Roloway monkey
Darwin's "Descent of man" (1872)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Primates
Family: Cercopithecidae
Subfamily: Cercopithecinae
Tribe: Cercopithecini
Genus: Cercopithecus
Linnaeus, 1758
Type species
Simia diana
Linnaeus, 1758

See text.

The guenons (play /ɡəˈnn/ or /ˈɡwɛnən/) are the genus Cercopithecus of Old World monkeys. Not all the members of this genus have the word "guenon" in their common names, and because of changes in scientific classification, some monkeys in other genera may have common names that do include the word "guenon". Nonetheless, the use of the term guenon for monkeys of this genus is widely accepted.

All members of the genus are endemic to sub-Saharan Africa, and most are forest monkeys. Many of the species are quite local in their ranges, and some have even more local subspecies. Many are threatened or endangered because of habitat loss. The species currently placed in the genus Chlorocebus, such as vervet monkeys and green monkeys, were formerly considered as a species in this genus, Cercopithecus aethiops.

In the English language the word "guenon" is, although still uncertain, from French origin.[2] In French, guenon is the common name for all species and individuals, both males and females, from the Cercopithecus genus. In all other monkeys and apes species, the French word guenon only designates the females.[3]


Species list

Genus Cercopithecus

  • C. dryas group
Diana monkey (C. diana)
  • C. diana group
  • C. mitis group
    • Greater spot-nosed monkey, Cercopithecus nictitans
      • Cercopithecus nictitans nictitans
      • Bioko putty-nosed guenon, Cercopithecus nictitans martini
    • Blue monkey, Cercopithecus mitis
      • Pluto monkey, Cercopithecus mitis mitis
    • Silver monkey, Cercopithecus doggetti
    • Golden monkey, Cercopithecus kandti
    • Sykes' monkey, Cercopithecus mitis
      • Zanzibar Sykes' monkey, Cercopithecus mitis albogularis
      • Pousargues' Sykes' monkey, Cercopithecus mitis albotorquatus
      • Cercopithecus albogularis erythrarchus
      • Cercopithecus albogularis francescae
      • Cercopithecus albogularis kibonotensis
      • Cercopithecus albogularis kolbi
      • White-lipped monkey, Cercopithecus albogularis labiatus
      • Cercopithecus albogularis moloneyi
      • Cercopithecus albogularis monoides
      • Cercopithecus albogularis phylax
      • Cercopithecus albogularis schwarzi
      • Zammarano's white-throated guenon, Cercopithecus albogularis zammaranoi
  • C. mona group
  • C. cephus group
    • Lesser spot-nosed monkey, Cercopithecus petaurista
      • Cercopithecus petaurista petaurista
      • Cercopithecus petaurista buettikoferi
    • White-throated guenon, Cercopithecus erythrogaster
    • Sclater's guenon, Cercopithecus sclateri
    • Red-eared guenon, Cercopithecus erythrotis
      • Bioko red-eared guenon, Cercopithecus erythrotis erythrotis
      • Cercopithecus erythrotis camerunensis
    • Moustached guenon, Cercopithecus cephus
      • Cercopithecus cephus cephus
      • Cercopithecus cephus cephodes
      • Ngotto guenon, Cercopithecus cephus ngottoensis
    • Red-tailed monkey, Cercopithecus ascanius
      • Cercopithecus ascanius ascanius
      • Cercopithecus ascanius atrinasus
      • Cercopithecus ascanius whitesidei
      • Cercopithecus ascanius katangae
      • Schmidt's guenon, Cercopithecus ascanius schmidti
  • C. lhoesti group
De Brazza's monkey (C. neglectus)
  • C. hamlyni group
    • Hamlyn's monkey, Cercopithecus hamlyni
      • Owl-faced muenon, Cercopithecus hamlyni hamlyni
      • Kahuzi owl-faced guenon, Cercopithecus hamlyni kahuziensis
  • C. neglectus group


The red-tailed monkey (Cercopithecus ascanius) is known to hybridize with the blue monkey (C. mitis) in several locations in the wild in Africa.[4]


  1. ^ Groves, Colin P. (16 November 2005). "GENUS Cercopithecus". In Wilson, Don E., and Reeder, DeeAnn M., eds. Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed.). Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 154-158. ISBN 978-0-8018-8221-0. OCLC 62265494. 
  2. ^ guenon /gəˈnoʊn/ n. M19. [Fr., of uncertain origin.] (The New Shorter Oxford English Dictionary, Clarendon Press, Oxford, Vol. 1 A-M, 1993 edition, see page 1,157)
  3. ^ guenon [gənɔ̃] n. f. - 1505 ; o. i. ; p.-ê même rad. que guenille 1. vx Cercopithèque, mâle ou femelle. 2. MOD. Singe femelle. [...] (Le Petit Robert, grand format, Dictionnaires Le Robert, Paris, first edition: 1967, Nouveau Petit Robert edition: 1993, grand format edition: 1996, ISBN 2-85036-469-X, see page 1,056)
  4. ^ Rowe, N. (1996). The Pictorial Guide to the Living Primates. Pogonias Press. pp. 139, 143, 154, 185, 223. ISBN 0-9648825-0-7. 

External links