Orphean Warbler

Orphean Warbler
Orphean Warbler
Adult male (center)
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Sylviidae
Genus: Sylvia
Species: S. hortensis
Binomial name
Sylvia hortensis
(Gmelin, 1789, France)

The Orphean Warbler, Sylvia hortensis, is a typical warbler of the genus Sylvia. This species occurs in summer around the Mediterranean, through Turkey and the Caucasus and extending into Central Asia. It is migratory, wintering in sub-Saharan Africa. It is a rare vagrant to northern and north-western Europe.

Overview

Orphean Warbler (Sylvia hortensis) at Sultanpur National Park, India

At 15–16 cm length - somewhat larger than a Blackcap - this is one of the largest species of typical warblers. The adult males have a plain grey back and whitish underparts. The bill is long and pointed and the legs black. The male has a dark grey head, black eye mask and white throat. The iris is white. Females and immatures have a paler head and buff underparts; their grey back has a brownish tinge. The iris is dark in young birds. The song is a series of warbling liroo-liroo and scolding notes.

These small passerine birds are found in open deciduous woodland. 4-6 eggs are laid in a nest in a bush or tree. Like most "warblers", Orphean Warbler is an insectivore.

Other common names are "greater pettychaps" or "European garden warbler". The latter should be by all means avoided as the Orphean Warbler does not occur in most parts of Europe, whereas the Garden Warbler proper does. In Italy, it is also known as beccafico ("figpecker") as they were believed to gorge themselves on figs when these are in season. Such birds were considered delicacies and consequently much hunted and snared.

Two subspecies are unequivocally accepted (Snow et al. 1998), but they are increasingly considered separate species (Helbig 2001, Jønsson & Fjeldså 2006):

  • Sylvia (hortensis) hortensis, Western Orphean Warbler
SW Europe and Maghreb east to Adriatic Sea and Gulf of Sidra, respectively
Conspicuous pinkish (males) or rusty (females) wash on underparts.
  • Sylvia (hortensis) crassirostris, Eastern Orphean Warbler - includes balchanica and probably also jerdoni
Balkans via Turkey, the Caucasus and surrounding regions to Central Asia
Bill longer and stronger on average, though varies much. Little reddish wash on underparts, resulting in a crisper division between white belly and grey flanks. Song is more varied, approaching Nightingale in richness.(Snow 1998)

The Orphean Warbler is probably most closely allied to the Red Sea Warbler, as well as the Brown and Yemen Warblers which are sometimes placed in Parisoma. They together with the Lesser Whitethroat group seem to form a distinct clade of typical warblers. The species therein do not appear much alike at first glance, but they all have prominent white throats, lack rufous wing-patches, and usually having dark sides to the head.(Helbig 2001, Jønsson & Fjeldså 2006)

References

This article incorporates text from the public domain 1911 edition of The Grocer's Encyclopedia.

External links


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Поможем решить контрольную работу

Look at other dictionaries:

  • orphean warbler — devynbalsė giesmininkė statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas atitikmenys: lot. Sylvia hortensis angl. orphean warbler vok. Orpheusgrasmücke, f rus. певчая славка, f pranc. fauvette orphée, f ryšiai: platesnis terminas – tikrosios devynbalsės …   Paukščių pavadinimų žodynas

  • Orphean — may refer to: Orphean (mythology), relating to a figure from Greek mythology Orphean Warbler, a typical warbler of the genus Sylvia See also Orpheus (disambiguation) This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the same title. If an …   Wikipedia

  • Old World warbler — The Old World Warblers is the name used to describe a large group of birds formerly grouped together in the bird family Sylviidae. The family held over 400 species in over 70 genera, and were the source of much taxonomic confusion. Two families… …   Wikipedia

  • Typical warbler — Taxobox name = Typical Warblers image width = 220px image caption = From top (males in front): Lesser Whitethroat ( Sylvia curruca ) Whitethroat( Sylvia communis ) Garden Warbler ( Sylvia borin ) regnum = Animalia phylum = Chordata classis = Aves …   Wikipedia

  • List of Asian birds — This list of Asian birds is a listing of all the bird species known from the continent of Asia.NotesThe taxonomy of this list adheres to James Clements Birds of the World: A Checklist , and reflects all changes to that work until July, 2005.… …   Wikipedia

  • List of African birds — This list of African birds is a listing of all the bird species known from the continent of Africa. TOCrightNotesThere are over 45 billion different species of birds in Africa.The taxonomy of this list adheres to James Clitorus Birds of the World …   Wikipedia

  • List of birds of Germany — This is a list of the bird species recorded in Germany. The avifauna of Germany includes a total of 514 species, of which 11 have been introduced by humans, and 202 are rare or accidental. 3 species listed are extirpated in Germany and are not… …   Wikipedia

  • List of birds of Cyprus — Cyprus is an island at the eastern end of the Mediterranean. It has recorded 373 bird species as listed below.Podicipediformes: * Podicipedidae ** Little Grebe, Tachybaptus ruficollis ** Red necked Grebe, Podiceps grisegena ** Great Crested Grebe …   Wikipedia

  • List of birds of Malta — This is a list of the bird species recorded in Malta. The avifauna of Malta includes a total of 390 species, of which 6 are rare or accidental. 1 species listed is extirpated in Malta and is not included in the species count.This list s taxonomic …   Wikipedia

  • List of birds of Albania — This is a list of the bird species recorded in Albania. The avifauna of Albania includes a total of 353 species, of which 1 have been introduced by humans, and 7 are rare or accidental. 11 species are globally threatened.This list s taxonomic… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”