The War (documentary)

The War (documentary)

Infobox Film
name = The War


image_size =
caption =
director = Ken Burns and Lynn Novick
producer = Sarah Botstein, Ken Burns and Lynn Novick
writer = Geoffrey C. Ward
narrator = Keith David with Tom Hanks, Josh Lucas, Bobby Cannavale, Samuel L. Jackson, Adam Arkin, Robert Wahlberg and Eli Wallach (amongst others)
music = Wynton Marsalis, "American Anthem" music/lyrics by Gene Scheer - performed by Norah Jones
cinematography = Buddy Squires
editing = Paul Barnes
distributor = Public Broadcasting Service
released = 2007-09-23
runtime =
country =
language =
budget =
gross =
preceded_by =
followed_by =
website = http://www.pbs.org/thewar/
amg_id =
imdb_id = 0996994

"The War" is a 2007 World War II documentary produced by American filmmakers Ken Burns and Lynn Novick, narrated primarily by Keith David. [ [http://www.pbs.org/thewar/ The War | Pbs ] ]

Content

The film focuses on World War II in a "bottom up" fashion through the lenses of four "quintessentially American towns"::*Luverne, Minnesota:*Mobile, Alabama:*Sacramento, California:*Waterbury, Connecticut

The film recounts the experiences of a number of individuals from these communities as they move through the war in the Pacific, African and European theaters, and focuses on the effect of the war on them, their families and their communities.

A number of notable actors including Adam Arkin, Tom Hanks, Ernie Hudson, Samuel L. Jackson, and Eli Wallach are heard as voice actors reading contemporary newspaper articles, telegrams, letters from from the front, etc.

The documentary is 14 hours and was broadcast in seven parts on PBS over two weeks, starting on Sunday, September 23, 2007 and continuing four nights the first week and three nights the second week, from 8 to 10 p.m. (8 to 10:30 p.m. on three nights). The documentary was provided to PBS affiliates in two versions: One with profanity generally prohibited by FCC regulations (including explanations of the acronyms FUBAR and SNAFU) and one without the expletives. [cite news | url = http://www.sltrib.com/ci_6952114 | title = Memories of the War: Burns' new documentary tells story through everyday Americans' eyes | first = Sean P. | last = Means | work = The Salt Lake Tribune | date = 2007-09-20 | accessdate = 2007-10-10 ]

Episodes

Each episode begins with the introduction::The Second World War was fought in thousands of places, too many for any one accounting.:This is the story of four American towns and how their citizens experienced that war.

Episode 1: "A Necessary War"

Introduction to the American entry into WWII. Tells us about the four towns Burns selected for narration about the wartime experiences of the residents of those places. Covers the war in Europe; Pearl Harbor; The Draft; and, General MacArthur abandoning his troops at Bataan. Finishing with the Pacific campaigns of Midway and Guadalcanal.

Episode 2: "When Things Get Tough"

The North African Campaign; Philippines Non-combatant Internment Camp; Japanese Americans interned in the U.S.; Air War over Europe; Experiences of an American POW in Japanese "custody"; Invasion of Sicily; Mussolini deposed and Italy declares war on Germany; Anzio Landings and the Italian campaign; More Air War over Europe; Hitler strengthens the Atlantic Defenses against a possible Allied invasion.

Episode 3: "A Deadly Calling"

Racial segregation hampers the war production effort in the U.S.; Battle of Tarawa; Anzio; The Battle of Monte Cassino; The war effort in the United States; Acceptance of Blacks into combat units; The Anzio mess continues; Battle of Monte Cassino ends and the Gustav Line is broken; Breakout from the Anzio beachhead; Gen. Mark Clark's forces take Rome.

Episode 4: "Pride of Our Nation"

On D-Day, 1.5 million Allied troops embark on the invasion of France; The Marines fight a costly battle on the island of Saipan (See Battle of Saipan) in the Western Pacific.

Episode 5: "FUBAR"

This episode starts with the disastrous Allied assumption that the war in Europe would be over before the winter of 1944. It then covers Operation Market Garden (See also: A Bridge Too Far (book) and/or A Bridge Too Far (film)); The invasion of and battle for Peleliu; Experiences of Black servicemen; More coverage of the San Tomas internment camp for non-combatants in the Philippines; MacArthur returns to the Philippines; The heroism of the 442nd Regimental Combat Team (Japanese-American) and the incompetence of General Dahlquist and the rescue of the Lost Battalion by the 442nd; The Battle of Hurtgen Forest; The downside of close air support; An American Indian recounts his combat experiences.

Episode 6: "The Ghost Front"

The Battle of the Bulge; More about Santo Tomas internment camp; The role of medics in combat; Pinups; Santo Tomas non-combatants freed (Philippines) only to be attacked by the Japanese; The battle for Manila; More on American POWs in Japan; The Battle of Iwo Jima; The air war against Japanese cities; Ground combat in Western Europe; Gen. Patton attempts to rescue his son-in-law from German prison camp behind the German lines.

Episode 7: "A World Without War"

The Battle of Okinawa and Kamikaze attacks; FDR dies and Harry Truman becomes President; The Soviet assault on Berlin; The fall of the 3rd Reich; The liberation of the Nazi Concentration Camps and Death Camps; VE Day; Continuation of the Battle of Okinawa; The story of the USS Indianapolis; Atomic bombs are dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki; VJ Day and the surrender of the Japanese Empire on September 2, 1945; Epilogues. This is followed by David Brancaccio interviewing Ken Burns, Rev. Forbes, and Lynn Novick about what they were attempting to accomplish in this production.

Critical reception

"Time" magazine's James Poniewozik named the series one of the Top 10 New TV Series of 2007, ranking it at #9. [ [http://www.time.com/time/specials/2007/top10/article/0,30583,1686204_1686244_1691364,00.html Poniewozik, James; Top 10 New TV Series; time.com] ]

Controversy

"The War" came under fire after previews during the editing process indicated no mention of the contributions of Hispanics to the war effort, whose representation in the war itself is estimated at up to half a million people; complaints followed later as to omissions of Native American contributions and those of women in uniform.cite news | url = http://www.statesman.com/opinion/content/editorial/stories/04/25/25guerra_edit.html | title=Commentary: Honor Latinos' sacrifice even if 'The War' doesn't | author=Guerra, Carlos | work = San Antonio News Express | date=2007-04-25 | accessdate=2007-06-09 ] [cite news
title=Latinos left out of "The War" | author=Dick Kreck | url=http://www.denverpost.com/search/ci_5335238 |work=Denver Post | date=March 4, 2007 | accessdate=2007-06-09
] cite news | first = Amy | last = Goodman | url = http://www.democracynow.org/article.pl?sid=07/04/13/1421225 | title = PBS Criticized for Excluding Latino, Native Voices from WWII Documentary | work = Democracy Now | date = 2007-04-13 | format = "rush transcript" version of interview of Maggie Rodríguez-Rivas | accessdate = 2007-07-17 ] Originally the premiere was scheduled for September 16, 2007; the fact that this date is both Mexican Independence Day and the start of U.S. observance of National Hispanic Heritage Month drew additional fire from its detractors, and the initial airdate was later moved to September 23, 2007, with no comment from PBS.cite news | first = Carlos | last = Guerra | title = PBS' WW II film no longer on Diez y Seis, but still no Latinos | work = San Antonio Express-News | datee = 2007-02-23 ]

Although at first the dispute seemed to be settled with the inclusion of additional footage to address the omission, in subsequent weeks, groups began to question conflicting reports from Burns and PBS as to whether the additional footage would be provided as supplementary material or would be integrated into the overall program.cite news | first = Suzanne | last = Gamboa | publisher = Associated Press | url = http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2007/04/12/AR2007041201741.html | title = Hispanics Still Unhappy With Burns Film, | work = The Washington Post | date = 2007-04-12 ] cite news | first = Paul | last = Farhi | title = Ken Burns Agrees To Expand Documentary: Inclusion of Minority WWII Service Members Follows Latino Protests | work = The Washington Post | date = 2007-04-18 | page = C-1 ] cite news | first = Paul | last = Farhi | url = http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2007/04/18/AR2007041802756.html | title = Burns Won't Reedit 'War,' PBS Clarifies | work = The Washington Post | date = 2007-04-19 | page = C-1 | accessdate = 2007-10-09 ] Burns initially insisted that re-editing the film was out of the question, with PBS defending that decision on the basis of artistic freedom. Over the months of May and June, as of mid-July, 2007, estimates put out by Burns suggested that additional footage showing interviews with two Hispanics and one Native American would be added to the series, for a total of 28 minutes additional footage to the nearly 15 hours the program was originally planned to cover; the additional footage would air at the conclusion of the selected episodes, but before each episode's final credits.cite news | author = Associated Press | title = Ken Burns adds half-hour to 'The War' series to include Hispanic, American Indian veterans | date = 2007-07-11 ]

News outlets began to report as of July 11 that the additional content had not been included in materials made available for preview by television writers and critics, prompting renewed discussion and speculation as to the eventual outcome of the debate. In an interview granted to the "Austin American-Statesman" that day, Latino filmmaker Hector Galán expressed surprise at this omission, but also confidence that the new content would appear in the finished product in a satisfactory form. He also addressed concerns raised by others that he had not been included in the panel presentations made to the critics, saying: "I didn't get invited, but that's OK. It's awkward, because it's not my film. I don't want to 'big-foot' his movie. I wouldn't want anyone to do that to me. I'm 100 percent certain our material will be included. I haven't seen exactly where it will be placed, but it will be incorporated into the story. We shot it, it's there and it's beautiful. It will not be tacked on after the credits."cite news | url = http://www.statesman.com/search/content/news/stories/nation/07/11/0711makers.html | title = Galán waiting to see his stories in 'The War,' | work = Austin American-Statesman | date = 2007-07-11 | accessdate = 2007-07-12 ]

Notes

External links

* [http://www.pbs.org/thewar/ Official website]
* [http://www.loc.gov/vets/stories/thewar/ Library of Congress' companion website]
* [http://www.sacbee.com/obituaries/story/452414.html Obituary of Earl Burke]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужно решить контрольную?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • The War — is a term that may be applied to any current war in which one s country is involved, and it has been used historically to refer to two major conflicts in particular:*World War II (1939–1945) *World War I (1914–1918)The War may also refer to:In… …   Wikipedia

  • The Spartans (documentary) — Infobox Television show name = The Spartans caption = C4 Direct DVD cover format = Documentary picture format = Anamorphic, Closed captioned, Color audio format = Stereo runtime = 155 minutes producer = Lion Television Productions starring =… …   Wikipedia

  • The War of the Worlds (radio) — The War of the Worlds was an episode of the American radio drama anthology series Mercury Theatre on the Air . It was performed as a Halloween episode of the series on October 30, 1938 and aired over the WABC Radio network. Directed and narrated… …   Wikipedia

  • The War of the Worlds (disambiguation) — The War of the Worlds is an 1898 science fiction novel written by H. G. Wells.The War of the Worlds may also refer to:Literature* anthology of stories describing Martian invasion in parts of the world other than England * , a 2005 novel by… …   Wikipedia

  • The War of the Worlds — War of the Worlds redirects here. For the various other adaptations, see Adaptations of The War of the Worlds. For other uses, see The War of the Worlds (disambiguation). The War of the Worlds   …   Wikipedia

  • The War at Home — may refer to: * The War at Home , a 1996 motion picture starring Emilio Estevez, Kathy Bates, and Martin Sheen * The War at Home , a 1979 documentary film about Madison, Wisconsin area resistance to the Vietnam War * The War at Home , a primetime …   Wikipedia

  • The War Game — For the Doctor Who serial, see The War Games. Infobox Film name = The War Game amg id = 1:53327 imdb id = 0059894 writer = Peter Watkins starring = Michael Aspel Peter Graham director = Peter Watkins distributor = BBC released = 1 November 1965… …   Wikipedia

  • The War Room — This page is about the documentary film; for the video game, see War Room. The War Room is an American documentary film made in 1993 about Bill Clinton s campaign for President of the United States in 1992.ynopsis in 1992. The film is named after …   Wikipedia

  • The War Tapes — Infobox Film | name = The War Tapes caption = Promotional poster for The War Tapes director = Deborah Scranton producer = Robert May Steve James writer = starring = music = Norman Arnold cinematography = P.H. O Brien Peter Ciardelli editing =… …   Wikipedia

  • The War on Democracy — Infobox Film name = The War on Democracy director = Christopher Martin John Pilger writer = John Pilger distributor = Lions Gate production company = Granada Productions budget = released= UK 15 June 2007 runtime = 96 mins language = English imdb …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”