Thomas de Mowbray, 1st Duke of Norfolk

Thomas de Mowbray, 1st Duke of Norfolk

Thomas de Mowbray, 1st Duke of Norfolk (22 March 1366 – 22 September 1399) was an English nobleman.

Mowbray was the son of John de Mowbray, 4th Baron Mowbray (died 1368), and Elizabeth Segrave, Baroness Mowbray and "suo jure" 5th Baroness Segrave (died 1375).Richardson, Douglas, and Everingham, Kimball G. (ed.) (2005). "Magna Carta Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families", pp. 601-02. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company. ISBN 0806317590.] His mother was the eldest daughter of John de Segrave, 4th Baron Segrave and Margaret Plantagenet, Duchess of Norfolk, who was the eldest daughter of Thomas of Brotherton, 1st Earl of Norfolk, a son of Edward I of England and his second Queen consort Marguerite of France. Thus Mowbray was a great-great-grandson of King Edward I.

On 10 February 1382, he succeeded his brother John as 6th Baron Mowbray and 7th Baron Segrave, and soon afterwards was created Earl of Nottingham, a title that had also been created for his elder brother. Three years later he was appointed Earl Marshal of England, and in that capacity he fought against the Scots and then against the French.

Lord Nottingham was one of the Lords Appellant to King Richard II who deposed some of King Richard's court favorites in 1387. The King's uncle, Thomas of Woodstock, 1st Duke of Gloucester, was imprisoned at Calais, where Nottingham was Captain. When Gloucester was killed in 1397, it was probably at the King's orders and probably with Nottingham's involvement. A few weeks later he was created Duke of Norfolk. His aged grandmother, the Countess of Norfolk, was still alive; she was created Duchess of Norfolk for life. When she died the next year he also became 3rd Earl of Norfolk.

Later, in 1398, Norfolk quarrelled with Henry of Bolingbroke, 1st Duke of Hereford (later King Henry IV), apparently due to mutual suspicions stemming from their roles in the conspiracy against the Duke of Gloucester. The King banished them both. After Hereford returned and usurped the throne, Norfolk was stripped of the Dukedom of Norfolk, though he retained his other titles. He died of the plague ("pestilence") in Venice, on 22 September 1399.

The matter of Norfolk's quarrel and subsequent banishment is depicted at the beginning of Shakespeare's "Richard II". [McConnell, Louise (2000). "Dictionary of Shakespeare", p. 194. Chicago: Fitzroy Dearborn Publishers. ISBN 157958215X.]

Norfolk had no children by his first wife, Elizabeth le Strange, "suo jure" 3rd Baroness Strange, daughter and heiress of John le Strange, 2nd Baron Strange. He had two sons by his second wife, Lady Elizabeth FitzAlan, daughter of Richard FitzAlan, 11th Earl of Arundel: Thomas, later 4th Earl of Norfolk; and John, later 5th Earl of Norfolk, later restored as 2nd Duke of Norfolk and also a daughter, Margaret Mowbray, who married Sir Robert Howard, and parented John Howard, 1st Duke of Norfolk.

ee also

Dukes of Norfolk family tree


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Thomas de Mowbray, 4th Earl of Norfolk — and 2nd Earl of Nottingham (1385 ndash; June 8, 1405), English nobleman and rebel, was the son of Thomas de Mowbray, 1st Duke of Norfolk and Lady Elizabeth FitzAlan.Upon the death of his father in Venice, he was allowed to succeed him as Earl of… …   Wikipedia

  • Norfolk, Thomas Mowbray, 1st Duke of, Earl Of Nottingham, Earl Marshal — ▪ English noble [1366 1399] born c. 1366 died Sept. 22, 1399, Venice [Italy]       English lord whose quarrel with Henry of Bolingbroke, Duke of Hereford (later King Henry IV, reigned 1399–1413), was a critical episode in the events leading to… …   Universalium

  • John de Mowbray, 2nd Duke of Norfolk — (1392 ndash; 19 October 1432) was an English nobleman.He was the younger son of Thomas de Mowbray, 1st Duke of Norfolk, and succeeded his elder brother Thomas as 5th Earl of Norfolk and 3rd Earl of Nottingham in 1405. He was appointed Earl… …   Wikipedia

  • John Howard, 1st Duke of Norfolk — For other people of the same name, see John Howard (disambiguation). The Duke of Norfolk Spouse(s) Margaret Chedworth Catherine Moleyns Issue Thomas Howar …   Wikipedia

  • Thomas Howard, 3rd Duke of Norfolk — Thomas Howard Duke of Norfolk The Duke of Norfolk by Hans Holbein. Spouse(s) …   Wikipedia

  • Duke of Norfolk — The coat of arms of the Dukes of Norfolk (since 1660) …   Wikipedia

  • Thomas Howard, 2nd Duke of Norfolk — The Duke of Norfolk Spouse(s) Elizabeth Tilney Agnes Tilney Issue Thomas Howard, 3rd Duke of Norfolk Sir Edward Howard Lord Edmund Howard Elizabeth Howard Muriel Howard Willi …   Wikipedia

  • Thomas Howard, 4th Duke of Norfolk — For other people of the same name, see Thomas Howard (disambiguation). The Duke of Norfolk Spouse(s) Mary FitzAlan Margaret Audley Elizabeth Leyburne Noble family …   Wikipedia

  • Norfolk, John Howard, 1st Duke of, Earl Marshal, Lord Howard — ▪ English noble born c. 1430 died August 22, 1485, near Market Bosworth, Warwickshire, England       English lord who supported the Yorkist kings in the Wars of the Roses.       John Howard was the son of Sir Robert Howard by his wife, Margaret,… …   Universalium

  • Miles Fitzalan-Howard, 17th Duke of Norfolk — The Duke of Norfolk Portrait by Allan Warren Spouse(s) Anne Constable Maxwell Noble family House of Howard …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”