- Leyte (island)
name = Leyte
image caption = The location of the Island of Leyte
native name =
native name link =
map_custom = yes
South East Asia
area = 7,368 km²
highest mount =
country = Philippines
country admin divisions title = Province
country admin divisions =
Leyte, Southern Leyte
country largest city = Tacloban
country largest city population = 178,639
population = 1,950,000
population as of = 2000
density = 264.7
ethnic groups = Visayan (Cebuano, Waray)
Leyte (pronEng|ˈleɪti in English) is an
islandin the Visayasgroup of the Philippines.
The island measures about 180 km (110 mi) north-south and about 65 km (40 mi) at its widest point. In the north it nearly joins Samar, separated by the
San Juanico Strait, which becomes as narrow as 2 km (1.2 mi) in some places. The island province of Biliranis also to the north of Leyte and is joined to Leyte island by a bridge across the narrow Biliran Strait. To the south Leyte is separated from Mindanaoby the Surigao Strait. To the east, Leyte is somewhat "set back" from the Philippine Seaof the Pacific Ocean, Samar to the northeast and Dinagat to the southeast forming the Leyte Gulf. To the west are Cebu and Bohol.
and staff land at Palo Beach, Leyte, 20 October 1944] Leyte is mostly heavily forested and mountainous, but the
Leyte Valleyin the northeast has much agriculture.
Politically, the island is divided into two provinces: Leyte and
Southern Leyte. Southern Leyte is in the south and includes the island of Panaon, while the province of Biliran, a separate island which used to be a part of Leyte province, is to the north.
The chief cities of Leyte are
Tacloban City, on the eastern shore at the northwest corner of Leyte Gulf, and Ormoc City, on the west coast.
Leyte today is notable for the geothermal electric power plants near Ormoc.
However, Leyte is most famous for its role in the reconquest of the
Philippinesin the World War II. On 20 October 1944, General Douglas MacArthurwaded ashore on Leyte, saying "I have returned". However, the Japanese did not give up so easily, as the ensuing Battle of Leyteproved, and convergence of naval forces resulted in the four-day Battle of Leyte Gulf, the largest naval battle in history.
Areas of Interest
The Leyte Provincial Capitol is the seat of the provincial government where historic viewing of a mural depicting the First Mass of Limasawa in the Orient and the landing of Gen.
Douglas MacArthurcan be done.
The Leyte Landing Memorial in Red Beach,
Palo, marks the spot where American liberation forces landed it also has a lagoon where the life-size statues of Gen. McArthur and his fleet stands.
Lake Danao is a violin-shaped lake hemmed by cloud-capped mountain ranges. It is a hunter’s paradise where wild animals roam the surrounding forests. It is also said to be the home of a giant eel.
The Sto. Nino Shrine and Heritage Museum boasts the painting of the 14 station of the cross done by Filipino artists and a bas-relief of the legend of the first Filipino man and woman (Malakas and Maganda).
The San Juanico Bridge is the longest and the most beautifully designed bridge in the Philippines. It features the picturesque San Juanico Strait with a thousand whirlpools, lovely islets and view.
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