Aplidine

Aplidine
Aplidine
Identifiers
CAS number 137219-37-5 YesY
ChemSpider 26001665 YesY
Jmol-3D images Image 1
Properties
Molecular formula C57H87N7O15
Molar mass 1110.34 g mol−1
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Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C, 100 kPa)
Infobox references

Aplidine, also known as dihydrodidemnin B, is a chemical compound extracted from the ascidian Aplidium albicans.[1] It is currently undergoing clinical trial testing. It is a member of the class of compounds known as didemnins.

Chemical structure

Aplidine is a cyclic depsipeptide, meaning it is a cyclic peptide in which there is one or more ester bond in place of one or more of a peptide bond. Its chemical structure is very close to that of didemnin B, the only difference being that the lactate residue in didemnin B is present in the oxidized pyruvate version.

Pharmacological activity

Like all didemnin compounds, it exhibits antitumor, antiviral and immunosuppressive activities. It shows promise in shrinking tumors in pancreatic, stomach, bladder, and prostate cancers.[2][3] As of 2007, it was undergoing multicenter phase II clinical trials.[3] In July 2003, aplidine was granted orphan drug status by the European Medicines Agency for treating acute lymphoblastic leukemia.[4]

References

  1. ^ Cragg, G.M. and Newman, D.J. (2004). Journal of Natural Products 67 (8): 1216–1238. doi:10.1021/np040031y. PMID 15332835. 
  2. ^ Garrison, Tom. Oceanography: An Invitation to Marine Science 4th ed. United States: Brooks/Cole. 2002. 98.
  3. ^ a b Adrio, J. et al (2007). "Total Synthesis and Biological Evaluation of Tamandarin B Analogues". Journal of Organic Chemistry 72 (14): 5129–5138. 
  4. ^ Public Summary of Positive Opinion for Orphan Designation of Aplidine for the Treatment of Acute Lymphoblastic Leukaemia

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