- Spencer County, Indiana
Infobox U.S. County
county = Spencer County
state = Indiana
founded year = 1818
founded date =
seat wl = Rockport
largest city wl =
city type = town
area_total_sq_mi = 401
area_total_km2 = 1039
area_land_sq_mi = 399
area_land_km2 = 1033
area_water_sq_mi = 3
area_water_km2 = 7
area percentage = 0.64%
lat deg =
lat min =
long deg =
long min =
census yr = 2000
pop = 20391
density_sq_mi = 51
density_km2 = 20
time zone = Central
named for =
Spencer County is a
countylocated in the U.S. stateof Indiana. As of the 2000 census, the population was 20,391. The county seatis RockportGR|6.
Spencer County was formed in 1818. It was named for Capt.
Spier Spencer, killed at the Battle of Tippecanoein 1811. [cite book|author=De Witt Clinton Goodrich & Charles Richard Tuttle|publisher=R. S. Peale & co.|year=1875|location=Indiana|title=An Illustrated History of the State of Indiana|url=http://books.google.com/books?id=YDIUAAAAYAAJ| pages=572] Abraham Lincolnlived in Spencer county from 1816 to 1830, between the ages seven and twenty-one. His family moved to Illinois in 1830. The Lincoln Boyhood National Memorial is located at the site of the Lincoln family farm.
The county government is a constitutional body, and is granted specific powers by the
Constitution of Indiana, and by the Indiana Code.
County Council: The county council is the legislative branch of the county government and controls all the spending and revenue collection in the county. Representatives are elected from county districts. The council members serve four year terms. They are responsible for setting salaries, the annual budget, and special spending. The council also has limited authority to impose local taxes, in the form of an income and property tax that is subject to state level approval, excise taxes, and service taxes.cite web|author=
Indiana Code|url=http://www.in.gov/legislative/ic/code/title36/ar2/ch3.html |title=Title 36, Article 2, Section 3|accessdate=2008-09-16|publisher=IN.gov] cite web|author= Indiana Code|url= http://www.in.gov/legislative/ic/code/title3/ar10/ch2.pdf |title= Title 2, Article 10, Section 2 |accessdate=2008-09-16|publisher=IN.gov]
Board of Commissioners: The executive body of the county is made of a board of commissioners. The commissioners are elected county-wide, in staggered terms, and each serves a four year term. One of the commissioners, typically the most senior, serves as president. The commissioners are charged with executing the acts legislated by the council, the collection of revenue, and managing the day-to-day functions of the county government.
Court: The county maintains a
small claims courtthat can handle some civil cases. The judge on the court is elected to a term of four years and must be a member of the Indiana Bar Association. The judge is assisted by a constable who is also elected to terms of four years. In some cases, court decisions can be appealed to the state level circuit court.
County Officials: The county has several other elected offices, including
sheriff, coroner, auditor, treasurer, recorder, surveyor, and circuit court clerk. Each of these elected officers serve terms of four years and oversee different parts of the county government. Members elected to any county government position are required to declare a party affiliation and be a resident of the county.
Spencer County is part of
Indiana's 9th congressional districtand is represented in Congress by Democrat Baron Hill. [cite web|url=http://baronhill.house.gov/district.shtml|title=Conressman Baron Hill|publisher=House.Gov|accessdate=2008-09-12]
According to the
U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 401 square miles (1,039 km²), of which 399 square miles (1,033 km²) is land and 3 square miles (7 km²) (0.64%) is water.
Cities and towns
Dubois County, Indiana(north)
Daviess County, Kentucky(south)
Perry County, Indiana(east)
Hancock County, Kentucky(southeast)
Warrick County, Indiana(west)
Lincoln Boyhood National Memorial
As of the
censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 20,391 people, 7,569 households, and 5,752 families residing in the county. The population densitywas 51 people per square mile (20/km²). There were 8,333 housing units at an average density of 21 per square mile (8/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 97.70% White, 0.60% Black or African American, 0.22% Native American, 0.19% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.74% from other races, and 0.53% from two or more races. 1.49% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 40.6% were of German, 21.7% American, 8.9% English and 8.2% Irish ancestry according to Census 2000.
There were 7,569 households out of which 35.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 65.00% were married couples living together, 7.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.00% were non-families. 20.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.65 and the average family size was 3.07.
In the county the population was spread out with 26.50% under the age of 18, 7.30% from 18 to 24, 29.10% from 25 to 44, 24.10% from 45 to 64, and 13.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 100.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 100.00 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $42,451, and the median income for a family was $49,123. Males had a median income of $35,125 versus $22,787 for females. The
per capita incomefor the county was $18,000. About 4.80% of families and 6.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.90% of those under age 18 and 7.80% of those age 65 or over.
first = Richard L. (editor)
last = Forstall
year = 1996
title = Population of states and counties of the United States: 1790 to 1990 : from the twenty-one decennial censuses
publisher = United States Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, Population Division
id = ISBN 0-934213-48-8
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