- Liberal Democracy (France)
President Alain Madelin Founded 1998 Dissolved 2002 Preceded by Republican Party Merged into Union for a Popular Movement Ideology Liberal conservatism,
Political position Centre-right European Parliament Group European People's Party Official colours Blue Politics of France
Liberal Democracy (Démocratie Libérale, DL) was a French political party that advocated conservative liberalism and liberal conservatism, headed by Alain Madelin. The party replaced in 1997 the Republican Party, which was the classical liberal component of the Union for French Democracy (UDF).
It became independent in 1998, after a split from the UDF. The cause of this departure was the election of four UDF president of regional councils with the votes of the National Front elects, which the Liberals refused to condemn. Those who refused to break ranks with UDF launched the Republican Independent and Liberal Pole, which later merged with Democratic Force and the so-called "Direct Adherents", in the New UDF.
In the 1999 EU elections DL ran with the RPR list led by Nicolas Sarkozy. However, the pro-European tone of the RPR-DL campaign deceived and the list was placed in third, behind the eurosceptic RPF list led by Charles Pasqua and Philippe de Villiers. DL obtained 4 MEPs: Alain Madelin, Françoise Grossetête, Thierry Jean-Pierre and Hervé Novelli.
In the 2002 presidential election, Alain Madelin obtained only 3.91% of the votes. On September 21, 2002, DL merged with the RPR and a majority of UDF members to form the Union for the Presidential Majority (UMP), which was renamed Union for a Popular Movement (Union pour un mouvement populaire or UMP).
Centrist and Christian democratic parties in France Popular Democratic Party (1924-1940) · Popular Republican Movement (1944-1967) · Democratic Centre (1966-1976) · Centre, Democracy and Progress (1969-1976) · Social Democratic Party (1973-1995) · Centre of Social Democrats (1976-1995) · Democratic Force (1995-1998) · New UDF (1998-2007) · Democratic Movement (2007- ) · New Centre (2007- )
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