.222 Remington Magnum

.222 Remington Magnum

Infobox Firearm Cartridge
name= .222 Remington Magnum


caption=
origin= USA
type= Rifle
service=
used_by=
wars=
designer= Remington
design_date=1958
manufacturer=
production_date=
number=
variants=
is_SI_specs=
parent=.222 Remington
case type= Rimless, bottleneck
bullet=.224
neck=.253
shoulder=.357
base=.376
rim_dia=.378
rim_thick=
case_length=1.850
length=2.280
rifling=1-12"
primer=Small rifle
is_SI_ballistics=
bw1=40
btype1=SP
vel1=3818
en1=1295
bw2=50
btype2=SP
vel2=3476
en2=1342
bw3=55
btype3=SP
vel3=3294
en3=1325
bw4=
btype4=
vel4=
en4=
bw5=
btype5=
vel5=
en5=
test_barrel_length=24"
balsrc= Hodgdon [http://data.hodgdon.com/catridge_load.asp Hodgdon Online Reloading Data] ]

The .222 Remington Magnum was a short-lived commercially produced cartridge derived from the .222 Remington. Originally developed for a US prototype military rifle in 1958, the cartridge was not adopted by the military, but was introduced commercially in sporting rifles.

Development

The .222 Rem. Mag. was created by lengthening the case and shortening the neck of the highly accurate and very popular .222 Remington cartridge, which dominated varmint and benchrest shooting during the 1950s and early 1960s. The increased case capacity, about 20% greater than that of the .222 Remington, produced muzzle velocities that fell between those of the .222 Remington and the much larger and faster .22-250 and .220 Swift. Ballistically the .222 Mag is very similar to the German-developed 5.6 x 50 Magnum sporting cartridge.

Obsolescence

It was not until 1963 that the Army adopted a .22 caliber (5.56 mm) assault rifle and cartridge, the M-16 rifle and the 5.56 x 45 mm NATO cartridge. The .223 Remington, the commercial variant of the new 5.56 x 45 mm, was introduced a month before the official adoption of the military cartridge. The .223 Remington had a case capacity that is about 5% smaller than that of the .222 Rem. Mag., but it was loaded to a slightly higher pressure, so the ballistic differences are almost nonexistent. As any widely used military cartridge is guaranteed to be a success on the commercial market, the .223 Rem. sold exceptionally well and the .222 Rem. Mag. faded rather quickly. Remington continued to offer the .222 Rem. Mag. in a couple of target and varmint rifle models for many years, but currently (2007) there are no commercial manufacturers either of rifles or ammunition in .222 Rem. Mag. other than Cooper Firearms of Montana.

The .222 Rem. Mag. has not entirely gone, however. It lives on in the hands of handloaders and the original cartridge has become the parent round for a new development introduced in 2004, the .204 Ruger. The .204 Ruger is based on the .222 Rem. Mag. case necked down to hold a .20 caliber (5 mm) bullet, and it has claimed the title of the fastest production rifle cartridge. The .204 Ruger has received very good press, and is likely to receive continued strong support by the arms and ammunition industries.

ee also

* List of rifle cartridges
* 5 mm caliber

References

*Speer Reloading Manual #11, Omark Industries, Inc., 1987
* [http://www.reloadbench.com/cartridges/222rm.html .222 Remington magnum at The Reload Bench]
* [http://www.stevespages.com/jpg/cd222remingtonmagnum.jpgCartridge Dimensions]
* [http://www.accuratepowder.com/data/PerCaliber2Guide/Rifle/Standarddata(Rifle)/22Cal(5.56mm)/222%20Remington%20Magnum%20pages%20183%20and%20184.pdf .222 Rem Mag data at Accurate Powder]

External links

* [http://www.chuckhawks.com/22_centerfire_cartridges.htm .222 Remington and .222 Rem Mag] at Chuck Hawks


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