Manufacturers Hanover Corporation

Manufacturers Hanover Corporation
Manufacturers Hanover Corporation
Industry Bank holding company
Fate Acquired by Chemical Bank and assumed the name Chemical.
Successor Chemical Bank
Founded 1905
Defunct 1991
Headquarters New York City
Products Financial services
A brass door in the New Yorker Hotel in midtown Manhattan that formerly led to a branch of the Manufacturers Trust Company

Manufacturers Hanover Corporation was the bank holding company formed as parent of Manufacturers Hanover Trust Company, a large New York bank formed by a merger in 1961. After 1969, Manufacturers Hanover Trust became a subsidiary of Manufacturers Hanover Corporation. Charles J. Stewart was the company's first president and chairman.[1]

The corporation acquired the former Union Carbide Corporation headquarters at 270 Park Avenue, and though it merged into Chemical Banking Corporation for $1.9 billion in 1991, the successor corporations down to today's J.P. Morgan Chase & Co. have continued to locate their headquarters in that building.

Contents

History

Manufacturers Trust Company

Manufacturers Hanover traces its origins to the 1905 founding of Citizens Trust Company of Brooklyn. Through a series of acquisitions, the bank would grow into one of New York's largest banks within its first twenty years. Citizens Trust's first major acquisitions came with its mergers with the Broadway Bank of Brooklyn in 1912 and then two years later with the Manufacturers National Bank of Brooklyn (1914). In 1915, the bank adopted the older "Manufacturers" name, changing its name to the Manufacturers Trust Company. The "Manufacturers" name had been in use since 1858, when the Mechanics' Bank of Williamsburgh (founded 1853) was renamed the Manufacturers National Bank. Coincidentally, Manufacturers Trust Company had also been the name of a Brooklyn-based bank, founded in 1896 and acquired in 1902 by the Title Guarantee and Trust Company, another Brooklyn bank.[2]

Manufacturers Trust acquired a Manhattan presence with its acquisition of the West Side Bank of New York in 1918. Later Manufacturers Trust acquired the Ridgewood National Bank of Queens (1921), the North Side Bank of Brooklyn (1922), the Industrial Bank of New York (1922), the Columbia Bank of New York (1923), and the Yorkville Bank of New York (1925), to become the 29th largest bank in the United States by 1925.[3]

Continued Consolidation (1961 - 1992)

The 1960-1987 Logo

In 1961, Manufacturers Trust Company merged with Central Hanover Bank & Trust Company (Hanover Trust) creating Manufacturers Hanover Trust Company. The bank became the main source of financing for check cashing stores. The bank reached its commercial heyday in the mid-1970s, when it ran a series of commercials that used the tagline, "It's banking the way you want it to be." Twilight Zone writer Rod Serling and comedian Paul Lynde served as celebrity spokesmen. At the same time, a Manufacturers Hanover billboard advertising "Super Checking" was a prominent feature of the newly-renovated Yankee Stadium. Also during that period, Manufacturers Hanover heavily promoted its "Any Car" Loan using an "Any Car" made up of parts from 40 different cars.

In 1987, the bank bought some of the branches of Dollar Dry Dock Savings Bank. In 1992, it bought the New York City branches of the failed Goldome. By 1992, it was running out of money due to savings account interest rates and bad loans.[citation needed] By the end of 1992, Chemical Bank had purchased the operations of Manufacturers Hanover Trust Company.

Following the merger with Chemical, in 1996, the new Chemical bought Chase Manhattan Bank and four years later would merge with J.P. Morgan & Co. to form JPMorgan Chase.

Prior to acquisition, the bank was sometimes referred to as "Manny Hanny."[4]

Timeline of mergers and name changes

Former Manufacturers Hanover corporate offices at 270 Park Avenue, today the headquarters of JPMorgan Chase
  • 1905 – NYS Chartered Citizens Trust Company of Brooklyn
  • 1912 – Broadway Bank of Brooklyn
  • 1914 – Manufacturers National Bank of Brooklyn
  • 1914 – Name change to Manufacturers-Citizens Trust Company  
  • 1915 – Name change to Manufacturers Trust Company
  • 1918 – West Side Bank
  • 1921 – Ridgewood National Bank
  • 1922 – North Side Bank of Brooklyn
  • 1922 – Industrial Bank of New York
  • 1923 – Columbia Bank
  • 1925 – Yorkville Bank
  • 1925 – Gotham National Bank
  • 1925 – Fifth National Bank of the City of New York
  • 1927 – Commonwealth Bank
  • 1927 – Standard Bank
  • 1928 – United Capitol National Bank and Trust Company
  • 1929 – State Bank & Trust Company
  • 1930 – Pacific Trust Company
  • 1931 – Midtown Bank of New York
  • 1931 – Bryant Park Bank
  • 1931 – Midwood Trust Company
  • 1932 – Chatham Phenix National Bank & Trust Company
  • 1937 – Equitable Trust Company of New York (1930-1937)
  • 1939 – Banca Commerciale Italiana Trust Co. of New York
  • 1942 – Standard National Bank, Woodside, N.Y.
  • 1946 – Flatbush National Bank of Brooklyn
  • 1947 – Fidelity National Bank in New York, The
  • 1949 – National Bronx Bank of New York
  • 1950 – Brooklyn Trust Company
  • 1953 – Peoples Industrial Bank
  • 1961 – Central Hanover Bank & Trust Company
  • 1961 – Name change to Manufacturers Hanover Trust Company
  • 1991 – Goldome (assets)[5]
  • 1992 – Chemical Bank

References

Notes
Bibliography



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