Greek Orthodox Church

Greek Orthodox Church
Greek Orthodox Church
Flag of the Greek Orthodox Church.svg
Flag used by the Greek Orthodox Church and the standard of the self-governed monastic state of Mount Athos.
Primate Ecumenical Patriarch Bartholomew
Headquarters Constantinople
Territory  Greece
 Palestinian territories
Italy Italy
Possessions  Greece
 European Union
 United States
 United Kingdom
 South Africa
Language Koine Greek
Adherents over 15,500,000[1][2][3][4][5][6][7][8][9][10]
A Greek Orthodox church in Rotterdam
St Sophia's Church, Sydney, Australia
Church of the Annunciation in Wauwatosa, designed by Frank Lloyd Wright

The Greek Orthodox Church (Monotonic Greek: Ελληνορθόδοξη Εκκλησία, Polytonic: Ἑλληνορθόδοξη Ἑκκλησία, IPA: [elinorˈθoðoksi ekliˈsia]) is the body of several churches[11][12][13] within the larger communion of Eastern Orthodox Christianity sharing a common cultural tradition whose liturgy is also traditionally conducted in Koine Greek,[14] the original language of the New Testament.[15][16] The church's current territorial areas include Greece, Lebanon, Cyprus, Turkey, Jordan, Israel, Palestine, Egypt, Syria, Albania, Ethiopia, and Italy.



The churches where the Greek Orthodox term is applicable are:

  • The Orthodox Church of Mount Sinai[29]

Another autocephalous church which can be described as Greek Orthodox is the Orthodox Church of Albania.[30][31][32][33] Led since the collapse of the former Stalinist régime by Archbishop Anastasios, a Greek national, the Church conducts its liturgy in Koine Greek in Northern Epirus (Southern Albania) which populated by the ethnic Greek minority.

History of the term

Historically, the term Greek Orthodox has also been used to describe all Eastern Orthodox Churches, since "Greek" in "Greek Orthodox" can refer to the Greek heritage of the Byzantine Empire.[34][35][36] During eight centuries of Christian history most major intellectual, cultural, and social developments in the Christian church took place within the Empire or in the sphere of its influence,[36][37][38] thus most parts of the liturgy, traditions, and practices of the church of Constantinople were adopted by all, and still provide the basic patterns of contemporary Orthodoxy.[39][40][41] However, the appellation "Greek" was abandoned by Slavic and other national orthodox churches in connection with their peoples' national awakenings, from as early as the 10th century A.D.[42][42][43][43][44]

See also


  1. ^ "CNEWA - Church of Greece". Retrieved 2010-01-14. 
  2. ^ "Religious Affiliation by Age - Time Series Statistics (1996, 2001, 2006 Census Years) - Australia".,%202001,%202006%20Census%20Years)&producttype=Census%20Tables&method=Place%20of%20Usual%20Residence&topic=Religion&. Retrieved 2010-01-14. 
  3. ^ "Greek Orthodox Patriarchate of Alexandria". 
  4. ^ "CNEWA - Greek Orthodox Patriarchate of Jerusalem". Retrieved 2010-01-14. 
  5. ^ "Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of America". Retrieved 2010-01-14. 
  6. ^ "CNEWA - The Patriarchate of Antioch". Retrieved 2010-01-14. 
  7. ^ "CNEWA - Orthodox Church of Cyprus". Retrieved 2010-01-14. 
  8. ^ "CNEWA - Autocephalous Orthodox Church of Albania". Retrieved 2010-01-14. 
  9. ^ "Ethnic origins, 2006 counts, for Canada, provinces and territories". Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2009-01-18. 
  10. ^ "International Religious Freedom Report 2007 - Germany". Retrieved 2010-01-14. 
  11. ^ Demetrios J. Constantelos, Understanding the Greek Orthodox Church, Holy Cross Orthodox Press 3rd edition (March 28, 2005)
  12. ^ L. Rushton, Doves and magpies: village women in the Greek Orthodox Church Women's religious experience, Croom Helm, 1983
  13. ^ Paul Yuzyk, The Ukrainian Greek Orthodox Church of Canada, 1918-1951, University of Ottawa Press, 1981
  14. ^ Demetrios J. Constantelos, The Greek Orthodox Church: faith, history, and practice, Seabury Press, 1967
  15. ^ Daniel B. Wallace: "Greek Grammar Beyond the Basics: An Exegetical Syntax of the New Testament, page 12,".,M1.  Zondervan, 1997.
  16. ^ Robert H. Stein: "The method and message of Jesus' teachings, page 4,".  Westminster John Knox Press, 1994.
  17. ^ "Ecumenical Patriarchate". Retrieved 2009-03-09. 
  18. ^ "Archdiocese of Thyateira and Great Britain - Home". Retrieved 2009-03-11. 
  19. ^ "The Holy Orthodox Archdiocese of Italy and Malta". Retrieved 2009-03-11. 
  20. ^ The Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of America should not be confused with the Orthodox Church in America, whose autocephaly – granted by the Russian Orthodox Church – is not recognized by the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople and many other churches of the Eastern Orthodox Communion.
  21. ^ "Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of Australia". Retrieved 2010-01-14. 
  22. ^ "The official web site of Greek Orthodox Patriarchate of Alexandria and All Africa". Retrieved 2009-03-09. 
  23. ^ "Greek Orthodox Church Of Antioch And All The East". Retrieved 2009-03-09. 
  24. ^ "Jerusalem Patriarchate". Retrieved 2009-03-09. 
  25. ^ "Ecclesia - The Web Site of the Church of Greece". Retrieved 2009-03-09. 
  26. ^ "Church of Cyprus" (in Greek). Retrieved 2009-03-09. 
  27. ^ "About Cyprus - Towns and Population". Government Web Portal - Areas of Interest. Government of Cyprus. Retrieved 19 January 2010. 
  28. ^ "Cyprus". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 19 January 2010. 
  29. ^ "The Holy Monastery of the God-trodden Mount Sinai, Saint Catherine’s Monastery". Retrieved 2009-03-09. 
  30. ^ *Roudometof, Victor (2002). Collective memory, national identity, and ethnic conflict. Greenwood Press. p. 179. "the only remaining issues between the two sides concern the extent to which minority members should have equal rights with the rest of the Albanian citizens as well as issues of property and ecclesiastical autonomy for the Greek Orthodox Church of Albania." 
  31. ^ Presveia (U.S.). Grapheio Typou kai Plerophorion, Published by Foto Olympic, 1995
  32. ^ Assembly of Captive European Nations 1956, ACEN (Organization), 1956
  33. ^ The National encyclopedia, Volume 1, Henry Suzzallo, William Waite Beardsley P.F. Collier & Son Co. 1932
  34. ^ Byzantium in Encyclopedia of historians and historical writing Vol. 1, Kelly Boyd (ed.), Fitzroy Dearborn publishers, 1999 ISBN 9781884964336
  35. ^ Edwin Pears, The destruction of the Greek Empire and the story of the capture of Constantinople by the Turks, Haskell House, 1968
  36. ^ a b Millar, Fergus (2006). A Greek Roman Empire : power and belief under Theodosius II (408-450). University of California Press. p. 279 pages. ISBN 0520247035. 
  37. ^ Tanner, Norman P. The Councils of the Church, ISBN 0824519043
  38. ^ The Byzantine legacy in the Orthodox Church by John Meyendorff - 1982
  39. ^ Hugh Wybrew, The Orthodox liturgy: the development of the eucharistic liturgy in the Byzantine rite - 1990
  40. ^ The Christian Churches of the East, Vol. II: Churches Not in Communion with Rome by Donald Attwater - 1962
  41. ^ J Meyendorff, Byzantine Theology: Historical Trends and Doctrinal Themes (1987)
  42. ^ a b Joan Mervyn Hussey, The Orthodox Church in the Byzantine Empire, 1990
  43. ^ a b A. P. Vlasto, Entry of Slavs Christendom - 1970
  44. ^ Andreĭ Lazarov Pantev, Bŭlgarska istorii︠a︡ v evropeĭski kontekst - 2000

External links

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