- University of Reading
name = University of Reading
image_size = 150px
established = 1892 (as University College, Reading)
type = Public
staff = 4,024
vice_chancellor = Prof. Gordon Marshall
head = The Lord President of the Council "
students = 14,680cite web|url= http://www.hesa.ac.uk/dox/dataTables/studentsAndQualifiers/download/institution0607.xls|title= Table 0a - All students by institution, mode of study, level of study, gender and domicile 2006/07|accessdate= 2008-04-12|format=
Microsoft Excelspreadsheet|publisher= Higher Education Statistics Agency]
undergrad = 10,640
postgrad = 4,040
city = Reading
campus = Whiteknights: convert|1.3|km2|acre|0|lk=on [cite web|url = http://www.reading.ac.uk/about/about-campusstudents.asp|title = Campus for students|accessdate = 2007-08-21|publisher = University of Reading]
colours = color box|#6B3FA0 Royal Purplecolor box|#FFFFFF White
website = [http://www.reading.ac.uk/ www.reading.ac.uk]The University of Reading is a
universityin the English town of Reading, Berkshire.
Established in 1892, receiving its
Royal Charterin 1926, the University has a long tradition of research, education and training at a local, national and international level. It was awarded the Queen's Anniversary Prize for Higher and Further Education in 1998, and again in 2005. It is one of the ten most research-intensive universities in the UK [cite web |title= The Complete University Guide | url = http://www.thecompleteuniversityguide.co.uk/single.htm?ipg=6563 | accessdate = 2008-09-06 ] , as well as being considered one of the top 200 universities in the world. [cite web |title= Times Higher Education - QS World University Rankings 2007 | url = http://www.topuniversities.com/worlduniversityrankings/results/2007/overall_rankings/top_400_universities/ | accessdate = 2008-08-03 ]
The University owes its origins to the Schools of Art and Science established in Reading in 1860 and 1870. These became part of an extension college of Christ Church of the
University of Oxfordin 1892, which became known as University College, Reading.
The new college received its first treasury grant in 1901. Three years later it was given a site, in London Road, by the Palmer family of
Huntley & Palmersfame. The same family's continued support enabled the opening of Wantage Hallin 1908 and the Research Institute in Dairyingin 1912.
The college first applied for a
Royal Charterin 1920 but was unsuccessful at that time. However a second petition, in 1925, was successful, and the charter was officially granted on March 17 1926. With the charter, the University College became the University of Reading, the only new university to be created in England between the two world wars.
In 1947 the University purchased
Whiteknights Park, which was to become its principal, Red Brick, campus. [cite web|url = http://www.reading.ac.uk/about/about-architecture.asp|title = Campus Architecture|accessdate = 2007-07-24|publisher = University of Reading] In 1982 the University merged with Bulmershe College of Higher Education, in the process acquiring its third campus.University of Reading (2006). Bulletin newsletter dated March 16 2006.]
In 1984 the University started a merger with Bulmershe College of Higher Education, which was completed in 1989. [ [http://www.opsi.gov.uk/si/si1989/Uksi_19890408_en_1.htm Statutory Instrument 1989 no. 408] ]
In October 2006, the Senior Management Board proposed [ [http://www.extra.rdg.ac.uk/news/details.asp?ID=712 Official statement about the Physics Department on the University website] ] the closure of its Physics Department to future undergraduate application. This was ascribed to financial reasons and lack of alternative ideas and caused considerable controversy, not least a debate in Parliament [ [http://www.martinsalter.com/diary.asp?storyID=235&storyType=parliament Information page of Labour MP for Reading West, Martin Salter] ] over the closure which prompted heated discussion of higher education issues in general. [ [http://www.extra.rdg.ac.uk/news/details.asp?ID=719 Official Statement about University Senate vote from University website] ] . On October 10th the Senate voted to close the Department of Physics, a move confirmed by the Council on November 20th. [ [http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/education/6159106.stm BBC News article concerning the confirmed closure of the Physics department] ] Other departments closed in recent years include Music, Sociology, Geology, and Mechanical Engineering.
In January 2008, the University announced its merger with the
Henley Management Collegeto create the university's new "Henley Business School", bringing together Henley College's expertise in MBAs with the University's existing Business School and ICMA Centre. The merger took formal effect on the 1st August 2008, with the new business school split across the university's existing Whiteknights Campus and its new Greenlands Campus that formerly housed Henley Management College.cite web | url = http://www.reading.ac.uk/about/newsandevents/releases/PR11148.asp | title = World-class business school to be created as University of Reading merges with Henley Management College | publisher = University of Reading | date = 2008-01-09] cite news | title = Briefing News Update - Henley Business School | date = Summer 2008 | publisher = University of Reading]
The University maintains over convert|1.6|km2|acre|0 of grounds, in four distinct campuses:
*Whiteknights Campus, at convert|1.23|km2|acre|0, is the largest and includes Whiteknights Lake, conservation meadows and woodlands as well as most of the University's departments. The campus takes its name from the nickname of the 13th century
knight, John De Erleigh IVor the 'White Knight', and was landscaped in the 18th century by Marquis of Blandford. The main University library, in the middle of the campus, holds nearly a million books and subscribes to around 4,000 periodicals.
London Road Campusis the original University site and is closer to the town centre of Reading. The London Road site forms the base for the majority of the university's extra-mural and distance learningactivities, and is host to the Centre for Continuing Education and the Professional Management Programmes. Moreover, it plays host to the University graduation ceremonies twice a year, in the Great Hall.
*The Bulmershe Court Campus in
Woodleyis the second biggest campus belonging to the University.Fact|date=August 2008 Formerly Bulmershe Teaching College, in 1989 the College of Higher Education merged with The University of Reading and the campus is now the home of The Institute of Education and the Department of Film, Theatre and Television, alongside the Bulmershe site of Students’ Union, Breeze Bar, and Bulmershe Hall of Residences. It also has the largest hall of residence of the University. Furthermore, the campus hosts a range of the University's home sporting fixtures, including football, basketball and the Reading KnightsAmerican Football team.
*The Greenlands Campus, on the banks of the
River Thamesin Buckinghamshire. Once the home of William Henry Smith, founder of WH Smith, and latterly the site of the Henley Management College, this campus became part of the university on the 1st August 2008, with the merger of that college with the university's Business School to form the "Henley Business School". The school's MBA and corporate learning offerings will be based at Greenlands, with undergraduate and other postgraduate courses being based at Whiteknights.cite news | title = Briefing News Update - Henley Business School | date = Summer 2008 | publisher = University of Reading]
The University also owns convert|8.5|km2|acre|0 of farmland in the nearby villages of
Arborfield, Sonningand Shinfield. These support a mixed farming system including dairy cows, ewes and beef animals, and host research centres of which the flagship is the Centre for Dairy Research.
As part of the proposed Whiteknights Development Plan in Autumn 2007, the University proposed spending up to £250 million on its estates over 30 years, principally to focus academic activities onto the Whiteknights site. [cite web|url=http://www.reading.ac.uk/whiteknights/consultation.pdf|title=Whiteknights development plan|publisher=University of Reading|accessdate=2008-03-09] The University also intends to site some functions on the London Road site, with a complete withdrawal from Bulmershe Court proposed by 2012.
Research and Business Development
The university had a research income of almost £24.5 million in 2003-4, of which around 10 percent of annual research income derived from industrial or commercial sponsors. Over £2 million of funding has been secured in 2004 for business development and the commercial activities at the University.
In the Research Assessment Exercise in 2001, five departments were awarded the top rate of 5* –
Archaeology, English, Italian, Meteorologyand Psychologyand fifteen departments were awarded the rating of 5. The Department of Meteorology was awarded a distinguished Queen’s Anniversary Prize for Higher and Further Educationin 2005 and is internationally renowned for its training and research in weather, climateand physical oceanography. Research centres include the Centre for Horticulture and Landscape, the BioCentre and the Centre for Advanced Microscopy.
Reading was the first university to win a Queen's Award for Export Achievement in 1989. Since then several initiatives to link the academic and commercial communities have followed.
Reading Enterprise Hub, one of a network of SEEDA sponsored business incubators, opened on campus in 2003.
The major aim of the Centre for Advanced Computing and Emerging Technologies (ACET) is to demonstrate and promote new ways of doing multidisciplinary research based on the approach of "scientific discovery through advanced computing".
In the 2004–05 academic year, the university had 4,024 staff and 15,326 students. The best known member of the university community is probably the cyberneticist Professor
Kevin Warwick. Reading University Students' Unionis the affiliated student organisation which represents the students' interests. The Students' Union publishes Spark, a bi-weekly newspaper aimed at the student population of the University, which was weekly until October 2006 (it is now published fortnightly during term-time) and runs the student radio station Junction11. [http://www.1287am.com/] The university also has a number of Junior Common Rooms that are nominally independent from the Students' Union and the University.
The Students' Union building on Whiteknights Campus contains an 1800 capacity venue called 3sixty, two bars, a number of retail outlets, and The Hub. The Hub is the Union's new volunteer, advice, student activity centre, cost around £1.8m and was officially opened in March 2007 by
Bill RammellMP, Minister for Higher Education.
University Halls and accommodation
Student accommodation is provided in a number of halls of residence offering a good mix of partially catered (under review) and self-catering accommodation, along with other self-catering accommodation. Most of the halls of residence lie close to the northern campus periphery and in residential areas close by.
Bulmershe Hallis on the Bulmershe Campus. Bridges, Childs, Wessex, Whiteknights, and Windsor Halls are on the Whiteknights Campus. St. George’s, St. Patrick’s, Sherfield, Sibly, Wantage, and Wells Halls are in the residential areas surrounding Whiteknights, as is the self-catering accommodation of the Reading Student Village, Hillside Courtand Martindale Court.cite web | url = http://www.reading.ac.uk/web/FILES/hallsbooklet.pdf | title = Halls Booklet | publisher = University of Reading | pages = 12 | accessdate = July 24 | accessyear = 2007]
St. David's and Mansfield Halls latterly formed part of Witan Hall (see below) on the London Road Campus, and are not currently in use. The former St. Andrews Hall closed in 2001, and is now the home of the Museum of English Rural Life.
St. George's Hall and The Reading Student Village are leased back to the University from
UJC. The cost of leasing back the Student Village to the University, according to the University accounts, was £1.5 million for 2003–04 and £1.3 million in 2002–03.
The University is successful at a number of sports, including rowing,
tennis, hockey, and squash.
In 2007, the Men's Association Football team became the highest placed in University history by winning the BUSA South East Division 1A Title and entering the BUSA Cup as one of the top 16 teams in the country. In 2007 the Men's Hockey 1st XI won the renowned British universities sports tournament,
Dublin Fest. The Kickboxing club has also won national and southern tournments in recent years.
The Reading University Boat Club (RUBC) has won many Rowing awards and competitions, its most recent BUSA placing being second on points at the 2007 BUSA Regatta. The club won the Visitors Challenge Cup for coxless fours at
Henley Royal Regattain 1986, and reached the final of the same event in 2007, where they were defeated by local rivals Leander Club. RUBC attracts many international oarsmen through its links with the GB Squad training facility at Caversham Lake and the GB Rowing World Class Scheme. Current and past students to achieve international representation and success include James Cracknell(Olympic Gold 2000, 2004), Garry Herbert(Olympic Gold 1992), Debbie Flood(Olympic Silver 2004, World Championship Gold 2006, 2007), Tash Page (Under 23 Gold 2005), Anna Bebington (World Championship Bronze 2007), Sam Townsend (GB Men's Quad 2007), Alex Gregory (GB Men's Quad 2007), Bill Lucas (Under 23 Bronze 2007) and Charles Cousins (Under 23 Bronze 2007). The Boat Club has been the highest ranked university club at the Fuller's Head of The River Foursfor the last two years, with its Elite Men's boat finishing 4th Overall in 2006 and 3rd in 2007.
The University of Reading has 60 societies open to its students.
Museums, libraries and botanical gardens
Reading University maintains four
museums, two campus libraries and a range of inter-departmental libraries, and a botanical garden. The largest and best known of these museum is the Museum of English Rural Life, which has recently relocated from a location on Whiteknights Campus to a site nearer the town centre on the London Road Campus. The Ure Museum of Greek Archaeology, the Cole Museum of Zoology, the University of Reading Herbariumand the Harris Gardenare all on the Whiteknights Campus.
The Whiteknights Main Library holds catalogue of over 1.2 million books, as well as a range of electronic resources, videos and archives. All in 14,000 square metres of public space on five floors of resources, a maintenance floor, entrance plaza and the Knowledge Exchange. The secondary library on the University's Bulmershe Campus supports teaching courses and provides resources in education, health & social care, music and film & drama.
Formerly associated with Reading University was Gyosei International College, a
Japanese/British bi-cultural institution established on part of the University's original London Road Campus. Subsequently the college's links with the Japan-based Gyoseiorganisation were broken, and it became a charitably funded institution called Witan Hall. Recently this has in turn been purchased by the University of Reading, and has ceased student recruitment and will finally close in March 2008.
The University of Reading Law faculty is also associated with
Taylors Collegein Malaysia. Taylors College conducts a 'twinning' program whereby students complete half of their degree in Malaysia and the other half at the University of Reading. Malaysian Law students in Reading generally achieve a second class upper average, and have set a high standard for Malaysian Law students.
Located on Reading University's Whiteknights campus is The
College of Estate Management(CEM). The College was founded in 1919 and granted its Royal Charter in 1922. It was originally based in London but moved to Reading in 1969, leading to the foundation of the Faculty of Urban and Regional Studies (URS) at the University. The College provides education and training for students and members of the property and construction professions worldwide through distance learning. Courses are delivered by the provision of printed material sent to students by post and through web-based learning.
Walker Institute, a pioneering centre for climate research, is based at the University of Reading. The Institute aims to exploit and integrate the climate expertise within the University and to address fundamental questions in understanding and forecasting climate variability and its impacts.
Governing bodies and roles
The university is nominally led by a Chancellor, who is the titular head of the university, and is normally a well-known public figure. The day to day chief executive role is the responsibility of the
Vice-Chancellor, a full time academic post. The senior management board of the university is headed by the Vice-Chancellor, assisted by a Deputy-Vice-Chancellor, three Pro-Vice-Chancellors, four Deans and five Heads of Directorate. It is responsible for the day-to-day management of the University and meets fortnightly throughout most of the year.cite web | url = http://www.reading.ac.uk/about/about-governance.asp | title = Governance of the University of Reading | publisher = University of Reading | accessdate = July 24 | accessyear = 2007]
The senior management board reports to the university's Senate, the main academic administrative body. The senate has around 100 members and meets at least four times a year and advises on areas such as student entry, assessment and awards. Membership includes Deans, Heads and elected representatives of Schools, as well as professional staff and students. The Senate in turn reports to the Council, which is the supreme governing body of the university, setting strategic direction, ensuring compliance with statutory requirements and approving constitutional changes. The Council meets four times a year, and comprises a broad representation of lay members drawn from commercial, community and professional organisations.cite web | url = http://www.reading.ac.uk/about/about-governance.asp | title = Governance of the University of Reading | publisher = University of Reading | accessdate = July 24 | accessyear = 2007]
Officers of the University
* J. H. Benyon (1926–1935)cite news | title = Reading welcomes its new chancellor | work = Bulletin | publisher = University of Reading | date = 2008-01-17 | pages = 6-7]
* Sir Austen Chamberlain (1935–1937)
* Sir Samuel Hoare, Viscount Templewood (1937–1959)
* Lord Bridges (1959–1969)
* Sir Roger Makins, Lord Sherfield (1970–1992)
* Lord Carrington (1992–2007)cite web | title = Football boss made uni chancellor | url = http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/england/berkshire/6292592.stm | publisher =
BBC| accessdate =2007-07-24 | date= 2007-07-11]
*Dr William M Childs (1926–1929)cite web | url = http://www.reading.ac.uk/bulletin/pdfs/447.pdf | title = University of Reading Bulletin (16 March 2006) | publisher = University of Reading | pages = 4 | accessdate = July 24 | accessyear = 2007]
*Sir Franklin Sibly (1929–1946)cite web | url = http://www.reading.ac.uk/web/FILES/hallsbooklet.pdf | title = Halls Booklet | publisher = University of Reading | pages = 12 | accessdate = July 24 | accessyear = 2007]
*Sir John Wolfenden, Baron Wolfenden (1950–?)
*Sir Harry Raymond Pitt (1964-1978)cite web | url = http://www.cl.cam.ac.uk/~pes20/MJSewell/harry_pitt.pdf | title = Tribute to Sir Harry Raymond Pitt, F.R.S. | accessdate = 2008-03-12 | first = Michael | last = Sewell | date = 2006-02-02]
*Prof. Ewan Page (?–1993)
*Prof. Roger Williams (1993–2002)
*Prof. Gordon Marshall (2003–)cite web | url = http://www.reading.ac.uk/about/people/about-marshall.asp | title = Professor Gordon Marshall | publisher = University of Reading | accessdate = July 24 | accessyear = 2007]
Notable Alumni and Academics
Stanislav Andreski- was a professor of Sociologyat the University of Reading
Malcolm Barber- Emeritus Professor of History, University of Reading
Ken Brown- Professor of Historyand Pro-Vice Chancellor of the Queen's University Belfast
Michael Cox- Professor of International Relations, London School of Economics
Neil Crosby- Professor of Real Estate, University of Reading
Jonathan Dancy- Professor of Philosophy, University of Reading
Andrew Dobson- Professor of Political Science, Keele University
Michael Drew- Professor of Chemistry, University of Reading
Antony Flew- Emeritus Professor of Philosophy, University of Reading
Michael Fulford- Professor of Archaeologyand Pro-Vice-Chancellor of the University of Reading
Colin S. Gray- Professor of International Relationsand Strategic Studies, University of Reading
Sean Holly- Professor of Economics, University of Cambridge
*Sir Brian Hoskins - Professor of
Climatology, University of Reading and Director of the Grantham Institute for Climate Change, Imperial College London
Jolyon Howorth- Professor of European Politics, University of Bathand Visiting Professor of Political Scienceat Yale University
Michael Leifer- was a professor of International Relationsat the London School of Economics
Crispin St. J. A. Nash-Williams- was a professor of Mathematicsat the University of Reading
Keith Shine- Professor of Climatology, University of Reading
Avi Shlaim- Professor of International Relations, University of Oxford
Frank Stenton- was a professor of Historyat the University of Reading
Andrew Wallace-Hadrill- Director of the British School at Romeand professor of Classics, University of Reading
Kevin Warwick- Professor of Cybernetics, University of Reading
Anton Apriantono– food technology scientist, serving as Indonesia's Minister of Agriculture since 2004
Edison James– Prime Ministerof Dominica1995-2000, Leader of the Opposition, 1990-1995 and 2000-2007.
Mike Penning– Conservative Member of Parliamentfor the Hemel Hempstead parliamentary constituency.
Rob Wilson– Conservative Member of Parliamentfor the Reading East parliamentary constituency
Mathematics & Science
*Sir Peter Crane – Director,
Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew
E. A. Guggenheim– thermodynamicistand chemist
Dragan Marušič– Slovene mathematician
A. E. Wilder-Smith– creationistand chemist
*Arthur Brown –
rock and rollsinger
Jamie Cullum– jazz pianistand singer
Hilary James– singer, double bassist, guitarist, and mando-bassist
Simon Mayor– mandolinist, fiddle player, guitarist, and composer
*Martin Noble – musician, "Noble" in the band
British Sea Power.
Julian Wagstaff- composer
*Scott Wilkinson – musician, "Yan" in the band
British Sea Power.
Cath Bishop– Rowing Olympic silver medallist.
James Cracknell– rowing champion and double Olympic gold medallist.
Debbie Flood– rowing champion, quadruple sculls silver medallist at the 2004 Olympics.
*Gary Herbert – rowing He won Olympic gold with Greg and Jonny Searl in the coxed pair in Barcelona 1992 Olympics.
Molly Hide, captained English women's cricket teamfor seventeen years.
Will Hoy, British Touring Car Champion.
Julian Barratt– comedianfrom BBC's The Mighty Boosh
Keith Bosley– former BBCbroadcaster and prizewinning poet and translator
*Richard Holmes – noted
military historianand televisionpresenter
Kaddy Lee-Preston, TV weather presenter.
Julian Richards– archaeologistand broadcaster
Richard Sambrook– Director of the BBC World Service
Tomasz Schafernaker, TV weather presenter.
Jay Wynne, TV weather presenter.
Writing & Artistry
Robert Gillmor– ornithologist, artist, illustrator, authorand editor
Kathleen Hale- artist and children's author, best remembered for the Orlando the Marmalade Catseries
*Joan Smith – novelist and journalist
*Richard Wilson –
Eve Balfour– farmer, educator, organic farmingpioneer, and a founding figure in the organic movement
Azahari Husin– leading member of the Jemaah Islamiyahgroup, believed to have been involved in the 2005 Bali bombing
Robin Bextor– award-winning film and television director, and father of Sophie Ellis Bextor.
Clive Ponting– civil servantwho faced trial for the leaking of information on the sinking of the Belgrano, during the Falklands War.
Arnold Baffin– novelist character in The Black Prince by Iris Murdoch
Blaise Gavender– psychologist and former Reading psychology lecturer in The Sacred and Profane Love Machineby Iris Murdoch
*Nick Candy - Co-Founder and partner of high end property development company, Candy & Candy, London
* [http://www.rdg.ac.uk University of Reading website]
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