The title Academician denotes a Full Member of an art, literary, or scientific academy.

In many countries, it is an honorary title. There also exists a lower-rank title, variously translated Corresponding Member or Associate Member, Russian: член-корреспондент (chlen-korrespondent).


Eastern Europe and China

"Academician" may also be a functional title and denote a full member of the National Academy of Sciences in those countries where the academy has a strong influence on national scientific life, particularly countries that were part of, or influenced by, the Soviet Union. In such countries, "Academician" is used as an honorific title (like "Doctor", "Professor", etc.) when addressing or speaking about someone. Countries where the term Academician is used in this way include China, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bulgaria, Croatia, Estonia, Georgia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Macedonia, Moldova, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Slovenia, Tajikistan, Turkey, Ukraine and Bosnia and Herzegovina.

United Kingdom

The British honour "Fellow of the Royal Society" (FRS) can be considered a rough equivalent.


In Finland, "Academician" (Finnish: akateemikko) is an honorary title and the President of the Republic nominates the Academicians. There can be 12 Finnish Academicians representing science and scholarly pursuits and eight Academicians representing fine arts and literature at the same time. The Academy of Finland is the state funding agency of Finnish science and letters, but it has no organizational connection to Finnish Academicians. The scientists and scholars funded by the Academy of Finland are called Academy Professors (Finnish: akatemiaprofessori) and Academy Research Fellows (Finnish: akatemiatutkija). In addition to Academy of Finland, Finland has four independent national academies.

See also

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем сделать НИР

Look at other dictionaries:

  • academician — ACADEMICIÁN, Ă, academicieni, e, s.m. şi f. Membru (de onoare sau titular) al unei academii. [pr.: ci an] – Din fr. académicien. Trimis de ana zecheru, 13.09.2007. Sursa: DEX 98  academicián s. m. (sil. ci an), pl. academiciéni (sil. ci eni)… …   Dicționar Român

  • Academician — Ac a*de*mi cian (#; 277), n. [F. acad[ e]micien. See {Academy}.] 1. A member of an academy, or society for promoting science, art, or literature, as of the French Academy, or the Royal Academy of arts. [1913 Webster] 2. A collegian. [R.]… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • academician — index pedagogue Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • academician — [ə kad΄ə mish′ən, ak΄ə dəmish′ən] n. [Fr académicien] 1. a member of an ACADEMY (sense 3) 2. an artist, writer, etc. who follows certain academic rules or conventions …   English World dictionary

  • academician — UK [əˌkædəˈmɪʃ(ə)n] / US noun [countable] Word forms academician : singular academician plural academicians formal a member of an academy that encourages interest and development in a particular subject …   English dictionary

  • academician — [[t]əkæ̱dəmɪ̱ʃ(ə)n, AM æ̱kədə [/t]] academicians N COUNT An academician is a member of an academy, usually one which has been formed to improve or maintain standards in a particular field …   English dictionary

  • academician —    Either an elected member of an academy, or an artist who follows the principles of the traditional and conservative academic tradition. Adolphe William Bouguereau (French, 1825 1905) was an archetypal academician. Bouguereau was immensely… …   Glossary of Art Terms

  • academician — noun Date: 1748 1. a. a member of an academy for promoting science, art, or literature b. a follower of an artistic or philosophical tradition or a promoter of its ideas 2. academic …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • academician — /ak euh deuh mish euhn, euh kad euh /, n. 1. a member of an association or institution for the advancement of arts, sciences, or letters. 2. a follower or promoter of the traditional trends in philosophy, art, or literature: Reforms were… …   Universalium

  • academician — Synonyms and related words: bookman, classicist, clerk, colossus of knowledge, genius, giant of learning, humanist, learned clerk, learned man, literary man, litterateur, lover of learning, man of learning, man of letters, mastermind, mine of… …   Moby Thesaurus

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”