Prasād (Sanskrit:प्रसाद, Bengali : প্রসাদ, Marathi:प्रसाद, Hindi/Urdu:प्रशाद/پرشاد/prashad, Kannada:prasādaಪ್ರಸಾದ, Gujarati:પૃસાદ Tamil "பிரசாதம்" and Malayalam:പ്രസാദം prasādam, Punjabi : ਪ੍ਰਸਾਦਿ, Telugu: Telugu: ప్రసాదం prasadam, Bhojpuri: persādi) is a mental condition of generosity, as well as a material substance that is first offered to a deity (in Hinduism) and then consumed.[1]

Prasadam offered on banana leaves after Puja ceremony at a home in Guntur, India

Literally, a gracious gift. Anything, usually edible, given by a saint, Perfect Master or the Avatar to their followers. Anything, usually edible, that is first offered to a deity, saint, Perfect Master or the Avatar and then distributed in His name.[2] The prasad has the deity's blessing residing within it. In contemporary Hindu religious practice in India, the desire to get prasada and have darshan are the two major motivations of pilgrimage and temple visits.[citation needed]

Laddu - given as prasad

As a mental condition, prasāda has a rich history of meanings in the Sanskrit tradition from Vedic literature onwards. In this textual tradition, prasada is a mental state experienced by gods, sages, and other powerful beings which is marked by spontaneous generosity and the bestowing of boons. Prasāda is understood in this sense of a mental state from the earliest literature (Rig Veda) onwards—not as an aspect of ritual practice. In later texts such as the Shiva Purāna, references to prasada as a material substance begins to appear alongside this older meaning.[citation needed]

In its material sense, prasada is created by a process of giving and receiving between a human devotee and the divine god. For example, a devotee makes an offering of a material substance such as flowers, fruits, or sweets—which is called naivedya. The deity then 'enjoys' or tastes a bit of the offering, which is then temporarily known as bhogya. This now-divinely invested substance is called prasāda, and is received by the devotee to be ingested, worn, etc. It may be the same material that was originally offered, or material offered by others and then re-distributed to other devotees. In many temples, several kinds of prasada (e.g. nuts, sweets) are distributed to the devotees.

Some strict Gaudiya Vaishnavas, most commonly initiated ISKCON devotees, will eat only prasada, i.e. everything they eat is first offered to Lord Krishna, not simply a few items like most other Hindus do. Their beliefs proscribe offering non-vegetarian items as well as onions, garlic and mushrooms to Krishna.[citation needed] In addition, the cooking of prasada is done not for their own consumption, but to offer to Krishna - they will receive the remnants of Krishna's food (which they consider to be non-different to Krishna). ISKCON temples are known for providing free prasada meals to all who come, as they believe that this is not only feeding the poor but providing them with Krishna's mercy as well.[3]

See also


  1. ^ Glossary of Sanskrit Terms in Integral Yoga Literature
  2. ^ Natu, Bal; "Glimpses of the God-Man, Meher Baba", Sheriar Press, 1987
  3. ^ Bhagavad-Gita 3:13, 9:27

External links

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужно решить контрольную?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Prasad — (Sanskrit: प्रसाद, Prasāda; wörtlich: Barmherzigkeit, Gnade) oder (in Südindien) Prasadam nennt man im Hinduismus vor allem die Opferspeisen im Tempel oder im häuslichen Bereich. Im weiteren Sinne bezeichnet Prasad auch andere mit göttlicher… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Prasad — Prasād Prasāda (Sanskrit: प्रसाद), prasād (Hindi), signifie splendeur ou sérénité[1]. Dans la culture indienne, il s agit d une offrande ou nourriture présentée à une divinité, ou à un Maître spirituel, afin qu elle soit chargée de grâce divine… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • prâsad — prâsád s.m. sg. (reg.) plantă denumită şi crăpuşnic; prâsad de câmp = scai m[găresc. Trimis de blaurb, 13.09.2007. Sursa: DAR …   Dicționar Român

  • prăsad — PRĂSÁD adj. v. altoit. Trimis de siveco, 13.09.2007. Sursa: Sinonime  prăsád s. m., pl. prăsázi Trimis de siveco, 10.08.2004. Sursa: Dicţionar ortografic  PRĂSÁ//D prăsadzi m. reg. Pom fructifer cu fructe mari …   Dicționar Român

  • Prasad — Prasad,   1) Jayshankar, indischer Dichter, * Benares (heute Varanasi) 24. 1. 1889, ✝ ebenda 15. 11. 1937; Vertreter der »romantischen Schule« der Hindiliteratur. Sein Epos »Kamayani« (1935) gehört zu den klassischen Werken der modernen indischen …   Universal-Lexikon

  • prasad — prȁsād ž zb. <G i> DEFINICIJA v. prase [ove prasadi] ETIMOLOGIJA vidi prase …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Prasād — Prasāda (Sanskrit: प्रसाद), prasād (Hindi), signifie splendeur ou sérénité[1]. Dans la culture indienne, il s agit d une offrande ou nourriture présentée à une divinité, ou à un Maître spirituel, afin qu elle soit chargée de grâce divine avant d… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • prasád — i ž (ȃ) redko več prašičev, prašiči: krmiti prasad …   Slovar slovenskega knjižnega jezika

  • Prasad (Begriffsklärung) — Prasad steht für das Wort für Barmherzigkeit oder Gnade aus dem Hinduismus, sowie für im Hindutempel dargebrachte Opfergaben, siehe Prasad Prasad ist der Name folgender Personen: Ishwari Prasad, indischer Historiker Mahaveer Prasad (1939–2010),… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Prasad Ram — Prasad Ram, also known as Prasad Bhaarat Ram is the head of Research and Development at Google India. He had previously worked as a Chief Technology Officer at Yahoo and Dynamx Technologies and as Research Scientist at Xerox Parc. He holds a B.… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”