- USS Robinson (DD-562)
"Robinson" was laid down on
12 August 1942by the Seattle-Tacoma Shipbuilding Corp., Seattle, Wash.; launched 28 August 1943, sponsored by Mrs. Howard M. Sayers; and commissioned 31 January 1944, CommanderElonzo B. Grantham, Jr., in command.
After shakedown out of San Diego, "Robinson", departed Seattle
12 Aprilfor Hawaii. Arriving at Pearl Harbor 21 April, she trained until getting underway on 29 Maywith Task Force 52 (TF 52), headed for Eniwetokand the Marianas.
On the morning of
15 June, "Robinson" opened fire in the battle of Saipanand her first salvo set off a large explosion, followed by an oil fire. She then silenced four enemy batteries which had been firing on Marines on the southernmost landing beaches, "Beach Yellow One". She then scored a direct hit on an enemy pillboxon Tinian. The destroyer joined the screen of battleship"Tennessee" (BB-43), at nightfall and in 2 hours fought off five enemy aircraft. She then teamed with destroyers "Selfridge" (DD-357) and "Albert W. Grant" (DD-649) in the screen of cruiser"Birmingham" (CL-62) off the western coast of Tinian, delivering harassing fire throughout the night.
16 June, "Robinson" resumed fire support to the Marines on the southernmost invasion beaches of Saipan. During the morning, she silenced all but one stubborn gun of an enemy artilleryemplacement and her fire assisted in turning back enemy tanks. Toward noon, she began safeguarding the transports off Saipan. At nightfall, she turned to call-fire duty off "Beach Green One". Throughout the night of 16 Juneand into the morning of the 17th, "Robinson" illuminated and fired upon counterattacking Japanese tank divisions twice driving them back from the beachhead. That afternoon, she took fire support station, then spent the night and the next 5 days, protecting troop transports off Saipan.
Retiring to Eniwetok with empty transports
26 June, she returned to Saipan on 6 Julyin the escort screen of a reinforcement convoy.
"Robinson" took antisubmarine patrol station northwest of Saipan that day and closed the shore at night to provide illumination fire and send salvos into enemy troops east of
Marpi Point. She shifted her fire to the west, to Tanapag Harbor the following morning and during the afternoon, rescued 17 Marines from a reef north of the harbor where they had been isolated by one of the biggest banzai attacks of the war.
"Robinson" served on antisubmarine patrol off Saipan, in the ocean area northwest of
Maniagassa Island, until 20 July, then got underway with "Overton" (APD-23) to escort 11 LCTs which arrived off Guamthe next morning. She resumed fire support off Saipan that evening. On 22 July"Robinson" shifted her fire to Tinian, hitting caves where the enemy had dug in. She bombarded the western shore of Tinian 25 and 26 July; and, after gunfire support on the 29th, she guarded the minesweepers in Asiga Bay.
Departing Tinian on
31 July, she escorted the hospital transport ship, "Tryon" (APH-1) to Eniwetok; then steamed independently to Nouméa, New Caledonia, where she arrived 9 August.
"Robinson" cleared Nouméa on
22 Augustand touched at Espiritu Santo, New Hebrides Islands, to rejoin other ships of her division, then arrived at Purvis Bayof Florida, Solomon Islandson the 26th. She stood out from Purvis Bay on 6 September, with Rear Admiral Jesse B. Oldendorf's bombardment group, and arrived off PeleliuIsland, on the morning of the 12th for pre-invasion bombardment. During the Battle of Peleliu, "Robinson" wiped out enemy machine gun emplacements and tumbled snipers out of trees as she blasted enemy troop concentrations near "White" and "Orange" beaches. At various times, she assisted in screening cruisers "Louisville" (CA-28) and "Portland" (CA-33) and battleships "Idaho" (BB-42) and "Mississippi" (BB-41). She also raked the beach area during the daylight hours to cover underwater demolition teams, and she carried out call fire missions on enemy troops and gun batteries. On 22 September, she knocked out all guns in her area and disabled two groups of enemy tanks. She continued to hit emplacements, troop areas and supply dumps until the early morning of 24 September 1944when she teamed with "Heywood L. Edwards" (DD-663) in destroying enemy barges attempting to land troops and supplies on the north shore. That evening she screened cruiser "Louisville" to Kossol Passage.
She spent the night of
26 Septemberproviding illumination and harassing fire on the north end of Angaur Island. She gave the same treatment to Ngesebus Islandthe next night and bombarded the beaches south of Ngesebus airfields during the day of the 28th. She spent the night of 28– 29 Septemberdelivering night illumination fire on the northwest corner of Angaur and entered Seeadler Harbor, Manus, Admiralty Islands, 1 October.
"Robinson" cleared Seeadler Harbor on the 12th, and headed for the
Philippine Islands. On 17 October 1944, she joined the Dinagat Attack Group. With light cruisers "Denver" (CL-58) and "Columbia" (CL-56), and three other destroyers, "Robinson" supported the Dinagat Attack Group and set course for Dinagat and the three smaller islands, Calicoan, Suluan, and Homonhon, which divided the two entrances to Leyte Gulfand were suspected of harboring enemy search radar. To put these enemy warning stations out of action, the attack group arrived off the islands at daybreak of 17 October. Cruiser "Denver" had the honor of firing the opening gun for the liberation of Leyte at 08:00 and Company D of the 6th Rangers was landed on Suluan Islandsome 20 minutes later—the first Americans to "return" to the Philippines. "Robinson" escorted the Ranger unit to Dinagat Island where they made an unopposed landing. She then covered minesweepers in Leyte Gulf until their retirement on the morning of 19 October. Her guns raked the invasion beaches ahead of the troops landing on Leyte, 20 October 1944, and she delivered illumination fire over the eastern shore of Leyte throughout the night. On 22 October, she rescued a downed American fighter pilot. On 24 October"Robinson" destroyed enemy installations on the slope of Catmon Hill, Leyte.
At 17:10 on
24 October, "Robinson" was relieved from fire support duties and joined a screen for five cruisers on the left flank of the northern entrance to Surigao Strait. The destroyers were divided into three attack sections and severely mauled the attacking Japanese. By early morning 25 October, the enemy was limping off in retreat, having lost two battleships, two destroyers and a cruiser. "Robinson" made rendezvous with the destroyers of section 3 to the north of Hibuson Islandafter her torpedoattack, and vainly attempted to rescue the many Japanese survivors who refused all efforts to save them. At 07:58, 25 October, "Robinson" joined other destroyers and cruisers in anticipation of meeting enemy surface and air units retiring from the fierce action with the escort carriers off the east coast of Samar. She cruised east of Leyte until 29 Octoberto cover shipping in and near Leyte Gulf. She assisted in fighting off enemy air raids and escorted the bomb-damaged "Killen" (DD-593) to her anchorage in San Pedro Bay on 1 November. She was temporarily detached from the task groupon 4 Novemberfor picket duty in Surigao Strait and rejoined the bombardment group on 13 Novemberas it set course for Manus. She teamed with "Bryant" (DD-665) to shoot down an enemy plane which approached the formation on the 16th, and entered Seeadler Harbor on the 21st.
"Robinson" stood out of Seeadler Harbor on
28 Novemberfor Leyte Gulf where on 1 Decembershe was detached from Destroyer Division 112 (DesDiv 112) of Destroyer Squadron 56(DesRon 56) and reported to Destroyer Squadron 22for duty. The next day she got underway in the screen of battleships and cruisers for Kossol Passage, where she teamed with 14 other destroyers in the screen of six escort carriers, seven cruisers, and three battleships, acting as distant cover for troop convoys bound for the assault on Mindoro, Philippine Islands. She assisted in driving off enemy aircraft as she guarded the escort carriers from 13 to 15 December. The troops hit the beach at Mindoroon the 15th and "Robinson" returned to Seeadler Harbor with the task group on the 23d.
31 December"Robinson" and the five other destroyers of DesRon 22 sailed from Seeadler Harbor in the screen for Transport Group "Able" of the Lingayen Attack Force, carrying the 27th Infantry Division for the initial landings at Lingayen Gulf, Luzon, in the Philippines. "Robinson" screened northwest of the transport area on the morning of 9 January 1945as the first waves of amphibious assaulttroops landed. She anchored in the transport area that night and survived a pre-dawn attack by a Japanese suicide boat. The underwater explosions temporarily put her sonarequipment out of commission but did no other serious damage. At daybreak, "Robinson"'s gunners fought off a diving kamikazesuicide plane and knocked it down in a spinning ball of flame. At dusk she opened fire on another suicide plane diving at a highspeed transport. That enemy missed its target and crashed into the sea. "Robinson" returned to Leyte Gulf with the empty transports on the 15th.
She got underway from San Pedro Bay on
18 Januaryto escort the attack transport"Comet" (APA-166) to Humboldt Bay, Hollandia, New Guinea, and returned on 3 Februaryescorting "Wright" (AG-79). After installation of fighter-director radio equipment, she cleared port with "Harmon" (DE-678) and "Greenwood" (DE-679) in the screen for amphibious command ship"Blue Ridge" (AGC-2) and three transports; and headed for Lingayen Gulf where she performed patrol duty. She returned to San Pedro Bay with the empty troopship on 26 February, and sailed the next day with "Bancroft" (DD-598), escorting Rear Adm. Forrest B. Royal's amphibious command ship, "Rocky Mount" (AGC-3) which reached Mangarin Bay, Mindoro, on 1 March. That same day, "Robinson" put to sea in the screen for Task Group 78.1 (TG 78.1). The American ships arrived off the Zamboanga Peninsulaof Mindanaoearly in the morning of 10 March, and "Robinson" took station off Coldera Pointas troops stormed ashore under the cover of a rocket barrage. During the night, she teamed with "McCalla" (DD-488) for gunfire support, knocking out an enemy gun emplacement and hitting enemy pillboxes inland. On the 16th, she bombarded Isabela City, Basilan Island, creating a diversion while Army troops landed at Kulibato Pointto the east. Assisted by spotting aircraft, she shelled a wharf and the area of suspected enemy underground trenches. On the evening of 18 March, she responded to the request of shore fire-control parties by blasting a Japanese troop concentration of about 150 men in the Gumularang RiverValley of Basilan Island, giving support to American Army and guerilla troops. She anchored off the Santa Cruz Bankfrom 20 to 24 March.
"Robinson" joined Task Group 78.2 at Mangarin Bay on
10 April 1945and sailed 4 days later. She rescued two Marine aviators from the sea on the 16th. The next day, the task group entered Polloc Harborof Mindanao and Army troops were landed for the assault against the Malabang- Parang- Catobatoarea of Mindanao. "Robinson" returned to Mangarin Bay with the empty shipping on 24 Apriland sailed the next day escorting a convoy carrying reinforcements to Polloc Harbor. She cleared that port on 28 Aprilescorting oiler "Winooski" (AO-38) via Tawi Tawi, Sulu Archipelago, Philippine Islands, to Muara Batagao, Tarakan, Borneo. She reached her destination on 2 May, the day after the initial assault on Tarakan, and bombarded an enemy-defended ridge north of the airfield and a supply road junction. She got underway from Tarakan Island on 8 May, escorting amphibious ships to the Netherlands East Indies, arriving at Morotai2 days later.
4 June, "Robinson" sailed with Task Group 78.1 which arrived in Brunei Bay, British Northwest Borneo on 10 June. The landing was unopposed and "Robinson" joined the antisubmarine screen for "Nashville" (CL-43) and "Phoenix" (CL-46) en route to Tawi Tawi. She then sailed with "Philip" (DD-498) and arrived at Morotai, 20 June. She again stood out to sea on 26 Junein the screen for amphibious ships which landed troops on the beach at Balikpapan, Borneo, on the morning of 1 July 1945. She conducted antisubmarine and picket patrol off Balikpapan until 15 Julyand returned to Morotai with one echelon of the empty troopships on the 19th. Three days later she teamed with "Waller" (DD-466) to escort small craft to San Pedro Bay, arriving on the 25th.
"Robinson" departed San Pedro Bay on
5 August 1945, and arrived at Ulithi, 7 August 1945. She took radar picketstation some 50 miles from Ulithi from 10 to 13 August. Three days later she sailed escorting troopship "Admiral Benson" (AP-120) to San Pedro Bay; then continued on alone to Subic Bay, Luzon, where she arrived on the 21st.
3 Septembershe put to sea with the Yangtze River Patrol Forceunder Rear Adm. C. Turner Joy, but broke off from the main body to head for Okinawaand arrived in Buckner Bayon the morning of 5 September. That same day Captain Campbell was designated commander of the newly organized Minesweeper Task Group 73.2 with "Robinson" as flagship. She put to sea with six minesweepers on the night of 5 September; and, 2 days later, the task unit began minesweeping operations in the approaches to and the entrance of the Yangtze. These lasted until December. On the 12th "Robinson" sailed from Shanghaifor the United States and reached San Diego on 30 December.
"Robinson", with "Waller", "Saufley" (DD-465), "Philip", and "Renshaw" (DD-499) was assigned to the newly formed Destroyer Division 301 of
Destroyer Squadron 30at San Diego. She cleared San Diego on 12 January 1946and arrived at Brooklyn, N.Y., on the 26th. She cleared port on 4 March, and entered the Charleston Navy Yardon the 7th for inactivation overhaul, and decommissioned on 12 June 1946.
1951 – 1954
"Robinson" remained in reserve until recommissioned at the Charleston Naval Shipyard on
3 August 1951. She was assigned to Destroyer Division 321 and on 9 Septemberbecame the flagship of Destroyer Squadron 32. After sea trials off Charleston, S.C., she arrived at Norfolk, Va. on 2 Decemberfor shakedown training in the Chesapeake Bayand off the Virginia Capes. She got underway from Norfolk on 10 January 1952for maneuvers in the Caribbean Seaand returned on 6 Marchfor squadron tactics and plane guard exercises with "Saipan" (CVL-48) and "Midway" (CVB-41) off the Virginia Capes. She subsequently operated off the Atlantic coast and in the Caribbean until getting underway from Norfolk on 29 June 1953for 6 months in the western Pacific. The destroyer transited the Panama Canaland arrived at Yokosuka, Japan on 3 August 1953. "Robinson" performed plane guard duty with Carrier Task Force 77 off the coast of Korea, participated in hunter-killer exercises off Kobe, Japan, escorted "Point Cruz" (CVE-119) to Inchon, Korea, patrolled off the east coast of Korea, and visited Pusanand Asau Wan, Tsushima. "Robinson" then returned home via the Suez Canaland the Mediterranean, reaching Norfolk on 6 February 1954.
After operations along the Atlantic coast, "Robinson" made a
midshipmanpractice cruise with battleship "Missouri" (BB-63) visiting Vigo, Spain, and Le Havre, France, and Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, before returning to Norfolk on 3 August.
1955 – 1958
After operations off the Atlantic coast and in the Caribbean, "Robinson" was again bound for the Mediterranean in company with Destroyer Squadrons 8 and 32 on
5 November 1955. She visited such Mediterranean ports as Rhodes, Greece; and Beirut, Lebanon; before steaming for Greenwich, England; Antwerp, Belgium; Bremerhaven, Germany; and Edinburgh, Scotland. After independent operations in waters to the north of the Shetland Islands, she arrived at Derry, Northern Irelandon 27 Januaryfor antisubmarine warfareand convoy exercises with British warships. This duty terminated 13 February 1956and "Robinson" returned to Norfolk on the 22d for antisubmarine operations in the Virginia Capes, and shore bombardment practice at Bloodsworth Island.
Early in June 1956, "Robinson" embarked midshipmen at Annapolis and cleared Norfolk on
5 Junefor a midshipman cruise. After exercise "Coppersmith" with units of the Danish Navy, she visited Copenhagenuntil the 26th, then set course for Chatham, England. She visited Guantanamo Bay before debarking the midshipmen at Annapolis and returning to Norfolk on 1 August.
"Robinson" cleared Norfolk with Destroyer Squadron 32 on
22 October 1957and touched at Bermudabefore arrival at Gibraltaron 31 October. She put to sea the next day in company with "Ross" (DD-563) for the Persian Gulf, visiting Piraeus, Greece, and touching at Port Saidon 7 Novemberbefore transit of the Suez Canal for visits to Aden, Arabia; and Massawa, Eritrea. She arrived at Karachi, Pakistan, 25 November 1957. Based at the last named port, she participated in Operation Crescent with Navy warships of Pakistan, Turkey, Great Britain, and Iran. She got underway from Karachi, Pakistan, on 11 December, steamed by way of Massawa, and transited the Suez Canal on the 19th for maneuvers with the 6th Fleet in the Mediterranean. She sailed from Gibraltar on the 16th and arrived at Norfolk on 5 March 1958.
1958 – 1964
"Robinson" departed Norfolk again on
9 June 1958on a midshipmen training cruise to A Coruña, Galicia (Spain); Gothenburg, Sweden; and Hamburg, Germany, before debarking the midshipmen at Annapolis on 4 and 5 August. After 7 months of operations from Norfolk, on 8 April 1959, "Robinson" was assigned to Reserve Destroyer Squadron 4, Destroyer Flotilla 4, U.S. Atlantic Fleet, and began a new career training reservists. On 1 July, the destroyer sailed for Charleston, her new homeportwhere she operated for the next 5 years.
"Robinson" decommissioned at Norfolk on
1 April 1964and was berthed there with the Atlantic Reserve Fleet. She was stricken from the Naval Vessel Register 1 December 1974. The ship was sunk as target off Puerto Rico 13 April 1982.
"Robinson" received eight
battle stars for World War IIservice.
*See USS "Robinson" for other ships of the same name.
* [http://history.navy.mil/danfs/r7/robinson-ii.htm history.navy.mil: USS "Robinson"]
* [http://www.navsource.org/archives/05/562.htm navsource.org: USS "Robinson"]
* [http://www.hazegray.org/danfs/destroy/dd562txt.htm hazegray.org: USS "Robinson"]
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