Maria Cristina of Naples and Sicily

Maria Cristina of Naples and Sicily
Maria Cristina of Naples
Queen consort of Sardinia
Tenure 12 March 1821 – 27 April 1831
Spouse Charles Felix of Sardinia
Full name
Maria Cristina Amelia Teresa
House House of Savoy
House of Bourbon
Father Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies
Mother Maria Carolina of Austria
Born 17 January 1779(1779-01-17)
Caserta Palace, Kingdom of Naples
Died 11 March 1849(1849-03-11) (aged 70)
Savona, Kingdom of Sardinia
Burial Royal Basilica of Superga, Turin
Religion Roman Catholic

Maria Cristina of Naples and Sicily (Maria Cristina Amelia Teresa; 17 January 1779 – 11 March 1849) was a Princess of Naples and Sicily[1] and later Queen of Sardinia as wife of Charles Felix of Sardinia.

Contents

Princess of Naples and Sicily

She was a daughter of King Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies and his wife Maria Carolina of Austria, a daughter of Empress Maria Theresa of Austria. Her (younger) twin sister Princess Maria Cristina Amelia died of smallpox in 1783, aged five, a week after their brother Prince Giuseppe died.

She was her mother's favourite child.

Duchess of Genoa

She was married on 6 April 1807 in Palermo with Prince Charles Felix of Savoy, who became King unexpectedly, when his two elder brothers abdicated, Charles Emmanuel IV of Sardinia in 1802 and Victor Emmanuel I of Sardinia in 1821. Till her husband became king, she was styled as the Duchess of Genoa.

Queen of Sardinia

The royal couple were interested in the arts and artists, and turned the Royal House in Agliè and the Villa Rufinella in Frascati into comfortable residences.

During her husband's reign, they resided at the Palazzo Chiablese, where her husband died in 1831.

In 1825, the Queen engaged the archaeologist Marquess Luigi Biondi (1776–1839), whose excavation work uncovered Tusculum. In 1839 and 1840, the architect and archaeologist Luigi Canina (1795–1856) was engaged by the royal family and excavated the Theatre area of Tusculum. The ancient works of art excavated were sent to the Duke of Savoy's Castle of Agliè in Piedmont.

Charles Felix died in 1831 after a reign of ten years. Maria Cristina lived the rest of her life in Turin, Naples, Agliè and Frascati, and died in Savona, Liguria. She was buried beside her husband in the Basilica of Superga, Great Mausoleum, Savoy Crypt, Turin, Piedmont, Italy. The couple had no children.

Titles, styles, honours and arms

Titles and styles

  • 17 January 1779 – 6 April 1807 Her Royal Highness Princess Maria Cristina of Naples and Sicily
  • 6 April 1807 – 12 March 1821 Her Royal Highness The Duchess of Genoa
  • 12 March 1821 – 27 April 1831 Her Majesty the Queen of Sardinia
  • 27 April 1831 – 11 March 1849 Her Majesty the Dowager Queen of Sardinia

Ancestry

References and notes

  1. ^ Later known as the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies
Maria Cristina of Naples and Sicily
Cadet branch of the House of Bourbon
Born: 17 January 1779 Died: 11 March 1849
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Maria Theresa of Austria-Este
Queen consort of Sardinia
12 March 1821 - 27 April 1831
Succeeded by
Maria Theresa of Austria

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Maria Theresa of Naples and Sicily — Maria Theresa Maria Theresa in 1790 Holy Roman Empress; Queen consort of the Romans Tenure 1 March 1792 – 2 March 1807 …   Wikipedia

  • Maria Clotilde of Naples and Sicily — Maria Clotide Princess of Naples and Sicily House House of Bourbon Two Siclies Father Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies Mother Maria Carolina of Austria Born 18 February 1786(1786 02 18) Royal Palace, Naples …   Wikipedia

  • Maria Henrietta of Naples and Sicily — Maria Henrietta Princess of Naples and Sicily House House of Bourbon Two Siclies Father Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies Mother Maria Carolina of Austria Born 31 July 1787(1787 07 31) Royal Palace, Naples …   Wikipedia

  • Maria Anna of Naples and Sicily — Maria Anna Princess of Naples and Sicily House House of Bourbon Two Siclies Father Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies Mother …   Wikipedia

  • Maria Amalia of Naples and Sicily — Not to be confused with Princess Maria Amalia of Bourbon Two Sicilies (1818–1857). Maria Amalia of Naples and Sicily Queen consort of the French Consort 9 August 1830 – 24 February 1848 …   Wikipedia

  • Princess Maria Antonia of Naples and Sicily — Maria Antonia of Naples and Sicily Princess of Asturias Tenure 6 October 1802 21 May 1806 …   Wikipedia

  • Princess Luisa of Naples and Sicily — Luisa of Naples and Sicily Luisa Maria by Joseph Dorffmeister in 1797 Grand Duchess of Tuscany Tenure 15 August 1790 – 19 September 1802 …   Wikipedia

  • Princess Caroline of Naples and Sicily — Caroline Duchess of Berry Duchess della Grazia Caroline in 1825 by Thomas Lawrence Spouse Charles Ferdinand, Duke of Berry …   Wikipedia

  • Infanta Maria Cristina of Spain (1833–1902) — Infanta Maria Cristina of Spain Infanta of Portugal and Spain Spouse Infante Sebastian of Portugal and Spain Issue Francisco, du …   Wikipedia

  • Maria Carolina of Austria — Queen consort of Naples Tenure 12 May 1768 – 23 January 1799 13 June 1799 – 30 March 1806 Queen consort o …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”