Deloitte Touche Tohmatsu

Deloitte Touche Tohmatsu

company_name = Deloitte Touche Tohmatsu
company_type = Swiss Verein
foundation = London, United Kingdom (1845)
location = New York, New York, U.S.
key_people = John Connolly, Chairman
Jim Quigley, CEO
industry = Professional services
services = Audit
Financial advisory
revenue = profitUS$27.4 billion (2008)
num_employees = 165,000 (May 2008)
homepage = []

Deloitte Touche Tohmatsu (also branded as Deloitte) is one of the largest professional services firms in the world and one of the Big Four auditors, along with PricewaterhouseCoopers, Ernst & Young, and KPMG.

According to the firm's website as of 2008, Deloitte has approximately 165,000 professionals at work in 140 countries, delivering audit, tax, consulting, and financial advisory services.

Deloitte Touche Tohmatsu is a Swiss Verein, a membership organization under the Swiss Civil Code whereby each member firm is a separate and independent legal entity. Its global headquarters are located in New York City, New York. [ [,1041,sid%253D1023,00.html Deloitte Head Office] ] European headquarters are located in London.


Early history

In 1845 William Welch Deloitte opened an office in Basinghall Street in London: he was the first person to be appointed an independent auditor of a public company. [,1042,sid%253D76339,00.html Deloitte history] ] He went on to open an office in New York in 1880.

In 1895 Charles Waldo Haskins and Eijah Watt Sells formed Haskins & Sells in New York.

In 1898 George Touche established an office in London and then in 1900 joined John Ballantine Niven in establishing the firm of Touche Niven in the Johnston Building at 30 Broad Street in New York. At the time, there were fewer than 500 CPAs practicing in the United States, but the new era of income taxes was soon to generate enormous demand for accounting professionals.


On April 1, 1933, Colonel Arthur Hazelton Carter, President of the New York State Society of Certified Public Accountants and Managing Partner of Haskins & Sells, testified before the U.S. Senate Committee on Banking and Currency. Carter helped convince Congress that independent audits should be mandatory for public traded corporations.


In 1947, Detroit accountant George Bailey, then president of the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants, launched his own organization. The new entity enjoyed such a positive start that in less than a year, the partners merged with Touche Niven and A.R. Smart to form Touche, Niven, Bailey & Smart. Headed by Bailey, the organization grew rapidly, in part by creating a dedicated Management Consulting function. It also forged closer links with organizations established by the cofounder of Touche Niven, George Touche: the Canadian organization Ross, Touche and the British organization George A. Touche. In 1960, the firm was renamed Touche, Ross, Bailey & Smart, becoming Touche Ross in 1969.

The 1950s

In 1952 Deloitte merged with Haskins & Sells to form Deloitte, Haskins & Sells.

The 1960s

In 1968 Nobuzo Tohmatsu formed Tohmatsu Awoki & Co, a firm based in Japan that was to become part of the Touche Ross network in 1975.

The 1970s

In 1972 Robert Trueblood, Chairman of Touche Ross, led the committee responsible for recommending the establishment of the Financial Accounting Standards Board. He led the expansion of Touche Ross in that era.

The 1980s

In 1982, David Moxley and W. Grant Gregory became the leaders at Touche Ross. In 1985, Edward A. Kangas, a management consultant, was appointed managing partner of Touche Ross. In 1984, J. Michael Cook became managing partner of Deloitte, Haskins & Sells.

In 1989 the global firm of Deloitte Haskins & Sells broke up. Led by the US business, some country partnerships of Deloitte Haskins & Sells merged with Touche Ross to form Deloitte & Touche: the merged firm was led by J. Michael Cook and Edward A. Kangas. Led by the UK partnership a smaller number of Deloitte Haskins & Sells member firms rejected the merger with Touche Ross and shortly thereafter merged with Coopers & Lybrand to form Coopers & Lybrand Deloitte (later to become PwC), while some member firms of Touche Ross also rejected the merger with Deloitte Haskins & Sells and merged with other firms.

The 1990s

In 1993 the international firm was renamed Deloitte Touche Tohmatsu to reflect the contribution from the Japanese firm.

In 1995, the partners of Deloitte & Touche decided to create Deloitte & Touche Consulting Group (later Deloitte Consulting). [ [ Deloitte & Touche Consulting Group take more than 30 organisations live with SAP] ]

The 2000s

Following the demise of Arthur Andersen in 2002, almost half of the Partners and Staff of the UK business of Arthur Andersen joined the Deloitte firm.


While in 1989, in most countries, Deloitte, Haskins & Sells merged with Touche Ross forming Deloitte & Touche, in the United Kingdom the local firm of Deloitte, Haskins & Sells merged instead with Coopers & Lybrand (which today is PricewaterhouseCoopers). [ [ PWC: History and milestones] ] For some years after the merger, the merged UK firm was called Coopers & Lybrand Deloitte and the local firm of Touche Ross kept its original name. In the mid-1990s however, both UK firms changed their names to match those of their respective international organisations.

While the full name of the firm is Deloitte Touche Tohmatsu, in 1989 it initially branded itself Deloitte & Touche and then simply Deloitte. In 2003 the rebranding campaign was commissioned by Bill Parrett, the then CEO of DTT, and led by Jerry Lehman, the global Clients and Markets leader. [ [ Ernst & Young launches rebrand plan (refers to Deloitte rebranding in 2003)] ]


Deloitte offers services in the following functions, with country-specific variations on their legal implementation (i.e. all operating within a single company or through separate legal entities operating as subsidiaries of an umbrella legal entity for the country). All services are not offered in all countries. [ [,1041,sid%253D2827,00.html Deloitte: Services offered] ]

* Audit and Enterprise Risk Services (AERS): Provides the firm's traditional accounting and audit services, as well as offerings in risk management, security, data quality & integrity and IT control assurance. [ [ Assurance & Advisory services] ]
* Tax: Helps clients increase their net asset value, minimize their tax liabilities, implement tax computer systems, and provides advisory of tax implications on various parts of the business: mergers & acquisitions, ERP package implementation, etc. [ [,1042,sid%253D2152,00.html Deloitte: Tax services] ]
* Consulting: Provides consulting services to various clients in Financial Services, Consumer & Industrial Products, Health Care & Life Sciences, Public Sector, and other industries and subcategories. The specific consulting capabilities are organized into Service Areas: Enterprise Applications, Technology Integration, Strategy & Operations, Human Capital, and Extended Business Services (XBS), which are further broken down into relevant subcategories.
* Financial Advisory (FAS or Corporate Finance): Provides financial advisory services to clients, including dispute, forensics, and valuation. [ [,1042,sid%253D2007,00.html Deloitte: Financial Advisory services] ]

Deloitte does not place as strong an emphasis on the offshoring model as some of the other professional services companies, nor does it offer the long-term outsourcing capabilities of some of its consulting competitors. However, the firm does have relatively limited investments in delivery centers in countries such as India, known internally as "Region 10".

There are also non-client-facing subsidiaries that comprise the people that operate the firm itself, such as finance (except project controllers), human resources, marketing, Strategy, Research & Innovation (SR&I), mail and printing services, technology support, and administrative assistants. Other subsidiaries exist to maintain ownership of Deloitte's various intellectual property assets.

In the wake of fraud involving other accounting firms during the 2000s, there are a variety of rules that apply to what combinations of services Deloitte can provide a client. For example, a particular client may not be able to engage Deloitte for both corporate audit and consulting services at the same time. Additionally, Deloitte staff in client facing positions must certify their "independence" from financial interests in the firm's clients at least annually.


Deloitte offers its staff a variety of career models to choose from based on their preferences, geographic location and business need. These career models also vary for each function. Traditional titles for Consulting are "Analyst" through "Principal", while FAS has "Associate" through "Partner", and the delivery focused track features "Specialist" through "Specialist Leader".

Deloitte exclusively hires entry-level personnel to the client facing functions through their graduate recruitment programs at selected universities. Also, the "Partner" title is specifically reserved for top-level executives holding a CPA (or their country's equivalent) and are aligned to one of the functions that provides certification services.

The firm is consistently rated by Fortune as one of their "100 Best Companies To Work For". [ [ Fortune: 100 best companies to work for] ]

In 2007, Deloitte was rated the number one place to launch your career by Business Week. [ [ Businessweek] ]


Disputes involving Deloitte include:
*Adelphia Communications Corporation - The Securities and Exchange Commission announced on April 26, 2005 that Deloitte had agreed to pay $50 million to settle charges relating to Adelphia's 2000 financial statements [ [ Deloitte settles in Adelphia scandal] ]
*Guangdong Kelon Electrical Holdings - Investors have claimed that there was a failure to alert them to the company's poor financial position [ [ Deloitte faces double trouble in China] ]
*Haringey Council Refresh Project - A local government IT project in the UK, in which costs rose from £9m to £24.6m. Deloitte were consultants on the project, despite being employed at the same time as the council's auditors. [ [ How a London council's visionary IT plan became a project management nightmare] ]
*Irish Health Service Executive - Poor consulting support of health accounts system software in 2005 led to major cost overruns and the Irish Health Service Executive pulling the plug on the computer system entirely after substantial cash outlays [ [ E-Health Insider :: Ireland suspends two national health IT projects ] ]
*Los Angeles Unified School District ('LAUSD') - The firm implemented the SAP HR system for LAUSD for US$95m and because of faults in the system, some teachers were underpaid, overpaid, or not paid at all. [ [ LAUSD teachers start boycott] ] As at 31 December 2007 LAUSD had incurred a total of US$140m in payments to Deloitte to get the system working properly. [ [ Los Angeles school district SAP implementation still broken] ] In 2008 there was some evidence that that the payroll issues had started to stabilize with errors below 1% according to LAUSD's chief operating officer. [ [ Update: LAUSD payroll problems stabilized] ]

Notable current and former employees


*R. Anthony Benten - Treasurer of The New York Times Company (2003–present)
*J. Michael Cook, former CEO of Deloitte & Touche
*Fred Goodwin - CEO of the Royal Bank of Scotland (2001–present)
*Sam Morgan - Founder of TradeMe
*Eugene Shvidler - President of Sibneft (1998–2005)
*Orin C. Smith - CEO of Starbucks (2000–05)
*James Sun - Contestant on "The Apprentice" and CEO of

Politics and public service

*Eric Forth - Member of the British Parliament (1983–2006)
*Vito Fossella - Member of the U.S. House of Representatives (1997–present)
*Bill Owens - 40th Governor of Colorado (1999–2007)
*Pierre Pettigrew - Canadian Minister of Foreign Affairs (2004–06)
*Tom Ridge - 45th Governor of Pennsylvania (1996–2001), - Assistant to the President for Homeland Security (2003-2005), - US Secretary of Homeland Security (2003-2005)
*Nicol Stephen - Deputy First Minister of Scotland (2005–2007)
*Bola Tinubu - Governor of Lagos State (1999–2007)
*Wayne Goss - Premier of the State of Queensland, Australia (1989–1996)
*Peter Cosgrove - Chief of the Australian Defence Force (2002-2005)


*Keith Bradshaw - Cricketer
*Dave Karnes - U.S. Marine
*Kevin O'Connor - Contestant on "The Amazing Race"


Major clients include (note that not all of these are audit clients):
*Aerospace: Alliant Techsystems, Boeing, Northrop Grumman, Lockheed Martin, Raytheon
*Auction: Sotheby's
*Banks: Arab Bank, KB, The World Bank, Rosbank, Royal Bank of Canada, Washington Mutual, Royal Bank of Scotland, BNP Paribas, National Bank of Canada
*Chemicals: Dow Chemical Company, Huntsman Corporation, Solutia
*Conglomerate: Tyco International
*Energy and Electricity: American Electric Power, Keyspan Energy, Southern Company, Xcel Energy,Dominion Resources, AES Corporation
*Financial Services: American Express,Blackstone,VISA, Charles Schwab Corp., E*TRADE Group Inc., Fannie Mae, Fidelity Investments, Lehman Brothers, Lloyds TSB, MasterCard, Merrill Lynch, Morgan Stanley, Sky Financial Group Inc., MoneyGram, Radian Group, MICEX, Berkshire Hathaway, Countrywide Financial, Cantor Fitzgerald L.P.
*Healthcare: Abbott Laboratories, HealthPartners, McKesson Corporation, UnitedHealth Group, Wellcare Healthplans Inc., Health Net, Inc., Servicio Occidental de Salud, Mutual of Omaha
*Industrial Good & Products: Blackstone Group, Deere & Company, Dura Automotive Systems, Fiat Group General Motors, Hyundai Motors, Nissan, Tata Group, Vulcan Materials Company, UPS
*Industrial Metals: Mittal Steel, MMK (Russia), Norilsk Nickel, Gerdau
*Insurance: Allstate, Berkshire Hathaway, Metlife, Norwich Union
*Media: Bloomberg L.P., Middle East Broadcasting Center, Comcast
*Religion: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints
*Retail & Consumer Products: Ahold, Best Buy, Gap, Heinz, Hyatt, Levi Strauss & Co., Liz Claiborne Inc., L'Oreal, MGM Mirage, Nordstrom, Procter and Gamble, Safeway Inc., Starbucks, Walgreens, Pep Boys
*Pharmaceuticals & Biotechnology: Bristol-Myers Squibb, Monsanto, Rite Aid Corporation, Schering-Plough, Hikma, Johnson & Johnson
*Public Sector: State of Texas, Commonwealth of PA, State of California, State of Florida, United States Department of Defense, United States Department of Justice, United States Department of Homeland Security, United States Intelligence Community, European Institutions
*Publishing: Cox Enterprises
*Sports: Major League Baseball, Comcast-Spectacor, Carolina Panthers, Carolina Hurricanes
*Technology: Dell Inc., Gateway, Inc., Microsoft, Motorola, Pentair, Intel, Telvent
*Telecommunications: AT&T Mobility, BT, Comcast, MTS, Sprint Nextel Corporation, Umniah, Vodafone, WPP
*Transportation: Port Authority of New York and New Jersey
*Travel: ATA Airlines, Avianca, Continental Airlines, Midwest Airlines, Northwest Airlines, US Airways, United Airlines/UAL Corporation

ee also

*Deloitte Fast 500
*Deloitte Football Money League
*Sarbanes-Oxley Act
*Tax advisor


External links

* [ Deloitte] - Official Deloitte Website
* [ Official Deloitte Prehire website]
* [ Green Dot Life] - Unofficial Message board for Deloitte employees
* [ Yahoo! — Deloitte Touche Tohmatsu Company Profile]
* [] - Weblog with news about Deloitte and other Big Four auditors

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