- Harrison Ford
imagesize = 150px
caption = Harrison Ford, 2007
birthdate = birth date and age|1942|07|13
birthplace = Chicago,
yearsactive = 1966–present
spouse = Mary Marquardt (1964–1979) (divorced)
Melissa Mathison(1983–2004) (divorced)
Calista Flockhart(engaged girlfriend)
goldenglobeawards = Cecil B. DeMille Award
2002 Lifetime Achievement
Saturn Award for Best Actor
Raiders of the Lost Ark" AFI Life Achievement Award
2000 Lifetime Achievement
Hollywood Walk of Fame
2003 6801 Hollywood Boulevard
Harrison Ford (born
July 13, 1942) is an Academy Award- and BAFTA-nominated, as well as Golden Globe-winning, American actor. Ford is best known for his performances as the titular character in the "Indiana Jones" film series and as Han Soloin the original " Star Wars" trilogy. He is also known for his role as the haunted android tracker Rick Deckardin Ridley Scott's sci-fi cult film" Blade Runner". His four-decade career also includes roles in other Hollywoodblockbusters such as "The Fugitive", "Air Force One"," Witness", "Presumed Innocent" and " What Lies Beneath". At one point, Ford had roles in the top five box-office hits of all timeFact|date=August 2008, though his role in " E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial" (as Elliot's school principal) was deleted from the final cut of the film. Five of his films have been inducted into the National Film Registry.
In 1997, Ford was ranked # 1 in "Empire"'s "The Top 100 Movie Stars of All Time" list. As of July 2008, the US domestic box office grosses of Ford's films total almost US$3.4 billion,cite web|accessdate=2008-05-23|url=http://www.boxofficemojo.com/people/?view=Actor&sort=sumgross&p=.htm|title=PEOPLE INDEX|publisher=
Box Office Mojo] with worldwide grosses surpassing $6 billion, making Ford the No. 2 [ [http://www.boxofficemojo.com/people/?view=Actor&sort=sumgross&p=.htm Box Office Mojo - People Index ] ] US domestic box-office star for lead roles behind only Eddie Murphy. If counting both supporting movie roles as well as starring roles, Ford would be the 5th biggest film star, [http://www.the-numbers.com/people/records/] behind that of voice-actor Frank Welker, Samuel L. Jackson, Eddie Murphyand Tom Hanks.
Ford was born
July 13, 1942to Dorothy (née Dora Nidelman), a homemaker and former radio actress and Christopher Ford (née John William Ford), an advertising executive and also a former actor.cite book|last=Jenkins|first=Gary|title=Harrison Ford: Imperfect Hero|publisher= Kensington Books|date=March 1999|pages=9–12|url=http://www.amazon.com/Harrison-Ford-%C3%B9-Imperfect-Hero/dp/080658016X/ref=si3_rdr_bb_product|isbn=10080658016X] [cite web|accessdate=2008-05-23|url=http://www.filmreference.com/film/20/Harrison-Ford.html|title=Harrison Ford Biography (1942-)|publisher=Film Reference] Harrison Ford's maternal grandparents, Anna Lifschutz and Harry Nidelman, were Jewish immigrants from Minsk, Belarus(at that time a part of the Russian Empire). His paternal grandparents, Florence Veronica Niehaus and John Fitzgerald Ford, were of German and Irish Catholicdescent, respectively. When asked in which religion he was raised, Ford jokingly responded, "Democrat". [cite web|accessdate=2008-05-23|url=http://www.jewishsf.com/content/2-0-/module/displaystory/story_id/1493/edition_id/16/format/html/displaystory.html|title=Celebrity Jews|publisher=Jewish News Weekly|date=2003-12-12|author=Bloom, Nate] He has also said that he feels "Irish as a person, but I feel Jewish as an actor". [Stated on "Inside the Actors Studio"; cite web|accessdate=2008-05-23|url=http://english.pravda.ru/main/18/90/363/16489_celebrities.html|title=Ten American showbiz celebrities of Russian descent|publisher=Prauda|date=2005-11-18]
Ford was active in the
Boy Scouts of America, and achieved its second-highest rank, Life Scout. He worked at a Scout camp as a counselor for the Reptile Study merit badge. Because of this, he and Eagle Scout director Steven Spielberglater decided that the character of young Indiana Joneswould be depicted as a Life Scout in the film " Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade". They also jokingly reversed Ford's knowledge of reptiles into Jones's fear of snakes.
In 1960, Ford graduated from
Maine East High Schoolin Park Ridge, Illinois. His was the first student voice broadcast on his high school's new radio station, WMTH-FM, and he was its first sportscaster during his senior year, 1959–1960. The radio room still bears his graffiti. He attended Ripon College in Wisconsin, where he was a member of the Sigma Nufraternity. He took a drama class in his junior year, chiefly as a way to meet women. Ford, a self-described "late bloomer", became fascinated with acting. Towards the end of his freshman year, he was a member of a folk band called The Brothers Gross; he played gutbucket. Ford did not graduate.
In 1964, Ford travelled to Los Angeles,
Californiato apply for a job in radio voice-overs. He did not get it, but stayed in California and eventually signed a $150 a week contract with Columbia Pictures's "New Talent" program, playing bit roles in films. His first known part was an uncredited role as a bellhop in " Dead Heat on a Merry-Go-Round" (1966). A popular myth has him appearing in a scene of "The Great Escape" but this movie was filmed while he was still attending Ripon. [ [http://www.harrisonfordweb.com/forums/showthread.php?t=6815 Was Harrison In the Great Escape?? - Harrison Ford Forum ] ] There is little record of his non-speaking roles (or "extra" work) in film. His speaking roles continued next with " Luv" (1967), though he was still uncredited. He was finally credited as "Harrison J. Ford" in the 1967 Western film, "A Time For Killing", but the "J" didn't stand for anything since he has no middle name. It was added to avoid confusion with a silent film actor named Harrison Ford, who appeared in more than 80 films between 1915 and 1932, and died in 1957. Ford later said that he was unaware of the existence of the earlier Harrison Ford until he came upon a star with his own name on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.
Ford soon dropped the "J" and worked for
Universal Studios, playing minor roles in many television series throughout the late 1960s and early 1970s, including " Gunsmoke", "Ironside", "The Virginian", "The F.B.I.", " Love, American Style", and "Kung Fu". He then appeared in the western "Journey to Shiloh" (1968) and had an uncredited role in Michelangelo Antonioni's 1970 film "Zabriskie Point" as an airport worker. Not happy with the roles being offered to him, Ford became a self-taught professional carpenterto support his then-wife and two small sons. While working as a carpenter, he became a stagehand for the popular rock band The Doors. He also built a sun deck for Sally Kellermanand a recording studio for Sergio Mendes.
He turned to acting again when
George Lucas, who had hired him to build cabinets in his home, cast him in a pivotal supporting role for his film " American Graffiti" (1973). His relationship with Lucas was to have a profound effect on Ford's career. After director Francis Ford Coppola's film " The Godfather" was a success, he hired Ford to do expansions of his office and Harrison was given a small role in his next two films, " The Conversation" (1974) and " Apocalypse Now" (1979).
Ford's work as a carpenter would land him his biggest role to date. In 1975, director
George Lucasused him to read lines for actors being cast for parts in his upcoming space opera, ' (1977). Steven Spielbergconvinced Lucas that Ford was meant to star in the film, resulting in his being cast as Han Solo. " Star Wars" became the biggest-grossing film in history and established Harrison Ford as a superstar. He went on to star in the "Star Wars" sequels, ' (1980) and "" (1983), as well as the " The Star Wars Holiday Special" (1978). He wanted Lucas to write in the death of the iconic Han Solo at the end of either "The Empire Strikes Back" or "Return of the Jedi", saying "that would have given the whole film a bottom", but Lucas refused. [cite web|accessdate=2008-05-23|url=http://www.starpulse.com/news/index.php/2006/03/02/harrison_ford_wanted_han_solo_to_die|title=Harrison Ford Wanted Han Solo to Die|publisher=Starpulse|date=2006-03-02]
Ford's stardom boosted even more when he starred as
Indiana Jonesin the Lucas/Spielberg collaboration " Raiders of the Lost Ark" (1981). He reprised the role for the prequel " Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom" (1984), and the sequel " Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade" (1989), which turned Ford himself into a blockbuster phenomenon. He returned to his role as Indiana Jones for a 1993 episode of the television series " The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles" and later for the new film " Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull" (2008). Unlike many other actors of the same or similar genre, Ford's authenticity as a daring action hero was supported by his willingness to perform many of his own stunts in the "Indiana Jones" films.Fact|date=September 2008 To reprise his role for "Kingdom of the Crystal Skull", Ford (aged 64 at the time) worked out 3 hours a day and went on a high protein diet containing fish and vegetables
Ford has been in numerous other movies including "Heroes" (1977), "Force 10 from Navarone" (1978), and "Hanover Street" (1979). Ford also co-starred alongside
Gene Wilderin the buddy-Western " The Frisco Kid" (1979), playing a bank robber with a heart of gold. He then starred as Rick Deckardin Ridley Scott's cult sci-fi classic " Blade Runner" (1982), and in a number of dramatic-action films: Peter Weir's "Witness" (1985) and " The Mosquito Coast" (1986), and Roman Polanski's "Frantic" (1988). He also starred in Mike Nichols's romantic drama " Working Girl" (1988). In 2002 Ford played a key role as the fearless Captain Alexei Vostrikov in the National Geographic film "".
The 1990s brought Ford the role of Jack Ryan in
Tom Clancy's "Patriot Games" (1992) and "Clear and Present Danger" (1994), as well as leading roles in Alan Pakula's "Presumed Innocent" (1990) and " The Devil's Own" (1997), Andrew Davis's "The Fugitive" (1993), Sydney Pollack's remakeof "Sabrina" (1995), and Wolfgang Petersen's "Air Force One" (1997). Ford has also played straight dramatic roles, including an adulterous husband with a terrible secret in both "Presumed Innocent" (1990) and " What Lies Beneath" (2000), and a recovering amnesiac in Mike Nichols' " Regarding Henry" (1991).
Many of Ford's major film roles came to him by default through unusual circumstances: he won the role of Han Solo while reading lines for other actors, was cast as Indiana Jones because
Tom Selleckwas not available, and took the role of Jack Ryan due to Alec Baldwin's fee demands (Baldwin had previously played the role in "The Hunt for Red October").
Ford also appeared on Robot Chicken season 1 episode 8.
Despite being one of the most financially successful actors of his generation, Ford has received just one Oscar nomination, that of Best Actor for "Witness". On
June 2, 2003, he received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.
October 6, 2006, Ford was awarded the Jules Verne Spirit of Nature Award for his work in nature and wildlife preservation. The ceremony took place at the historic Shrine Auditoriumin Los Angeles, California.cite web|accessdate=2008-05-23|url=http://www.julesvernefestival.com/spip.php?article53|title=Harrison Ford|publisher=Jules Verne Festival]
June 22, 2008, Ford was awarded the Spike TV's Guy's Choice Award for Brass Balls.cite web|accessdate=2008-08-31
title= Guys Choice 2008 - Harrison Ford
publisher=Spike TV] [cite web|accessdate=
Ford's star power has waned in recent years, the result of appearing in numerous critically derided and commercially disappointing movies, including "
Six Days Seven Nights" (1998), " Random Hearts" (1999), "" (2002), " Hollywood Homicide" (2003), and "Firewall" (2006). One exception is 2000's " What Lies Beneath," which ended up grossing over $155 million in the United States and $300 million world-wide.
In 2004, Ford declined a chance to star in the thriller "
Syriana", later commenting that "I didn't feel strongly enough about the truth of the material and I think I made a mistake." [cite web|accessdate=2008-05-23|url=http://www.starpulse.com/news/index.php/2006/03/03/harrison_ford_regrets_passing_on_syriana|title=Harrison Ford Regrets Passing on 'Syriana'|publisher=Starpulse|date=2006-03-03] The role eventually went to George Clooney, who won an Oscar and a Golden Globe for his work. Ford also turned down leading roles in the critically acclaimed films "Traffic" and "A History of Violence" as well as "The Patriot".
Also in 2004, Ford appeared in the straight-to-video "
Water to Wine", credited as "Jethro the Bus Driver", as a favor to his son Malcolm.
Current and upcoming projects
Ford enjoyed recent success with the release of "
Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull", another collaboration between George Lucasand Steven Spielberg. Production of the movie lasted from June to October 2007, and it was released on May 22, 2008. [cite web|accessdate=2008-05-23|url=http://www.hollywoodreporter.com/hr/content_display/film/news/e3ied0764c52ea0c6b79e5a439cf257d65d|title=Can you dig it? Fourth 'Indy' in '08|work= The Hollywood Reporter|date=2007-01-02] The film received generally positive reviews and became the second highest-grossing film at the box office for Memorial Weekend.
He has also completed filming on a film called "Crossing Over", directed by Wayne Kramer. He will play Immigrations officer Max Brogan alongside Sean Penn and Ray Liotta. [cite web|accessdate=2008-05-23|url=http://imdb.com/name/nm0000148|title=Harrison Ford (I)|publisher=
IMDB] [cite web|accessdate=2008-05-23|url=http://imdb.com/title/tt0924129|title=Crossing Over (2008)|publisher= IMDB]
Ford has also finished recording narration for the upcoming feature documentary film about the
Dalai Lamaentitled " Dalai Lama Renaissance".
He recently expressed interest in returning to the "Jack Ryan" franchise. [cite web|accessdate=2008-30-05|url=http://www.darkhorizons.com/news08/080529f.php|title=Ford Talks Jack Ryan's Return|work=
Ford is one of Hollywood's most notoriously private actors, zealously guarding his personal life. He has two sons (Benjamin and Willard) with his first wife, Mary Marquardt, as well as two children (Malcolm and Georgia) with his second wife, screenwriter
Melissa Mathison, and he is currently (as of 2002) engaged to Calista Flockhartwho has a son, Liam. Ford's first grandson, Eliel, was born in 1993, while his second grandson, Ethan, was born in 2000. Eliel is Willard's son, and Ethan is Benjamin's son.
In June, 1983 at the age of 40, during the filming of "Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom" in London, he herniated a disc in his back, resulting in him flying back to Los Angeles for an operation and returning to work just over six weeks later. [cite book
author = Rinzer, J. W.
year = 2008
title = The Complete Making of Indiana Jones: The Definitive Story Behind All Four Films
publisher = Del Rey, imprint of Random House, Inc.
location = New York
page = p. 153
isbn = 978-0-345-50129-5
quote = Lucas arrived on June 20  . 'Harrison was in really terrible pain,' he says. 'He was on the set lying on a gurney. They would lift him up and he'd walk through his scenes, and they'd get him back on the bed.' That same day Ford was filming his fight with the Thuggee assassin in Indy's suite on Stage 3. 'Harrison had to roll backward on top of the guy,' Spielberg says. 'At that moment his back herniated and Harrison let out a call for help.']
In 1993, the arachnologist Norman Platnick named a new species of
spider" Calponia harrisonfordi", and in 2002, the entomologist Edward O. Wilsonnamed a new antspecies " Pheidole harrisonfordi" (in recognition of Harrison's work as Vice Chairman of Conservation International). [cite web|accessdate=2008-05-23|url=http://www.ourplanet.com/imgversn/142/ford.html|title=Harrison Ford|publisher=Our Planet]
In April 2008, Ford waxed a portion of his chest hair to illustrate the effect of deforestation. Critics hail the commercial for its use of lighting and subtle humor to illustrate a serious point.
Like his parents, Ford is a lifelong would be a mistake.
Following on his success portraying the archaeologist
Indiana Jonesin four films, Ford also plays a part in supporting the work of professional archaeologists. He serves as a General Trustee [cite web|accessdate=2008-05-23|url=http://www.archaeological.org/webinfo.php?page=10029|title=About the AIA|publisher= Archaeological Institute of America] on the Governing Board of the Archaeological Institute of America(AIA), North America's oldest and largest organization devoted to the world of archaeology. Ford assists them in their mission of increasing public awareness of archaeology and preventing looting and the illegal antiquities trade.
Ford volunteered as a food server near Ground Zero in 2001. On
November 21, 2007, Ford and other celebrities, including Kirk Douglas, Nia Longand Calista Flockhart, helped serve hot meals to the homelessat the annual Thanksgiving feast at the Los Angeles Mission. [cite web|accessdate=2008-05-23|url=http://abcnews.go.com/Entertainment/wireStory?id=3900554|title=Celebs Serve Holiday Meals to Homeless|publisher= ABC News|date=2007-11-21|author=Schou, Solvej]
Ford is a private pilot of both planes and
helicopters, and owns an 800-acre (3.2 km²) ranch in Jackson, Wyoming, approximately half of which he has donated as a nature reserve. On several occasions, Ford has personally provided emergency helicopter services at the behest of local authorities, in one instance rescuing a hiker overcome by dehydration. [cite web|accessdate=2008-05-23|url=http://archives.cnn.com/2000/SHOWBIZ/Movies/08/07/harrisonford.rescue.ap/|title=Harrison Ford credited with helicopter rescue of sick hiker in Idaho|publisher= CNN|date=2000-08-07]
Ford began flight training in the 1960s at Wild Rose Airport in
Wild Rose, Wisconsin, flying in a TriPacer, but at $15 an hour he was unable to continue the training. His interest returned in the mid-1990s when he bought a used Gulfstream IIand asked one of his pilots, Terry Bender, to give him flying lessons. They started out flying a Cessna 182out of Jackson, Wyoming. He later switched to Teterboro, New Jersey, flying a Cessna 206, the aircraft he soloed in.
October 23, 1999, Harrison Ford was involved in the crash of a Bell 206-L4 helicopter(N36R). The NTSBaccident report states that Ford was piloting the aircraft over the Lake Piruriverbed near Santa Clarita, Californiaon a routine training flight. While making his second attempt at an autorotation with powered recovery Ford allowed the aircraft's altitude to drop to 150–200 feet before beginning power up. As a result the aircraft was unable to recover power before hitting the ground. The aircraft landed hard and began skidding forward in the loose gravel before one of its skids struck a partially embedded log and flipped onto its side. Neither Ford nor the instructor pilot suffered any injuries though the helicopter was seriously damaged. When asked about the incident by fellow pilot James Liptonin an interview on the TV show " Inside the Actor's Studio" Ford replied "I broke it." [cite web|accessdate=2008-05-23|url=http://www.ntsb.gov/ntsb/brief.asp?ev_id=20001212X19997&key=1|title=LAX00LA024|publisher= National Transportation Safety Board]
Ford owns various aircraft:
De Havilland Canada DHC-2 Beaver(N28S)
Cessna 208B Grand Caravan
* 1929 Waco Taperwing
Ford keeps his aircraft at
Santa Monica Airport, though the Bell 407is often kept and flown in Jackson, Wyoming, and has been used by the actor in two mountain rescues during the actor's assigned duty time assisting the Teton CountySearch and Rescue. On one of the rescues Ford recovered a hiker who had become lost and disoriented. She boarded Ford's Bell 407 and promptly vomited into one of the rescuers' caps (she says it was not Ford's cap), unaware of who the pilot was until much later, saying, "I can't believe I barfed in Harrison Ford's helicopter!"
Ford flies his
De Havilland Canada DHC-2 Beaver(N28S) more than any of his other aircraft, and although he dislikes showing favouritism, he has repeatedly stated that he likes this aircraft and the sound of its Pratt & Whitney985 radial engine. Ford first encountered the Beaver while filming " Six Days Seven Nights", and soon purchased one. Kenmore Airin Kenmore, Washington, restored Ford's yellow and green Beaver — a junked former U.S. military aircraft — with updated avionicsand an upgraded engine. According to Ford, it had been flown in the CIA's Air Americaoperations, and was riddled with bullet holes, which had to be patched up. [Per Ford's remarks on " Late Night With David Letterman," (viewed July 9, 2008)] He uses it regularly for impromptu fly-ins at remote airports and bush strips, as well as gatherings with other Beaver owners and pilots.
In March 2004, Ford officially became chairman of the
Young Eaglesprogram of the Experimental Aircraft Association(EAA). Ford was asked to take the position by Greg Anderson, Senior Vice President of the EAA at the time, to replace General Charles "Chuck" Yeager who was vacating the post that he had held for many years. Ford at first was hesitant, but later accepted the offer and has made appearances with the Young Eagles at the EAA AirVenture Oshkoshgathering at Oshkosh, Wisconsinfor two years. In July 2005 at the gathering in Oshkosh Ford agreed to accept the position for another two years. Ford has flown over 280 children as part of the Young Eagles program, usually in his De Havilland Beaver, which can seat the actor and five children. Ford is involved with the EAA chapter in Driggs, Idaho, just over the mountains from Jackson, Wyoming.
Mixed Martial Arts
Harrison Ford is an avid fan of the sport of
mixed martial artsand has been pointed out to be in attendance on the televised feeds of several events in the United States. However, there have been reports cite journal | author=R. T. Donaldson | title=Pride Fighters not only ones in Scuffle | journal=Feature | year=2007 | volume=7 | issue=March 10, 2007 | pages=32] that the recent lack of televised appearances on MMA broadcasts is owing to a violent altercation sustained in the audience between him and UFC commentator and comedian Joe Roganat the Las Vegas Pride 33show. Allegedly, an argument brewed after Ford inadvertently caused Joe Rogan to spill beer on himself, resulting in Ford punching Rogan in the face after the comedian refused his apology and rudely called him "grandpa". The two remain unreconciled and the UFC's current policy is to exclude Harrison Ford from the broadcasts despite his reported appearances at several shows throughout the latter half of 2007 and 2008.
Awards and honors
* Nominated: Best Actor, "Witness" (1985)
* Nominated: Best Actor, "Witness" (1985)
Golden Globe Award
* Nominated: Best Actor - Motion Picture Drama, "Witness" (1986)
* Nominated: Best Actor - Motion Picture Drama, "
The Mosquito Coast" (1987)
* Nominated: Best Actor - Motion Picture Drama, "
The Fugitive" (1994)
* Nominated: Best Actor - Motion Picture Musical/Comedy, "Sabrina" (1996)
* Won: Cecil B. DeMille Award (2002)
* Won the first ever Hero Award for his many iconic roles, including "
Han Solo" and " Indiana Jones" (2007).
Dead Heat on a Merry-Go-Round" (1966) - $150
* "Sub 271" (1966) - $1700
* "Luv" (1967) - $150/week
* "A Time For Killing" (1967) - $150/week
American Graffiti" (1973) - $500/week
* "" (1977) - $650,000 + royalties
* "Presumed Innocent" (1990) - $12,500,000
* "Patriot Games" (1992) - $9,000,000
The Devil's Own" (1997) - $20,000,000
* "Air Force One" (1997) - $22,000,000
Six Days Seven Nights" (1998) - $20,000,000
Random Hearts" (1999) - $20,000,000
What Lies Beneath" (2000) - $20,000,000
* "" (2002) - $25,000,000 + 20% of the Gross
* Sigma Nu LEADership learning program
*imdb name|0000148|Harrison Ford
* [http://www.harrisonfordweb.com Harrison Ford Web]
* [http://apartment42.com/text.htm Harrison Ford: A Web Guide]
NAME= Ford, Harrison
SHORT DESCRIPTION= actor
DATE OF BIRTH=
July 13, 1942
PLACE OF BIRTH=
Chicago, Illinois, U.S.
DATE OF DEATH=
PLACE OF DEATH=
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