name = Wikinews
url = [http://www.wikinews.org/ www.wikinews.org]
commercial = No
location = Miami,
type = News wiki
registration = Optional
author = Wikimedia Community
Wikinews is a free-content
news source wikiand a project of the Wikimedia Foundation. Jimmy Waleshas distinguished Wikinews from Wikipediaby saying "on Wikinews, each story is to be written as a news story as opposed to an encyclopedia article." [cite news | author = Joanna Glasner | title = Wikipedia Creators Move Into News | url = http://www.wired.com/culture/lifestyle/news/2004/11/65819 | publisher = WIRED | date = 29 November 2004 | accessdate = 2007-04-21] The neutral point of viewpolicy espoused in Wikinews distinguishes it from other citizen journalismefforts such as Indymediaand OhmyNews. [cite news | author = Aaron Weiss | title = The Unassociated Press | url = http://www.nytimes.com/2005/02/10/technology/circuits/10wiki.html?ex=1177300800&en=024e251d2c696137&ei=5070 | publisher = The New York Times | date = 10 February 2005 | accessdate = 2007-04-21] In contrast to most projects of the Wikimedia Foundation, Wikinews allows original work under the form of original reporting and interviews..] The English Wikinews is the only Wikimedia site that grants press passes to reporters endorsed by the local community. 
The first recorded proposal of a Wikimedia news site was a two-line
anonymous poston January 5, 2003, on Wikipediacommunity's Meta-Wiki. [ [http://meta.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?title=Talk:Wikinews/Archive&oldid=4306 Archived log entry of the anonymous post] on Meta-Wiki.] Daniel Alston, who edited Wikipedia as Fonzy, [ [http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=User:Fonzy&diff=prev&oldid=1315899 Archived log entry of the userpage of User:Fonzy] on the English Wikipedia, which states his real name.] claimed to have been the one who posted it. [ [http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Wikinews&diff=prev&oldid=27867383 Log entry of User:Fonzy editing this article] on the English Wikipedia.] The proposal was then further developed by German freelance journalist, software developer and author Erik Möller. Early opposition from long-time Wikipedia contributors, many of them pointing out the existence of Wikipedia's own news summaries, gave way to detailed discussions and proposals about how it could be implemented as a new project of the Wikimedia Foundation.
In November 2004, a demonstration wiki was established to show how such a
collaborative news sitemight work. In December 2004, the site was moved out of the "demo" stage and into the beta stage. A German languageedition was launched at the same time. Soon editions in Italian, Dutch, French, Spanish, Swedish, Bulgarian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Ukrainian, Serbian, Japanese, Russian, Hebrew, Arabic, Thai, Norwegian, and Chinese (in that chronological order) were set up.
March 13, 2005, the English edition of Wikinews reached 1,000 news articles. Just a few months later in September 2005, the project moved to the Creative CommonsAttribution 2.5 license. [ [http://en.wikinews.org/wiki/Wikinews_switches_to_Creative_Commons_license Wikinews switches to Creative Commons license] ]
April 29, 2006, the English edition of Wikinews reached 5,000 news articles.
September 5, 2007, just over a year later, the English edition of Wikinews reached 10,000 news articles.
While Wikinews focuses primarily on text articles, members are expanding the site into other media. These projects include , which delivers
Ogg Vorbisaudio files, and , which is a daily edition intended to be printed.
April 28, 2008Wikinews also started the plans for "" which is aimed at a 24/7 streaming audio broadcast of various programs and news, mainly from participating Wikimedia projects. [ [http://meta.wikimedia.org/wiki/WM:RADIO Wikimedia Radio] ]
Wikinews reporters have conducted interviews with several notable people. The site reached a milestone when it became what is believed to be the first
citizen journalismnews site to interview a sitting head of state. In December 2007, Wikinews interviewed Israeli Presidentand Nobel Peace Prizerecipient Shimon Peres. [http://www.informationweek.com/story/showArticle.jhtml?articleID=205604529 Wikinews Gets Big Interview: Israeli President Shimon Peres] , K.C. Jones, " Information Week", January 14, 2008.] [ [http://en.wikinews.org/wiki/Shimon_Peres_discusses_the_future_of_Israel Wikinews - Shimon Peres discusses the future of Israel] ] Some other notable interviews have included writers, actors and politicians, such as Augusten Burroughs[ [http://www.brooklynrail.org/2008/04/books/david-shankbone-with-colleen-asper David Shankbone with Colleen Asper] , Colleen Asper, " The Brooklyn Rail", April 2008.] , three U.S. Presidential candidates, Tony Benn, Eric Bogosian, Nick Smith and John Keys, and world wide web co-inventor Robert Cailliau.
Like Wikipedia (see
Criticism of Wikipedia), Wikinews is criticized for its perceived inability to be neutral or include only verified and true information. Robert McHenry, former editor-in-chief of the Encyclopædia Britannicacriticized the credibility of the project:
cquote|Above all, the central question about the Wikinews effort is its credibility. Making a newspaper is hard...Someone who wants to do it but doesn't really know how hasn't solved the problem by gathering a lot of other people who don't know, either.
McHenry was skeptical about Wikinews' ability to provide a neutral point of view and its claim to be evenhanded: "The naievety is stunning." [http://www.nytimes.com/2005/02/10/technology/circuits/10wiki.html?_r=1&oref=slogin - Jimmy Wales, president of Wikimedia, where articles written by users are open to revision by others.] , Aaron Weiss, "
New York Times", February 10, 2005.]
In a 2007 interview
Sue Gardner, at that time a special adviser to the board of the Wikimedia Foundation and former head of the Canadian Broadcasting Company's Internet division, CBC.ca, dismissed McHenry's comment, stating "Journalism is not a profession ... at its heart, it's just a craft. And that means that it can be practiced by anyone who is sensible and intelligent and thoughtful and curious ... I go back to the morning of Virginia Tech - the morning I decided I wanted to work here [WMF] . The conversation on the talk page that day was extremely thoughtful. I remember thinking to myself that if my own newsroom had been having a conversation that intelligent (I was offsite that day) I would have been delighted. So yes, [in my opinion] you absolutely have proved Robert McHenry wrong. And you will continue to." ["", Wikinews; October 24, 2007.]
Wikinews has also had issues with maintaining a separate identity from Wikipedia, which also covers major news events in real-time. Columnist Jonathan Dee of "
The New York Times" has pointed out that "So indistinct has the line between past and present become that Wikipedia has inadvertently all but strangled one of its sister projects, the three-year-old Wikinews... [Wikinews] has sunk into a kind of torpor; lately it generates just 8 to 10 articles a day... On bigger stories there's just no point in competing with the ruthless purview of the encyclopedia." [cite news |first=Jonathan |last=Dee |title=All the News That’s Fit to Print Out |url=http://www.nytimes.com/2007/07/01/magazine/01WIKIPEDIA-t.html |publisher=" The New York Times" |date=2007-07-01 |accessdate=2007-12-31 ]
wikinewshas|News related to this article
* [http://www.wikinews.org/ Wikinews: Multilingual Portal]
* [http://www.wired.com/news/culture/0,1284,65819,00.html Wired News: Wikipedia Creators Move into News]
* [http://feeds.feedburner.com/WikinewsLatestNews Wikinews RSS Feed]
* [http://www.inic.org/wikinews.xml Wikinews Original Reporting RSS Feed]
* [http://wikinewsreports.blogspot.com/ Wikinews Reports] - blog by Wikinews reporters
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.