Red Poll

Red Poll
Red Poll heifers at the Walcha Show, New South Wales, Australia

The Red Poll is a dual purpose breed of cattle developed in England in the latter half of the 19th century.


Description and uses

The cattle are red, preferably deep red with white only on the tail switch and udder. They are naturally polled (without horns). Red Poll cattle are mainly used as beef suckler cows although there are a few dairy herds in England as well as in the United States in the state of Texas. They are known for easy calving and successfully rearing a high proportion of their calves.[1] They do well on poor soils such as the thin sands of many parts of East Anglia.


The Red Poll originated as a cross between Norfolk Red beef-type cattle and Suffolk Dun dairy cattle (both of these breeds are now extinct). The parent Suffolk breed was also polled – Norfolk cattle had horns but the gene for horns was bred out in the Red Poll breed. The original name for the breed, adopted in 1863, was Norfolk and Suffolk Red Polled cattle, and the first standard description was agreed in 1873, with the first herd book compiled in 1874. The breed became the Red Polled in 1883, and then Red Poll in 1888, when the Red Poll Cattle Society was formed.[2]

They are considered to be part of the "Suffolk Trinity" with the Suffolk sheep and the Suffolk Punch heavy horse.[citation needed]

Red Poll cattle were imported into Australia in the mid-19th century where they are now used for beef production. The first identified breeder in Australia was James Graves, around 1870, although there is evidence of earlier herds.[3]

These cattle were introduced to the United States by G. P. Taber of New York State in 1873.[4] The Red Poll dual purpose bred is the oldest registered breed in the United States and is celebrating its 125th year. The breed is beginning to be re-introduced into some areas of the western US for the small ranch and backyard beef and 4H as docile nature makes them easy for the novice.[5][Full citation needed]

The Red Poll breed was first brought to New Zealand in 1898, but a herd was not established until 1917, when 22 animals were transported from Australia.[6]

See also


  1. ^ Breed calf rearing comparisons
  2. ^ Red Poll Cattle Society website History page
  3. ^ ABRI, University of New England (22 December 2003). "The Introduction of Australian Red Poll". Archived from the original on 5 May 2006. Retrieved 13 July 2006. 
  4. ^ Department of Animal Science - Oklahoma State University (11 June 1996). "Red Poll". Breeds of Livestock. Retrieved 13 July 2006. 
  5. ^ | publisher = Barb Rodgers | location = Davenport USA | breeder | url = |accessdate = 7 November 2009 |
  6. ^ "Red Poll Cattle". Bateman New Zealand Encyclopedia (6th ed. ed.). Auckland: David Bateman Ltd.. 2005. ISBN 1-86953-601-0. 

External links

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Look at other dictionaries:

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  • red|poll — «REHD POHL», noun. 1. any one of several varieties of small, brownish finches of arctic regions, the males of which have a pink or red cap on the head. During the winter they breed in the northern United States. 2. = Red Polled. (Cf. ↑Red Polled) …   Useful english dictionary

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  • red poll — noun hornless short haired breed of beef and dairy cattle • Hypernyms: ↑cattle, ↑cows, ↑kine, ↑oxen, ↑Bos taurus * * * noun also red polled 1. us …   Useful english dictionary

  • Red Poll (Rind) — Red Poll in Cambridge auf dem Midsummer Common Großaufname d …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • red poll — noun Usage: often capitalized R&P Etymology: alteration of red polled Date: 1891 any of a breed of large hornless red beef cattle of English origin …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Red Poll — one of a breed of red, hornless, dual purpose cattle, raised originally in England. Also, Red Polled. [1890 95] * * * …   Universalium

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