds that feed on wax. They are named for the behaviour of the Greater Honeyguide which leads large animals to bees' nests and then feeds on the wax once the animal has broken the nest open to get at the honey. There are 17 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Burma.

*Yellow-rumped Honeyguide "Indicator xanthonotus"

Woodpeckers and allies

Order: PiciformesFamily: Picidae

Woodpeckers are small to medium sized birds with chisel like beaks, short legs, stiff tails and long tongues used for capturing insects. Some species have feet with two toes pointing forward, and two backward, while several species have only three toes. Many woodpeckers have the habit of tapping noisily on tree trunks with their beaks. There are 218 species worldwide and 39 species which occur in Burma.

*Eurasian Wryneck "Jynx torquilla"
*Speckled Piculet "Picumnus innominatus"
*Rufous Piculet "Sasia abnormis"
*White-browed Piculet "Sasia ochracea"
*Gray-capped Woodpecker "Dendrocopos canicapillus"
*Fulvous-breasted Woodpecker "Dendrocopos macei"
*Stripe-breasted Woodpecker "Dendrocopos atratus"
*Yellow-crowned Woodpecker "Dendrocopos mahrattensis"
*Rufous-bellied Woodpecker "Dendrocopos hyperythrus"
*Darjeeling Woodpecker "Dendrocopos darjellensis"
*Crimson-breasted Woodpecker "Dendrocopos cathpharius"
*Great Spotted Woodpecker "Dendrocopos major"
*Rufous Woodpecker "Celeus brachyurus"
*White-bellied Woodpecker "Dryocopus javensis"
*Banded Woodpecker "Picus mineaceus"
*Lesser Yellownape "Picus chlorolophus"
*Crimson-winged Woodpecker "Picus puniceus"
*Greater Yellownape "Picus flavinucha"
*Checker-throated Woodpecker "Picus mentalis"
*Streak-breasted Woodpecker "Picus viridanus"
*Laced Woodpecker "Picus vittatus"
*Streak-throated Woodpecker "Picus xanthopygaeus"
*Black-headed Woodpecker "Picus erythropygius"
*Gray-faced Woodpecker "Picus canus"
*Olive-backed Woodpecker "Dinopium rafflesii"
*Himalayan Flameback "Dinopium shorii"
*Common Flameback "Dinopium javanense"
*Black-rumped Flameback "Dinopium benghalense"
*Greater Flameback "Chrysocolaptes lucidus"
*Pale-headed Woodpecker "Gecinulus grantia"
*Bamboo Woodpecker "Gecinulus viridis"
*Maroon Woodpecker "Blythipicus rubiginosus"
*Bay Woodpecker "Blythipicus pyrrhotis"
*Buff-rumped Woodpecker "Meiglyptes tristis"
*Black-and-buff Woodpecker "Meiglyptes jugularis"
*Buff-necked Woodpecker "Meiglyptes tukki"
*Gray-and-buff Woodpecker "Hemicircus concretus"
*Heart-spotted Woodpecker "Hemicircus canente"
*Great Slaty Woodpecker "Mulleripicus pulverulentus"


Order: PasseriformesFamily: Eurylaimidae

The broadbills are small, brightly coloured birds that feed on fruit and also take insects in flycatcher fashion, snapping their broad bills. Their habitat is canopies of wet forests. There are 15 species worldwide and 7 species which occur in Burma.

*Dusky Broadbill "Corydon sumatranus"
*Black-and-red Broadbill "Cymbirhynchus macrorhynchos"
*Banded Broadbill "Eurylaimus javanicus"
*Black-and-yellow Broadbill "Eurylaimus ochromalus"
*Long-tailed Broadbill "Psarisomus dalhousiae"
*Silver-breasted Broadbill "Serilophus lunatus"
*Green Broadbill "Calyptomena viridis"


Order: PasseriformesFamily: Pittidae

Pittas are medium-sized by passerine standards, and stocky, with fairly long, strong legs, short tails and stout bills. Many, but not all, are brightly coloured. They are spend the majority of their time on wet forest floors, eating snails, insects and similar invertebrate prey which they find there. There are 32 species worldwide and 12 species which occur in Burma.

*Eared Pitta "Pitta phayrei"
*Blue-naped Pitta "Pitta nipalensis"
*Rusty-naped Pitta "Pitta oatesi"
*Giant Pitta "Pitta caerulea"
*Blue Pitta "Pitta cyanea"
*Gurney's Pitta "Pitta gurneyi" (E)
*Hooded Pitta "Pitta sordida"
*Garnet Pitta "Pitta granatina"
*Indian Pitta "Pitta brachyura"
*Fairy Pitta "Pitta nympha"
*Blue-winged Pitta "Pitta moluccensis"
*Mangrove Pitta "Pitta megarhyncha"


Order: PasseriformesFamily: Alaudidae

Larks are small terrestrial birds with often extravagant songs and display flights. Most larks are fairly dull in appearance. Their food is insects and seeds. There are 91 species worldwide and 8 species which occur in Burma.

*Australasian Bushlark "Mirafra javanica"
*Bengal Bushlark "Mirafra assamica"
*Indochinese Bushlark "Mirafra erythrocephala"
*Burmese Bushlark "Mirafra microptera" (E)
*Greater Short-toed Lark "Calandrella brachydactyla"
*Lesser Short-toed Lark "Calandrella rufescens"
*Sand Lark "Calandrella raytal"
*Oriental Skylark "Alauda gulgula"

wallows and Martins

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Hirundinidae

The Hirundinidae family is a group of passerines characterized by their adaptation to aerial feeding. Their adaptations include a slender streamlined body, long pointed wings and short bills with wide gape. The feet are designed for perching rather than walking, and the front toes are partially joined at the base. There are 75 species worldwide and 12 species which occur in Burma.

*Bank Swallow "Riparia riparia"
*Plain Martin "Riparia paludicola"
*Dusky Crag-Martin "Ptyonoprogne concolor"
*Barn Swallow "Hirundo rustica"
*Pacific Swallow "Hirundo tahitica"
*Wire-tailed Swallow "Hirundo smithii"
*Red-rumped Swallow "Cecropis daurica"
*Striated Swallow "Cecropis striolata"
*Rufous-bellied Swallow "Cecropis badia"
*Common House-Martin "Delichon urbica"
*Asian Martin "Delichon dasypus"
*Nepal Martin "Delichon nipalensis"

Wagtails and Pipits

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Motacillidae

The Motacillidae are a family of small passerine birds with medium to long tails. They include the wagtails, longclaws and pipits. They are slender, ground feeding insectivores of open country. There are 54 species worldwide and 16 species which occur in Burma.

*Forest Wagtail "Dendronanthus indicus"
*White Wagtail "Motacilla alba"
*Black-backed Wagtail "Motacilla lugens"
*Citrine Wagtail "Motacilla citreola"
*Yellow Wagtail "Motacilla flava"
*Gray Wagtail "Motacilla cinerea"
*Oriental Pipit "Anthus rufulus"
*Blyth's Pipit "Anthus godlewskii"
*Long-billed Pipit "Anthus similis"
*Tree Pipit "Anthus trivialis" (A)
*Olive-backed Pipit "Anthus hodgsoni"
*Red-throated Pipit "Anthus cervinus"
*Rosy Pipit "Anthus roseatus"
*Water Pipit "Anthus spinoletta"
*Upland Pipit "Anthus sylvanus"
*American Pipit "Anthus rubescens" (A)


Order: PasseriformesFamily: Campephagidae

The cuckoo-shrikes are small to medium-sized passerine birds. They are predominantly greyish with white and black, although some species are brightly coloured. There are 82 species worldwide and 16 species which occur in Burma.

*Large Cuckoo-shrike "Coracina macei"
*Indochinese Cuckoo-shrike "Coracina polioptera"
*Black-winged Cuckoo-shrike "Coracina melaschistos"
*Lesser Cuckoo-shrike "Coracina fimbriata"
*Black-headed Cuckoo-shrike "Coracina melanoptera"
*Rosy Minivet "Pericrocotus roseus"
*Brown-rumped Minivet "Pericrocotus cantonensis"
*Ashy Minivet "Pericrocotus divaricatus"
*Small Minivet "Pericrocotus cinnamomeus"
*Fiery Minivet "Pericrocotus igneus"
*White-bellied Minivet "Pericrocotus erythropygius"
*Long-tailed Minivet "Pericrocotus ethologus"
*Short-billed Minivet "Pericrocotus brevirostris"
*Scarlet Minivet "Pericrocotus flammeus"
*Gray-chinned Minivet "Pericrocotus solaris"
*Bar-winged Flycatcher-shrike "Hemipus picatus"


Order: PasseriformesFamily: Pycnonotidae

Bulbuls are medium-sized songbirds. Some are colourful with yellow, red or orange vents, cheeks, throat or supercilia, but most are drab, with uniform olive brown to black plumage. Some species have distinct crests.There are 130 species worldwide and 33 species which occur in Burma.

*Crested Finchbill "Spizixos canifrons"
*Straw-headed Bulbul "Pycnonotus zeylanicus"
*Striated Bulbul "Pycnonotus striatus"
*Black-headed Bulbul "Pycnonotus atriceps"
*Black-crested Bulbul "Pycnonotus melanicterus"
*Scaly-breasted Bulbul "Pycnonotus squamatus"
*Gray-bellied Bulbul "Pycnonotus cyaniventris"
*Red-whiskered Bulbul "Pycnonotus jocosus"
*Brown-breasted Bulbul "Pycnonotus xanthorrhous"
*Red-vented Bulbul "Pycnonotus cafer"
*Sooty-headed Bulbul "Pycnonotus aurigaster"
*Puff-backed Bulbul "Pycnonotus eutilotus"
*Stripe-throated Bulbul "Pycnonotus finlaysoni"
*Flavescent Bulbul "Pycnonotus flavescens"
*Yellow-vented Bulbul "Pycnonotus goiavier"
*Olive-winged Bulbul "Pycnonotus plumosus"
*Streak-eared Bulbul "Pycnonotus blanfordi"
*Red-eyed Bulbul "Pycnonotus brunneus"
*Spectacled Bulbul "Pycnonotus erythropthalmos"
*White-throated Bulbul "Alophoixus flaveolus"
*Puff-throated Bulbul "Alophoixus pallidus"
*Ochraceous Bulbul "Alophoixus ochraceus"
*Gray-cheeked Bulbul "Alophoixus bres"
*Yellow-bellied Bulbul "Alophoixus phaeocephalus"
*Hairy-backed Bulbul "Tricholestes criniger"
*Olive Bulbul "Iole virescens"
*Gray-eyed Bulbul "Iole propinqua"
*Buff-vented Bulbul "Iole olivacea"
*Streaked Bulbul "Ixos malaccensis"
*Ashy Bulbul "Hemixos flavala"
*Mountain Bulbul "Ixos mcclellandii"
*Black Bulbul "Hypsipetes leucocephalus"
*White-headed Bulbul "Hypsipetes thompsoni"


Order: PasseriformesFamily: Regulidae

The kinglets or crests are a small group of birds often included in the Old World warblers, but frequently given family status because they also resemble the titmice. There are 7 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Burma.

*Goldcrest "Regulus regulus"


Order: PasseriformesFamily: Chloropseidae

The Leafbirds are small, bulbul-like birds. The males are brightly plumaged, usually in greens and yellows. There are 8 species worldwide and 5 species which occur in Burma.

*Greater Green Leafbird "Chloropsis sonnerati"
*Lesser Green Leafbird "Chloropsis cyanopogon"
*Blue-winged Leafbird "Chloropsis cochinchinensis"
*Golden-fronted Leafbird "Chloropsis aurifrons"
*Orange-bellied Leafbird "Chloropsis hardwickii"


Order: PasseriformesFamily: Aegithinidae

The ioras are bulbul-like birds of open forest or thorn scrub, but whereas that group tends to be drab in coloration, ioras are sexually dimorphic, with the males being brightly plumaged in yellows and greens. There are 4 species worldwide and 3 species which occur in Burma.

*Common Iora "Aegithina tiphia"
*Green Iora "Aegithina viridissima"
*Great Iora "Aegithina lafresnayei"


Order: PasseriformesFamily: Cinclidae

Dippers are a group of perching birds whose habitat includes aquatic environments in the Americas, Europe, and Asia. They are named for their bobbing or dipping movements. There are 5 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in Burma.

*White-throated Dipper "Cinclus cinclus"
*Brown Dipper "Cinclus pallasii"


Order: PasseriformesFamily: Troglodytidae

The wrens are mainly small and inconspicuous except for their loud songs. These birds have short wings and a thin down-turned bill. Several species often hold their tails upright. All are insectivorous. There are 80 species worldwide (of which all but one are New World species) and 1 species which occurs in Burma.

*Winter Wren "Troglodytes troglodytes"


Order: PasseriformesFamily: Prunellidae

The accentors are in the only bird family, Prunellidae, which is completely endemic to the Palearctic. They are small, fairly drab species superficially similar to sparrows. There are 13 species worldwide and 3 species which occur in Burma.

*Alpine Accentor "Prunella collaris"
*Rufous-breasted Accentor "Prunella strophiata"
*Maroon-backed Accentor "Prunella immaculata"

Thrushes and allies

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Turdidae

The thrushes are a group of passerine birds that occur mainly in the Old World. They are plump, soft plumaged, small to medium-sized insectivores or sometimes omnivores, often feeding on the ground. Many have attractive songs. There are 335 species worldwide and 23 species which occur in Burma.

*Blue-capped Rock-Thrush "Monticola cinclorhynchus"
*White-throated Rock-Thrush "Monticola gularis"
*Chestnut-bellied Rock-Thrush "Monticola rufiventris"
*Blue Rock-Thrush "Monticola solitarius"
*Blue Whistling-Thrush "Myophonus caeruleus"
*Orange-headed Thrush "Zoothera citrina"
*Siberian Thrush "Zoothera sibirica"
*Plain-backed Thrush "Zoothera mollissima"
*Long-tailed Thrush "Zoothera dixoni"
*Scaly Thrush "Zoothera dauma"
*Long-billed Thrush "Zoothera monticola"
*Dark-sided Thrush "Zoothera marginata"
*Black-breasted Thrush "Turdus dissimilis"
*White-collared Blackbird "Turdus albocinctus"
*Gray-winged Blackbird "Turdus boulboul"
*Chestnut Thrush "Turdus rubrocanus"
*Gray-sided Thrush "Turdus feae"
*Eyebrowed Thrush "Turdus obscurus"
*Dark-throated Thrush "Turdus ruficollis"
*Dusky Thrush "Turdus naumanni"
*Gould's Shortwing "Brachypteryx stellata"
*Lesser Shortwing "Brachypteryx leucophrys"
*White-browed Shortwing "Brachypteryx montana"

Cisticolas and allies

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Cisticolidae

The Cisticolidae are warblers found mainly in warmer southern regions of the Old World. They are generally very small birds of drab brown or grey appearance found in open country such as grassland or scrub. There are 111 species worldwide and 9 species which occur in Burma.

*Zitting Cisticola "Cisticola juncidis"
*Golden-headed Cisticola "Cisticola exilis"
*Striated Prinia "Prinia criniger"
*Brown Prinia "Prinia polychroa"
*Hill Prinia "Prinia atrogularis"
*Rufescent Prinia "Prinia rufescens"
*Gray-breasted Prinia "Prinia hodgsonii"
*Yellow-bellied Prinia "Prinia flaviventris"
*Plain Prinia "Prinia inornata"

Old World warblers

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Sylviidae

The family Sylviidae is a group of small insectivorous passerine birds. The Sylviidae mainly occur as breeding species, as the common name implies, in Europe, Asia and, to a lesser extent Africa. Most are of generally undistinguished appearance, but many have distinctive songs. There are 291 species worldwide and 64 species which occur in Burma.

*Chestnut-headed Tesia "Tesia castaneocoronata"
*Slaty-bellied Tesia "Tesia olivea"
*Gray-bellied Tesia "Tesia cyaniventer"
*Asian Stubtail "Urosphena squameiceps"
*Pale-footed Bush-Warbler "Cettia pallidipes"
*Brownish-flanked Bush-Warbler "Cettia fortipes"
*Chestnut-crowned Bush-Warbler "Cettia major"
*Aberrant Bush-Warbler "Cettia flavolivacea"
*Yellowish-bellied Bush-Warbler "Cettia acanthizoides"
*Gray-sided Bush-Warbler "Cettia brunnifrons"
*Spotted Bush-Warbler "Bradypterus thoracicus"
*Chinese Bush-Warbler "Bradypterus tacsanowskius"
*Russet Bush-Warbler "Bradypterus seebohmi"
*Brown Bush-Warbler "Bradypterus luteoventris"
*Lanceolated Warbler "Locustella lanceolata"
*Pallas's Warbler "Locustella certhiola"
*Black-browed Reed-Warbler "Acrocephalus bistrigiceps"
*Paddyfield Warbler "Acrocephalus agricola"
*Blunt-winged Warbler "Acrocephalus concinens"
*Blyth's Reed-Warbler "Acrocephalus dumetorum"
*Great Reed-Warbler "Acrocephalus arundinaceus"
*Oriental Reed-Warbler "Acrocephalus orientalis"
*Clamorous Reed-Warbler "Acrocephalus stentoreus"
*Thick-billed Warbler "Acrocephalus aedon"
*Mountain Tailorbird "Orthotomus cuculatus"
*Common Tailorbird "Orthotomus sutorius"
*Dark-necked Tailorbird "Orthotomus atrogularis"
*Rufous-tailed Tailorbird "Orthotomus sericeus"
*Ashy Tailorbird "Orthotomus ruficeps"
*Dusky Warbler "Phylloscopus fuscatus"
*Tickell's Leaf-Warbler "Phylloscopus affinis"
*Buff-throated Warbler "Phylloscopus subaffinis"
*Yellow-streaked Warbler "Phylloscopus armandii"
*Radde's Warbler "Phylloscopus schwarzi"
*Buff-barred Warbler "Phylloscopus pulcher"
*Ashy-throated Warbler "Phylloscopus maculipennis"
*Lemon-rumped Warbler "Phylloscopus proregulus"
*Pale-rumped Warbler "Phylloscopus chloronotus"
*Yellow-browed Warbler "Phylloscopus inornatus"
*Arctic Warbler "Phylloscopus borealis"
*Greenish Warbler "Phylloscopus trochiloides"
*Pale-legged Leaf-Warbler "Phylloscopus tenellipes"
*Sakhalin Leaf-Warbler "Phylloscopus borealoides"
*Large-billed Leaf-Warbler "Phylloscopus magnirostris"
*Tytler's Leaf-Warbler "Phylloscopus tytleri"
*Eastern Crowned Leaf-Warbler "Phylloscopus coronatus"
*Blyth's Leaf-Warbler "Phylloscopus reguloides"
*White-tailed Leaf-Warbler "Phylloscopus davisoni"
*Yellow-vented Warbler "Phylloscopus cantator"
*Sulphur-breasted Warbler "Phylloscopus ricketti"
*Golden-spectacled Warbler "Seicercus burkii"
*Gray-hooded Warbler "Seicercus xanthoschistos"
*White-spectacled Warbler "Seicercus affinis"
*Gray-cheeked Warbler "Seicercus poliogenys"
*Chestnut-crowned Warbler "Seicercus castaniceps"
*Rufous-faced Warbler "Abroscopus albogularis"
*Yellow-bellied Warbler "Abroscopus superciliaris"
*Black-faced Warbler "Abroscopus schisticeps"
*Broad-billed Warbler "Tickellia hodgsoni"
*Striated Grassbird "Megalurus palustris"
*Rufous-rumped Grassbird "Graminicola bengalensis"
*Gray-crowned Warbler "Seicercus tephrocephalus"
*Whistler's Warbler "Seicercus whistleri"
*Plain-tailed Warbler "Seicercus soror"

Old World flycatchers

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Muscicapidae

Old World flycatchers are a large group of small passerine birds native to the Old World. They are mainly small arboreal insectivores. The appearance of these birds is very varied, but they mostly have weak songs and harsh calls. There 274 species worldwide and 70 species which occur in Burma.

*Fulvous-chested Jungle-Flycatcher "Rhinomyias olivacea"
*Siberian Flycatcher "Muscicapa sibirica"
*Asian Brown Flycatcher "Muscicapa dauurica"
*Brown-streaked Flycatcher "Muscicapa williamsoni"
*Brown-breasted Flycatcher "Muscicapa muttui"
*Ferruginous Flycatcher "Muscicapa ferruginea"
*Korean Flycatcher "Ficedula zanthopygia"
*Narcissus Flycatcher "Ficedula narcissina"
*Mugimaki Flycatcher "Ficedula mugimaki"
*Slaty-backed Flycatcher "Ficedula hodgsonii"
*Rufous-gorgeted Flycatcher "Ficedula strophiata"
*Taiga Flycatcher "Ficedula albicilla"
*Snowy-browed Flycatcher "Ficedula hyperythra"
*White-gorgeted Flycatcher "Ficedula monileger"
*Rufous-browed Flycatcher "Ficedula solitaris"
*Little Pied Flycatcher "Ficedula westermanni"
*Ultramarine Flycatcher "Ficedula superciliaris"
*Slaty-blue Flycatcher "Ficedula tricolor"
*Sapphire Flycatcher "Ficedula sapphira"
*Blue-and-white Flycatcher "Cyanoptila cyanomelana"
*Verditer Flycatcher "Eumyias thalassina"
*Large Niltava "Niltava grandis"
*Small Niltava "Niltava macgrigoriae"
*Rufous-bellied Niltava "Niltava sundara"
*Vivid Niltava "Niltava vivida"
*White-tailed Flycatcher "Cyornis concretus"
*Hainan Blue-Flycatcher "Cyornis hainanus"
*Pale-chinned Blue-Flycatcher "Cyornis poliogenys"
*Pale Blue-Flycatcher "Cyornis unicolor"
*Blue-throated Flycatcher "Cyornis rubeculoides"
*Hill Blue-Flycatcher "Cyornis banyumas"
*Tickell's Blue-Flycatcher "Cyornis tickelliae"
*Pygmy Blue-Flycatcher "Muscicapella hodgsoni"
*Gray-headed Canary-flycatcher "Culicicapa ceylonensis"
*Siberian Rubythroat "Luscinia calliope"
*White-tailed Rubythroat "Luscinia pectoralis"
*Bluethroat "Luscinia svecica"
*Black-throated Blue Robin "Luscinia obscura"
*Firethroat "Luscinia pectardens"
*Indian Blue Robin "Luscinia brunnea"
*Siberian Blue Robin "Luscinia cyane"
*Red-flanked Bluetail "Tarsiger cyanurus"
*Golden Bush-Robin "Tarsiger chrysaeus"
*White-browed Bush-Robin "Tarsiger indicus"
*Rufous-breasted Bush-Robin "Tarsiger hyperythrus"
*Oriental Magpie-Robin "Copsychus saularis"
*White-rumped Shama "Copsychus malabaricus"
*Black Redstart "Phoenicurus ochruros"
*Hodgson's Redstart "Phoenicurus hodgsoni"
*White-throated Redstart "Phoenicurus schisticeps"
*Daurian Redstart "Phoenicurus auroreus"
*Blue-fronted Redstart "Phoenicurus frontalis"
*White-capped Redstart "Chaimarrornis leucocephalus"
*Plumbeous Redstart "Rhyacornis fuliginosus"
*White-bellied Redstart "Hodgsonius phaenicuroides"
*White-tailed Robin "Cinclidium leucurum"
*Siberian Stonechat "Saxicola maura"
*Grandala "Grandala coelicolor"
*Little Forktail "Enicurus scouleri"
*Chestnut-naped Forktail "Enicurus ruficapillus"
*Black-backed Forktail "Enicurus immaculatus"
*Slaty-backed Forktail "Enicurus schistaceus"
*White-crowned Forktail "Enicurus leschenaulti"
*Spotted Forktail "Enicurus maculatus"
*Purple Cochoa "Cochoa purpurea"
*Green Cochoa "Cochoa viridis"
*White-tailed Stonechat "Saxicola leucura"
*Pied Bushchat "Saxicola caprata"
*Jerdon's Bushchat "Saxicola jerdoni"
*Gray Bushchat "Saxicola ferrea"


Order: PasseriformesFamily: Rhipiduridae

The Fantails are small insectivorous birds which are specialist aerial feeders. There are 44 species worldwide and 4 species which occur in Burma.

*Yellow-bellied Fantail "Rhipidura hypoxantha"
*White-throated Fantail "Rhipidura albicollis"
*White-browed Fantail "Rhipidura aureola"
*Pied Fantail "Rhipidura javanica"

Monarch flycatchers

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Monarchidae

The monarch flycatchers are small to medium-sized insectivorous passerines, which hunt by flycatching. There are 99 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in Burma.

*Black-naped Monarch "Hypothymis azurea"
*Asian Paradise-Flycatcher "Terpsiphone paradisi"

Whistlers and allies

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Pachycephalidae

The family Pachycephalidae includes the whistlers, shrike-thrushes, shrike-tits, pitohuis and Crested Bellbird. There are 57 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Burma.

*Mangrove Whistler "Pachycephala grisola"


Order: PasseriformesFamily: Timaliidae

The babblers or timaliids are somewhat diverse in size and coloration, but are characterised by soft fluffy plumage. There are 270 species worldwide and 111 species which occur in Burma.

*White-crested Laughingthrush "Garrulax leucolophus"
*Lesser Necklaced Laughingthrush "Garrulax monileger"
*Greater Necklaced Laughingthrush "Garrulax pectoralis"
*Striated Laughingthrush "Garrulax striatus"
*White-necked Laughingthrush "Garrulax strepitans"
*Rufous-necked Laughingthrush "Garrulax ruficollis"
*Chestnut-backed Laughingthrush "Garrulax nuchalis"
*Black-throated Laughingthrush "Garrulax chinensis"
*Yellow-throated Laughingthrush "Garrulax galbanus"
*Rufous-vented Laughingthrush "Garrulax gularis"
*Moustached Laughingthrush "Garrulax cineraceus"
*Rufous-chinned Laughingthrush "Garrulax rufogularis"
*Spotted Laughingthrush "Garrulax ocellatus"
*Gray-sided Laughingthrush "Garrulax caerulatus"
*Spot-breasted Laughingthrush "Garrulax merulinus"
*White-browed Laughingthrush "Garrulax sannio"
*Striped Laughingthrush "Garrulax virgatus"
*Scaly Laughingthrush "Garrulax subunicolor"
*Brown-capped Laughingthrush "Garrulax austeni"
*Blue-winged Laughingthrush "Garrulax squamatus"
*Black-faced Laughingthrush "Garrulax affinis"
*Chestnut-crowned Laughingthrush "Garrulax erythrocephalus"
*Red-tailed Laughingthrush "Garrulax milnei"
*Red-faced Liocichla "Liocichla phoenicea"
*White-chested Babbler "Trichastoma rostratum"
*Ferruginous Babbler "Trichastoma bicolor"
*Abbott's Babbler "Malacocincla abbotti"
*Short-tailed Babbler "Malacocincla malaccensis"
*Buff-breasted Babbler "Pellorneum tickelli"
*Spot-throated Babbler "Pellorneum albiventre"
*Puff-throated Babbler "Pellorneum ruficeps"
*Black-capped Babbler "Pellorneum capistratum"
*Moustached Babbler "Malacopteron magnirostre"
*Rufous-crowned Babbler "Malacopteron magnum"
*Large Scimitar-Babbler "Pomatorhinus hypoleucos"
*Spot-breasted Scimitar-Babbler "Pomatorhinus erythrocnemis"
*Rusty-cheeked Scimitar-Babbler "Pomatorhinus erythrogenys"
*White-browed Scimitar-Babbler "Pomatorhinus schisticeps"
*Streak-breasted Scimitar-Babbler "Pomatorhinus ruficollis"
*Red-billed Scimitar-Babbler "Pomatorhinus ochraceiceps"
*Coral-billed Scimitar-Babbler "Pomatorhinus ferruginosus"
*Slender-billed Scimitar-Babbler "Xiphirhynchus superciliaris"
*Long-billed Wren-Babbler "Rimator malacoptilus"
*Limestone Wren-Babbler "Napothera crispifrons"
*Streaked Wren-Babbler "Napothera brevicaudata"
*Eyebrowed Wren-Babbler "Napothera epilepidota"
*Scaly-breasted Wren-Babbler "Pnoepyga albiventer"
*Pygmy Wren-Babbler "Pnoepyga pusilla"
*Bar-winged Wren-Babbler "Spelaeornis troglodytoides"
*Spotted Wren-Babbler "Spelaeornis formosus"
*Long-tailed Wren-Babbler "Spelaeornis chocolatinus"
*Wedge-billed Wren-Babbler "Sphenocichla humei"
*Buff-chested Babbler "Stachyris ambigua"
*Rufous-fronted Babbler "Stachyris rufifrons"
*Rufous-capped Babbler "Stachyris ruficeps"
*Golden Babbler "Stachyris chrysaea"
*Gray-throated Babbler "Stachyris nigriceps"
*Snowy-throated Babbler "Stachyris oglei"
*Spot-necked Babbler "Stachyris striolata"
*Striped Tit-Babbler "Macronous gularis"
*Chestnut-capped Babbler "Timalia pileata"
*Yellow-eyed Babbler "Chrysomma sinense"
*Jerdon's Babbler "Chrysomma altirostre"
*Striated Babbler "Turdoides earlei"
*White-throated Babbler "Turdoides gularis" (E)
*Slender-billed Babbler "Turdoides longirostris"
*Chinese Babax "Babax lanceolatus"
*Silver-eared Mesia "Leiothrix argentauris"
*Red-billed Leiothrix "Leiothrix lutea"
*Cutia "Cutia nipalensis"
*Black-headed Shrike-Babbler "Pteruthius rufiventer"
*White-browed Shrike-Babbler "Pteruthius flaviscapis"
*Green Shrike-Babbler "Pteruthius xanthochlorus"
*Black-eared Shrike-Babbler "Pteruthius melanotis"
*Chestnut-fronted Shrike-Babbler "Pteruthius aenobarbus"
*White-hooded Babbler "Gampsorhynchus rufulus"
*Rusty-fronted Barwing "Actinodura egertoni"
*Spectacled Barwing "Actinodura ramsayi"
*Hoary-throated Barwing "Actinodura nipalensis"
*Streak-throated Barwing "Actinodura waldeni"
*Blue-winged Minla "Minla cyanouroptera"
*Chestnut-tailed Minla "Minla strigula"
*Red-tailed Minla "Minla ignotincta"
*Golden-breasted Fulvetta "Alcippe chrysotis"
*Yellow-throated Fulvetta "Alcippe cinerea"
*Rufous-winged Fulvetta "Alcippe castaneceps"
*White-browed Fulvetta "Alcippe vinipectus"
*Streak-throated Fulvetta "Alcippe cinereiceps"
*Ludlow's Fulvetta "Alcippe ludlowi"
*Rufous-throated Fulvetta "Alcippe rufogularis"
*Dusky Fulvetta "Alcippe brunnea"
*Rusty-capped Fulvetta "Alcippe dubia" (E)
*Brown-cheeked Fulvetta "Alcippe poioicephala"
*Gray-cheeked Fulvetta "Alcippe morrisonia"
*Nepal Fulvetta "Alcippe nipalensis"
*Rufous-backed Sibia "Heterophasia annectens"
*Gray Sibia "Heterophasia gracilis"
*Black-backed Sibia "Heterophasia melanoleuca"
*Black-headed Sibia "Heterophasia desgodinsi"
*Beautiful Sibia "Heterophasia pulchella"
*Long-tailed Sibia "Heterophasia picaoides"
*Striated Yuhina "Yuhina castaniceps"
*White-naped Yuhina "Yuhina bakeri"
*Whiskered Yuhina "Yuhina flavicollis"
*Burmese Yuhina "Yuhina humilis"
*Stripe-throated Yuhina "Yuhina gularis"
*White-collared Yuhina "Yuhina diademata"
*Rufous-vented Yuhina "Yuhina occipitalis"
*Black-chinned Yuhina "Yuhina nigrimenta"
*White-bellied Yuhina "Yuhina zantholeuca"
*Fire-tailed Myzornis "Myzornis pyrrhoura"


Order: PasseriformesFamily: Paradoxornithidae

The parrotbills are a group of birds native to East and Southeast Asia, though feral populations are known from elsewhere. They are generally small, long-tailed birds which inhabit reedbeds and similar habitats. There are 20 species worldwide and 13 species which occur in Burma.

*Great Parrotbill "Conostoma oemodium"
*Brown Parrotbill "Paradoxornis unicolor"
*Gray-headed Parrotbill "Paradoxornis gularis"
*Black-breasted Parrotbill "Paradoxornis flavirostris"
*Spot-breasted Parrotbill "Paradoxornis guttaticollis"
*Vinous-throated Parrotbill "Paradoxornis webbianus"
*Brown-winged Parrotbill "Paradoxornis brunneus"
*Fulvous Parrotbill "Paradoxornis fulvifrons"
*Black-throated Parrotbill "Paradoxornis nipalensis"
*Golden Parrotbill "Paradoxornis verreauxi"
*Short-tailed Parrotbill "Paradoxornis davidianus"
*Black-browed Parrotbill "Paradoxornis atrosuperciliaris"
*Rufous-headed Parrotbill "Paradoxornis ruficeps"

Long-tailed tits

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Aegithalidae

Long-tailed tits are a group of small passerine birds with medium to long tails. They make woven bag nests in trees. Most eat a mixed diet that includes insects. There are 9 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in Burma.

*Black-throated Tit "Aegithalos concinnus"
*Black-browed Tit "Aegithalos iouschistos"

Chickadees and Titmice

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Paridae

The Paridae are mainly small stocky woodland species with short stout bills. Some have crests. They are adaptable birds, with a mixed diet including seeds and insects. There are species 59 worldwide and 11 species which occur in Burma.

*Marsh Tit "Poecile palustris"
*Black-bibbed Tit "Poecile hypermelaena"
*Coal Tit "Periparus ater"
*Rufous-vented Tit "Periparus rubidiventris"
*Gray-crested Tit "Lophophanes dichrous"
*Great Tit "Parus major"
*Green-backed Tit "Parus monticolus"
*Black-lored Tit "Parus xanthogenys"
*Yellow-cheeked Tit "Parus spilonotus"
*Yellow-browed Tit "Sylviparus modestus"
*Sultan Tit "Melanochlora sultanea"


Order: PasseriformesFamily: Sittidae

Nuthatches are small woodland birds. They have the unusual ability to climb down trees head first, unlike other birds which can only go upwards. Nuthatches have big heads, short tails and powerful bills and feet. There are 24 species worldwide and 7 species which occur in Burma.

*Chestnut-bellied Nuthatch "Sitta castanea"
*Chestnut-vented Nuthatch "Sitta nagaensis"
*White-tailed Nuthatch "Sitta himalayensis"
*White-browed Nuthatch "Sitta victoriae" (E)
*Velvet-fronted Nuthatch "Sitta frontalis"
*Giant Nuthatch "Sitta magna"
*Beautiful Nuthatch "Sitta formosa"


Order: PasseriformesFamily: Certhiidae

Treecreepers are small woodland birds, brown above and white below. They have thin pointed down-curved bills, which they use to extricate insects from bark. They have stiff tail feathers, like woodpeckers, which they use to support themselves on vertical trees. There are 6 species worldwide and 4 species which occur in Burma.

*Eurasian Treecreeper "Certhia familiaris"
*Bar-tailed Treecreeper "Certhia himalayana"
*Rusty-flanked Treecreeper "Certhia nipalensis"
*Brown-throated Treecreeper "Certhia discolor"

Penduline tits

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Remizidae

The penduline tits are a group of small passerine birds, related to the true tits. They are insectivores. There are 13 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Burma.

*Fire-capped Tit "Cephalopyrus flammiceps"

unbirds and Spiderhunters

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Nectariniidae

The sunbirds and spiderhunters are very small passerine birds which feed largely on nectar, although they will also take insects, especially when feeding young. Flight is fast and direct on their short wings. Most species can take nectar by hovering like a hummingbird, but usually perch to feed. There are 131 species worldwide and 19 species which occur in Burma.

*Ruby-cheeked Sunbird "Chalcoparia singalensis"
*Plain Sunbird "Anthreptes simplex"
*Plain-throated Sunbird "Anthreptes malacensis"
*Red-throated Sunbird "Anthreptes rhodolaema"
*Purple-naped Sunbird "Hypogramma hypogrammicum"
*Purple-rumped Sunbird "Leptocoma zeylonica"
*Copper-throated Sunbird "Leptocoma calcostetha"
*Purple-throated Sunbird "Leptocoma sperata"
*Purple Sunbird "Cinnyris asiaticus"
*Olive-backed Sunbird "Cinnyris jugularis"
*Gould's Sunbird "Aethopyga gouldiae"
*Green-tailed Sunbird "Aethopyga nipalensis"
*Black-throated Sunbird "Aethopyga saturata"
*Crimson Sunbird "Aethopyga siparaja"
*Fire-tailed Sunbird "Aethopyga ignicauda"
*Little Spiderhunter "Arachnothera longirostra"
*Yellow-eared Spiderhunter "Arachnothera chrysogenys"
*Gray-breasted Spiderhunter "Arachnothera modesta"
*Streaked Spiderhunter "Arachnothera magna"


Order: PasseriformesFamily: Dicaeidae

The flowerpeckers are very small, stout, often brightly coloured birds, with short tails, short thick curved bills and tubular tongues. There are 44 species worldwide and 10 species which occur in Burma.

*Yellow-breasted Flowerpecker "Prionochilus maculatus"
*Crimson-breasted Flowerpecker "Prionochilus percussus"
*Thick-billed Flowerpecker "Dicaeum agile"
*Yellow-vented Flowerpecker "Dicaeum chrysorrheum"
*Yellow-bellied Flowerpecker "Dicaeum melanoxanthum"
*Orange-bellied Flowerpecker "Dicaeum trigonostigma"
*Pale-billed Flowerpecker "Dicaeum erythrorhynchos"
*Plain Flowerpecker "Dicaeum concolor"
*Fire-breasted Flowerpecker "Dicaeum ignipectus"
*Scarlet-backed Flowerpecker "Dicaeum cruentatum"


Order: PasseriformesFamily: Zosteropidae

The white-eyes are small and are mostly of undistinguished appearance, the plumage above being generally either some dull color like greenish olive, but some species have a white or bright yellow throat, breast or lower parts, and several have buff flanks. As their name suggests many species have a white ring around the eyes. There are 96 species worldwide and 3 species which occur in Burma.

*Chestnut-flanked White-eye "Zosterops erythropleurus"
*Oriental White-eye "Zosterops palpebrosus"
*Japanese White-eye "Zosterops japonicus"

Old World Orioles

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Oriolidae

The Old World Orioles are colourful passerine birds. They are not related to the New World orioles. There are 29 species worldwide and 5 species which occur in Burma.

*Dark-throated Oriole "Oriolus xanthonotus"
*Black-naped Oriole "Oriolus chinensis"
*Slender-billed Oriole "Oriolus tenuirostris"
*Black-hooded Oriole "Oriolus xanthornus"
*Maroon Oriole "Oriolus traillii"


Order: PasseriformesFamily: Irenidae

The Fairy-bluebirds are bubbul-like birds of open forest or thorn scrub. The males are dark-blue and the females a duller green. There are 2 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Burma.

*Asian Fairy-bluebird "Irena puella"


Order: PasseriformesFamily: Laniidae

Shrikes are passerine birds known for their habit of catching other birds and small animals and impaling the uneaten portions of their bodies on thorns. A typical shrike's beak is hooked, like a bird of prey. There are 31 species worldwide and 5 species which occur in Burma.

*Tiger Shrike "Lanius tigrinus"
*Brown Shrike "Lanius cristatus"
*Burmese Shrike "Lanius collurioides"
*Long-tailed Shrike "Lanius schach"
*Gray-backed Shrike "Lanius tephronotus"


Order: PasseriformesFamily: Prionopidae

The helmetshrikes are similar in build to the shrikes, but tend to be colourful species with distinctive crests or other head ornaments, such as wattles, from which they get their name. There are 12 species worldwide and 4 species which occur in Burma.

*Large Woodshrike "Tephrodornis gularis"
*Common Woodshrike "Tephrodornis pondicerianus"
*Rufous-winged Philentoma "Philentoma pyrhopterum"
*Maroon-breasted Philentoma "Philentoma velatum"


Order: PasseriformesFamily: Dicruridae

The drongos are mostly are black or dark grey in colour, sometimes with metallic tints. They have long forked tails, and some Asian species have elaborate tail decorations. They have short legs and sit very upright whilst perched, like a shrike. They flycatch or take prey from the ground. There are 24 species worldwide and 8 species which occur in Burma.

*Black Drongo "Dicrurus macrocercus"
*Ashy Drongo "Dicrurus leucophaeus"
*Crow-billed Drongo "Dicrurus annectans"
*Bronzed Drongo "Dicrurus aeneus"
*Lesser Racket-tailed Drongo "Dicrurus remifer"
*Hair-crested Drongo "Dicrurus hottentottus"
*Andaman Drongo "Dicrurus andamanensis"
*Greater Racket-tailed Drongo "Dicrurus paradiseus"


Order: PasseriformesFamily: Artamidae

The woodswallows are soft-plumaged, somber-coloured passerine birds. They are smooth, agile flyers with moderately large, semi-triangular wings. There are 11 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in Burma.

*Ashy Woodswallow "Artamus fuscus"
*White-breasted Woodswallow "Artamus leucorynchus"

Crows, Jays, Ravens and Magpies

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Corvidae

The Corvidae family includes crows, ravens, jays, choughs, magpies, treepies, nutcrackers, and ground jays. Corvids are above average in size for the bird order Passeriformes. Some of the larger species show high levels of learning behavior. There are 120 species worldwide and 16 species which occur in Burma.

*Crested Jay "Platylophus galericulatus"
*Black Magpie "Platysmurus leucopterus"
*Eurasian Jay "Garrulus glandarius"
*Gold-billed Magpie "Urocissa flavirostris"
*Blue Magpie "Urocissa erythrorhyncha"
*Green Magpie "Cissa chinensis"
*Rufous Treepie "Dendrocitta vagabunda"
*Gray Treepie "Dendrocitta formosae"
*Collared Treepie "Dendrocitta frontalis"
*Racket-tailed Treepie "Crypsirina temia"
*Hooded Treepie "Crypsirina cucullata" (E)
*Ratchet-tailed Treepie "Temnurus temnurus"
*Eurasian Magpie "Pica pica"
*Eurasian Nutcracker "Nucifraga caryocatactes"
*House Crow "Corvus splendens"
*Large-billed Crow "Corvus macrorhynchos"


Order: PasseriformesFamily: Sturnidae

Starlings are small to medium-sized passerine birds. Their flight is strong and direct, and they are very gregarious. Their preferred habitat is fairly open country. They eat insects and fruit. Plumage is typically dark with a metallic sheen. There are 125 species worldwide and 19 species which occur in Burma.

*Asian Glossy Starling "Aplonis panayensis"
*Spot-winged Starling "Saroglossa spiloptera"
*Golden-crested Myna "Ampeliceps coronatus"
*Common Hill Myna "Gracula religiosa"
*White-vented Myna "Acridotheres grandis"
*Crested Myna "Acridotheres cristatellus"
*Javan Myna "Acridotheres javanicus" (I)
*Jungle Myna "Acridotheres fuscus"
*Collared Myna "Acridotheres albocinctus"
*Common Myna "Acridotheres tristis"
*Vinous-breasted Starling "Acridotheres burmannicus"
*Black-collared Starling "Gracupica nigricollis"
*Asian Pied Starling "Gracupica contra"
*Daurian Starling "Sturnia sturnina"
*White-shouldered Starling "Sturnia sinensis" (A)
*Chestnut-tailed Starling "Sturnia malabarica"
*Rosy Starling "Pastor roseus"
*White-cheeked Starling "Sturnus cineraceus"
*European Starling "Sturnus vulgaris"

Weavers and allies

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Ploceidae

The weavers are small passerine birds related to the finches. They are seed-eating birds with rounded conical bills. The males of many species are brightly coloured, usually in red or yellow and black, some species show variation in colour only in the breeding season. There are 116 species worldwide and 3 species which occur in Burma.

*Streaked Weaver "Ploceus manyar"
*Baya Weaver "Ploceus philippinus"
*Asian Golden Weaver "Ploceus hypoxanthus"

Waxbills and allies

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Estrildidae

The estrildid finches are small passerine birds of the Old World tropics and Australasia. They are gregarious and often colonial seed-eaters with short thick but pointed bills. They are all similar in structure and habits, but have a wide variation in plumage colours and pattern. There are 141 species worldwide and 7 species which occur in Burma.

*Red Avadavat "Amandava amandava"
*Pin-tailed Parrotfinch "Erythrura prasina"
*White-rumped Munia "Lonchura striata"
*Nutmeg Mannikin "Lonchura punctulata"
*White-bellied Munia "Lonchura leucogastra"
*Chestnut Munia "Lonchura atricapilla"
*Java Sparrow "Padda oryzivora" (I)

Buntings, Sparrows, Seedeaters and allies

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Emberizidae

The emberizids are a large family of passerine birds. They are seed-eating birds with a distinctively shaped bill. In Europe, most species are named as buntings. In North America, most of the species in this family are known as Sparrows, but these birds are not closely related to the Old World sparrows which are in the family Passeridae. Many emberizid species have distinctive head patterns. There are species 275 worldwide and 12 species which occur in Burma.

*Crested Bunting "Melophus lathami"
*Rock Bunting "Emberiza cia"
*Godlewski's Bunting "Emberiza godlewskii"
*Tristram's Bunting "Emberiza tristrami" (A)
*Chestnut-eared Bunting "Emberiza fucata"
*Little Bunting "Emberiza pusilla"
*Yellow-throated Bunting "Emberiza elegans"
*Yellow-breasted Bunting "Emberiza aureola"
*Chestnut Bunting "Emberiza rutila"
*Black-faced Bunting "Emberiza spodocephala"
*Pallas's Bunting "Emberiza pallasi" (A)
*Reed Bunting "Emberiza schoeniclus" (A)

iskins, Crossbills and allies

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Fringillidae

Finches are seed-eating passerine birds, that are small to moderately large and have a strong beak, usually conical and in some species very large. All have 12 tail feathers and 9 primaries. These birds have a bouncing flight with alternating bouts of flapping and gliding on closed wings, and most sing well. There are 137 species worldwide and 19 species which occur in Burma.

*Plain Mountain-Finch "Leucosticte nemoricola"
*Crimson-browed Finch "Pinicola subhimachalus"
*Dark-breasted Rosefinch "Carpodacus nipalensis"
*Common Rosefinch "Carpodacus erythrinus"
*Vinaceous Rosefinch "Carpodacus vinaceus"
*Dark-rumped Rosefinch "Carpodacus edwardsii"
*Spot-winged Rosefinch "Carpodacus rhodopeplus"
*Red Crossbill "Loxia curvirostra"
*Yellow-breasted Greenfinch "Carduelis spinoides"
*Black-headed Greenfinch "Carduelis ambigua"
*Tibetan Serin "Serinus thibetanus"
*Brown Bullfinch "Pyrrhula nipalensis"
*Gray-headed Bullfinch "Pyrrhula erythaca"
*Yellow-billed Grosbeak "Eophona migratoria" (A)
*Collared Grosbeak "Mycerobas affinis"
*Spot-winged Grosbeak "Mycerobas melanozanthos"
*White-winged Grosbeak "Mycerobas carnipes"
*Gold-naped Finch "Pyrrhoplectes epauletta"
*Scarlet Finch "Haematospiza sipahi"


Order: PasseriformesFamily: Passeridae

Sparrows are small passerine birds. In general, sparrows tend to be small, plump, brown or grey birds with short tails and short powerful beaks. Sparrows are seed-eaters, and they also consume small insects. There are 35 species worldwide and 4 species which occur in Burma.

*House Sparrow "Passer domesticus"
*Russet Sparrow "Passer rutilans"
*Plain-backed Sparrow "Passer flaveolus"
*Eurasian Tree Sparrow "Passer montanus"

ee also

*List of birds
*Lists of birds by region


*cite web
last = Lepage
first = Denis
authorlink =
coauthors =
year =
url =
title = Checklist of birds of Myanmar
format =
work = Bird Checklists of the World
publisher = Avibase
accessdate = 27 April
accessyear = 2007

*cite book
title=Birds of the World: a Checklist
first= James F.
last = Clements
publisher = Cornell University Press
date = 2000
id = ISBN 0934797161
pages = 880

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