- Augusta, Maine
official_name = Augusta, Maine
imagesize = 250px
image_caption = Augusta, Maine, taken from the bridge
mapsize = 250x200px
map_caption = Location in
Kennebec County, Maine
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_type1 = State
subdivision_type2 = County
subdivision_name2 = Kennebec
established_title = Established
area_total_km2 = 150.9
area_total_sq_mi = 58.3
area_land_km2 = 143.4
area_land_sq_mi = 55.4
area_water_km2 = 7.5
area_water_sq_mi = 2.9
area_water_percent = 4.98
population_total = 24260
population_density_km2 = 129.4
population_density_sq_mi = 335.1
timezone = Eastern
utc_offset = -5
timezone_DST = Eastern
utc_offset_DST = -4
latd = 44 |latm = 18 |lats = 38 |latNS = N
longd = 69 |longm = 46 |longs = 48 |longEW = W
elevation_m = 20
elevation_ft = 68
website = [http://www.augustamaine.gov/ www.augustamaine.gov]
area_code = 207
blank_name = FIPS code
blank_info = 23-02100
blank1_name = GNIS feature ID
blank1_info = 0581636
Augusta is the
capitalof the U.S. state of Maine, county seatof Kennebec County, and center of populationfor Maine [http://www.census.gov/geo/www/cenpop/statecenters.txt] . The city's population is 18,560 (July 2006 est.). Located on the Kennebec Riverat the head of tide, it is home to the University of Maine at Augusta.
The area was first explored by members of the ill-fated
Popham Colonyin September 1607. It was first inhabited by English settlers from the Plymouth Colonyin 1629 as a trading poston the Kennebec River. The settlement was known by its Indian name -- Cushnoc (or Coussinoc or Koussinoc), meaning "head of tide." Fur tradingwas at first profitable, but with Indian uprisings and declining revenues, the Plymouth Colony sold the Kennebec Patent in 1661. Cushnoc would remain empty for the next 75 years.
A hotbed of
Abenakihostility toward British settlements was located further up the Kennebec at Norridgewock. In 1722, the tribe and its allies attacked Fort Richmond (now Richmond) and destroyed Brunswick. In response, Norridgewock was sacked in 1724 during Dummer's War, when English forces gained tentative control of the Kennebec. In 1754, a blockhousenamed Fort Western(now the oldest wooden fort in America), was built at Cushnoc on the eastern bank. It was intended as a supply depot for Fort Halifaxupriver, as well as to protect its own region.cite book |last= Maine League of Historical Societies and Museums |editor=Doris A. Isaacson |title=Maine: A Guide 'Down East' |year=1970 |publisher=Courier-Gazette, Inc. |location=Rockland, Me | pages = 148–152 ] In 1775, Benedict Arnoldand his 1100 troops would use Fort Western as a staging area before continuing their journey up the Kennebec to the Battle of Quebec.
Cushnoc was incorporated as part of Hallowell in 1771. Known as "the Fort," it was set off and incorporated by the
Massachusetts General Courtin February 1797 as Harrington. In August, however, the name changed to Augusta after Augusta Dearborn, daughter of Henry Dearborn. In 1799, it became county seat for newly created Kennebec County. Maine became a state in 1820, and Augusta was designated its capital in 1827. The Maine State Legislaturecontinued meeting in Portland, however, until completion in 1832 of the new Maine State Housedesigned by Charles Bulfinch. Augusta was chartered as a city in 1849.
Excellent soil provided for
agriculture, and water powerfrom streams provided for industry. In 1837, a damwas built across the Kennebec where the falls drop 15 feet at the head of tide, and by 1838 10 sawmills were contracted. With the arrival of the Kennebec & Portland Railroad in 1851, Augusta became a mill town. In 1883, the property of A. & W. Spague Company was purchased by the Edwards Manufacturing Company, which erected extensive brick mills for manufacturing cotton textiles. Other Augusta firms produced lumber, sash, doors, shutters, broomhandles, stone cutters' tools, shoes, cemetery monuments, iceand furniture. The city developed as a publishingand shippingcenter. Today, government and post-secondary education are important businesses.
James G. Blaine, Secretary of State/presidential nominee
Horatio Bridge, U.S. Navy officer
Richard Dysart, American stage, film and television actor
Melville Fuller, Illinois politician
John F. Hill, Maine governor
George Huntington Hartford, American businessman
Eastman Johnson, American artist
George W. Ladd, United States congressman
Dorianne Laux, American poet
* Rachel Nichols, American actress
Frederick G. Payne, Maine politician
* David Peoples, U.S. athlete/golfer
John F. Potter, United States congressman, judge
Luther Severance, American publisher, congressman & senator
Olympia Snowe, United States Senator (Republican-Maine)
Manch Wheeler, U. S. football player
Reuel Williams, Maine politician
Willard G. Wyman, American military officer (General)
Bette Davis, film star (childhood hometown)
John Philip Sousa, Military Officer, composer (Stars And Strips Forever composed and first performed in Augusta while he was commander of the United States Arsenal).
J. Alphonse Poulin, American Ballet star Dean of Dance Juliard School of Music.
Augusta is located at coor dms|44|19|25|N|69|45|55|W|type:city_region:US-ME GR|1, making it the easternmost state capital in the
United States. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 58.3 square miles (150.9 km²), of which, 55.4 square miles (143.4 km²) of it is land and 2.9 square miles (7.5 km²) of it (4.98%) is water. Augusta is drained by Bond's Brook, Woromontogus Stream and the Kennebec River.
As of the
censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 24,260 people, 8,565 households, and 4,607 families residing in the city. The population densitywas 335.1 people per square mile (129.4/km²). There were 9,480 housing units at an average density of 171.2/sq mi (66.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 96.21% White, 0.50% Black or African American, 0.48% Native American, 1.35% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.16% from other races, and 1.3% from two or more races. 0.86% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 8,565 households out of which 24.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.1% were married couples living together, 10.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 46.2% were non-families. 38.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.10 and the average family size was 2.77.
In the city the population was spread out with 20.5% under the age of 18, 8.7% from 18 to 24, 28.3% from 25 to 44, 24.8% from 45 to 64, and 17.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 89.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.5 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $29,921, and the median income for a family was $42,230. Males had a median income of $31,209 versus $22,548 for females. The
per capita incomefor the city was $19,145. About 11.4% of families and 15.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 19.2% of those under age 18 and 9.8% of those age 65 or over.
There are six public schools, one private school, one college (the University of Maine at Augusta), and two public libraries in Augusta. [http://www.mywikicity.com/wiki/index.php?title=Augusta] .
ites of interest
* [http://www.childrensdiscoverymuseum.org/ Children's Discovery Museum]
* [http://www.kennebechistorical.org/ Kennebec Historical Society & Museum]
* Kennebec River Rail Trail -- 6.5 mile riverside trail to Hallowell, Farmingdale and Gardiner
* [http://www.maine.gov/va/defense/museum.htm Maine Military Historical Society Museum]
Maine State House
* [http://www.maine.gov/museum/ Maine State Museum]
* [http://www.oldfortwestern.org/ Old Fort Western]
Pine Tree State Arboretum
* [http://rootsweb.com/~mehancoc/Augusta/inhabitants.html The Forgotten Inhabitants of Cushnoc]
* [http://history.rays-place.com/me/augusta-me.htm History of Augusta, Maine]
* [http://www.augustamaine.gov/ City of Augusta, Maine]
* [http://www.lithgow.lib.me.us/ Lithgow Public Library]
* [http://www.uma.edu/ University of Maine at Augusta]
* [http://www.city-data.com/city/Augusta-Maine.html City Data Profile]
* [http://www.epodunk.com/cgi-bin/genInfo.php?locIndex=2014 Epodunk City Profile]
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