List of birds of Bolivia

List of birds of Bolivia

This is a list of the bird species recorded in Bolivia. The avifauna of Bolivia includes a total of 1448 species, of which 25 are endemic, 2 have been introduced by humans, and 12 are rare or accidental. 31 species are globally threatened.

This list's taxonomic treatment (designation and sequence of orders, families, and species) and nomenclature (common and scientific names) follow the conventions of Clements's 5th edition. The family accounts at the beginning of each heading reflects this taxonomy, as do the species counts found in each family account. Introduced and accidental species are included in the total counts for Bolivia.

The following tags have been used to highlight certain relevant categories. It must be noted that not all species fall into one of these categories. Those that do not are commonly occurring, native species.

* (A) Accidental A species that rarely or accidentally occurs in Bolivia.
* (E) Endemic A species endemic to Bolivia.
* (I) Introduced A species introduced to Bolivia as a consequence, direct or indirect, of human actions.



Order: StruthioniformesFamily: Rheidae

The rheas are large flightless birds native to South America. Their feet have three toes rather than four which allows them to run faster. There are 2 species and 2 species which occur in Bolivia.

*Greater Rhea " _la. Rhea americana"
*Lesser Rhea " _la. Rhea pennata"


Order: TinamiformesFamily: Tinamidae

The tinamous are one of the most ancient groups of bird. Although they look similar to other ground-dwelling birds like quail and grouse, they have no close relatives and are classified as a single family Tinamidae within their own order, the Tinamiformes. They are distantly related to the ratites (order Struthioniformes), that includes the rheas, emu, and kiwi. There are 47 species worldwide and 22 species which occur in Bolivia.

*Gray Tinamou " _la. Tinamus tao"
*Great Tinamou " _la. Tinamus major"
*White-throated Tinamou " _la. Tinamus guttatus"
*Hooded Tinamou " _la. Nothocercus nigrocapillus"
*Cinereous Tinamou " _la. Crypturellus cinereus"
*Little Tinamou " _la. Crypturellus soui"
*Brown Tinamou " _la. Crypturellus obsoletus"
*Undulated Tinamou " _la. Crypturellus undulatus"
*Brazilian Tinamou " _la. Crypturellus strigulosus"
*Black-capped Tinamou " _la. Crypturellus atrocapillus"
*Variegated Tinamou " _la. Crypturellus variegatus"
*Bartlett's Tinamou " _la. Crypturellus bartletti"
*Small-billed Tinamou " _la. Crypturellus parvirostris"
*Tataupa Tinamou " _la. Crypturellus tataupa"
*Red-winged Tinamou " _la. Rhynchotus rufescens"
*Ornate Tinamou " _la. Nothoprocta ornata"
*Brushland Tinamou " _la. Nothoprocta cinerascens"
*Andean Tinamou " _la. Nothoprocta pentlandii"
*White-bellied Nothura " _la. Nothura boraquira"
*Darwin's Nothura " _la. Nothura darwinii"
*Elegant Crested Tinamou " _la. Eudromia elegans" (A)
*Puna Tinamou " _la. Tinamotis pentlandii"


Order: PodicipediformesFamily: Podicipedidae

Grebes are small to medium-large sized freshwater diving birds. They have lobed toes, and are excellent swimmers and divers. However, they have their feet placed far back on the body, making them quite ungainly on land. There are 20 species worldwide and 5 species which occur in Bolivia.

*Least Grebe " _la. Tachybaptus dominicus"
*Pied-billed Grebe " _la. Podilymbus podiceps"
*White-tufted Grebe " _la. Rollandia rolland"
*Short-winged Grebe " _la. Rollandia microptera"
*Silvery Grebe " _la. Podiceps occipitalis"


Order: PelecaniformesFamily: Phalacrocoracidae

The Phalacrocoracidae is a family of medium-to-large coastal, fish-eating sea-birds that includes cormorants and shags. Plumage colouration varies with the majority having mainly dark plumage, some species being black and white, and a few being colourful. There are 38 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Bolivia.

*Neotropic Cormorant " _la. Phalacrocorax brasilianus"


Order: PelecaniformesFamily: Anhingidae

Darters are frequently referred to as "snake-birds" because of their long thin neck, which gives a snake-like appearance when they swim with their bodies submerged.The males have black and dark brown plumage, an erectile crest on the nape and a larger bill than the female. The females have a much paler plumage especially on the neck and underparts. The darters have completely webbed feet, and their legs are short and set far back on the body. Their plumage is somewhat permeable, like that of cormorants, and they spread their wings to dry after diving. There are 4 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Bolivia.

*Anhinga " _la. Anhinga anhinga"

Bitterns, Herons and Egrets

Order: CiconiiformesFamily: Ardeidae

The family Ardeidae contains the bitterns, herons and egrets. Herons and egrets are medium to large sized wading birds with long necks and legs. Bitterns tend to be shorter necked and more wary. Unlike other long-necked birds suck as storks, ibises and spoonbills, members of Ardeidae fly with their necks retracted. There are 61 species worldwide and 17 species which occur in Bolivia.

*Whistling Heron " _la. Syrigma sibilatrix"
*Capped Heron " _la. Pilherodius pileatus"
*Cocoi Heron " _la. Ardea cocoi"
*Great Egret " _la. Ardea alba"
*Little Blue Heron " _la. Egretta caerulea" (A)
*Snowy Egret " _la. Egretta thula"
*Cattle Egret " _la. Bubulcus ibis"
*Striated Heron " _la. Butorides striata"
*Agami Heron " _la. Agamia agami"
*Black-crowned Night-Heron " _la. Nycticorax nycticorax"
*Yellow-crowned Night-Heron " _la. Nyctanassa violacea"
*Boat-billed Heron " _la. Cochlearius cochlearius"
*Fasciated Tiger-Heron " _la. Tigrisoma fasciatum"
*Rufescent Tiger-Heron " _la. Tigrisoma lineatum"
*Zigzag Heron " _la. Zebrilus undulatus"
*Stripe-backed Bittern " _la. Ixobrychus involucris"
*Least Bittern " _la. Ixobrychus exilis"


Order: CiconiiformesFamily: Ciconiidae

Storks are large, long-legged, long-necked, wading birds with long, stout bills. Storks are mute; bill-clattering is an important mode of stork communication at the nest. Their nests can be large and may be reused for many years. Many species are migratory. There are 19 species worldwide and 3 species which occur in Bolivia.

*Wood Stork " _la. Mycteria americana"
*Maguari Stork " _la. Ciconia maguari"
*Jabiru " _la. Jabiru mycteria"

Ibises and Spoonbills

Order: CiconiiformesFamily: Threskiornithidae

The Threskiornithidae is a family of large terrestrial and wading birds which includes the ibises and spoonbills. They have long, broad wings with 11 primary and about 20 secondary feathers. They are strong fliers and despite their size and weight, very capable soarers. There are 36 species worldwide and 9 species which occur in Bolivia.

*Plumbeous Ibis " _la. Theristicus caerulescens"
*Buff-necked Ibis " _la. Theristicus caudatus"
*Andean Ibis " _la. Theristicus branickii"
*Black-faced Ibis " _la. Theristicus melanopis"
*Green Ibis " _la. Mesembrinibis cayennensis"
*Bare-faced Ibis " _la. Phimosus infuscatus"
*White-faced Ibis " _la. Plegadis chihi"
*Puna Ibis " _la. Plegadis ridgwayi"
*Roseate Spoonbill " _la. Platalea ajaja"


Order: PhoenicopteriformesFamily: Phoenicopteridae

Flamingos are gregarious wading birds, usually 3 to 5 feet high, found in both the Western and Eastern Hemispheres. They are more numerous in the latter. Flamingos filter-feed on shellfish and algae. Their oddly-shaped beaks are specially adapted to separate mud and silt from the food they consume, and are uniquely used upside-down. There are 6 species worldwide and 3 species which occur in Bolivia.

*Chilean Flamingo " _la. Phoenicopterus chilensis"
*Andean Flamingo " _la. Phoenicopterus andinus"
*Puna Flamingo " _la. Phoenicopterus jamesi"


Order: AnseriformesFamily: Anhimidae

The screamers are a small family of birds related to the ducks. They are large, bulky birds, with a small downy head, long legs and large feet which are only partially webbed. They have large spurs on their wings which are used in fights over mates and territorial disputes. There are 3 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in Bolivia.

*Horned Screamer " _la. Anhima cornuta"
*Southern Screamer " _la. Chauna torquata"

Ducks, Geese and Swans

Order: AnseriformesFamily: Anatidae

The family Anatidae includes the ducks and most duck-like waterfowl, such as geese and swans. These are birds that are modified for an aquatic existence with webbed feet, flattened bills and feathers that are excellent at shedding water due to an oily coating. There are 131 species worldwide and 24 species which occur in Bolivia.

*Fulvous Whistling-Duck " _la. Dendrocygna bicolor"
*White-faced Whistling-Duck " _la. Dendrocygna viduata"
*Black-bellied Whistling-Duck " _la. Dendrocygna autumnalis"
*Andean Goose " _la. Chloephaga melanoptera"
*Orinoco Goose " _la. Neochen jubata"
*Muscovy Duck " _la. Cairina moschata"
*Comb Duck " _la. Sarkidiornis melanotos"
*Ringed Teal " _la. Callonetta leucophrys"
*Brazilian Teal " _la. Amazonetta brasiliensis"
*Torrent Duck " _la. Merganetta armata"
*Speckled Teal " _la. Anas flavirostris"
*Crested Duck " _la. Anas specularioides"
*Yellow-billed Pintail " _la. Anas georgica"
*White-cheeked Pintail " _la. Anas bahamensis"
*Puna Teal " _la. Anas puna"
*Silver Teal " _la. Anas versicolor"
*Blue-winged Teal " _la. Anas discors"
*Cinnamon Teal " _la. Anas cyanoptera"
*Red Shoveler " _la. Anas platalea"
*Rosy-billed Pochard " _la. Netta peposaca"
*Southern Pochard " _la. Netta erythrophthalma"
*Black-headed Duck " _la. Heteronetta atricapilla"
*Masked Duck " _la. Nomonyx dominica"
*Andean Duck " _la. Oxyura ferruginea"

New World vultures

Order: FalconiformesFamily: Cathartidae

The New World vultures are not closely related to Old World vultures, but superficially resemble them because of convergent evolution. Like the Old World vultures, they are scavengers. However, unlike Old World vultures, which find carcasses by sight, New World vultures have a good sense of smell with which they locate carrion. There are 7 species worldwide, all of which are found only in the Americas, and 6 species which occur in Bolivia.

*Black Vulture " _la. Coragyps atratus"
*Turkey Vulture " _la. Cathartes aura"
*Lesser Yellow-headed Vulture " _la. Cathartes burrovianus"
*Greater Yellow-headed Vulture " _la. Cathartes melambrotus"
*Andean Condor " _la. Vultur gryphus"
*King Vulture " _la. Sarcoramphus papa"


Order: FalconiformesFamily: Pandionidae

The Pandionidae family contains only one species, the Osprey. The Osprey is a medium large raptor which is a specialist fish-eater with a worldwide distribution.

*Osprey " _la. Pandion haliaetus"

Hawks, Kites and Eagles

Order: FalconiformesFamily: Accipitridae

Accipitridae is a family of birds of prey and include hawks, eagles, kites, harriers and Old World vultures. These birds have powerful hooked beaks for tearing flesh from their prey, strong legs, powerful talons, and keen eyesight. There are 233 species worldwide and 46 species which occur in Bolivia.

*Gray-headed Kite " _la. Leptodon cayanensis"
*Hook-billed Kite " _la. Chondrohierax uncinatus"
*Swallow-tailed Kite " _la. Elanoides forficatus"
*Pearl Kite " _la. Gampsonyx swainsonii"
*White-tailed Kite " _la. Elanus leucurus"
*Snail Kite " _la. Rostrhamus sociabilis"
*Slender-billed Kite " _la. Rostrhamus hamatus"
*Double-toothed Kite " _la. Harpagus bidentatus"
*Rufous-thighed Kite " _la. Harpagus diodon"
*Mississippi Kite " _la. Ictinia mississippiensis"
*Plumbeous Kite " _la. Ictinia plumbea"
*Long-winged Harrier " _la. Circus buffoni"
*Cinereous Harrier " _la. Circus cinereus"
*Gray-bellied Goshawk " _la. Accipiter poliogaster"
*Tiny Hawk " _la. Accipiter superciliosus"
*Plain-breasted Hawk " _la. Accipiter ventralis"
*Rufous-thighed Hawk " _la. Accipiter erythronemius"
*Bicolored Hawk " _la. Accipiter bicolor"
*Crane Hawk " _la. Geranospiza caerulescens"
*Slate-colored Hawk " _la. Leucopternis schistaceus"
*White-browed Hawk " _la. Leucopternis kuhli"
*White Hawk " _la. Leucopternis albicollis"
*Great Black-Hawk " _la. Buteogallus urubitinga"
*Savanna Hawk " _la. Buteogallus meridionalis"
*Harris's Hawk " _la. Parabuteo unicinctus"
*Black-collared Hawk " _la. Busarellus nigricollis"
*Black-chested Buzzard-Eagle " _la. Geranoaetus melanoleucus"
*Solitary Eagle " _la. Harpyhaliaetus solitarius"
*Crowned Eagle " _la. Harpyhaliaetus coronatus"
*Gray Hawk " _la. Asturina nitida"
*Roadside Hawk " _la. Buteo magnirostris"
*Broad-winged Hawk " _la. Buteo platypterus"
*White-rumped Hawk " _la. Buteo leucorrhous"
*Short-tailed Hawk " _la. Buteo brachyurus"
*White-throated Hawk " _la. Buteo albigula"
*Swainson's Hawk " _la. Buteo swainsoni"
*White-tailed Hawk " _la. Buteo albicaudatus"
*Red-backed Hawk " _la. Buteo polyosoma"
*Puna Hawk " _la. Buteo poecilochrous"
*Zone-tailed Hawk " _la. Buteo albonotatus"
*Crested Eagle " _la. Morphnus guianensis"
*Harpy Eagle " _la. Harpia harpyja"
*Black-and-white Hawk-Eagle " _la. Spizastur melanoleucus"
*Black Hawk-Eagle " _la. Spizaetus tyrannus"
*Ornate Hawk-Eagle " _la. Spizaetus ornatus"
*Black-and-chestnut Eagle " _la. Oroaetus isidori"

Caracaras and Falcons

Order: FalconiformesFamily: Falconidae

Falconidae is a family of diurnal birds of prey. They differ from hawks, eagles, and kites in that they kill with their beaks instead of their feet. There are 62 species worldwide and 17 species which occur in Bolivia.

*Black Caracara " _la. Daptrius ater"
*Red-throated Caracara " _la. Ibycter americanus"
*Mountain Caracara " _la. Phalcoboenus megalopterus"
*Southern Caracara " _la. Caracara plancus"
*Yellow-headed Caracara " _la. Milvago chimachima"
*Chimango Caracara " _la. Milvago chimango"
*Laughing Falcon " _la. Herpetotheres cachinnans"
*Barred Forest-Falcon " _la. Micrastur ruficollis"
*Lined Forest-Falcon " _la. Micrastur gilvicollis"
*Slaty-backed Forest-Falcon " _la. Micrastur mirandollei"
*Collared Forest-Falcon " _la. Micrastur semitorquatus"
*Spot-winged Falconet " _la. Spiziapteryx circumcinctus"
*American Kestrel " _la. Falco sparverius"
*Aplomado Falcon " _la. Falco femoralis"
*Bat Falcon " _la. Falco rufigularis"
*Orange-breasted Falcon " _la. Falco deiroleucus"
*Peregrine Falcon " _la. Falco peregrinus"

Guans, Chachalacas and allies

Order: GalliformesFamily: Cracidae

The Cracidae are large birds, similar in general appearance to turkeys. The guans and curassows live in trees, but the smaller chachalacas are found in more open scrubby habitats. They are generally dull-plumaged, but the curassows and some guans have colourful facial ornaments. There are 50 species worldwide and 15 species which occur in Bolivia.

*Chaco Chachalaca " _la. Ortalis canicollis"
*Little Chachalaca " _la. Ortalis motmot"
*Speckled Chachalaca " _la. Ortalis guttata"
*Andean Guan " _la. Penelope montagnii"
*Rusty-margined Guan " _la. Penelope superciliaris"
*Red-faced Guan " _la. Penelope dabbenei"
*Spix's Guan " _la. Penelope jacquacu"
*Dusky-legged Guan " _la. Penelope obscura"
*Blue-throated Piping-Guan " _la. Pipile cumanensis"
*Red-throated Piping-Guan " _la. Pipile cujubi"
*Sickle-winged Guan " _la. Chamaepetes goudotii"
*Razor-billed Curassow " _la. Mitu tuberosa"
*Horned Curassow " _la. Pauxi unicornis"
*Bare-faced Curassow " _la. Crax fasciolata"
*Wattled Curassow " _la. Crax globulosa"

New World quails

Order: GalliformesFamily: Odontophoridae

The New World quails are small, plump terrestrial birds only distantly related to the quails of the Old World, but named for their similar appearance and habits. There are 32 species worldwide, all found only in the Americas, and 4 species which occur in Bolivia.

*Marbled Wood-Quail " _la. Odontophorus gujanensis"
*Rufous-breasted Wood-Quail " _la. Odontophorus speciosus"
*Stripe-faced Wood-Quail " _la. Odontophorus balliviani"
*Starred Wood-Quail " _la. Odontophorus stellatus"


Order: OpisthocomiformesFamily: Opisthocomidae

The Hoatzin is pheasant-sized - but much slimmer - long-tailed, long-necked and has a small head. It has an unfeathered blue face with red eyes, and its head is topped by spiky crest. It is a weak flier which is found in te swamps of the Amazon and Orinoco rivers.

*Hoatzin " _la. Opisthocomus hoazin"


Order: GruiformesFamily: Aramidae

The Limpkin resembles a large rail. It has drab brown plumage and a greyer head and neck.

*Limpkin " _la. Aramus guarauna"


Order: GruiformesFamily: Psophiidae

The trumpeters are dumpy birds with long necks and legs, and chicken-like bills. They are named for the trumpeting call of the males. There are 3 species worldwide, restricted to the Amazon basin, and 3 species which occur in Bolivia.

*Gray-winged Trumpeter " _la. Psophia crepitans"
*Dark-winged Trumpeter " _la. Psophia viridis"
*Pale-winged Trumpeter " _la. Psophia leucoptera"

Rails, Crakes, Gallinules, and Coots

Order: GruiformesFamily: Rallidae

Rallidae is a large family of small to medium-sized birds which includes the rails, crakes, coots, and gallinules. Typically they inhabit dense vegetation in damp environments near lakes, swamps, or rivers. In general they are shy and secretive birds, difficult to observe. Most species have strong legs, and have long toes which are well adapted to soft, uneven surfaces. They tend to have short, rounded wings and be weak fliers. There are 143 species worldwide and 25 species which occur in Bolivia.

*Speckled Rail " _la. Coturnicops notatus"
*Ocellated Crake " _la. Micropygia schomburgkii"
*Chestnut-headed Crake " _la. Anurolimnas castaneiceps"
*Russet-crowned Crake " _la. Anurolimnas viridis"
*Rufous-sided Crake " _la. Laterallus melanophaius"
*Gray-breasted Crake " _la. Laterallus exilis"
*Rufous-faced Crake " _la. Laterallus xenopterus"
*Gray-necked Wood-Rail " _la. Aramides cajanea"
*Giant Wood-Rail " _la. Aramides ypecaha"
*Uniform Crake " _la. Amaurolimnas concolor"
*Ash-throated Crake " _la. Porzana albicollis"
*Yellow-breasted Crake " _la. Porzana flaviventer"
*Paint-billed Crake " _la. Neocrex erythrops"
*Spotted Rail " _la. Pardirallus maculatus" (A)
*Blackish Rail " _la. Pardirallus nigricans"
*Plumbeous Rail " _la. Pardirallus sanguinolentus"
*Purple Gallinule " _la. Porphyrio martinica"
*Azure Gallinule " _la. Porphyrio flavirostris"
*Common Moorhen " _la. Gallinula chloropus"
*Spot-flanked Gallinule " _la. Gallinula melanops"
*American Coot " _la. Fulica americana"
*White-winged Coot " _la. Fulica leucoptera"
*Slate-colored Coot " _la. Fulica ardesiaca"
*Giant Coot " _la. Fulica gigantea"
*Horned Coot " _la. Fulica cornuta"

ungrebe and Finfoots

Order: GruiformesFamily: Heliornithidae

The Heliornithidae are small family of tropical birds with webbed lobes on their feet similar to those of grebes and coots. There are 3 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Bolivia.

*Sungrebe " _la. Heliornis fulica"


Order: GruiformesFamily: Eurypygidae

The Sunbittern is a bittern-like bird of tropical regions of the Americas, and the sole member of the family Eurypygidae (sometimes spelled Eurypigidae) and genus Eurypyga.

*Sunbittern " _la. Eurypyga helias"


Order: GruiformesFamily: Cariamidae

The seriemas are terrestrial birds which run rather than fly (though they are able to fly for short distances.) They have long legs, necks, and tails, but only short wings, reflecting their way of life. They are brownish birds with short bills and erectile crests, found on fairly dry open grasslands. There are 2 species and 2 species which occur in Bolivia.

*Red-legged Seriema " _la. Cariama cristata"
*Black-legged Seriema " _la. Chunga burmeisteri"


Order: CharadriiformesFamily: Jacanidae

The jacanas are a group of tropical waders in the family Jacanidae. They are found worldwide in the Tropics. They are identifiable by their huge feet and claws which enable them to walk on floating vegetation in the shallow lakes that are their preferred habitat. There 8 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Bolivia.

*Wattled Jacana " _la. Jacana jacana"

Avocets and Stilts

Order: CharadriiformesFamily: Recurvirostridae

Recurvirostridae is a family of large wading birds, which includes the avocets and the stilts. The avocets have long legs and long up-curved bills. The stilts have extremely long legs and long, thin, straight bills. There are 9 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in Bolivia.

*White-backed Stilt " _la. Himantopus melanurus"
*Andean Avocet " _la. Recurvirostra andina"

Plovers and Lapwings

Order: CharadriiformesFamily: Charadriidae

The family Charadriidae includes the plovers, dotterels, and lapwings. They are small to medium-sized birds with compact bodies, short, thick necks and long, usually pointed, wings. They are found in open country worldwide, mostly in habitats near water, although there are some exceptions. There are 66 species worldwide and 11 species which occur in Bolivia.

*Pied Lapwing " _la. Vanellus cayanus"
*Southern Lapwing " _la. Vanellus chilensis"
*Andean Lapwing " _la. Vanellus resplendens"
*American Golden-Plover " _la. Pluvialis dominica"
*Black-bellied Plover " _la. Pluvialis squatarola"
*Semipalmated Plover " _la. Charadrius semipalmatus"
*Killdeer " _la. Charadrius vociferus"
*Collared Plover " _la. Charadrius collaris"
*Puna Plover " _la. Charadrius alticola"
*Diademed Sandpiper-Plover " _la. Phegornis mitchellii"
*Tawny-throated Dotterel " _la. Oreopholus ruficollis"

andpipers and allies

Order: CharadriiformesFamily: Scolopacidae

The Scolopacidae are a large diverse family of small to medium sized shorebirds including the sandpipers, curlews, godwits, shanks, tattlers, woodcocks, snipes, dowitchers and phalaropes. The majority of species eat small invertebrates picked out of the mud or soil. Variation in length of legs and bills enable different species to feed in the same habitat, particularly on the coast, without direct competition for food. There are 89 species worldwide and 22 species which occur in Bolivia.

*Wilson's Snipe " _la. Gallinago delicata"
*South American Snipe " _la. Gallinago paraguaiae"
*Puna Snipe " _la. Gallinago andina"
*Giant Snipe " _la. Gallinago undulata"
*Andean Snipe " _la. Gallinago jamesoni"
*Hudsonian Godwit " _la. Limosa haemastica"
*Whimbrel " _la. Numenius phaeopus"
*Upland Sandpiper " _la. Bartramia longicauda"
*Greater Yellowlegs " _la. Tringa melanoleuca"
*Lesser Yellowlegs " _la. Tringa flavipes"
*Solitary Sandpiper " _la. Tringa solitaria"
*Spotted Sandpiper " _la. Actitis macularia"
*Red Knot " _la. Calidris canutus"
*Sanderling " _la. Calidris alba"
*Western Sandpiper " _la. Calidris mauri" (A)
*Least Sandpiper " _la. Calidris minutilla"
*White-rumped Sandpiper " _la. Calidris fuscicollis"
*Baird's Sandpiper " _la. Calidris bairdii"
*Pectoral Sandpiper " _la. Calidris melanotos"
*Stilt Sandpiper " _la. Calidris himantopus"
*Buff-breasted Sandpiper " _la. Tryngites subruficollis"
*Wilson's Phalarope " _la. Phalaropus tricolor"


Order: CharadriiformesFamily: Thinocoridae

The seedsnipes are a small family of birds that superficially resemble sparrows. They have short legs and long wings and are herbivorous waders. There are 4 species worldwide and 3 species which occur in Bolivia.

*Rufous-bellied Seedsnipe " _la. Attagis gayi"
*Gray-breasted Seedsnipe " _la. Thinocorus orbignyianus"
*Least Seedsnipe " _la. Thinocorus rumicivorus"


Order: CharadriiformesFamily: Laridae

Laridae is a family of medium to large birds seabirds and includes gulls and kittiwakes. They are typically grey or white, often with black markings on the head or wings. They have stout, longish bills and webbed feet. There are 55 species worldwide and 4 species which occur in Bolivia.

*Mew Gull " _la. Larus canus" (A)
*Gray-headed Gull " _la. Larus cirrocephalus"
*Andean Gull " _la. Larus serranus"
*Franklin's Gull " _la. Larus pipixcan"


Order: CharadriiformesFamily: Sternidae

Terns are a group of generally general medium to large sea-birds typically with grey or white plumage, often with black markings on the head. Most terns hunt fish by diving but some pick insects off the surface of fresh water. Terns are generally long-lived birds, with several species now known to live in excess of 25 to 30 years. There are 44 species worldwide and 4 species which occur in Bolivia.

*Common Tern " _la. Sterna hirundo"
*Arctic Tern " _la. Sterna paradisaea"
*Yellow-billed Tern " _la. Sterna superciliaris"
*Large-billed Tern " _la. Phaetusa simplex"


Order: CharadriiformesFamily: Rynchopidae

Skimmers are a small family of tropical tern-like birds. They have an elongated lower mandible which they use to feed by flying low over the water surface and skimming the water for small fish. There are 3 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Bolivia.

*Black Skimmer " _la. Rynchops niger"

Pigeons and Doves

Order: ColumbiformesFamily: Columbidae

Pigeons and doves are stout-bodied birds with short necks and short slender bills with a fleshy cere. There are 308 species worldwide and 27 species which occur in Bolivia.

*Rock Pigeon " _la. Columba livia" (I)
*Scaled Pigeon " _la. Patagioenas speciosa"
*Picazuro Pigeon " _la. Patagioenas picazuro"
*Spot-winged Pigeon " _la. Patagioenas maculosa"
*Band-tailed Pigeon " _la. Patagioenas fasciata"
*Pale-vented Pigeon " _la. Patagioenas cayennensis"
*Plumbeous Pigeon " _la. Patagioenas plumbea"
*Ruddy Pigeon " _la. Patagioenas subvinacea"
*Eared Dove " _la. Zenaida auriculata"
*Plain-breasted Ground Dove " _la. Columbina minuta"
*Ruddy Ground Dove " _la. Columbina talpacoti"
*Picui Ground Dove " _la. Columbina picui"
*Croaking Ground Dove " _la. Columbina cruziana"
*Scaled Dove " _la. Columbina squammata"
*Blue Ground Dove " _la. Claravis pretiosa"
*Maroon-chested Ground Dove " _la. Claravis mondetoura"
*Bare-faced Ground Dove " _la. Metriopelia ceciliae"
*Black-winged Ground Dove " _la. Metriopelia melanoptera"
*Golden-spotted Ground Dove " _la. Metriopelia aymara"
*Long-tailed Ground Dove " _la. Uropelia campestris"
*White-tipped Dove " _la. Leptotila verreauxi"
*White-faced Dove " _la. Leptotila megalura"
*Gray-fronted Dove " _la. Leptotila rufaxilla"
*Sapphire Quail Dove " _la. Geotrygon saphirina"
*White-throated Quail Dove " _la. Geotrygon frenata"
*Violaceous Quail Dove " _la. Geotrygon violacea"
*Ruddy Quail Dove " _la. Geotrygon montana"

Parrots, Macaws and allies

Order: PsittaciformesFamily: Psittacidae

Parrots are small to large birds with a characteristic curved beak shape. Their upper mandibles have slight mobility in the joint with the skull and the have a generally erect stance. All parrots are zygodactyl, having the four toes on each foot placed two at the front and two back. There are 335 species worldwide and 52 species which occur in Bolivia.

*Hyacinth Macaw " _la. Anodorhynchus hyacinthinus"
*Blue-and-yellow Macaw " _la. Ara ararauna"
*Blue-throated Macaw " _la. Ara glaucogularis" (E)
*Military Macaw " _la. Ara militaris"
*Scarlet Macaw " _la. Ara macao"
*Red-and-green Macaw " _la. Ara chloroptera"
*Red-fronted Macaw " _la. Ara rubrogenys" (E)
*Chestnut-fronted Macaw " _la. Ara severa"
*Red-bellied Macaw " _la. Orthopsittaca manilata"
*Blue-headed Macaw " _la. Primolius couloni"
*Golden-collared Macaw " _la. Primolius auricollis"
*Red-shouldered Macaw " _la. Diopsittaca nobilis"
*Blue-crowned Parakeet " _la. Aratinga acuticaudata"
*Mitred Parakeet " _la. Aratinga mitrata"
*White-eyed Parakeet " _la. Aratinga leucophthalmus"
*Dusky-headed Parakeet " _la. Aratinga weddellii"
*Peach-fronted Parakeet " _la. Aratinga aurea"
*Nanday Parakeet " _la. Nandayus nenday"
*Blaze-winged Parakeet " _la. Pyrrhura devillei"
*Crimson-bellied Parakeet " _la. Pyrrhura perlata"
*Green-cheeked Parakeet " _la. Pyrrhura molinae"
*Deville's Parakeet " _la. Pyrrhura lucianii"
*Madeira Parakeet " _la. Pyrrhura snethlage"
*Black-capped Parakeet " _la. Pyrrhura rupicola"
*Monk Parakeet " _la. Myiopsitta monachus"
*Cliff Parakeet " _la. Myiopsitta luchsi" (E)
*Andean Parakeet " _la. Bolborhynchus orbygnesius"
*Barred Parakeet " _la. Bolborhynchus lineola"
*Gray-hooded Parakeet " _la. Psilopsiagon aymara"
*Mountain Parakeet " _la. Psilopsiagon aurifrons"
*Green-rumped Parrotlet " _la. Forpus passerinus"
*Blue-winged Parrotlet " _la. Forpus xanthopterygius"
*Dusky-billed Parrotlet " _la. Forpus sclateri"
*Yellow-chevroned Parakeet " _la. Brotogeris chiriri"
*Cobalt-winged Parakeet " _la. Brotogeris cyanoptera"
*Tui Parakeet " _la. Brotogeris sanctithomae"
*Amazonian Parrotlet " _la. Nannopsittaca dachilleae"
*Scarlet-shouldered Parrotlet " _la. Touit huetii"
*White-bellied Parrot " _la. Pionites leucogaster"
*Orange-cheeked Parrot " _la. Pionopsitta barrabandi"
*Black-winged Parrot " _la. Hapalopsittaca melanotis"
*Blue-headed Parrot " _la. Pionus menstruus"
*Red-billed Parrot " _la. Pionus sordidus"
*Scaly-headed Parrot " _la. Pionus maximiliani"
*Speckle-faced Parrot " _la. Pionus tumultuosus"
*Tucuman Parrot " _la. Amazona tucumana"
*Yellow-faced Parrot " _la. Amazona xanthops"
*Blue-fronted Parrot " _la. Amazona aestiva"
*Yellow-crowned Parrot " _la. Amazona ochrocephala"
*Orange-winged Parrot " _la. Amazona amazonica"
*Scaly-naped Parrot " _la. Amazona mercenaria"
*Mealy Parrot " _la. Amazona farinosa"

Cuckoos and Anis

Order: CuculiformesFamily: Cuculidae

The family Cuculidae includes cuckoos, roadrunners and anis. These birds are of variable size with slender bodies, long tails and strong legs. Unlike the cuckoo species of the Old World, North American cuckoos are not brood parasites. There are 138 species worldwide and 16 species which occur in Bolivia.

*Ash-colored Cuckoo " _la. Coccyzus cinereus"
*Black-billed Cuckoo " _la. Coccyzus erythropthalmus"
*Yellow-billed Cuckoo " _la. Coccyzus americanus"
*Pearly-breasted Cuckoo " _la. Coccyzus euleri"
*Dark-billed Cuckoo " _la. Coccyzus melacoryphus"
*Squirrel Cuckoo " _la. Piaya cayana"
*Black-bellied Cuckoo " _la. Piaya melanogaster"
*Little Cuckoo " _la. Piaya minuta"
*Greater Ani " _la. Crotophaga major"
*Smooth-billed Ani " _la. Crotophaga ani"
*Groove-billed Ani " _la. Crotophaga sulcirostris"
*Guira Cuckoo " _la. Guira guira"
*Striped Cuckoo " _la. Tapera naevia"
*Pheasant Cuckoo " _la. Dromococcyx phasianellus"
*Pavonine Cuckoo " _la. Dromococcyx pavoninus"
*Rufous-vented Ground-Cuckoo " _la. Neomorphus geoffroyi"

Barn owls

Order: StrigiformesFamily: Tytonidae

Barn owls are medium to large sized owls with large heads and characteristic heart-shaped faces. They have long strong legs with powerful talons. There are 16 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Bolivia.

*Barn Owl " _la. Tyto alba"

Typical owls

Order: StrigiformesFamily: Strigidae

Typical owls are small to large solitary nocturnal birds of prey. They have large forward-facing eyes and ears, a hawk-like beak, and a conspicuous circle of feathers around each eye called a facial disk. There are 195 species worldwide and 27 species which occur in Bolivia.

*Tropical Screech-Owl " _la. Megascops choliba"
*Koepcke's Screech-Owl " _la. Megascops koepckeae"
*Rufescent Screech-Owl " _la. Megascops ingens"
*Cloud-forest Screech-Owl " _la. Megascops marshalli"
*Tawny-bellied Screech-Owl " _la. Megascops watsonii"
*Rio Napo Screech-Owl " _la. Megascops napensis"
*Hoy's Screech-Owl " _la. Megascops hoyi"
*White-throated Screech-Owl " _la. Megascops albogularis"
*Great Horned Owl " _la. Bubo virginianus"
*Magellanic Horned Owl " _la. Bubo magellanicus"
*Chaco Owl " _la. Strix chacoensis"
*Mottled Owl " _la. Ciccaba virgata"
*Black-banded Owl " _la. Ciccaba huhula"
*Rufous-banded Owl " _la. Ciccaba albitarsus"
*Crested Owl " _la. Lophostrix cristata"
*Spectacled Owl " _la. Pulsatrix perspicillata"
*Band-bellied Owl " _la. Pulsatrix melanota"
*Subtropical Pygmy-Owl " _la. Glaucidium parkeri"
*Yungas Pygmy-Owl " _la. Glaucidium bolivianum"
*Amazonian Pygmy-Owl " _la. Glaucidium hardyi"
*Ferruginous Pygmy-Owl " _la. Glaucidium brasilianum"
*Tucuman Pygmy-Owl " _la. Glaucidium tucumanum"
*Burrowing Owl " _la. Athene cunicularia"
*Buff-fronted Owl " _la. Aegolius harrisii"
*Striped Owl " _la. Pseudoscops clamator"
*Stygian Owl " _la. Asio stygius"
*Short-eared Owl " _la. Asio flammeus"


Order: CaprimulgiformesFamily: Steatornithidae

The Oilbird is a slim, long-winged bird related to the nightjars. It is nocturnal and a specialist feeder on the fruit of the Oil palm.

*Oilbird " _la. Steatornis caripensis"


Order: CaprimulgiformesFamily: Nyctibiidae

The potoos (sometimes called Poor-Me-Ones) are large near passerine birds related to the nightjars and frogmouths. They are nocturnal insectivores which lack the bristles around the mouth found in the true nightjars. There are 5 species, all of which are from the South American tropical region, and 5 species which occur in Bolivia.

*Great Potoo " _la. Nyctibius grandis"
*Long-tailed Potoo " _la. Nyctibius aethereus"
*Andean Potoo " _la. Nyctibius maculosus"
*Common Potoo " _la. Nyctibius griseus"
*Rufous Potoo " _la. Nyctibius bracteatus"


Order: CaprimulgiformesFamily: Caprimulgidae

Nightjars are medium-sized nocturnal birds with long wings, short legs and very short bills that usually nest on the ground. Most have small feet, of little use for walking, and long pointed wings. Their soft plumage is camouflaged to resemble bark or leaves. There are 86 species worldwide and 21 species which occur in Bolivia.

*Short-tailed Nighthawk " _la. Lurocalis semitorquatus"
*Rufous-bellied Nighthawk " _la. Lurocalis rufiventris"
*Least Nighthawk " _la. Chordeiles pusillus"
*Sand-colored Nighthawk " _la. Chordeiles rupestris"
*Lesser Nighthawk " _la. Chordeiles acutipennis"
*Common Nighthawk " _la. Chordeiles minor"
*Nacunda Nighthawk " _la. Podager nacunda"
*Band-tailed Nighthawk " _la. Nyctiprogne leucopyga"
*Pauraque " _la. Nyctidromus albicollis"
*Ocellated Poorwill " _la. Nyctiphrynus ocellatus"
*Rufous Nightjar " _la. Caprimulgus rufus"
*Silky-tailed Nightjar " _la. Caprimulgus sericocaudatus"
*Band-winged Nightjar " _la. Caprimulgus longirostris"
*White-winged Nightjar " _la. Caprimulgus candicans"
*Little Nightjar " _la. Caprimulgus parvulus"
*Spot-tailed Nightjar " _la. Caprimulgus maculicaudus"
*Blackish Nightjar " _la. Caprimulgus nigrescens"
*Lyre-tailed Nightjar " _la. Uropsalis lyra"
*Swallow-tailed Nightjar " _la. Uropsalis segmentata"
*Ladder-tailed Nightjar " _la. Hydropsalis climacocerca"
*Scissor-tailed Nightjar " _la. Hydropsalis torquata"


Order: ApodiformesFamily: Apodidae

Swifts are small aerial birds, spending the majority of their lives flying. These birds have very short legs and never settle voluntarily on the ground, perching instead only on vertical surfaces. Many swifts have long swept-back wings that resemble a crescent or a boomerang. There are 98 species worldwide and 15 species which occur in Bolivia.

*Rothschild's Swift " _la. Cypseloides rothschildi" (A)
*Sooty Swift " _la. Cypseloides fumigatus"
*Great Dusky Swift " _la. Cypseloides senex"
*Chestnut-collared Swift " _la. Streptoprocne rutila"
*White-collared Swift " _la. Streptoprocne zonaris"
*Gray-rumped Swift " _la. Chaetura cinereiventris"
*Pale-rumped Swift " _la. Chaetura egregia"
*Chimney Swift " _la. Chaetura pelagica"
*Chapman's Swift " _la. Chaetura chapmani"
*Short-tailed Swift " _la. Chaetura brachyura"
*Ashy-tailed Swift " _la. Chaetura andrei"
*White-tipped Swift " _la. Aeronautes montivagus"
*Andean Swift " _la. Aeronautes andecolus"
*Fork-tailed Palm-Swift " _la. Tachornis squamata"
*Lesser Swallow-tailed Swift " _la. Panyptila cayennensis"


Order: TrochiliformesFamily: Trochilidae

Hummingbirds are small birds capable of hovering in mid-air due to the rapid flapping of their wings. They are the only birds that can fly backwards. There are 337 species worldwide and 83 species which occur in Bolivia.

*Buff-tailed Sicklebill " _la. Eutoxeres condamini"
*Rufous-breasted Hermit " _la. Glaucis hirsuta"
*Pale-tailed Barbthroat " _la. Threnetes niger"
*Green Hermit " _la. Phaethornis guy"
*White-bearded Hermit " _la. Phaethornis hispidus"
*Eastern Long-tailed Hermit " _la. Phaethornis superciliosus"
*Great-billed Hermit " _la. Phaethornis malaris"
*Needle-billed Hermit " _la. Phaethornis philippii"
*Planalto Hermit " _la. Phaethornis pretrei"
*Buff-bellied Hermit " _la. Phaethornis subochraceus"
*Cinnamon-throated Hermit " _la. Phaethornis nattereri"
*Reddish Hermit " _la. Phaethornis ruber"
*White-browed Hermit " _la. Phaethornis stuarti"
*Gray-chinned Hermit " _la. Phaethornis griseogularis"
*Green-fronted Lancebill " _la. Doryfera ludovicae"
*Gray-breasted Sabrewing " _la. Campylopterus largipennis"
*Swallow-tailed Hummingbird " _la. Eupetomena macrourus"
*White-necked Jacobin " _la. Florisuga mellivora"
*Brown Violet-ear " _la. Colibri delphinae"
*Green Violet-ear " _la. Colibri thalassinus"
*Sparkling Violet-ear " _la. Colibri coruscans"
*White-vented Violet-ear " _la. Colibri serrirostris"
*Black-throated Mango " _la. Anthracothorax nigricollis"
*Ruby-topaz Hummingbird " _la. Chrysolampis mosquitus"
*Violet-headed Hummingbird " _la. Klais guimeti"
*Dot-eared Coquette " _la. Lophornis gouldii"
*Rufous-crested Coquette " _la. Lophornis delattrei"
*Spangled Coquette " _la. Lophornis stictolophus"
*Festive Coquette " _la. Lophornis chalybeus"
*Black-bellied Thorntail " _la. Popelairia langsdorffi"
*Coppery Thorntail " _la. Popelairia letitiae" (E)
*Blue-tailed Emerald " _la. Chlorostilbon mellisugus"
*Glittering-bellied Emerald " _la. Chlorostilbon aureoventris"
*Fork-tailed Woodnymph " _la. Thalurania furcata"
*Rufous-throated Sapphire " _la. Hylocharis sapphirina"
*White-chinned Sapphire " _la. Hylocharis cyanus"
*Gilded Sapphire " _la. Hylocharis chrysura"
*Golden-tailed Sapphire " _la. Chrysuronia oenone"
*White-throated Hummingbird " _la. Leucochloris albicollis"
*White-tailed Goldenthroat " _la. Polytmus guainumbi"
*White-bellied Hummingbird " _la. Leucippus chionogaster"
*Many-spotted Hummingbird " _la. Leucippus hypostictus"
*Versicolored Emerald " _la. Agyrtria versicolor"
*Rondonia Emerald " _la. Agyrtria rondoniae"
*Sapphire-spangled Emerald " _la. Polyerata lactea"
*Glittering-throated Emerald " _la. Polyerata fimbriata"
*Speckled Hummingbird " _la. Adelomyia melanogenys"
*Gould's Jewelfront " _la. Heliodoxa aurescens"
*Fawn-breasted Brilliant " _la. Heliodoxa rubinoides"
*Violet-fronted Brilliant " _la. Heliodoxa leadbeateri"
*Rufous-webbed Brilliant " _la. Heliodoxa branickii"
*Black-hooded Sunbeam " _la. Aglaeactis pamela" (E)
*Andean Hillstar " _la. Oreotrochilus estella"
*White-sided Hillstar " _la. Oreotrochilus leucopleurus"
*Wedge-tailed Hillstar " _la. Oreotrochilus adela" (E)
*Bronzy Inca " _la. Coeligena coeligena"
*Gould's Inca " _la. Coeligena inca"
*Violet-throated Starfrontlet " _la. Coeligena violifer"
*Sword-billed Hummingbird " _la. Ensifera ensifera"
*Great Sapphirewing " _la. Pterophanes cyanopterus"
*Giant Hummingbird " _la. Patagona gigas"
*Amethyst-throated Sunangel " _la. Heliangelus amethysticollis"
*Blue-capped Puffleg " _la. Eriocnemis glaucopoides"
*Greenish Puffleg " _la. Haplophaedia aureliae"
*Buff-thighed Puffleg " _la. Haplophaedia assimilis"
*Booted Racket-tail " _la. Ocreatus underwoodii"
*Green-tailed Trainbearer " _la. Lesbia nuna"
*Red-tailed Comet " _la. Sappho sparganura"
*Purple-backed Thornbill " _la. Ramphomicron microrhynchum"
*Tyrian Metaltail " _la. Metallura tyrianthina"
*Scaled Metaltail " _la. Metallura aeneocauda"
*Rufous-capped Thornbill " _la. Chalcostigma ruficeps"
*Olivaceous Thornbill " _la. Chalcostigma olivaceum"
*Blue-mantled Thornbill " _la. Chalcostigma stanleyi"
*Long-tailed Sylph " _la. Aglaiocercus kingi"
*Wedge-billed Hummingbird " _la. Augastes geoffroyi"
*Black-eared Fairy " _la. Heliothryx aurita"
*Horned Sungem " _la. Heliactin bilopha"
*Long-billed Starthroat " _la. Heliomaster longirostris"
*Blue-tufted Starthroat " _la. Heliomaster furcifer"
*Amethyst Woodstar " _la. Calliphlox amethystina"
*Slender-tailed Woodstar " _la. Microstilbon burmeisteri"
*White-bellied Woodstar " _la. Chaetocercus mulsant"

Trogons and Quetzals

Order: TrogoniformesFamily: Trogonidae

The family Trogonidae includes trogons and quetzals. Found in tropical woodlands worldwide, they feed on insects and fruit, and their broad bills and weak legs reflect their diet and arboreal habits. Although their flight is fast, they are reluctant to fly any distance. Trogons have soft, often colourful, feathers with distinctive male and female plumage. There are 33 species worldwide and 10 species which occur in Bolivia.

*White-tailed Trogon " _la. Trogon viridis"
*Violaceous Trogon " _la. Trogon violaceus"
*Collared Trogon " _la. Trogon collaris"
*Masked Trogon " _la. Trogon personatus"
*Black-throated Trogon " _la. Trogon rufus"
*Blue-crowned Trogon " _la. Trogon curucui"
*Black-tailed Trogon " _la. Trogon melanurus"
*Crested Quetzal " _la. Pharomachrus antisianus"
*Golden-headed Quetzal " _la. Pharomachrus auriceps"
*Pavonine Quetzal " _la. Pharomachrus pavoninus"


Order: CoraciiformesFamily: Alcedinidae

Kingfishers are medium-sized birds with large heads, long pointed bills, short legs, and stubby tails. There are 93 species worldwide and 5 species which occur in Bolivia.

*Ringed Kingfisher " _la. Ceryle torquatus"
*Amazon Kingfisher " _la. Chloroceryle amazona"
*Green Kingfisher " _la. Chloroceryle americana"
*Green-and-rufous Kingfisher " _la. Chloroceryle inda"
*American Pygmy Kingfisher " _la. Chloroceryle aenea"


Order: CoraciiformesFamily: Momotidae

The motmots have colorful plumage and long, graduated tails, which they display by waggling back and forth. In most of the species, the barbs near the ends of the two longest (central) tail feathers are weak and fall off, leaving a length of bare shaft, and creating a racket-shaped tail. There are 10 species worldwide and 4 species which occur in Bolivia.

*Blue-crowned Motmot " _la. Momotus momota"
*Highland Motmot " _la. Momotus aequatorialis"
*Rufous Motmot " _la. Baryphthengus martii"
*Broad-billed Motmot " _la. Electron platyrhynchum"


Order: PiciformesFamily: Galbulidae

The jacamars are near passerine birds from tropical South America, with a range that extends up to Mexico. They are glossy elegant birds with long bills and tails, which feed on insects caught on the wing. In appearance and behaviour they show resemblances to the Old World bee-eaters, although they are more closely related to woodpeckers. There are 18 species and 11 species that occur in Bolivia.

*White-eared Jacamar " _la. Galbalcyrhynchus leucotis"
*Chestnut Jacamar " _la. Galbalcyrhynchus purusianus"
*Brown Jacamar " _la. Brachygalba lugubris"
*White-throated Jacamar " _la. Brachygalba albogularis"
*Blue-cheeked Jacamar " _la. Galbula cyanicollis"
*Rufous-tailed Jacamar " _la. Galbula ruficauda"
*Bluish-fronted Jacamar " _la. Galbula cyanescens"
*Purplish Jacamar " _la. Galbula chalcothorax"
*Bronzy Jacamar " _la. Galbula leucogastra"
*Paradise Jacamar " _la. Galbula dea"
*Great Jacamar " _la. Jacamerops aureus"


Order: PiciformesFamily: Bucconidae

The puffbirds are related to the jacamars, and have the same range, but lack the iridescent colours of that family. They are mainly brown, rufous or grey, with large heads and flattened bills with a hooked tip. The loose abundant plumage and short tails makes them look stout and puffy, giving rise to the English common name of the family. There are 34 species and 19 species which occur in Bolivia.

*White-necked Puffbird " _la. Notharchus macrorhynchos"
*Brown-banded Puffbird " _la. Notharchus ordii"
*Pied Puffbird " _la. Notharchus tectus"
*Chestnut-capped Puffbird " _la. Bucco macrodactylus"
*Spotted Puffbird " _la. Bucco tamatia"
*Collared Puffbird " _la. Bucco capensis"
*White-eared Puffbird " _la. Nystalus chacuru"
*Striolated Puffbird " _la. Nystalus striolatus"
*Spot-backed Puffbird " _la. Nystalus maculatus"
*White-chested Puffbird " _la. Malacoptila fusca"
*Semicollared Puffbird " _la. Malacoptila semicincta"
*Black-streaked Puffbird " _la. Malacoptila fulvogularis"
*Rufous-necked Puffbird " _la. Malacoptila rufa"
*Fulvous-chinned Nunlet " _la. Nonnula sclateri"
*Rufous-capped Nunlet " _la. Nonnula ruficapilla"
*Black-fronted Nunbird " _la. Monasa nigrifrons"
*White-fronted Nunbird " _la. Monasa morphoeus"
*Yellow-billed Nunbird " _la. Monasa flavirostris"
*Swallow-wing " _la. Chelidoptera tenebrosa"


Order: PiciformesFamily: Capitonidae

The barbets are plump birds, with short necks and large heads. They get their name from the bristles which fringe their heavy bills. Most species are brightly coloured. There are 84 species worldwide and 5 species which occur in Bolivia.

*Black-girdled Barbet " _la. Capito dayi"
*Gilded Barbet " _la. Capito auratus"
*Lemon-throated Barbet " _la. Eubucco richardsoni"
*Scarlet-hooded Barbet " _la. Eubucco tucinkae"
*Versicolored Barbet " _la. Eubucco versicolor"


Order: PiciformesFamily: Ramphastidae

Toucans are near passerine birds from the neotropics. They are brightly marked and have enormous, colourful bills which in some species may amount to half their body length. There are 40 species worldwide and 17 species which occur in Bolivia.

*Chestnut-tipped Toucanet " _la. Aulacorhynchus derbianus"
*Blue-banded Toucanet " _la. Aulacorhynchus coeruleicinctis"
*Lettered Aracari " _la. Pteroglossus inscriptus"
*Green Aracari " _la. Pteroglossus viridis"
*Red-necked Aracari " _la. Pteroglossus bitorquatus"
*Ivory-billed Aracari " _la. Pteroglossus azara"
*Chestnut-eared Aracari " _la. Pteroglossus castanotis"
*Curl-crested Aracari " _la. Pteroglossus beauharnaesii"
*Hooded Mountain-Toucan " _la. Andigena cucullata"
*Golden-collared Toucanet " _la. Selenidera reinwardtii"
*Spot-billed Toucanet " _la. Selenidera maculirostris"
*Gould's Toucanet " _la. Selenidera gouldii"
*Channel-billed Toucan " _la. Ramphastos vitellinus"
*Red-billed Toucan " _la. Ramphastos tucanus"
*Toco Toucan " _la. Ramphastos toco"
*Andean Toucanet " _la. Aulacorhynchus albivitta"
*Black-throated Toucanet " _la. Aulacorhynchus atrogularis"

Woodpeckers and allies

Order: PiciformesFamily: Picidae

Woodpeckers are small to medium sized birds with chisel like beaks, short legs, stiff tails and long tongues used for capturing insects. Some species have feet with two toes pointing forward, and two backward, while several species have only three toes. Many woodpeckers have the habit of tapping noisily on tree trunks with their beaks. There are 218 species worldwide and 37 species which occur in Bolivia.

*Bar-breasted Piculet " _la. Picumnus aurifrons"
*White-barred Piculet " _la. Picumnus cirratus"
*Ocellated Piculet " _la. Picumnus dorbignyanus"
*White-wedged Piculet " _la. Picumnus albosquamatus"
*Rusty-necked Piculet " _la. Picumnus fuscus"
*Rufous-breasted Piculet " _la. Picumnus rufiventris"
*White Woodpecker " _la. Melanerpes candidus"
*Yellow-tufted Woodpecker " _la. Melanerpes cruentatus"
*White-fronted Woodpecker " _la. Melanerpes cactorum"
*Striped Woodpecker " _la. Picoides lignarius"
*Checkered Woodpecker " _la. Picoides mixtus"
*Bar-bellied Woodpecker " _la. Veniliornis nigriceps"
*Smoky-brown Woodpecker " _la. Veniliornis fumigatus"
*Little Woodpecker " _la. Veniliornis passerinus"
*Dot-fronted Woodpecker " _la. Veniliornis frontalis"
*Red-stained Woodpecker " _la. Veniliornis affinis"
*White-throated Woodpecker " _la. Piculus leucolaemus"
*Yellow-throated Woodpecker " _la. Piculus flavigula"
*Golden-green Woodpecker " _la. Piculus chrysochloros"
*Golden-olive Woodpecker " _la. Piculus rubiginosus"
*Crimson-mantled Woodpecker " _la. Piculus rivolii"
*Spot-breasted Woodpecker " _la. Colaptes punctigula"
*Green-barred Woodpecker " _la. Colaptes melanochloros"
*Andean Flicker " _la. Colaptes rupicola"
*Campo Flicker " _la. Colaptes campestris"
*Scaly-breasted Woodpecker " _la. Celeus grammicus"
*Chestnut Woodpecker " _la. Celeus elegans"
*Pale-crested Woodpecker " _la. Celeus lugubris"
*Cream-colored Woodpecker " _la. Celeus flavus"
*Rufous-headed Woodpecker " _la. Celeus spectabilis"
*Ringed Woodpecker " _la. Celeus torquatus"
*Lineated Woodpecker " _la. Dryocopus lineatus"
*Black-bodied Woodpecker " _la. Dryocopus schulzi"
*Crimson-bellied Woodpecker " _la. Campephilus haematogaster"
*Red-necked Woodpecker " _la. Campephilus rubricollis"
*Crimson-crested Woodpecker " _la. Campephilus melanoleucos"
*Cream-backed Woodpecker " _la. Campephilus leucopogon"


Order: PasseriformesFamily: Furnariidae

Ovenbirds comprise a large family of small sub-oscine passerine bird species found in Central and South America. They are a diverse group of insectivores which gets its name from the elaborate "oven-like" clay nests built by some species, although others build stick nests or nest in tunnels or clefts in rock. There are 243 species worldwide and 102 species which occur in Bolivia.

*Campo Miner " _la. Geobates poecilopterus"
*Common Miner " _la. Geositta cunicularia"
*Puna Miner " _la. Geositta punensis"
*Rufous-banded Miner " _la. Geositta rufipennis"
*Slender-billed Miner " _la. Geositta tenuirostris"
*Scale-throated Earthcreeper " _la. Upucerthia dumetaria"
*Plain-breasted Earthcreeper " _la. Upucerthia jelskii"
*Buff-breasted Earthcreeper " _la. Upucerthia validirostris" (A)
*Straight-billed Earthcreeper " _la. Upucerthia ruficauda"
*Rock Earthcreeper " _la. Upucerthia andaecola"
*Chaco Earthcreeper " _la. Ochetorhynchus certhioides"
*Bolivian Earthcreeper " _la. Ochetorhynchus harterti" (E)
*Bar-winged Cinclodes " _la. Cinclodes fuscus"
*Royal Cinclodes " _la. Cinclodes aricomae"
*White-winged Cinclodes " _la. Cinclodes atacamensis"
*Pale-legged Hornero " _la. Furnarius leucopus"
*Rufous Hornero " _la. Furnarius rufus"
*Crested Hornero " _la. Furnarius cristatus"
*Andean Tit-Spinetail " _la. Leptasthenura andicola"
*Streaked Tit-Spinetail " _la. Leptasthenura striata"
*Plain-mantled Tit-Spinetail " _la. Leptasthenura aegithaloides"
*Brown-capped Tit-Spinetail " _la. Leptasthenura fuliginiceps"
*Tawny Tit-Spinetail " _la. Leptasthenura yanacensis"
*Wren-like Rushbird " _la. Phleocryptes melanops"
*Chotoy Spinetail " _la. Schoeniophylax phryganophila"
*Ochre-cheeked Spinetail " _la. Synallaxis scutata"
*Azara's Spinetail " _la. Synallaxis azarae"
*Sooty-fronted Spinetail " _la. Synallaxis frontalis"
*Cinereous-breasted Spinetail " _la. Synallaxis hypospodia"
*Pale-breasted Spinetail " _la. Synallaxis albescens"
*Dark-breasted Spinetail " _la. Synallaxis albigularis"
*Cabanis's Spinetail " _la. Synallaxis cabanisi"
*Plain-crowned Spinetail " _la. Synallaxis gujanensis"
*White-lored Spinetail " _la. Synallaxis albilora"
*White-bellied Spinetail " _la. Synallaxis propinqua"
*Ruddy Spinetail " _la. Synallaxis rutilans"
*Light-crowned Spinetail " _la. Cranioleuca albiceps"
*Ash-browed Spinetail " _la. Cranioleuca curtata"
*Stripe-crowned Spinetail " _la. Cranioleuca pyrrhophia"
*Rusty-backed Spinetail " _la. Cranioleuca vulpina"
*Parker's Spinetail " _la. Cranioleuca vulpecula"
*Speckled Spinetail " _la. Cranioleuca gutturata"
*Bolivian Spinetail " _la. Cranioleuca henricae" (E)
*Red-and-white Spinetail " _la. Certhiaxis mustelina"
*Yellow-chinned Spinetail " _la. Certhiaxis cinnamomea"
*Black-throated Thistletail " _la. Schizoeaca harterti" (E)
*Creamy-breasted Canastero " _la. Asthenes dorbignyi"
*Dark-winged Canastero " _la. Asthenes arequipae"
*Berlepsch's Canastero " _la. Asthenes berlepschi" (E)
*Lesser Canastero " _la. Asthenes pyrrholeuca"
*Short-billed Canastero " _la. Asthenes baeri"
*Iquico Canastero " _la. Asthenes heterura" (E)
*Cordilleran Canastero " _la. Asthenes modesta"
*Streak-throated Canastero " _la. Asthenes humilis"
*Streak-backed Canastero " _la. Asthenes wyatti"
*Puna Canastero " _la. Asthenes sclateri"
*Scribble-tailed Canastero " _la. Asthenes maculicauda"
*Line-fronted Canastero " _la. Asthenes urubambensis"
*Plain Softtail " _la. Phacellodomus fusciceps"
*Common Thornbird " _la. Phacellodomus rufifrons"
*Little Thornbird " _la. Phacellodomus sibilatrix"
*Streak-fronted Thornbird " _la. Phacellodomus striaticeps"
*Greater Thornbird " _la. Phacellodomus ruber"
*Spot-breasted Thornbird " _la. Phacellodomus maculipectus"
*Firewood-gatherer " _la. Anumbius annumbi"
*Lark-like Brushrunner " _la. Coryphistera alaudina"
*Gray-crested Cacholote " _la. Pseudoseisura unirufa"
*Brown Cacholote " _la. Pseudoseisura lophotes"
*Orange-fronted Plushcrown " _la. Metopothrix aurantiacus"
*Rusty-winged Barbtail " _la. Premnornis guttuligera"
*Spotted Barbtail " _la. Premnoplex brunnescens"
*Pearled Treerunner " _la. Margarornis squamiger"
*Rufous-tailed Xenops " _la. Xenops milleri"
*Slender-billed Xenops " _la. Xenops tenuirostris"
*Plain Xenops " _la. Xenops minutus"
*Streaked Xenops " _la. Xenops rutilans"
*Montane Foliage-gleaner " _la. Anabacerthia striaticollis"
*Streaked Tuftedcheek " _la. Pseudocolaptes boissonneautii"
*Buff-throated Treehunter " _la. Thripadectes scrutator"
*Striped Treehunter " _la. Thripadectes holostictus"
*Buff-browed Foliage-gleaner " _la. Syndactyla rufosuperciliata"
*Point-tailed Palmcreeper " _la. Berlepschia rikeri"
*Peruvian Recurvebill " _la. Simoxenops ucayalae"
*Bolivian Recurvebill " _la. Simoxenops striatus" (E)
*Striped Woodhaunter " _la. Hyloctistes subulatus"
*Chestnut-winged Hookbill " _la. Ancistrops strigilatus"
*Chestnut-winged Foliage-gleaner " _la. Philydor erythropterus"
*Rufous-rumped Foliage-gleaner " _la. Philydor erythrocercus"
*Rufous-tailed Foliage-gleaner " _la. Philydor ruficaudatus"
*Buff-fronted Foliage-gleaner " _la. Philydor rufus"
*Cinnamon-rumped Foliage-gleaner " _la. Philydor pyrrhodes"
*Crested Foliage-gleaner " _la. Automolus dorsalis"
*Chestnut-crowned Foliage-gleaner " _la. Automolus rufipileatus"
*Buff-throated Foliage-gleaner " _la. Automolus ochrolaemus"
*Olive-backed Foliage-gleaner " _la. Automolus infuscatus"
*Brown-rumped Foliage-gleaner " _la. Automolus melanopezus"
*Ruddy Foliage-gleaner " _la. Automolus rubiginosus"
*Short-billed Leaftosser " _la. Sclerurus rufigularis"
*Tawny-throated Leaftosser " _la. Sclerurus mexicanus"
*Gray-throated Leaftosser " _la. Sclerurus albigularis"
*Black-tailed Leaftosser " _la. Sclerurus caudacutus"
*Sharp-tailed Streamcreeper " _la. Lochmias nematura"


Order: PasseriformesFamily: Dendrocolaptidae

The Dendrocolaptidae are brownish birds and maintain an upright vertical posture, supported by their stiff tail vanes. They feed mainly on insects taken from tree trunks. There are 57 species worldwide and 27 species which occur in Bolivia.

*Plain-brown Woodcreeper " _la. Dendrocincla fuliginosa"
*White-chinned Woodcreeper " _la. Dendrocincla merula"
*Long-tailed Woodcreeper " _la. Deconychura longicauda"
*Olivaceous Woodcreeper " _la. Sittasomus griseicapillus"
*Wedge-billed Woodcreeper " _la. Glyphorynchus spirurus"
*Scimitar-billed Woodcreeper " _la. Drymornis bridgesii"
*Long-billed Woodcreeper " _la. Nasica longirostris"
*Cinnamon-throated Woodcreeper " _la. Dendrexetastes rufigula"
*Bar-bellied Woodcreeper " _la. Hylexetastes stresemanni"
*Uniform Woodcreeper " _la. Hylexetastes uniformis"
*Great Rufous Woodcreeper " _la. Xiphocolaptes major"
*Strong-billed Woodcreeper " _la. Xiphocolaptes promeropirhynchus"
*Amazonian Barred-Woodcreeper " _la. Dendrocolaptes certhia"
*Black-banded Woodcreeper " _la. Dendrocolaptes picumnus"
*Striped Woodcreeper " _la. Xiphorhynchus obsoletus"
*Ocellated Woodcreeper " _la. Xiphorhynchus ocellatus"
*Tschudi's Woodcreeper " _la. Xiphorhynchus chunchotambo"
*Elegant Woodcreeper " _la. Xiphorhynchus elegans"
*Juruá Woodcreeper " _la. Xiphorhynchus juruanus"
*Buff-throated Woodcreeper " _la. Xiphorhynchus guttatus"
*Lafresnaye's Woodcreeper " _la. Xiphorhynchus guttatoides"
*Olive-backed Woodcreeper " _la. Xiphorhynchus triangularis"
*Straight-billed Woodcreeper " _la. Dendroplex picus"
*Narrow-billed Woodcreeper " _la. Lepidocolaptes angustirostris"
*Montane Woodcreeper " _la. Lepidocolaptes lacrymiger"
*Lineated Woodcreeper " _la. Lepidocolaptes albolineatus"
*Red-billed Scythebill " _la. Campylorhamphus trochilirostris"

Typical antbirds

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Thamnophilidae

The antbirds are a large family of small passerine birds of subtropical and tropical Central and South America. They are forest birds, and tend to feed on insects at or near the ground. A sizable minority of them specialize in following columns of army ants to eat the small invertebrates that leave hiding to flee the ants.Many species lack bright colour; brown, black and white being the dominant tones. There are about 212 species worldwide and 79 species which occur in Bolivia.

*Fasciated Antshrike " _la. Cymbilaimus lineatus"
*Bamboo Antshrike " _la. Cymbilaimus sanctaemariae"
*Giant Antshrike " _la. Batara cinerea"
*Undulated Antshrike " _la. Frederickena unduligera"
*Great Antshrike " _la. Taraba major"
*Barred Antshrike " _la. Thamnophilus doliatus"
*Chestnut-backed Antshrike " _la. Thamnophilus palliatus"
*Blackish-gray Antshrike " _la. Thamnophilus nigrocinereus"
*White-shouldered Antshrike " _la. Thamnophilus aethiops"
*Upland Antshrike " _la. Thamnophilus aroyae"
*Plain-winged Antshrike " _la. Thamnophilus schistaceus"
*Mouse-colored Antshrike " _la. Thamnophilus murinus"
*Natterer's Slaty-Antshrike " _la. Thamnophilus stictocephalus"
*Bolivian Slaty-Antshrike " _la. Thamnophilus sticturus"
*Amazonian Antshrike " _la. Thamnophilus amazonicus"
*Variable Antshrike " _la. Thamnophilus caerulescens"
*Rufous-winged Antshrike " _la. Thamnophilus torquatus"
*Rufous-capped Antshrike " _la. Thamnophilus ruficapillus"
*Spot-winged Antshrike " _la. Pygiptila stellaris"
*Russet Antshrike " _la. Thamnistes anabatinus"
*Plain Antvireo " _la. Dysithamnus mentalis"
*Saturnine Antshrike " _la. Thamnomanes saturninus"
*Dusky-throated Antshrike " _la. Thamnomanes ardesiacus"
*Cinereous Antshrike " _la. Thamnomanes caesius"
*Bluish-slate Antshrike " _la. Thamnomanes schistogynus"
*Pygmy Antwren " _la. Myrmotherula brachyura"
*Sclater's Antwren " _la. Myrmotherula sclateri"
*Amazonian Antwren " _la. Myrmotherula multostriata"
*Stripe-chested Antwren " _la. Myrmotherula longicauda"
*Plain-throated Antwren " _la. Myrmotherula hauxwelli"
*White-eyed Antwren " _la. Myrmotherula leucophthalma"
*Stipple-throated Antwren " _la. Myrmotherula haematonota"
*Ornate Antwren " _la. Myrmotherula ornata"
*Rufous-tailed Antwren " _la. Myrmotherula erythrura"
*White-flanked Antwren " _la. Myrmotherula axillaris"
*Long-winged Antwren " _la. Myrmotherula longipennis"
*Ihering's Antwren " _la. Myrmotherula iheringi"
*Ashy Antwren " _la. Myrmotherula grisea" (E)
*Gray Antwren " _la. Myrmotherula menetriesii"
*Leaden Antwren " _la. Myrmotherula assimilis"
*Banded Antwren " _la. Dichrozona cincta"
*Stripe-backed Antbird " _la. Myrmorchilus strigilatus"
*Black-capped Antwren " _la. Herpsilochmus atricapillus"
*Large-billed Antwren " _la. Herpsilochmus longirostris"
*Rufous-winged Antwren " _la. Herpsilochmus rufimarginatus"
*Dot-winged Antwren " _la. Microrhopias quixensis"
*White-fringed Antwren " _la. Formicivora grisea"
*Black-bellied Antwren " _la. Formicivora melanogaster"
*Rusty-backed Antwren " _la. Formicivora rufa"
*Striated Antbird " _la. Drymophila devillei"
*Long-tailed Antbird " _la. Drymophila caudata"
*Chestnut-shouldered Antwren " _la. Terenura humeralis"
*Yellow-rumped Antwren " _la. Terenura sharpei"
*Gray Antbird " _la. Cercomacra cinerascens"
*Blackish Antbird " _la. Cercomacra nigrescens"
*Black Antbird " _la. Cercomacra serva"
*Mato Grosso Antbird " _la. Cercomacra melanaria"
*Manu Antbird " _la. Cercomacra manu"
*White-backed Fire-eye " _la. Pyriglena leuconota"
*White-browed Antbird " _la. Myrmoborus leucophrys"
*Black-faced Antbird " _la. Myrmoborus myotherinus"
*Warbling Antbird " _la. Hypocnemis cantator"
*Band-tailed Antbird " _la. Hypocnemoides maculicauda"
*Black-and-white Antbird " _la. Myrmochanes hemileucus"
*Silvered Antbird " _la. Sclateria naevia"
*Spot-winged Antbird " _la. Percnostola leucostigma"
*White-lined Antbird " _la. Percnostola lophotes"
*Southern Chestnut-tailed Antbird " _la. Myrmeciza hemimelaena"
*Plumbeous Antbird " _la. Myrmeciza hyperythra"
*Goeldi's Antbird " _la. Myrmeciza goeldii"
*Sooty Antbird " _la. Myrmeciza fortis"
*Black-throated Antbird " _la. Myrmeciza atrothorax"
*White-throated Antbird " _la. Gymnopithys salvini"
*Hairy-crested Antbird " _la. Rhegmatorhina melanosticta"
*Spot-backed Antbird " _la. Hylophylax naevia"
*Dot-backed Antbird " _la. Hylophylax punctulata"
*Scale-backed Antbird " _la. Hylophylax poecilinota"
*Black-spotted Bare-eye " _la. Phlegopsis nigromaculata"
*Reddish-winged Bare-eye " _la. Phlegopsis erythroptera"

Antthrushes and Antpittas

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Formicariidae

The ground antbirds are a family comprising the antthrushes and antpittas. Antthrushes resemble small rails while antpittas resemble the true pittas with longish strong legs, very short tails and stout bills. There are about 63 species worldwide and 17 species which occur in Bolivia.

*Rufous-capped Antthrush " _la. Formicarius colma"
*Black-faced Antthrush " _la. Formicarius analis"
*Striated Antthrush " _la. Chamaeza nobilis"
*Short-tailed Antthrush " _la. Chamaeza campanisona"
*Barred Antthrush " _la. Chamaeza mollissima"
*Undulated Antpitta " _la. Grallaria squamigera"
*Scaled Antpitta " _la. Grallaria guatimalensis"
*Stripe-headed Antpitta " _la. Grallaria andicola"
*White-throated Antpitta " _la. Grallaria albigula"
*Rufous Antpitta " _la. Grallaria rufula"
*Rufous-faced Antpitta " _la. Grallaria erythrotis" (E)
*Spotted Antpitta " _la. Hylopezus macularius"
*Masked Antpitta " _la. Hylopezus auricularis" (E)
*Amazonian Antpitta " _la. Hylopezus berlepschi"
*Thrush-like Antpitta " _la. Myrmothera campanisona"
*Ochre-breasted Antpitta " _la. Grallaricula flavirostris"
*Rusty-breasted Antpitta " _la. Grallaricula ferrugineipectus"


Order: PasseriformesFamily: Conopophagidae

The gnateaters are round, short-tailed, and long-legged birds, which are closely related to the antbirds. There are 8 species worldwide, all found in South America, and 3 species which occur in Bolivia.

*Ash-throated Gnateater " _la. Conopophaga peruviana"
*Slaty Gnateater " _la. Conopophaga ardesiaca"
*Black-bellied Gnateater " _la. Conopophaga melanogaster"


Order: PasseriformesFamily: Rhinocryptidae

The tapaculos are a group of small suboscine passeriform birds with numerous species, found in South America. They are terrestrial species that fly only poorly on their short wings. They have strong legs, well-suited to their habitat of grassland or forest undergrowth. The tail is cocked and pointed towards the head. There are 56 species worldwide and 13 species which occur in Bolivia.

*Crested Gallito " _la. Rhinocrypta lanceolata"
*Rusty-belted Tapaculo " _la. Liosceles thoracicus"
*Collared Crescent-chest " _la. Melanopareia torquata"
*Olive-crowned Crescent-chest " _la. Melanopareia maximiliani"
*Unicolored Tapaculo " _la. Scytalopus unicolor"
*Trilling Tapaculo " _la. Scytalopus parvirostris"
*Rufous-vented Tapaculo " _la. Scytalopus femoralis"
*Bolivian Tapaculo " _la. Scytalopus bolivianus"
*Zimmer's Tapaculo " _la. Scytalopus zimmeri" (E)
*Puna Tapaculo " _la. Scytalopus simonsi"
*Matorral Tapaculo " _la. Scytalopus griseicollis"
*White-browed Tapaculo " _la. Scytalopus superciliaris"
*Diademed Tapaculo " _la. Scytalopus schulenbergi"


Order: PasseriformesFamily: Cotingidae

The cotingas are birds of forests or forest edges of tropical South America. Comparatively little is known about this diverse group, although all have broad bills with hooked tips, rounded wings, and strong legs. The males of many of the species are brightly coloured, or decorated with plumes or wattles. There are 71 species worldwide and 22 species which occur in Bolivia

*Sharpbill " _la. Oxyruncus cristatus"
*White-tipped Plantcutter " _la. Phytotoma rutila"
*Shrike-like Cotinga " _la. Laniisoma elegans"
*Swallow-tailed Cotinga " _la. Phibalura flavirostris"
*Red-crested Cotinga " _la. Ampelion rubrocristata"
*Chestnut-crested Cotinga " _la. Ampelion rufaxilla"
*Green-and-black Fruiteater " _la. Pipreola riefferii"
*Band-tailed Fruiteater " _la. Pipreola intermedia"
*Barred Fruiteater " _la. Pipreola arcuata"
*Scarlet-breasted Fruiteater " _la. Pipreola frontalis"
*Scaled Fruiteater " _la. Ampelioides tschudii"
*White-browed Purpletuft " _la. Iodopleura isabellae"
*Scimitar-winged Piha " _la. Lipaugus uropygialis" (E)
*Screaming Piha " _la. Lipaugus vociferans"
*Purple-throated Cotinga " _la. Porphyrolaema porphyrolaema"
*Plum-throated Cotinga " _la. Cotinga maynana"
*Spangled Cotinga " _la. Cotinga cayana"
*Pompadour Cotinga " _la. Xipholena punicea"
*Bare-necked Fruitcrow " _la. Gymnoderus foetidus"
*Purple-throated Fruitcrow " _la. Querula purpurata"
*Amazonian Umbrellabird " _la. Cephalopterus ornatus"
*Andean Cock-of-the-rock " _la. Rupicola peruviana"


Order: PasseriformesFamily: Pipridae

The manakins are a family bird species of subtropical and tropical mainland Central and South America, and Trinidad and Tobago. They are compact forest birds, the males typically being brightly coloured, although the females of most species are duller and usually green-plumaged. Manakins feed on small fruits, berries and insects. There are 57 species worldwide and 18 species which occur in Bolivia.

*White-bearded Manakin " _la. Manacus manacus"
*Blue-backed Manakin " _la. Chiroxiphia pareola"
*Yungas Manakin " _la. Chiroxiphia boliviana"
*Band-tailed Manakin " _la. Pipra fasciicauda"
*Blue-crowned Manakin " _la. Lepidothrix coronata"
*Red-headed Manakin " _la. Pipra rubrocapilla"
*Round-tailed Manakin " _la. Pipra chloromeros"
*Snow-capped Manakin " _la. Lepidothrix nattereri"
*Helmeted Manakin " _la. Antilophia galeata"
*Fiery-capped Manakin " _la. Machaeropterus pyrocephalus"
*Black Manakin " _la. Xenopipo atronitens"
*Flame-crested Manakin " _la. Heterocercus linteatus"
*Sulphur-bellied Tyrant-Manakin " _la. Neopelma sulphureiventer"
*Pale-bellied Tyrant-Manakin " _la. Neopelma pallescens"
*Dwarf Tyrant-Manakin " _la. Tyranneutes stolzmanni"
*Wing-barred Piprites " _la. Piprites chloris"
*Greater Schiffornis " _la. Schiffornis major"
*Thrush-like Schiffornis " _la. Schiffornis turdinus"

Tyrant flycatchers

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Tyrannidae

Tyrant flycatchers are passerine birds which occur throughout North and South America. They superficially resemble the Old World flycatchers, but are more robust with stronger bills. They do not have the sophisticated vocal capabilities of the songbirds. Most, but not all, have plain colouring. As the name implies, most are insectivorous. There are 429 species worldwide, all found only in the Americas and 213 species which occur in Bolivia.

*White-lored Tyrannulet " _la. Ornithion inerme"
*Southern Beardless-Tyrannulet " _la. Camptostoma obsoletum"
*Mouse-colored Tyrannulet " _la. Phaeomyias murina"
*Yellow Tyrannulet " _la. Capsiempis flaveola"
*Yellow-crowned Tyrannulet " _la. Tyrannulus elatus"
*Forest Elaenia " _la. Myiopagis gaimardii"
*Gray Elaenia " _la. Myiopagis caniceps"
*Greenish Elaenia " _la. Myiopagis viridicata"
*Large Elaenia " _la. Elaenia spectabilis"
*Yellow-bellied Elaenia " _la. Elaenia flavogaster"
*White-crested Elaenia " _la. Elaenia albiceps"
*Small-billed Elaenia " _la. Elaenia parvirostris"
*Slaty Elaenia " _la. Elaenia strepera"
*Mottle-backed Elaenia " _la. Elaenia gigas"
*Brownish Elaenia " _la. Elaenia pelzelni"
*Plain-crested Elaenia " _la. Elaenia cristata"
*Lesser Elaenia " _la. Elaenia chiriquensis"
*Highland Elaenia " _la. Elaenia obscura"
*Sierran Elaenia " _la. Elaenia pallatangae"
*Torrent Tyrannulet " _la. Serpophaga cinerea"
*Sooty Tyrannulet " _la. Serpophaga nigricans"
*River Tyrannulet " _la. Serpophaga hypoleuca"
*White-crested Tyrannulet " _la. Serpophaga subcristata"
*White-bellied Tyrannulet " _la. Serpophaga munda"
*Ochre-bellied Flycatcher " _la. Mionectes oleagineus"
*Streak-necked Flycatcher " _la. Mionectes striaticollis"
*Olive-striped Flycatcher " _la. Mionectes olivaceus"
*MacConnell's Flycatcher " _la. Mionectes macconnelli"
*Sepia-capped Flycatcher " _la. Leptopogon amaurocephalus"
*Slaty-capped Flycatcher " _la. Leptopogon superciliaris"
*Hazel-fronted Pygmy-Tyrant " _la. Pseudotriccus simplex"
*Rufous-headed Pygmy-Tyrant " _la. Pseudotriccus ruficeps"
*Marble-faced Bristle-Tyrant " _la. Pogonotriccus ophthalmicus"
*Spectacled Bristle-Tyrant " _la. Pogonotriccus orbitalis"
*Rufous-lored Tyrannulet " _la. Phylloscartes flaviventris"
*Cinnamon-faced Tyrannulet " _la. Phylloscartes parkeri"
*Mottle-cheeked Tyrannulet " _la. Phylloscartes ventralis"
*Planalto Tyrannulet " _la. Phyllomyias fasciatus"
*Rough-legged Tyrannulet " _la. Phyllomyias burmeisteri"
*Sclater's Tyrannulet " _la. Phyllomyias sclateri"
*Tawny-rumped Tyrannulet " _la. Phyllomyias uropygialis"
*Bolivian Tyrannulet " _la. Zimmerius bolivianus"
*Slender-footed Tyrannulet " _la. Zimmerius gracilipes"
*Amazonian Scrub-Flycatcher " _la. Sublegatus obscurior"
*Southern Scrub-Flycatcher " _la. Sublegatus modestus"
*Suiriri Flycatcher " _la. Suiriri suiriri"
*Chapada Flycatcher " _la. Suiriri islerorum"
*White-throated Tyrannulet " _la. Mecocerculus leucophrys"
*Buff-banded Tyrannulet " _la. Mecocerculus hellmayri"
*White-banded Tyrannulet " _la. Mecocerculus stictopterus"
*Plain Tyrannulet " _la. Inezia inornata"
*Amazonian Tyrannulet " _la. Inezia subflava"
*Greater Wagtail-Tyrant " _la. Stigmatura budytoides"
*Ash-breasted Tit-Tyrant " _la. Anairetes alpinus"
*Yellow-billed Tit-Tyrant " _la. Anairetes flavirostris"
*Tufted Tit-Tyrant " _la. Anairetes parulus"
*Many-colored Rush-Tyrant " _la. Tachuris rubrigastra"
*Sharp-tailed Tyrant " _la. Culicivora caudacuta"
*Bearded Tachuri " _la. Polystictus pectoralis"
*Crested Doradito " _la. Pseudocolopteryx sclateri"
*Dinelli's Doradito " _la. Pseudocolopteryx dinellianus"
*Subtropical Doradito " _la. Pseudocolopteryx acutipennis"
*Warbling Doradito " _la. Pseudocolopteryx flaviventris" (A)
*Tawny-crowned Pygmy-Tyrant " _la. Euscarthmus meloryphus"
*Rufous-sided Pygmy-Tyrant " _la. Euscarthmus rufomarginatus"
*White-bellied Pygmy-Tyrant " _la. Myiornis albiventris"
*Short-tailed Pygmy-Tyrant " _la. Myiornis ecaudatus"
*Long-crested Pygmy-Tyrant " _la. Lophotriccus eulophotes"
*Ochre-faced Tody-Flycatcher " _la. Poecilotriccus plumbeiceps"
*Rusty-fronted Tody-Flycatcher " _la. Poecilotriccus latirostris"
*Snethlage's Tody-Tyrant " _la. Hemitriccus minor"
*Flammulated Bamboo-Tyrant " _la. Hemitriccus flammulatus"
*White-bellied Tody Tyrant " _la. Hemitriccus griseipectus"
*Zimmer's Tody-Tyrant " _la. Hemitriccus minimus"
*Johannes's Tody-Tyrant " _la. Hemitriccus iohannis"
*Stripe-necked Tody-Tyrant " _la. Hemitriccus striaticollis"
*Yungas Tody-Tyrant " _la. Hemitriccus spodiops" (E)
*Pearly-vented Tody-Tyrant " _la. Hemitriccus margaritaceiventer"
*Black-throated Tody-Tyrant " _la. Hemitriccus granadensis"
*Buff-throated Tody-Tyrant " _la. Hemitriccus rufigularis"
*Common Tody-Flycatcher " _la. Todirostrum cinereum"
*Spotted Tody-Flycatcher " _la. Todirostrum maculatum"
*Yellow-browed Tody-Flycatcher " _la. Todirostrum chrysocrotaphum"
*Ringed Antpipit " _la. Corythopis torquata"
*Southern Antpipit " _la. Corythopis delalandi"
*Brownish Flycatcher " _la. Cnipodectes subbrunneus"
*Large-headed Flatbill " _la. Ramphotrigon megacephala"
*Dusky-tailed Flatbill " _la. Ramphotrigon fuscicauda"
*Rufous-tailed Flatbill " _la. Ramphotrigon ruficauda"
*Olivaceous Flatbill " _la. Rhynchocyclus olivaceus"
*Fulvous-breasted Flatbill " _la. Rhynchocyclus fulvipectus"
*Yellow-olive Flycatcher " _la. Tolmomyias sulphurescens"
*Yellow-margined Flycatcher " _la. Tolmomyias assimilis"
*Gray-crowned Flycatcher " _la. Tolmomyias poliocephalus"
*Yellow-breasted Flycatcher " _la. Tolmomyias flaviventris"
*Golden-crowned Spadebill " _la. Platyrinchus coronatus"
*White-throated Spadebill " _la. Platyrinchus mystaceus"
*White-crested Spadebill " _la. Platyrinchus platyrhynchos"
*Amazonian Royal-Flycatcher " _la. Onychorhynchus coronatus"
*Unadorned Flycatcher " _la. Myiophobus inornatus"
*Ochraceous-breasted Flycatcher " _la. Myiophobus ochraceiventris"
*Bran-colored Flycatcher " _la. Myiophobus fasciatus"
*Ruddy-tailed Flycatcher " _la. Terenotriccus erythrurus"
*Tawny-breasted Flycatcher " _la. Myiobius villosus"
*Whiskered Flycatcher " _la. Myiobius barbatus"
*Cinnamon Tyrant " _la. Neopipo cinnamomea"
*Cinnamon Flycatcher " _la. Pyrrhomyias cinnamomea"
*Cliff Flycatcher " _la. Hirundinea ferruginea"
*Fuscous Flycatcher " _la. Cnemotriccus fuscatus"
*Euler's Flycatcher " _la. Lathrotriccus euleri"
*Olive Flycatcher " _la. Mitrephanes olivaceus"
*Olive-sided Flycatcher " _la. Contopus cooperi"
*Smoke-colored Pewee " _la. Contopus fumigatus"
*Western Wood-Pewee " _la. Contopus sordidulus"
*Eastern Wood-Pewee " _la. Contopus virens"
*Tropical Pewee " _la. Contopus cinereus"
*Alder Flycatcher " _la. Empidonax alnorum"
*Black Phoebe " _la. Sayornis nigricans"
*Vermilion Flycatcher " _la. Pyrocephalus rubinus"
*Crowned Chat-Tyrant " _la. Ochthoeca frontalis"
*Peruvian Chat-Tyrant " _la. Ochthoeca spodionota"
*Golden-browed Chat-Tyrant " _la. Ochthoeca pulchella"
*Maroon-chested Chat-Tyrant " _la. Ochthoeca thoracica"
*D'Orbigny's Chat-Tyrant " _la. Ochthoeca oenanthoides"
*Rufous-breasted Chat-Tyrant " _la. Ochthoeca rufipectoralis"
*Brown-backed Chat-Tyrant " _la. Ochthoeca fumicolor"
*White-browed Chat-Tyrant " _la. Ochthoeca leucophrys"
*Drab Water-Tyrant " _la. Ochthornis littoralis"
*Red-rumped Bush-Tyrant " _la. Cnemarchus erythropygius"
*Streak-throated Bush-Tyrant " _la. Myiotheretes striaticollis"
*Rufous-bellied Bush-Tyrant " _la. Myiotheretes fuscorufus"
*Gray Monjita " _la. Xolmis cinerea"
*Black-crowned Monjita " _la. Xolmis coronata"
*White-rumped Monjita " _la. Xolmis velata"
*White Monjita " _la. Xolmis irupero"
*Black-billed Shrike-Tyrant " _la. Agriornis montana"
*White-tailed Shrike-Tyrant " _la. Agriornis andicola"
*Gray-bellied Shrike-Tyrant " _la. Agriornis microptera"
*Lesser Shrike-Tyrant " _la. Agriornis murina"
*Rufous-webbed Tyrant " _la. Polioxolmis rufipennis"
*Spot-billed Ground-Tyrant " _la. Muscisaxicola maculirostris"
*Little Ground-Tyrant " _la. Muscisaxicola fluviatilis"
*Dark-faced Ground-Tyrant " _la. Muscisaxicola maclovianus"
*Cinnamon-bellied Ground-Tyrant " _la. Muscisaxicola capistratus"
*Rufous-naped Ground-Tyrant " _la. Muscisaxicola rufivertex"
*Puna Ground-Tyrant " _la. Muscisaxicola juninensis"
*White-browed Ground-Tyrant " _la. Muscisaxicola albilora"
*Plain-capped Ground-Tyrant " _la. Muscisaxicola alpinus"
*Taczanowski's Ground-Tyrant " _la. Muscisaxicola griseus"
*Cinereous Ground-Tyrant " _la. Muscisaxicola cinereus"
*White-fronted Ground-Tyrant " _la. Muscisaxicola albifrons"
*Ochre-naped Ground-Tyrant " _la. Muscisaxicola flavinucha"
*Black-fronted Ground-Tyrant " _la. Muscisaxicola frontalis"
*Andean Negrito " _la. Lessonia oreas"
*Austral Negrito " _la. Lessonia rufa"
*Cinereous Tyrant " _la. Knipolegus striaticeps"
*Hudson's Black-Tyrant " _la. Knipolegus hudsoni"
*Andean Tyrant " _la. Knipolegus signatus"
*Blue-billed Black-Tyrant " _la. Knipolegus cyanirostris"
*Rufous-tailed Tyrant " _la. Knipolegus poecilurus"
*White-winged Black-Tyrant " _la. Knipolegus aterrimus"
*Spectacled Tyrant " _la. Hymenops perspicillatus"
*Black-backed Water-Tyrant " _la. Fluvicola albiventer"
*White-headed Marsh-Tyrant " _la. Arundinicola leucocephala"
*Cock-tailed Tyrant " _la. Alectrurus tricolor"
*Streamer-tailed Tyrant " _la. Gubernetes yetapa"
*Yellow-browed Tyrant " _la. Satrapa icterophrys"
*Long-tailed Tyrant " _la. Colonia colonus"
*Cattle Tyrant " _la. Machetornis rixosus"
*Rufous-tailed Attila " _la. Attila phoenicurus"
*Cinnamon Attila " _la. Attila cinnamomeus"
*Bright-rumped Attila " _la. Attila spadiceus"
*Dull-capped Attila " _la. Attila bolivianus"
*Cinereous Mourner " _la. Laniocera hypopyrra"
*Rufous Casiornis " _la. Casiornis rufa"
*Sirystes " _la. Sirystes sibilator"
*Grayish Mourner " _la. Rhytipterna simplex"
*Dusky-capped Flycatcher " _la. Myiarchus tuberculifer"
*Swainson's Flycatcher " _la. Myiarchus swainsoni"
*Short-crested Flycatcher " _la. Myiarchus ferox"
*Pale-edged Flycatcher " _la. Myiarchus cephalotes"
*Brown-crested Flycatcher " _la. Myiarchus tyrannulus"
*Lesser Kiskadee " _la. Philohydor lictor"
*Great Kiskadee " _la. Pitangus sulphuratus"
*Boat-billed Flycatcher " _la. Megarynchus pitangua"
*Rusty-margined Flycatcher " _la. Myiozetetes cayanensis"
*Social Flycatcher " _la. Myiozetetes similis"
*Gray-capped Flycatcher " _la. Myiozetetes granadensis"
*Dusky-chested Flycatcher " _la. Myiozetetes luteiventris"
*Three-striped Flycatcher " _la. Conopias trivirgata"
*Lemon-browed Flycatcher " _la. Conopias cinchoneti"
*Golden-crowned Flycatcher " _la. Myiodynastes chrysocephalus"
*Streaked Flycatcher " _la. Myiodynastes maculatus"
*Sulphur-bellied Flycatcher " _la. Myiodynastes luteiventris"
*Piratic Flycatcher " _la. Legatus leucophaius"
*Variegated Flycatcher " _la. Empidonomus varius"
*Crowned Slaty Flycatcher " _la. Griseotyrannus aurantioatrocristatus"
*Sulphury Flycatcher " _la. Tyrannopsis sulphurea"
*White-throated Kingbird " _la. Tyrannus albogularis"
*Tropical Kingbird " _la. Tyrannus melancholicus"
*Eastern Kingbird " _la. Tyrannus tyrannus"
*Fork-tailed Flycatcher " _la. Tyrannus savana"
*White-naped Xenopsaris " _la. Xenopsaris albinucha"
*Chestnut-crowned Becard " _la. Pachyramphus castaneus"
*Green-backed Becard " _la. Pachyramphus viridis"
*Barred Becard " _la. Pachyramphus versicolor"
*White-winged Becard " _la. Pachyramphus polychopterus"
*Black-capped Becard " _la. Pachyramphus marginatus"
*Pink-throated Becard " _la. Pachyramphus minor"
*Crested Becard " _la. Pachyramphus validus"
*Black-tailed Tityra " _la. Tityra cayana"
*Masked Tityra " _la. Tityra semifasciata"
*Black-crowned Tityra " _la. Tityra inquisitor"

wallows and Martins

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Hirundinidae

The Hirundinidae family is a group of passerines characterized by their adaptation to aerial feeding. Their adaptations include a slender streamlined body, long pointed wings and short bills with wide gape. The feet are designed for perching rather than walking, and the front toes are partially joined at the base. There are 75 species worldwide and 19 species which occur in Bolivia.

*Brown-chested Martin " _la. Progne tapera"
*Purple Martin " _la. Progne subis"
*Gray-breasted Martin " _la. Progne chalybea"
*Southern Martin " _la. Progne elegans"
*White-winged Swallow " _la. Tachycineta albiventer"
*White-rumped Swallow " _la. Tachycineta leucorrhoa"
*Chilean Swallow " _la. Tachycineta meyeni" (A)
*Blue-and-white Swallow " _la. Notiochelidon cyanoleuca"
*Brown-bellied Swallow " _la. Notiochelidon murina"
*Pale-footed Swallow " _la. Notiochelidon flavipes"
*White-banded Swallow " _la. Atticora fasciata"
*Black-collared Swallow " _la. Atticora melanoleuca"
*White-thighed Swallow " _la. Neochelidon tibialis"
*Andean Swallow " _la. Haplochelidon andecola"
*Tawny-headed Swallow " _la. Alopochelidon fucata"
*Southern Rough-winged Swallow " _la. Stelgidopteryx ruficollis"
*Bank Swallow " _la. Riparia riparia"
*Cliff Swallow " _la. Petrochelidon pyrrhonota"
*Barn Swallow " _la. Hirundo rustica"

Wagtails and Pipits

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Motacillidae

The Motacillidae are a family of small passerine birds with medium to long tails. They include the wagtails, longclaws and pipits. They are slender, ground feeding insectivores of open country. There are 54 species worldwide and 5 species which occur in Bolivia.

*Correndera Pipit " _la. Anthus correndera"
*Short-billed Pipit " _la. Anthus furcatus"
*Hellmayr's Pipit " _la. Anthus hellmayri"
*Paramo Pipit " _la. Anthus bogotensis"
*Yellowish Pipit " _la. Anthus lutescens"


Order: PasseriformesFamily: Cinclidae

Dippers are a group of perching birds whose habitat includes aquatic environments in the Americas, Europe, and Asia. They are named for their bobbing or dipping movements. There are 5 species worldwide and 2 species which occur in Bolivia.

*White-capped Dipper " _la. Cinclus leucocephalus"
*Rufous-throated Dipper " _la. Cinclus schulzi"


Order: PasseriformesFamily: Troglodytidae

The wrens are mainly small and inconspicuous except for their loud songs. These birds have short wings and a thin down-turned bill. Several species often hold their tails upright. All are insectivorous. There are 80 species worldwide (of which all but one are New World species) and 15 species which occur in Bolivia.

*Black-capped Donacobius " _la. Donacobius atricapilla"
*Thrush-like Wren " _la. Campylorhynchus turdinus"
*Gray-mantled Wren " _la. Odontorchilus branickii"
*Tooth-billed Wren " _la. Odontorchilus cinereus"
*Fulvous Wren " _la. Cinnycerthia fulva"
*Moustached Wren " _la. Thryothorus genibarbis"
*Buff-breasted Wren " _la. Thryothorus leucotis"
*Fawn-breasted Wren " _la. Thryothorus guarayanus"
*House Wren " _la. Troglodytes aedon"
*Mountain Wren " _la. Troglodytes solstitialis"
*Sedge Wren " _la. Cistothorus platensis"
*Gray-breasted Wood-Wren " _la. Henicorhina leucophrys"
*Scaly-breasted Wren " _la. Microcerculus marginatus"
*Chestnut-breasted Wren " _la. Cyphorhinus thoracicus"
*Musician Wren " _la. Cyphorhinus aradus"

Mockingbirds and Thrashers

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Mimidae

The mimids are a family of passerine birds that includes thrashers, mockingbirds, tremblers, and the New World catbirds. These birds are notable for their vocalizations, especially their ability to mimic a wide variety of birds and other sounds heard outdoors. Their colouring tends towards dull greys and browns . There are 35 species worldwide and 3 species which occur in Bolivia.

*Chalk-browed Mockingbird " _la. Mimus saturninus"
*Brown-backed Mockingbird " _la. Mimus dorsalis"
*White-banded Mockingbird " _la. Mimus triurus"

Thrushes and allies

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Turdidae

The thrushes are a group of passerine birds that occur mainly in the Old World. They are plump, soft plumaged, small to medium-sized insectivores or sometimes omnivores, often feeding on the ground. Many have attractive songs. There are 335 species worldwide and 21 species which occur in Bolivia.

*Andean Solitaire " _la. Myadestes ralloides"
*White-eared Solitaire " _la. Entomodestes leucotis"
*Slaty-backed Nightingale-Thrush " _la. Catharus fuscater"
*Spotted Nightingale-Thrush " _la. Catharus dryas"
*Veery " _la. Catharus fuscescens"
*Gray-cheeked Thrush " _la. Catharus minimus"
*Swainson's Thrush " _la. Catharus ustulatus"
*Pale-eyed Thrush " _la. Platycichla leucops"
*Chiguanco Thrush " _la. Turdus chiguanco"
*Great Thrush " _la. Turdus fuscater"
*Glossy-black Thrush " _la. Turdus serranus"
*Andean Slaty-Thrush " _la. Turdus nigriceps"
*Rufous-bellied Thrush " _la. Turdus rufiventris"
*Pale-breasted Thrush " _la. Turdus leucomelas"
*Creamy-bellied Thrush " _la. Turdus amaurochalinus"
*Black-billed Thrush " _la. Turdus ignobilis"
*Lawrence's Thrush " _la. Turdus lawrencii"
*Cocoa Thrush " _la. Turdus fumigatus"
*Hauxwell's Thrush " _la. Turdus hauxwelli"
*Unicolored Thrush " _la. Turdus haplochrous" (E)
*White-necked Thrush " _la. Turdus albicollis"


Order: PasseriformesFamily: Polioptilidae

These dainty birds resemble Old World warblers in their build and habits, moving restlessly through the foliage seeking insects. The gnatcatchers and gnatwrens are mainly soft bluish grey in colour, and have the typical insectivore's long sharp bill. They are birds of fairly open woodland or scrub, and nest in bushes or trees. There are 15 species worldwide and 4 species which occur in Bolivia.

*Tawny-faced Gnatwren " _la. Microbates cinereiventris"
*Long-billed Gnatwren " _la. Ramphocaenus melanurus"
*Tropical Gnatcatcher " _la. Polioptila plumbea"
*Masked Gnatcatcher " _la. Polioptila dumicola"

Crows, Jays, Ravens and Magpies

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Corvidae

The Corvidae family includes crows, ravens, jays, choughs, magpies, treepies, nutcrackers, and ground jays. Corvids are above average in size for the bird order Passeriformes. Some of the larger species show high levels of learning behavior. There are 120 species worldwide and 6 species which occur in Bolivia.

*Green Jay " _la. Cyanocorax yncas"
*Purplish Jay " _la. Cyanocorax cyanomelas"
*Violaceous Jay " _la. Cyanocorax violaceus"
*Curl-crested Jay " _la. Cyanocorax cristatellus"
*Plush-crested Jay " _la. Cyanocorax chrysops"
*White-collared Jay " _la. Cyanolyca viridicyana"


Order: PasseriformesFamily: Vireonidae

The vireos are a group of small to medium sized passerine birds restricted to the New World. They are typically greenish in colour and resemble wood warblers apart from their heavier bills. There are 52 species worldwide and 12 species which occur in Bolivia.

*Brown-capped Vireo " _la. Vireo leucophrys"
*Red-eyed Vireo " _la. Vireo olivaceus"
*Yellow-green Vireo " _la. Vireo flavoviridis"
*Rufous-crowned Greenlet " _la. Hylophilus poicilotis"
*Lemon-chested Greenlet " _la. Hylophilus thoracicus"
*Gray-chested Greenlet " _la. Hylophilus semicinereus"
*Ashy-headed Greenlet " _la. Hylophilus pectoralis"
*Buff-cheeked Greenlet " _la. Hylophilus muscicapinus"
*Dusky-capped Greenlet " _la. Hylophilus hypoxanthus"
*Tawny-crowned Greenlet " _la. Hylophilus ochraceiceps"
*Slaty-capped Shrike-Vireo " _la. Vireolanius leucotis"
*Rufous-browed Peppershrike " _la. Cyclarhis gujanensis"

New World warblers

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Parulidae

The New World warblers are a group of small, often colourful, passerine birds restricted to the New World. Most are arboreal, but some are terrestrial. Most members of this family are insectivores. There are 119 species worldwide and 22 species which occur in Bolivia.

*Tropical Parula " _la. Parula pitiayumi"
*Yellow Warbler " _la. Dendroica petechia" (A)
*Blackburnian Warbler " _la. Dendroica fusca"
*Blackpoll Warbler " _la. Dendroica striata"
*Cerulean Warbler " _la. Dendroica cerulea"
*Connecticut Warbler " _la. Oporornis agilis"
*Masked Yellowthroat " _la. Geothlypis aequinoctialis"
*Slate-throated Redstart " _la. Myioborus miniatus"
*Brown-capped Redstart " _la. Myioborus brunniceps"
*Spectacled Redstart " _la. Myioborus melanocephalus"
*Two-banded Warbler " _la. Basileuterus bivittatus"
*Golden-bellied Warbler " _la. Basileuterus chrysogaster"
*Pale-legged Warbler " _la. Basileuterus signatus"
*Citrine Warbler " _la. Basileuterus luteoviridis"
*Russet-crowned Warbler " _la. Basileuterus coronatus"
*Golden-crowned Warbler " _la. Basileuterus culicivorus"
*White-bellied Warbler " _la. Basileuterus hypoleucus"
*Three-striped Warbler " _la. Basileuterus tristriatus"
*Flavescent Warbler " _la. Basileuterus flaveolus"
*Buff-rumped Warbler " _la. Basileuterus fulvicauda"
*Neotropical River Warbler " _la. Basileuterus rivularis"
*Rose-breasted Chat " _la. Granatellus pelzelni"


Order: PasseriformesFamily: Coerebidae

The Bananaquit is a small passerine bird. It has a slender, curved bill, adapted to taking nectar from flowers and is the only member of the genus "Coereba" (Vieillot, 1809) and is normally placed within the family Coerebidae, although there is uncertainty whether that placement is correct.

*Bananaquit " _la. Coereba flaveola"


Order: PasseriformesFamily: Thraupidae

The tanagers are a large group of small to medium-sized passerine birds restricted to the New World, mainly in the tropics. Many species are brightly coloured. They are seed eaters, but their preference tends towards fruit and nectar. Most have short, rounded wings. There are 256 species worldwide and 96 species which occur in Bolivia.

*Chestnut-vented Conebill " _la. Conirostrum speciosum"
*Cinereous Conebill " _la. Conirostrum cinereum"
*White-browed Conebill " _la. Conirostrum ferrugineiventre"
*Blue-backed Conebill " _la. Conirostrum sitticolor"
*Capped Conebill " _la. Conirostrum albifrons"
*Giant Conebill " _la. Oreomanes fraseri"
*Black-faced Tanager " _la. Schistochlamys melanopis"
*White-banded Tanager " _la. Neothraupis fasciata"
*White-rumped Tanager " _la. Cypsnagra hirundinacea"
*Black-and-white Tanager " _la. Conothraupis speculigera"
*Magpie Tanager " _la. Cissopis leveriana"
*Red-billed Pied Tanager " _la. Lamprospiza melanoleuca"
*Grass-green Tanager " _la. Chlorornis riefferii"
*Common Bush-Tanager " _la. Chlorospingus ophthalmicus"
*Short-billed Bush-Tanager " _la. Chlorospingus parvirostris"
*Yellow-throated Bush-Tanager " _la. Chlorospingus flavigularis"
*Gray-hooded Bush-Tanager " _la. Cnemoscopus rubrirostris"
*Orange-browed Hemispingus " _la. Hemispingus calophrys"
*Superciliaried Hemispingus " _la. Hemispingus superciliaris"
*Black-eared Hemispingus " _la. Hemispingus melanotis"
*Drab Hemispingus " _la. Hemispingus xanthophthalmus"
*Three-striped Hemispingus " _la. Hemispingus trifasciatus"
*Orange-headed Tanager " _la. Thlypopsis sordida"
*Rust-and-yellow Tanager " _la. Thlypopsis ruficeps"
*Guira Tanager " _la. Hemithraupis guira"
*Yellow-backed Tanager " _la. Hemithraupis flavicollis"
*Hooded Tanager " _la. Nemosia pileata"
*Olive Tanager " _la. Chlorothraupis carmioli"
*Gray-headed Tanager " _la. Eucometis penicillata"
*White-winged Shrike-Tanager " _la. Lanio versicolor"
*Slaty Tanager " _la. Creurgops dentata"
*Flame-crested Tanager " _la. Tachyphonus cristatus"
*Yellow-crested Tanager " _la. Tachyphonus rufiventer"
*White-shouldered Tanager " _la. Tachyphonus luctuosus"
*Ruby-crowned Tanager " _la. Tachyphonus coronatus"
*White-lined Tanager " _la. Tachyphonus rufus"
*Red-shouldered Tanager " _la. Tachyphonus phoenicius"
*Black-goggled Tanager " _la. Trichothraupis melanops"
*Red-crowned Ant-Tanager " _la. Habia rubica"
*Hepatic Tanager " _la. Piranga flava"
*Scarlet Tanager " _la. Piranga olivacea"
*Summer Tanager " _la. Piranga rubra"
*White-winged Tanager " _la. Piranga leucoptera"
*Masked Crimson Tanager " _la. Ramphocelus nigrogularis"
*Silver-beaked Tanager " _la. Ramphocelus carbo"
*Blue-gray Tanager " _la. Thraupis episcopus"
*Sayaca Tanager " _la. Thraupis sayaca"
*Blue-capped Tanager " _la. Thraupis cyanocephala"
*Blue-and-yellow Tanager " _la. Thraupis bonariensis"
*Palm Tanager " _la. Thraupis palmarum"
*Hooded Mountain-Tanager " _la. Buthraupis montana"
*Scarlet-bellied Mountain-Tanager " _la. Anisognathus igniventris"
*Blue-winged Mountain-Tanager " _la. Anisognathus somptuosus"
*Golden-collared Tanager " _la. Iridosornis jelskii"
*Chestnut-bellied Mountain-Tanager " _la. Delothraupis castaneoventris"
*Fawn-breasted Tanager " _la. Pipraeidea melanonota"
*Purple-throated Euphonia " _la. Euphonia chlorotica"
*Thick-billed Euphonia " _la. Euphonia laniirostris"
*Golden-rumped Euphonia " _la. Euphonia cyanocephala"
*Bronze-green Euphonia " _la. Euphonia mesochrysa"
*White-lored Euphonia " _la. Euphonia chrysopasta"
*White-vented Euphonia " _la. Euphonia minuta"
*Orange-bellied Euphonia " _la. Euphonia xanthogaster"
*Rufous-bellied Euphonia " _la. Euphonia rufiventris"
*Blue-naped Chlorophonia " _la. Chlorophonia cyanea"
*Orange-eared Tanager " _la. Chlorochrysa calliparaea"
*Turquoise Tanager " _la. Tangara mexicana"
*Paradise Tanager " _la. Tangara chilensis"
*Green-and-gold Tanager " _la. Tangara schrankii"
*Golden Tanager " _la. Tangara arthus"
*Golden-eared Tanager " _la. Tangara chrysotis"
*Saffron-crowned Tanager " _la. Tangara xanthocephala"
*Yellow-bellied Tanager " _la. Tangara xanthogastra"
*Spotted Tanager " _la. Tangara punctata"
*Bay-headed Tanager " _la. Tangara gyrola"
*Burnished-buff Tanager " _la. Tangara cayana"
*Green-capped Tanager " _la. Tangara meyerdeschauenseei"
*Golden-naped Tanager " _la. Tangara ruficervix"
*Blue-browed Tanager " _la. Tangara cyanotis"
*Blue-necked Tanager " _la. Tangara cyanicollis"
*Masked Tanager " _la. Tangara nigrocincta"
*Beryl-spangled Tanager " _la. Tangara nigroviridis"
*Blue-and-black Tanager " _la. Tangara vassorii"
*Silver-backed Tanager " _la. Tangara viridicollis"
*Straw-backed Tanager " _la. Tangara argyrofenges"
*Opal-rumped Tanager " _la. Tangara velia"
*Opal-crowned Tanager " _la. Tangara callophrys"
*Black-faced Dacnis " _la. Dacnis lineata"
*Yellow-bellied Dacnis " _la. Dacnis flaviventer"
*Blue Dacnis " _la. Dacnis cayana"
*Green Honeycreeper " _la. Chlorophanes spiza"
*Short-billed Honeycreeper " _la. Cyanerpes nitidus"
*Purple Honeycreeper " _la. Cyanerpes caeruleus"
*Red-legged Honeycreeper " _la. Cyanerpes cyaneus"
*Swallow-Tanager " _la. Tersina viridis"
*Plush-capped Finch " _la. Catamblyrhynchus diadema"

Buntings, Sparrows, Seedeaters and allies

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Emberizidae

The emberizids are a large family of passerine birds. They are seed-eating birds with a distinctively shaped bill. In Europe, most species are named as buntings. In North America, most of the species in this family are known as Sparrows, but these birds are not closely related to the Old World sparrows which are in the family Passeridae. Many emberizid species have distinctive head patterns. There are species 275 worldwide and 83 species which occur in Bolivia.

*Coal-crested Finch " _la. Charitospiza eucosma"
*Black-masked Finch " _la. Coryphaspiza melanotis"
*Many-colored Chaco-Finch " _la. Saltatricula multicolor"
*Red-crested Finch " _la. Coryphospingus cucullatus"
*Black-hooded Sierra-Finch " _la. Phrygilus atriceps"
*Peruvian Sierra-Finch " _la. Phrygilus punensis"
*Gray-hooded Sierra-Finch " _la. Phrygilus gayi"
*Mourning Sierra-Finch " _la. Phrygilus fruticeti"
*Plumbeous Sierra-Finch " _la. Phrygilus unicolor"
*Red-backed Sierra-Finch " _la. Phrygilus dorsalis"
*White-throated Sierra-Finch " _la. Phrygilus erythronotus"
*Band-tailed Sierra-Finch " _la. Phrygilus alaudinus"
*Ash-breasted Sierra-Finch " _la. Phrygilus plebejus"
*Black-crested Finch " _la. Lophospingus pusillus"
*Gray-crested Finch " _la. Lophospingus griseocristatus"
*Long-tailed Reed-Finch " _la. Donacospiza albifrons"
*White-winged Diuca-Finch " _la. Diuca speculifera"
*Common Diuca-Finch " _la. Diuca diuca"
*Short-tailed Finch " _la. Idiopsar brachyurus"
*Bolivian Warbling-Finch " _la. Poospiza boliviana" (E)
*Rufous-sided Warbling-Finch " _la. Poospiza hypochondria"
*Rusty-browed Warbling-Finch " _la. Poospiza erythrophrys"
*Black-and-rufous Warbling-Finch " _la. Poospiza nigrorufa"
*Black-and-chestnut Warbling-Finch " _la. Poospiza whitii"
*Cochabamba Mountain-Finch " _la. Poospiza garleppi" (E)
*Tucuman Mountain-Finch " _la. Poospiza baeri" (A)
*Ringed Warbling-Finch " _la. Poospiza torquata"
*Black-capped Warbling-Finch " _la. Poospiza melanoleuca"
*Blue-black Grassquit " _la. Volatinia jacarina"
*Slate-colored Seedeater " _la. Sporophila schistacea"
*Plumbeous Seedeater " _la. Sporophila plumbea"
*Rusty-collared Seedeater " _la. Sporophila collaris"
*Lesson's Seedeater " _la. Sporophila bouvronides"
*Lined Seedeater " _la. Sporophila lineola"
*Black-and-white Seedeater " _la. Sporophila luctuosa"
*Yellow-bellied Seedeater " _la. Sporophila nigricollis"
*Double-collared Seedeater " _la. Sporophila caerulescens"
*White-bellied Seedeater " _la. Sporophila leucoptera"
*Black-and-tawny Seedeater " _la. Sporophila nigrorufa"
*Capped Seedeater " _la. Sporophila bouvreuil"
*Tawny-bellied Seedeater " _la. Sporophila hypoxantha"
*Dark-throated Seedeater " _la. Sporophila ruficollis"
*Marsh Seedeater " _la. Sporophila palustris"
*Chestnut-bellied Seedeater " _la. Sporophila castaneiventris"
*Gray-and-chestnut Seedeater " _la. Sporophila hypochroma"
*Black-billed Seed-Finch " _la. Oryzoborus atrirostris"
*Great-billed Seed-Finch " _la. Oryzoborus maximiliani"
*Chestnut-bellied Seed-Finch " _la. Oryzoborus angolensis"
*Band-tailed Seedeater " _la. Catamenia analis"
*Plain-colored Seedeater " _la. Catamenia inornata"
*Paramo Seedeater " _la. Catamenia homochroa"
*Dull-colored Grassquit " _la. Tiaris obscura"
*Sooty Grassquit " _la. Tiaris fuliginosa"
*Slaty Finch " _la. Haplospiza rustica"
*Rusty Flowerpiercer " _la. Diglossa sittoides"
*Moustached Flowerpiercer " _la. Diglossa mystacalis"
*Black-throated Flowerpiercer " _la. Diglossa brunneiventris"
*Gray-bellied Flowerpiercer " _la. Diglossa carbonaria" (E)
*Deep-blue Flowerpiercer " _la. Diglossopis glauca"
*Bluish Flowerpiercer " _la. Diglossopis caerulescens"
*Masked Flowerpiercer " _la. Diglossopis cyanea"
*Puna Yellow-Finch " _la. Sicalis lutea"
*Saffron Finch " _la. Sicalis flaveola"
*Grassland Yellow-Finch " _la. Sicalis luteola"
*Stripe-tailed Yellow-Finch " _la. Sicalis citrina"
*Bright-rumped Yellow-Finch " _la. Sicalis uropygialis"
*Citron-headed Yellow-Finch " _la. Sicalis luteocephala" (E)
*Greenish Yellow-Finch " _la. Sicalis olivascens"
*Wedge-tailed Grass-Finch " _la. Emberizoides herbicola"
*Lesser Grass-Finch " _la. Emberizoides ypiranganus"
*Great Pampa-Finch " _la. Embernagra platensis"
*Red-crested Cardinal " _la. Paroaria coronata"
*Red-capped Cardinal " _la. Paroaria gularis"
*Yellow-billed Cardinal " _la. Paroaria capitata"
*Bolivian Brush-Finch " _la. Atlapetes rufinucha" (E)
*Fulvous-headed Brush-Finch " _la. Atlapetes fulviceps"
*Stripe-headed Brush-Finch " _la. Buarremon torquatus"
*Pectoral Sparrow " _la. Arremon taciturnus"
*Saffron-billed Sparrow " _la. Arremon flavirostris"
*Stripe-capped Sparrow " _la. Aimophila strigiceps"
*Grassland Sparrow " _la. Ammodramus humeralis"
*Yellow-browed Sparrow " _la. Ammodramus aurifrons"
*Rufous-collared Sparrow " _la. Zonotrichia capensis"

altators, Cardinals and allies

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Cardinalidae

The cardinals are a family of passerine birds that are robust, seed-eating birds, with strong bills. They are typically associated with open woodland. The sexes usually have distinct plumages. There are 43 species worldwide and 12 species which occur in Bolivia.

*Grayish Saltator " _la. Saltator coerulescens"
*Buff-throated Saltator " _la. Saltator maximus"
*Slate-colored Grosbeak " _la. Saltator grossus"
*Green-winged Saltator " _la. Saltator similis"
*Golden-billed Saltator " _la. Saltator aurantiirostris"
*Black-throated Saltator " _la. Saltator atricollis"
*Rufous-bellied Saltator " _la. Saltator rufiventris"
*Yellow-shouldered Grosbeak " _la. Parkerthraustes humeralis"
*Black-backed Grosbeak " _la. Pheucticus aureoventris"
*Ultramarine Grosbeak " _la. Cyanocompsa brissonii"
*Blue-black Grosbeak " _la. Cyanocompsa cyanoides"
*Yellow-billed Blue Finch " _la. Porphyrospiza caerulescens"

Troupials and allies

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Icteridae

The icterids are a group of small to medium, often colourful, passerine birds restricted to the New World and include the grackles, New World blackbirds, and New World orioles. Most species have black as the predominant plumage colour, often enlivened by yellow, orange or red. There are 98 species worldwide and 30 species which occur in Bolivia.

*Bobolink " _la. Dolichonyx oryzivorus"
*Yellow-winged Blackbird " _la. Agelasticus thilius"
*Unicolored Blackbird " _la. Agelasticus cyanopus"
*Chestnut-capped Blackbird " _la. Chrysomus ruficapillus"
*Red-breasted Blackbird " _la. Sturnella militaris"
*White-browed Blackbird " _la. Sturnella superciliaris"
*Bay-winged Cowbird " _la. Molothrus badius"
*Screaming Cowbird " _la. Molothrus rufoaxillaris"
*Shiny Cowbird " _la. Molothrus bonariensis"
*Giant Cowbird " _la. Molothrus oryzivorus"
*Epaulet Oriole " _la. Icterus cayanensis"
*Venezuelan Troupial " _la. Icterus icterus"
*Yellow-billed Cacique " _la. Amblycercus holosericeus"
*Yellow-rumped Cacique " _la. Cacicus cela"
*Red-rumped Cacique " _la. Cacicus haemorrhous"
*Scarlet-rumped Cacique " _la. Cacicus uropygialis" (A)
*Golden-winged Cacique " _la. Cacicus chrysopterus"
*Mountain Cacique " _la. Cacicus chrysonotus"
*Solitary Cacique " _la. Cacicus solitarius"
*Casqued Oropendola " _la. Psarocolius oseryi"
*Crested Oropendola " _la. Psarocolius decumanus"
*Dusky-green Oropendola " _la. Psarocolius atrovirens"
*Russet-backed Oropendola " _la. Psarocolius angustifrons"
*Amazonian Oropendola " _la. Gymnostinops bifasciatus"
*Scarlet-headed Blackbird " _la. Amblyramphus holosericeus"
*Chopi Blackbird " _la. Gnorimopsar chopi"
*Bolivian Blackbird " _la. Agelaioides oreopsar" (E)
*Velvet-fronted Grackle " _la. Lampropsar tanagrinus"
*Campo Troupial " _la. Icterus jamacaii"
*Orange-backed Troupial " _la. Icterus croconotus"

iskins, Crossbills and allies

Order: PasseriformesFamily: Fringillidae

Finches are seed-eating passerine birds, that are small to moderately large and have a strong beak, usually conical and in some species very large. All have 12 tail feathers and 9 primaries. These birds have a bouncing flight with alternating bouts of flapping and gliding on closed wings, and most sing well. There are 137 species worldwide and 6 species which occur in Bolivia.

*Thick-billed Siskin " _la. Carduelis crassirostris"
*Hooded Siskin " _la. Carduelis magellanica"
*Yellow-bellied Siskin " _la. Carduelis xanthogastra"
*Olivaceous Siskin " _la. Carduelis olivacea"
*Black Siskin " _la. Carduelis atrata"
*Yellow-rumped Siskin " _la. Carduelis uropygialis"


Order: PasseriformesFamily: Passeridae

Sparrows are small passerine birds. In general, sparrows tend to be small, plump, brown or grey birds with short tails and short powerful beaks. Sparrows are seed-eaters, and they also consume small insects. There are 35 species worldwide and 1 species which occurs in Bolivia.

*House Sparrow " _la. Passer domesticus" (I)

ee also

*List of birds
*Lists of birds by region


*cite web
last = Lepage
first = Denis
authorlink =
coauthors =
year =
url =
title = Checklist of birds of Bolivia
format =
work = Bird Checklists of the World
publisher = Avibase
accessdate = 26 April
accessyear = 2007

*cite book
title=Birds of the World: a Checklist
first= James F.
last = Clements
publisher = Cornell University Press
date = 2000
id = ISBN 0934797161
pages = 880

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