- The Mummy (1999 film)
name = The Mummy
caption = Promotional poster
Sean Daniel James Jacks
writer = Screenplay:
Brendan Fraser Rachel Weisz
Adrian Biddle, BSC
released = May 7, 1999
runtime = 124 minutes
country = United States
language = English, Arabic
budget = $80,000,000 (est.)
gross = Domestic:
followed_by = "
The Mummy Returns"
website = http://www.themummy.com/
amg_id = 1:179644
imdb_id = 0120616
"The Mummy" is a 1999 American
adventure filmwritten and directed by Stephen Sommers, starring Brendan Fraserand Rachel Weisz, with Arnold Voslooin the title role as the reanimated mummy. The movie features substantial dialogue in ancient Egyptian language, spoken with the assistance of a professional Egyptologist. It is a loose remakeof the 1932 film of the same name which starred Boris Karloffin the title role. Originally intended to be part of a low-budget horror series, the movie was eventually turned into a blockbuster adventure film.
Filming began in
Marrakech, Moroccoon May 4, 1998 and lasted seventeen weeks; the crew had to endure dehydration, sandstorms, and snakes while filming in the Sahara desert. The visual effects were provided by Industrial Light & Magic, who blended film and computer-generated imagery to create the titular Mummy. Jerry Goldsmithprovided the orchestral score.
"The Mummy" opened on May 7, 1999 and grossed $43 million in 3,210 theaters; the movie went on to gross $415 million worldwide. Reception to the film was mixed, with reviewers alternatively praising or complaining about the special effects, the slapstick nature of the story and characters, and the stereotyped villains. The box-office success led to a 2001 sequel, "
The Mummy Returns", as well as ', and the prequelfilm " The Scorpion King". Another sequel, ', opened on August 1, 2008. Universal Studiosalso opened a roller coaster, " Revenge of the Mummy", in 2004. The movie and its sequel's novelizations were written by Max Allan Collins.
The movie begins in
Egypt, circa 1290 BC. High priest Imhotep is having an affair with Anck-su-namun, the mistress of Pharaoh Seti I. When the Pharaoh discovers this, Imhotep and Anck-su-namun murder the monarch. Anck-su-namun then kills herself, intending for Imhotep to resurrect her. After Anck-su-namun's burial, Imhotep breaks into her cryptand steals her corpse. He and his priests flee across the desert to Hamunaptra, the city of the dead, where they begin the resurrection ceremony. However, they are caught by Seti's guards before the ritual can be completed, and Anck-su-namun's soul is sent back to the Underworld.
As punishment for their sacrilege, Imhotep's priests are mummified alive, and Imhotep himself is forced to endure the curse of "Hom Dai": his tongue is cut out, and he is buried alive, wrapped like a
mummy, along with a swarm of flesh-eating scarabs. The horror of the ritual is that it grants eternal life, forcing him to endure the agony of his wounds for all time. He is buried under high security, sealed away in a sarcophagusbelow a statue of the Egyptian god Anubis, and kept under strict surveillance by the Medjai, descendants of Seti's palace guards. If Imhotep were ever to be released, the powers that made him immortal would allow him to unleash a wave of destruction and death upon the Earth.
Three thousand years later in 1923, an American, Rick O'Connell, is serving as a captain in a unit of the
French Foreign Legion, which travels to Hamunaptra in search of the treasure rumored to be there. When they reach the fabled city, a group of Arabs attack. Left in charge when the unit's commanding officer deserts during the battle, Rick retreats into the city when the Arabs overrun his unit. Surrounded by his attackers, O'Connell thinks he will be killed, but suddenly the attackers flee. A confused Rick suddenly hears a disembodied voice and appears to be attacked by the sand, which forms into a face as he flees. He is left to wander out of the desert; unknown to him, the battle was witnessed by a group of the Medjai.
Three years later,
Cairolibrarian and aspiring Egyptologist, Evelyn "Evie" Carnahan is presented with an intricate box and map by her bumbling brother Jonathan, who says he found it in Thebes. After observing the map leads to Hamunaptra, Jonathan reveals he actually stole it from Rick, who is currently in prison. After they contact him, Rick makes a deal with Evelyn to reveal the location of Hamunaptra, in exchange for Evelyn striking a deal with the warden to keep Rick from being hanged. Rick upholds his bargain and leads an expedition to Hamunaptra, where Rick's group encounters a band of treasure hunters led by the famed Egyptologist Dr. Allen Chamberlain and guided by Beni Gabor, a cowardly former Legion soldier who served with Rick and also knows the location of the lost city, and whom Rick harbours an intense hatred for, because Beni left him to die during the fight earlier in the film.
Shortly after reaching Hamunaptra, both groups are attacked by the Medjai, led by Ardeth Bey, who warns them of the evil buried in the city. Rather than heed Bey's warning, the two expeditions continue to excavate in separate portions of the city. Evelyn is looking for the Book of Amon-Ra, a golden book capable of taking life away, but unexpectedly comes across the remains of Imhotep instead; much to her shock, Imhotep's corpse is actually a still-decomposing skeleton instead of a preserved mummy. The team of Americans, meanwhile, discover a box containing the black
Book of the Dead, accompanied by canopic jars carrying Anck-su-namun's preserved organs; each of the Americans takes a jar as loot.
At night, Evelyn takes the Book of the Dead from the Americans' tent and reads a page aloud, accidentally awakening Imhotep. Although both groups return to Cairo, the mummy hunts down the Americans who opened the box, slowly regenerating with each person he kills. Beni survives a meeting with Imhotep by pledging allegiance to him and helps him track down the Americans and the canopic jars in Cairo. Evelyn hypothesises that if the Book of the Dead brought Imhotep back to life, the Book of Amon-Ra can kill the high priest once again; soon after this, Evelyn is captured by Imhotep, who intends to sacrifice her to resurrect Anck-su-namun, and so they return to Hamunaptra. Rick and Jonathan rescue Evelyn after an intense battle with Imhotep's mummies. Evelyn reads from the Book of Amon-Ra, which takes away Imhotep's immortality, and Rick mortally wounds him. Quickly decaying, Imhotep leaves the world of the living, but not before vowing revenge.
As they are leaving, Beni accidentally sets off an ancient booby trap and is trapped by a swarm of flesh-eating scarabs as Hamunaptra collapses, which devour him in the darkness (Beni's fate is very ironic as he died in the treasure room, where money is what he gluttoned for the entire film). The heroes escape and ride off into the sunset on a pair of camels, unaware that their saddlebags are packed with the treasures that Beni looted earlier.
Brendan Fraseras Richard "Rick" O'Connell: An adventurer who served in the French Foreign Legion. Producer James Jacks offered the role of Rick O'Connell to Tom Cruise, Brad Pitt, Matt Damonand Ben Affleckbut the actors were not interested or could not fit the role into their respective schedules. Jacks and Director Stephen Sommers were impressed with the money that "George of the Jungle" was making at the box office and cast Brendan Fraser as a result; Sommers also commented that he felt Fraser fit the Errol Flynnswashbuckling character he had envisioned perfectly.cite web|url=http://www.ew.com/ew/article/0,,273360_2,00.html|title=Show Me The Mummy (page 2)|author=Staff|date=1999-05-14|work= Entertainment Weekly|accessdate=2008-04-01] The actor understood that his character "doesn't take himself too seriously, otherwise the audience can't go on that journey with him".cite news| last = Braund| first = Simon| title = Equally Cursed and Blessed| publisher = Empire| date = July 1999| ]
Rachel Weiszas Evelyn Carnahan: A clumsy yet intelligent Egyptologist. Evelyn undertakes the expedition to Hamunaptra to discover an ancient book, proving herself to her peers. Rachel Weisz was not a big fan of horror films but did not see this film as such. As she said in an interview, "It's hokum, a comic book world."cite news| last = Jones| first = Alison| title = Great Excavations| publisher = The Birmingham Post| date = June 26, 1999| ]
* John Hannah as Jonathan Carnahan: Evelyn's bumbling older brother, whose primary goal is riches; he signs on for the trip to Hamunaptra after learning that the book Evelyn is looking for is fabled to be made of gold. Jonathan is also a thief; he steals the key needed to open the Book of Amun-Ra from Rick in prison.
Arnold Voslooas High Priest Imhotep: One of Pharoah Seti I's most trusted advisers, Imhotep betrays his sovereign out of love for Anck-su-namun. He is cursed and slowly killed for his treachery, but is resurrected 3,000 years later to continue his plans. South African stage actor Vosloo understood the approach that Sommers was going for in his screenplay, but only agreed to take on the role of Imhotep "if I could do it absolutely straight. From Imhotep's point of view, this is a skewed version of ' Romeo and Juliet'."
* Kevin J. O'Connor as
Beni Gabor: A former soldier in the Foreign Legion, like Rick. Beni is obsessed with wealth, but also extremely cowardly; he betrays his employers when faced with Imhotep's wrath, who takes him in as his servant when he prays to God in Hebrew, the language of those who were enslaved in his time.
Oded Fehras Ardeth Bey: A member of the Medjai, an ancient order dedicated to protecting the resting place of Imhotep. When the mummy is awakened, he and his warriors pledge to destroy the creature.
Jonathan Hydeas Dr. Allen Chamberlain: An Egyptologist who leads a rival expedition to Hamunaptra, led by Beni. While Chamberlain tries to open the Book of the Dead, he knows not to read from it, and turns to the Medjai when Imhotep is brought to life. Since he opened the box that contained the Book of the Dead, he is cursed and eventually killed.
Erick Avarias Dr. Terrence Bay: Evelyn's superior who works at a museum in Cairo. Bay deliberately tries to stop Evelyn and her brother from learning the location of Hamunaptra, knowing what evil lurks beneath the desert.
Stephen Dunham, Corey Johnson, Tuc Watkinsas Henderson, Daniels, and Burns: Americans who travel to Hamunaptra in a treasure-hunting expedition. Opening a cursed box, they steal priceless canopic jars. They are all eventually killed by Imhotep, who fully regenerates by sucking the life out of each of them.
Patricia Velásquezas Anck-Su-Namun: The mistress of Seti I; no other man is allowed to touch her. When Pharaoh learns of her affair with Imhotep, Anck-Su-Namun commits suicide rather than be caught for Seti's murder.
In 1992, producer James Jacks decided to update the original "Mummy" film for the 1990s.cite news | title = "The Mummy" That Wasn't | publisher = Cinescape | date = May 3, 1999 | ]
Universal Studiosgave him the go-ahead, but only if he kept the budget around $10 million.cite news | last = Hobson | first = Louis B | title = Universal rolls out new, improved "Mummy" | publisher = Calgary Sun| date = May 1, 1999 | ] The producer remembers that the studio "essentially wanted a low-budget horror franchise"; in response, Jacks recruited horror filmmaker/writer Clive Barkeron-board to direct. Barker’s vision for the film was violent, with the story revolving around the head of a contemporary art museum who turns out to be a cultist trying to reanimate mummies.cite news | last = Slotek | first = Jim | title = Unwrapping "The Mummy"| publisher = Toronto Sun| date = May 2, 1999 | ] Jacks recalls that Barker's take was "dark, sexual and filled with mysticism", and that, "it would have been a great low-budget movie". After several meetings, Barker and Universal lost interest and parted company. Filmmaker George A. Romerowas brought in with a vision of a zombie-style horror movie similar to " Night of the Living Dead", but this was considered too scary by Jacks and the studio, who wanted a more accessible picture. Joe Dantewas the next choice, increasing the budget for his idea of Daniel Day-Lewisas a brooding Mummy. This version (co-written by John Sayles) was set in contemporary times and focused on reincarnation with elements of a love story. It came close to being made with some elements, like the flesh-eating scarabs, making it to the final product. However, at that point, the studio wanted a film with a budget of $15 million and rejected Dante’s version. Soon after, Mick Garriswas attached to direct but eventually left the project,cite news | last = Chase | first = Donald | title = What Have They Unearthed? | publisher = Los Angeles Times| date = May 3, 1999 | ] and Wes Cravenwas offered the film but turned it down. Then, Stephen Sommers called Jacks in 1997 with his vision of "The Mummy" "as a kind of Indiana Jonesor "Jason and the Argonauts" with the mummy as the creature giving the hero a hard time". Sommers had seen the original film when he was eight, and wanted to recreate the things he liked about it on a bigger scale.cite news | last = Snead | first = Elizabeth | title = Updating A Well-Preserved Villain | publisher = USA Today| date = May 7, 1999 | ] He had wanted to make a "Mummy" film since 1993, but other writers or directors were always attached. Finally, Sommers received his window of opportunity and pitched his idea to Universal with an 18-page treatment. At the time, Universal's management had changed in response to the box office failure of "", and the loss led the studio to want to revisit its successful franchises from the 1930s. [cite web | first=Liane | last=Bonin | url=http://www.ew.com/ew/article/0,,84361,00.html | title=That's a Wrap | work= Entertainment Weekly| date=1999-05-07 | accessdate= 2008-04-01] Universal liked this idea so much that they approved the concept and increased the budget from $15 million to $80 million.cite news| last = Argent | first = Daniel| title = Unwrapping "The Mummy": An Interview with Stephen Sommers | publisher = Creative Screenwriting | year = 1999 ]
Filming began in
Marrakech, Moroccoon May 4, 1998 and lasted 17 weeks. Photography then moved to the Sahara desertoutside the small town of Erfoud, and then to the United Kingdom before completion of shooting on August 29, 1998.cite web | title = Behind the Scenes | work = The Mummy Official Site|publisher=Universal Studios | year = 1999 | url = http://www.mummyvideo.com/bhs/| accessdate = 2007-05-24 ] The crew could not shoot in Egypt because of the unstable political conditions.cite news | last = Portman | first = Jamie | title = "Mummy" Unearths Horror, Humour | publisher = Ottawa Citizen| date = May 5, 1999 | ] To avoid dehydration in the scorching heat of the Sahara, the production's medical team created a drink that the cast and crew had to consume every two hours. Sandstorms were daily inconveniences. Snakes, spiders and scorpions were a major problem, with many crew members having to be airlifted out after being bitten.
Brendan Fraser nearly died during a scene where his character is hanged. Weisz remembered, "He [Fraser] stopped breathing and had to be resuscitated." The production had the official support of the Moroccan army, and the cast members had kidnapping insurance taken out on them, a fact Sommers disclosed to the cast only after shooting had finished.cite web|url= http://www.ew.com/ew/article/0,,273360_3,00.html|title=Show Me The Mummy (page 3)|author=Staff|date=1999-05-14|work=
Production Designer Allan Cameron found a dormant volcano near Erfoud where the entire set for Hamunaptra could be constructed. Sommers liked the location because, "A city hidden in the crater of an extinct volcano made perfect sense. Out in the middle of the desert you would never see it. You would never think of entering the crater unless you knew what was inside that volcano." A survey of the volcano was conducted so that an accurate model and scale models of the columns and statues could be replicated back at
Shepperton Studios, where all of the scenes involving the underground passageways of the City of the Dead were shot. These sets took 16 weeks to build, and included fiberglass columns rigged with special effects for the movie's final scenes. Another large set was constructed in the United Kingdom on the dockyard at Chatham which doubled for the GizaPort on the River Nile. This set was convert|600|ft|m|0 in length and featured "a steam train, an Ajax traction engine, three cranes, an open two-horse carriage, four horse-drawn carts, five dressing horses and grooms, nine pack donkeys and mules, as well as market stalls, Arab-clad vendors and room for 300 costumed extras".
The filmmakers reportedly spent $15 million of the $80 million budget on special effects, provided by
Industrial Light & Magic;cite news| last = Slotek| first = Jim| title = "Mummy" Unwraps a New Fraser "Cartoon" Character | publisher = Toronto Sun| date = 1999-05-09] the producers wanted a new look for the Mummy so that they would avoid comparisons to past movies. John Andrew Berton, Jr., Industrial Light & Magic's Visual Effects Supervisor on "The Mummy", started developing the look three months before filming started. He said that he wanted the Mummy "to be mean, tough, nasty, something that had never been seen by audiences before". Berton used motion capturein order to achieve "a menacing and very realistic Mummy". Specific photography was conducted on actor Arnold Vosloo so that the special effects crew could see exactly how he moved and replicate it.cite journal | first=Estelle | last=Shay | title=Thoroughly modern Mummy | journal= Cinefex| year=1999 | month=April | volume= | issue=77 | pages=71–76 | quote=On the special effects used in the film, and on the company who made them, Industrial Light & Magic. ]
To create the Mummy, Berton used a combination of live action and computer graphics. Then, he matched the digital prosthetic make-up pieces on Vosloo's face during filming. Berton said, "When you see his film image, that’s him. When he turns his head and half of his face is missing and you can see right through on to his teeth, that’s really his face. And that’s why it was so hard to do." Vosloo described the filming as a "whole new thing" for him; "They had to put these little red tracking lights all over my face so they could map in the special effects. A lot of the time I was walking around the set looking like a Christmas tree." Make-Up Effects Supervisor Nick Dudman produced the physical creature effects in the film, including three-dimensional make-up and prosthetics. He also designed all of the animatronic effects. While the film made extensive use of computer generated imagery, many scenes, including ones where Rachel Weisz's character is covered with rats and locusts, were real, using live animals.
The music for "The Mummy" was composed by
Jerry Goldsmith, with additional orchestrations provided by Alexander Courage. The soundtrack was released by Decca Recordson May 4, 1999. Like many Goldsmith scores, the main theme uses extensive brass and percussion elements;cite web|url=http://www.scorereviews.com/reviews/review.aspx?id=219|title=The Mummy (Jerry Goldsmith) Soundtrack Review|work=ScoreReviews.com|accessdate=2008-01-01] Goldsmith also used sparing amounts of vocals, highly unusual for most of his work.
Overall, Goldsmith's score was well-received.
Allmusicdescribed it as a "grand, melodramatic score" which delivered the expected highlights.cite web|url=http://www.allmusic.com/cg/amg.dll?p=amg&sql=10:a9fqxqekldae|title=Allmusic: The Mummy (1999 Original Score)|work= Allmusic|accessdate=2008-02-12] Other reviews positively noted the dark, percussive sound meshed well with the plot, as well as the raw power of the music. The limited but masterful use of the chorus was also lauded, and most critics found the final track on the CD to be the best overall.cite web|author=Coleman, Christopher|year=2000|url=http://www.tracksounds.com/reviews/themummy.htm|title=The Mummy by Jerry Goldsmith|work=TrackSounds.com|accessdate=2008-02-21] On the other hand, some critics found the score lacked cohesion,cite web|url=http://www.filmtracks.com/titles/mummy.html|title=The Mummy: Editorial Review|work=FilmTracks.net|accessdate=2008-02-21] and that the constant heavy action lent itself to annoying repetition. Roderick Scott off CineMusic.net summed up the score as "representative of both Goldsmith’s absolute best and his most mediocre. Thankfully [...] his favourable work on this release wins out."
"The Mummy" opened on May 7, 1999 and grossed
USD$43 million in 3,210 theaters. The film went on to gross $415 million worldwide (Domestic: $155 million; Foreign: $260 million). [cite web | title="The Mummy" | publisher= Box Office Mojo| url=http://www.boxofficemojo.com/movies/?id=mummy.htm | accessdate=2006-11-28]
Although its commercial success and popularity with audiences was positive, critical reception was mixed. "The Mummy" holds a 53 percent "rotten" rating at
Rotten Tomatoes[cite web | url=http://www.rottentomatoes.com/m/1087270-mummy/ | title=The Mummy | publisher= Rotten Tomatoes| accessdate=2007-06-24] and a 48 Metascore at Metacritic. [cite web | url=http://www.metacritic.com/video/titles/mummy?q=the%20mummy| title=The Mummy: Reviews | publisher= Metacritic| accessdate=2007-06-24] Roger Ebert, a film critic of the " Chicago Sun-Times," wrote, "There is hardly a thing I can say in its favor, except that I was cheered by nearly every minute of it. I cannot argue for the script, the direction, the acting or even the mummy, but I can say that I was not bored and sometimes I was unreasonably pleased." [cite news | last=Ebert | first=Roger | title="The Mummy" | publisher= Chicago Sun-Times| date=1999-05-07 | url=http://rogerebert.suntimes.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/19990507/REVIEWS/905070303/1023 | accessdate=2006-11-29] Likewise, Owen Gleibermanof " Entertainment Weekly" gave the film a "B-" rating and said, "The Mummy" would like to make you shudder, but it tries to do so without ever letting go of its jocular inconsequentiality." [cite news | last=Gleiberman | first=Owen | title="The Mummy" | publisher= Entertainment Weekly| date=May 7, 1999 | url=http://www.ew.com/ew/article/0,,64020,00.html | accessdate=2006-12-19] Bob Graham of the " San Francisco Chronicle" gave the film high marks for the acting as well as the special effects. [cite news|author=Graham, Bob|title='Mummy' -- It's Alive|publisher= San Francisco Chronicle|date=1999-05-07|accessdate=2008-02-03] Stephen Holdenfrom " The New York Times" wrote, "This version of "The Mummy" has no pretenses to be anything other than a gaudy comic video game splashed onto the screen. Think "Raiders of the Lost Ark" with cartoon characters, no coherent story line and lavish but cheesy special effects. Think "Night of the Living Dead" stripped of genuine horror and restaged as an Egyptian-theme Halloween pageant. Think "Abbott and Costello Meet the Mummy" grafted onto a Bing Crosby- Bob Hoperoad picture ("The Road to Hamunaptra"?) and pumped up into an epic-size genre spoof." [cite news | last=Holden | first=Stephen | title=Sarcophagus, Be Gone: Night of the Living Undead | publisher= The New York Times| date=May 7, 1999 | url=http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9E06E0D7103CF934A35756C0A96F958260&scp=3&sq=The+Mummy&st=nyt | accessdate=2006-11-29 ] Publications like " The Austin Chronicle" and " Dallas Observer" came to the conclusion that despite good acting and special effects, the movie lacked cohesion; [cite news|author=Savlov, Mark|title=The Mummy|publisher= The Austin Chronicle|date=1999-05-07|url=http://www.austinchronicle.com/gyrobase/Calendar/Film?Film=oid%3A142860|accessdate=2008-03-12] talking about the special effects, the "Observer" lamented "If only generating a soul for the film itself were so easy."cite news|author=Hinson, Hal|url=http://www.dallasobserver.com/1999-05-13/film/mummy-dearest/|title=Mummy dearest|publisher= Dallas Observer|date=1999-05-07|accessdate=2008-03-20] Other publications such as "Jump Cut" felt that Industrial Light and Magic's lock on special effects proved detrimental to "The Mummy"; "The mummy", Ernest Larson wrote for the "Jump Cut", "is standard-issue I.L.&M.". [cite journal | first=Ernest | last=Larsen | title=The Mummy: traffic in mummies | journal=Jump Cut | url=http://ejumpcut.org/archive/onlinessays/JC43folder/Mummy.html | year=2000 | month=July | issue=43 | pages=12–15, 128 |accessdate=2008-04-09] Kim Newman of the British Film Institutejudged the picture inferior to the original, as all the time was spent on special effects, instead of creating the atmosphere which made the original film such a classic. " USA Today" gave the film two out of four stars and felt that it was "not free of stereotypes", a sentiment with which the BFI concurred.cite web|author=Newman, Kim|date=1999-06-01|url=http://www.bfi.org.uk/sightandsound/review/152|title=Sight and Sound: The Mummy|work= British Film Institute|accessdate=2008-04-04] "If someone complains of a foul odor, you can be sure an Arab stooge is about to enter a scene. Fraser, equally quick with weapon, fist or quip, may save the day, but even he can't save the picture", "USA Today" wrote.cite news | last=Wloszczyna | first=Susan | title=Effects New Curse of "The Mummy" | publisher= USA Today| date=May 7, 1999 | ]
"The Mummy" was nominated for Best Sound at the
Academy Awards and Best Visual Effects at the BAFTAs, losing both to " The Matrix". [Cite web|url=http://www.bafta.org/awards/film/nominations/?year=1999|title=Film Nominations 1999|publisher= British Academy of Film and Television Arts|accessdate=2008-04-01] Jerry Goldsmith won a BMI Film Award for the soundtrack, [cite web|author=Staff|date=2000-05-14|url=http://www.bmi.com/news/entry/232836|title=BMI Honors Top Film and TV Composers|publisher=BMI|date=2000-05-15|accessdate=2008-01-04] and the film won Best Make-Up at Saturn Awards, out of nine nominations including Best Fantasy Film. [cite web|url=http://www.saturnawards.org/past.html|title=Past Saturn Awards|publisher=Academy of Science Fiction, Fantasy & Horror Films|accessdate=2008-01-04] Other nominations included Best Sound Editing at the Motion Picture Sound Editors' Golden Reel Awards, Best Visual Effects at the Golden Satellites [cite web|url=http://www.pressacademy.com/satawards/awards2000.shtml|title=2000 4th Annual Satellite™ Awards|publisher= International Press Academy|accessdate=2008-01-04] and Best Action Sequence on the MTV Movie Awards. [cite web|url=http://www.mtv.com/ontv/movieawards/archive/year.jhtml?year=2000|title=2000 MTV Movie Awards|publisher= MTV|accessdate=2008-01-04]
"The Mummy"'s box office performance led to numerous sequels and spinoffs. In 2001, the sequel "
The Mummy Returns" was released; the film features most of the surviving principal characters, as a married Rick and Evelyn confront Imhotep and the Scorpion King. The film also introduced the heroes' son, Alex.cite web|url=http://www.rollingstone.com/reviews/movie/5949327/review/5949328/the_mummy_returns|title=The Mummy Returns|author=Travers, Peter|date=2001-05-09|work= Rolling Stone|accessdate=2008-04-01] The two films inspired both an which lasted two seasons, and a spin-offprequel, " The Scorpion King" (2002), telling the story of the Akkadian warrior as he was crowned king.
A second sequel, ', released on August 1, 2008, with the story taking place in China, and Rachel Weisz being replaced with
Maria Bello. [cite news | author=Garrett, Diane | coauthors=Fleming, Michael | url=http://www.variety.com/article/VR1117962923.html?categoryid=13&cs=1 | title=Fraser returns for 'Mummy 3' | publisher=Variety | date= 2007-04-11| accessdate=2007-04-12 ] [cite news | author=Fleming, Michael | url=http://www.variety.com/article/VR1117964831.html?categoryid=13&cs=1 | title=Bello replaces Weisz in 'Mummy' | publisher=Variety | date= 2007-05-13| accessdate=2007-05-13 ] A prequel to "The Scorpion King", ', is also in production.
Two video game adaptations of "The Mummy" were published by
Konamiand Universal Interactive in 2000: a beat 'em upfor the PlayStationand PC developed by Rebellion Developments, [cite web|url=http://psx.ign.com/objects/014/014640.html|title=The Mummy (PSX)|publisher= IGN|accessdate=2008-02-21] as well as a Game Boy Color puzzle gamedeveloped by Konami Nagoya. [cite web|url=http://www.gamespot.com/gbc/action/mummy/index.html|title=The Mummy (GBC)|publisher= GameSpot|accessdate=2008-02-21] The film also inspired a roller coaster, "Revenge of the Mummy" in two Universal Studios Theme Parks, Hollywood and Orlando.
* [http://www.themummy.com/ Official Site]
* [http://www.angelfire.com/ns/Hamunaptra/index.html Hamunaptra, City of The Dead]
* [http://www.keithshortsculptor.com/themummy.htm Keith Short – Film Sculptor] Images of set pieces created for this film
Box Office Leaders USA
before = Life
date = May 9
date2 = May 16
year = 1999
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