- Mikawa Province
Mikawa Province (三河国 Mikawa no kuni ) is an old province in the area that today forms the eastern half of Aichi Prefecture. It was sometimes called Sanshū (三州 or 参州). Mikawa bordered on Owari, Mino, Shinano, and Tōtōmi Provinces.
Mikawa was the original fief of the shogun Tokugawa Ieyasu before he gained control of Kantō. Okazaki was the principal castle town of Mikawa, although Yoshida Castle, near Toyohashi, was also a major fief at times. Mikawa is famous in Japan for its fireworks, manufacturing most of Japan's fireworks. In order to maintain security, Mikawa was the only area permitted by the shogun to produce gunpowder, which led to the fireworks industry. The annual Okazaki fireworks are some of the best in Japan.
During the Edo period, the following domains were located in Mikawa:
- Koromo, ruled by the Naitō clan.
- Yoshida, ruled by the Matsudaira (Ōkōchi) clan.
- Tawara, ruled by the Miyake clan.
- Hatagamura, ruled by the Toda clan.
- Nishi-Ōhira, ruled by the Ōoka clan.
- Okazaki, ruled by the Honda clan.
- Nishio, ruled by the Matsudaira (Ogyū) clan.
- Kariya, ruled by the Doi clan.
- Okutono, ruled by the Matsudaira (Ogyū) clan.
- Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric and Käthe Roth. (2005). Japan encyclopedia. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. 10-ISBN 0-674-01753-6; 13-ISBN 978-0-674-01753-5; OCLC 58053128
Former provinces of Japan (List) Kinai Tōkaidō Tōsandō Hokurikudō San'indō San'yōdō Nankaidō Saikaidō Hokkaidō
Ancient pre-Taihō Code provinces included: Fusa · Hi · Keno · Kibi · Koshi · Kumaso · Toyo · Tsukushi
Source: Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Provinces and prefectures" in Japan Encyclopedia, p. 780 at Google Books; excerpt,
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