- The Plain Dealer (newspaper)
name = The Plain Dealer
caption = Front page of "The Plain Dealer"
type = Daily
circulation = 327,000 Daily
428,000 Sundaycite web | title=PD By The Numbers |publisher= Cleveland Plain Dealer |url=http://blog.cleveland.com/metro/2008/07/PD%20ByNumbers_062908-1.pdf |format=PDF |accessdate=2008-07-12 |date=Date|2008-06-29]
headquarters = Plain Dealer Plaza
1801 Superior Avenue
editor = Susan Goldberg
website = [http://www.cleveland.com/ www.cleveland.com]
"The Plain Dealer" is the major daily
newspaperof Cleveland, Ohio. It has the largest circulation of any Ohionewspaper, and is a top 20 newspaper for circulation in the United States.Editor & Publisher, April 2007. [http://www.editorandpublisher.com/eandp/departments/ad_circ/article_display.jsp?vnu_content_id=1003576374] ] "The Plain Dealer" currently boasts more than 785,000 readers on weekdays and 1 million readers on Sunday.Scarborough Research, May 2006. Retrieved Date|2006-11-27.] "The Plain Dealer" reported an average daily paid circulation of 336,939 for the six-month period ending in September, 2006."Newspaper circulation declines", Seth Sutel, October 31, 2006. [http://www.cleveland.com/business/plaindealer/index.ssf?/base/business/1162297969230060.xml&coll=2] .] "The Plain Dealer"'s media market, Greater Cleveland, is ranked #1 in the country for Sunday newspaper readership percentage (75.4% of total adults) and #2 in daily newspaper readership percentage (62.6% of total adults), second only to New York Timesin the weekday editions.Scarborough Research Multi-Market Study R2, Nov. 2003; Demographics USA 2003. Retrieved Date|2006-03-21.]
History and Ownership
The newspaper was established in 1842, less than 50 years after
Moses Cleavelandlanded on the banks of the Cuyahoga Riverin The Flats, and is currently owned by Advance Publications(Newhouse Newspapers).Columbua Journalism Review (2005). [http://www.cjr.org/tools/owners/advance.asp] Who Owns What. Retrieved Date|2006-06-05.] "The Plain Dealer" is under the direction of Terrance C.Z. Egger, who serves as President and Publisher, Robert M. Long, Executive Vice President, as well as Susan Goldberg, who serves as Editor, replacing Doug Clifton."For the Record", Presstime, September 2004, Reggie Borges.] The paper employs over 1,500 people.Crain's Cleveland Business Book of Lists 2005. "Largest Cuyahoga County Employers".] The paper is referred to in short by Clevelanders as the "P.D.," as well as the "PeeDee" (the latter sometimes in a derogatory manner by critics of the paper). In 1917, the "Cleveland Leader" merged with "The Plain Dealer".
The newspaper was sold on March 1, 1967 to S.I. Newhouse's newspaper chain, and has been under the control of the Newhouse family ever since.Cleveland: Confused City on a See-saw (Electronic Edition). [http://clevelandmemory.org/SpecColl/porter/] Philip W. Porter, 1976. Pages 234–235.] The paper was previously held by the trusts of the Holden estate, and operated as The Plain Dealer Publishing Company, part of the Forest City Publishing Company, which also published the "Cleveland News" until its purchase and subsequent closure by its major competitor, the "
Cleveland Press", owned by the E.W. Scripps Company, in 1960.Cleveland: Confused City on a See-saw (Electronic Edition). [http://clevelandmemory.org/SpecColl/porter/] Philip W. Porter, 1976. Page 10.]
On December 18, 2005, "The Plain Dealer" ceased publication of its weekly Sunday Magazine, which had been published uninterrupted for over 85 years."The Plain Dealer kills off Sunday Magazine", Editor and Publisher, December 2005.] The demise of the paper's Sunday Magazine was attributed to the high cost of newsprint and declining revenue, and the PD reassigned the editors, designers, and reporters to other areas of the newspaper. It also assured readers that the stories that would formerly have appeared in the Sunday Magazine would be integrated into other areas of the paper.
On May 14, 2007, Susan Goldberg, formerly Executive Editor of the San Jose Mercury News, was announced as Doug Clifton's replacement, effective May 29, 2007. [http://blog.cleveland.com/plaindealer/2007/05/plain_dealer_names_new_editor.html Plain Dealer Names New Editor] , May 14, 2007.]
Connie Schultzwon the Pulitzer Prizefor commentary.The Pulitzer Prizes (2005) [http://www.pulitzer.org/year/2005/] . Retrieved Date|2006-06-5.] It was the first Pulitzer for "The Plain Dealer" since 1953.The Pulitzer Prizes (1953) [http://www.pulitzer.org/year/1953/] . Retrieved Date|2006-06-05.] Schultz announced a self-imposed sabbatical from her column in February 2006, to work on her husband Congressman Sherrod Brown's (successful) run for U.S. Senate."It's Time To Do What Feels Right", Connie Schultz, February 16, 2006. [http://www.cleveland.com/schultz/index.ssf?/base/news/1138797018226220.xml&coll=2] . Retrieved Date|2006-06-05.] Schultz returned to print in January, 2007. [http://www.editorandpublisher.com/eandp/news/article_display.jsp?vnu_content_id=1003378699 null ] ]
In 2008, columnist Regina Brett was a Pulitzer finalist for commentary.
Other recent awards have included a "2003 Editor of the Year" honor for Doug Clifton, given by "
Editor & Publisher", the industry newsletter. E&P cited Clifton's efforts to energize "The Plain Dealer"'s reporters and newsroom as quick and extremely successful; they had been languishing for years beforehand.
The Plain Dealer was named best large newspaper in Ohio by the Associated Press in April 2007.The Plain Dealer, April 22nd, 2007 edition, Metro Section.]
Between 2001 and 2008, The Plain Dealer's photography staff was named Staff of the Year eight consecutive times by the Ohio News Photographer's Association.
The Plain Dealer has been a consistent top-ten finisher in the
Society for News Designannual "Best of Newspaper Design" competition. In the 29th edition (for work done in calendar year 2007), the paper received 25 awards, including two Silver medals and one of only six Gold medals awarded in the competition.
Three Plain Dealer staffers won
National Headliner Awardsin 2008: columnist Philip Morris, photographer Gus Chan and illustrator/photographer Andrea Levy, who won her fifth consecutive Headliner.
Pricing, distribution, circulation
The daily paper costs 75 cents at the
newsstand, 42 cents for home delivery, and the Sunday edition is $1.50 for newsstand or home delivery. These prices only apply to "The Plain Dealer"'s home delivery area, which are the Northeast Ohiocounties of Cuyahoga, Lake, Geauga, Portage, Erie, Ottawa, Summit, Ashtabula, Medina and Lorain. "The Plain Dealer" is however, available all over the state at the newsstand, including the state capital, Columbus, and anywhere in the US or world via US mail service. "The Plain Dealer" currently has a total circulation of 330,280 on weekdays and 442,482 on Sunday, making the paper the largest newspaper in Ohio by circulation, a status it has held for some time. The paper posted an increase in weekday circulation for the first time in recent memory in April 2007.
"The Plain Dealer" operates a variety of news bureaus. In addition to its local metro
reporters and columnists, "The Plain Dealer" operates a bureau in Columbus, at the state capital, that focuses on state-wide news and reporting. The "P.D." also operates a Washington bureau that reports on national news and events, focusing on the actions of and stories relating to the Ohio delegation in the U.S. Congress.
"The Plain Dealer" is organized into several major sections, depending on the day of the week. The Sunday edition is, as with any major U.S. daily newspaper, the largest edition of the week. The current organization took effect July 1, 2008. [cite news |first=Terry |last=Egger |authorlink= |coauthors= |title=A message to Northeast Ohio from The Plain Dealer's publisher, Terry Egger |url=http://blog.cleveland.com/metro/2008/06/a_message_to_northeast_ohio_fr.html |work=The Plain Dealer |publisher= |date=Date|2008-06-29 |accessdate=2008-07-01 ]
Major sections printed on most editions include:
;News : Includes Front Page, International, and National News (including Washington, D.C.).;Metro : Local news for Cleveland and Northeast Ohio, obituaries and death notices, local, national and international weather, as well as Opinion and Forum, the paper's opinion, letters to the editor, and editorial commentary section.;Business : Local and national business news, stocks, bonds.;Sports : Cleveland and National Sports News and Commentary. The sports section focuses its "beat reporters" on the Browns, Cavaliers, Indians, and
Cleveland State Vikingsin addition to heavy coverage of the Ohio State Universityfootball team. ;Arts & Life : Arts, Entertainment and Living Section. Includes comics(printed in full color in almost all daily editions, black & white is quite rare).;Classifieds : Home, auto, jobs, other classified advertising.
In addition to these sections, various work week editions include special sections such as:
;Business Monday : Special Monday business section featuring long-format articles and advice.;Mosaic : Section highlighting Cleveland's cultural diversity.;Taste : Recipes and reviews of food, area restaurants, and food-related events.;Inside and Out : Home and garden section, with articles relating to home improvement and decoration.;The Locker Room: High school sports insert section with human interest pieces on area high school athletes in a variety of sports.;Friday! Magazine : Recently revamped weekend magazine featuring movie reveiews, event calendars, restaurant reviews and other cultural / nightlife pieces.;Real Estate : Insert section highlighting area real estate and communities to live in.;Golf Monday : Is a section dedicated to
golf. It debuted on April 7, 2003.
and other sections.
unday Plain Dealer
Sunday editions include, in addition to the major sections above:;Driving : special section on driving and automobile reviews.;Travel : detailing travel tips.;PDQ : "lighter" feature section aimed at younger readers.;Homes : detailing homes in the area and housing trends.;Sunday Arts : expanded arts section.;BigCollegeSunday : college football section, focusing on Ohio State.
;The Plain Dealer Sunday Magazine : was discontinued as of December 18, 2005;Style : was discontinued and merged into Style & Taste as of July 1, 2008cite web | title=PD Changes |publisher= Cleveland Plain Dealer |url=http://blog.cleveland.com/metro/2008/06/PD%20Changes_062908.pdf |format=PDF |accessdate=2008-07-12 |date=Date|2008-06-29] ;Taste : was discontinued and merged into Style & Taste as of July 1, 2008;Arts & Life : was discontinued and merged into Diversions as of July 1, 2008
"The Plain Dealer" employs a modern styling of a daily newspaper, and the "P.D." itself has undergone dramatic stylistic changes in the past few years to update the print edition's look. The Sunday edition was known as "Plain Dealer Sunday," while weekday editions were "The Plain Dealer", however in recent weeks the paper has standardized its masthead as "The Plain Dealer" across all weekday editions and refers to the Sunday edition as "Sunday Plain Dealer". Sunday is also more colorful and includes many one-time special sections with full page graphics, pictures, and other content. Weekday and Sunday editions regularly feature front pages with content boxes on the upper part of the page detailing news inside. The physical width of the paper has been reduced in recent years as well, a trend throughout the newspaper industry.
Executive staff and editors
* Terrance C.Z. Egger, President and Publisher
* Robert M. Long, Executive Vice President
* Susan Goldberg, Editor
* Brent Larkin, Opinion Editor
* Daryl Kannberg, National and Foreign News Editor
* Ted Diadiun, Reader Representative (
* Elizabeth McIntyre, Assistant Managing Editor/Metro
* Chris Quinn, Metro Editor
* Debbie Van Tassel, Assistant Managing Editor/Features
* Paul O'Donnell, Business Editor, took paper's buyout offer, last day 10/10/2008
* Kathy Kroll, National Editor
* Roy Hewitt, Sports Editor
* Chris Jindra, Sunday Editor
* David Kordalski, Visual Editor
* Kim Crow, Style Editor
* Stuart Warner, Projects Editor/Writing Coach, took paper's buyout offer, last day 9/26/2008
* Tony Brown, theater
* John Campanelli, pop culture
* Joe Crea, food
* Kim Crow, fashion
* Regina Brett
* Brent Larkin
* Bill Lubinger, restaurants
* Phillip Morris
* Kevin O'Brien
* Donald Rosenberg, ballet, opera and other classical music events, but not the
* Chris Sheridan
* John Soeder, pop music
* Elizabeth Sullivan
* Bill Livingston, Sports
Terry Pluto, Sports
* Bud Shaw, Sports
* Michael Heaton, Minister of Culture
* Sheryl Harris, Consumer Affairs
* Teresa Dixon Murray, Personal Finance
* John Kroll, Weekend Diary (podcast)
Criticism and controversies
"The Plain Dealer" has been criticized by liberal columnists for staking out generally conservative positions on its editorial page, despite the heavy Democratic tilt of its Northeast Ohio readership. In 2004, most notoriously, the publisher decided to endorse no candidate rather than endorse
John Kerryas the editorial board had recommended. [http://www.freetimes.com/print.php?sid=2116 The Free Times] ] The news coverage is generally more neutral, with national and international news often culled from wire services, including the " New York Times" and " Washington Post."
The paper has also been accused of being too soft on Sen.
George Voinovich, and in the 2004 election cycle for the U.S. Senate, not providing fair coverage, if any, to Voinovich's opponent, State Sen. Eric Fingerhut, a Democrat. [http://www.coolcleveland.com/index.php?n=Main.ThePlainDealerAndItsLoveAffairWithGeorgeVoinovich Cool Cleveland on PD and Voinovich.] ]
Publishing concealed weapons permit holder lists
In 2005, the newspaper twice published lists of concealed weapon permit holders from the 5 counties around Cleveland. Editor Doug Clifton defended the paper's decision, sparking a feud with a pro-carry lobbyist group. State Senator Steve Austria called it abuse of the media access privilege, saying publishing these names would threaten the safety of the men and women who obtain these permits. An Ohio
gun rightsgroup then published Mr. Clifton's home address and phone number. [http://www.ohioccw.org/modules.php?name=News&file=article&sid=2273 Ohio for Concealed Carry] ]
"Held stories" controversy
"The Plain Dealer" made national headlines in the summer of 2005, when editor Douglas Clifton announced that the newspaper was withholding two stories "of profound importance" after Judith Miller of "
The New York Times" and Matthew Cooper of "Time Magazine" were ordered to reveal confidential sources who had provided information on Joseph Wilson's wife being a CIA operative. The decision to compel the reporters to reveal sources was seen in the news media as a license to go after reporters and newspapers in the courtroom for not revealing confidential informants and a violation of the trust between reporter and said informants. Clifton was vilified in the news media as "having no backbone" and he himself even admitted that people could refer to him as "chickenshit." Clifton told the national press that while he and the reporters involved in the story were willing to be jailed for not revealing sources, the legal department of the Plain Dealer Publishing Company was worried that the newspaper itself would be sued and strongly opposed the printing of the stories. "Talking isn't an option and jail is too high a price to pay", Clifton said."WHO HAS YOUR BACK? Journalism in the Corporate Age", Columbia Journalism Review, September 2005.] The controversy ended when the " Cleveland Scene", an alternative weeklyCleveland newspaper, published a similar story, thus allowing "The Plain Dealer" to print the withheld story. The story turned out to be on former Mayor Michael R. White's federal corruption probe, which was leaked to the press by an attorney on the case. The second withheld story has yet to be revealed."Keeping reporters' notes out of court", The American Editor, August 2005 – October 2005, FREEDOM OF INFORMATION. Pam Luecke, Author.]
Theater critic assaulted
In late 2006, the head of the
Cleveland Play Houseassaulted theater critic Tony Brown after a negative review of a Play House play. [http://www.cleveland.com/search/index.ssf?/base/opinion/116029696785540.xml?ocdia&coll=2&thispage=1 Theater Critic Assaulted] ]
Music critic sidelined
On September 17, 2008, "The Plain Dealer"'s music critic of 16 years, Donald Rosenberg, was told by the paper's editor, Susan Goldberg, the he would no longer be covering performances of the
Cleveland Orchestra. Rosenberg had been critical of orchestral performances under its conductor Franz Welser-Möst, although his reviews of Welser-Möst as a conductor of operas had been positive. Terrance C. Z. Egger, president and publisher of the paper, is also on the orchestra's board.cite web
url = http://www.nytimes.com/2008/09/25/arts/music/25crit.html?_r=1&ref=music&pagewanted=print
title = Music Critic vs. Maestro: One Loses His Beat|accessdate = 2008-09-28
last = Wakin|first = Daniel J.|date = Date|2008-09-25|publisher =
The New York Times] Welser-Möst is no stranger to robust criticism; during his tenure at the London Philharmonic OrchestraLondon critics gave him the nickname "Frankly Worse than Most".cite news
first=Norman | last=Lebrecht | title=Franz Welser-Möst — The conductor they loved to hate | url=http://www.scena.org/columns/lebrecht/040212-NL-welsermost.html | work=La Scena Musicale | date=Date|2004-02-12| accessdate=2007-09-04]
"The Plain Dealer" is the major news contributor to [http://www.cleveland.com/ Cleveland.com] , the regional news, event, and communication portal run by
Advance Internet. The paper does not operate its own editorial website, but does run a separate website for the business side of the newspaper, including advertising. Cleveland.com also features news from WKYC-TV, the local NBC affiliate, and the " Sun Newspapers", which are a group of smaller, weekly, more suburban-oriented newspapers in the Greater Cleveland metro area also owned by Advance Publications. The "Sun Newspapers" are the largest chain of paid weekly newspapers in the country.
The quality of the site (as well as other
Advance Internetsites) is regularly criticized by the staff, including Editor Doug Clifton, newsroom staff and locals."The New Dealer", Cleveland Magazine, Jan 2006. [http://www.clevelandmagazine.com/ME2/dirmod.asp?sid=586CA122EB394032BD4AA3B686FF03D9&nm=Editorial&type=Publishing&mod=Publications%3A%3AArticle&mid=1578600D80804596A222593669321019&tier=4&id=A45D8D54936842A0BCDAF9B90DCDE003] ] The website was recently been redesigned as a result. ["About us — Cleveland.com". [http://www.cleveland.com/aboutus/index.ssf?/aboutus/content/relaunch.html] ]
References to The Plain Dealer in popular culture
*The paper was parodied as the "Sto Plains Dealer" in "
Going Postal" by Terry Pratchett.
*Janet uses "The Plain Dealer" to cover her head in the rain in "
The Rocky Horror Picture Show".
*Santa reads about himself in the "Plain Dealer" in the Christmas special "
The Year Without a Santa Claus".
The Mad Scientists' Clubchildren's story "The Strange Sea Monster of Strawberry Lake," the young heroes confide in a reporter for "The Plain Dealer" in revealing that they are behind the fake sea monster.
*The title of the humor publication of the University of Chicago, "The Chicago Shady Dealer", is a parodied title of "The Plain Dealer"
*Headlines from The Plain Dealer were created for the film "Major League".
* [http://www.cleveland.com/plaindealer/ The Plain Dealer on Cleveland.Com (Editorial Site)]
* [http://www.plaindealer.com/ Cleveland Plain Dealer (Business Site)]
* [http://ech.case.edu/ech-cgi/article.pl?id=PD The Plain Dealer article in the "Encyclopedia of Cleveland History"]
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