- Maria Cristina of Naples and Sicily
Maria Cristina of Naples Queen consort of Sardinia Tenure 12 March 1821 – 27 April 1831 Spouse Charles Felix of Sardinia Full name Maria Cristina Amelia Teresa House House of Savoy
House of Bourbon
Father Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies Mother Maria Carolina of Austria Born 17 January 1779
Caserta Palace, Kingdom of Naples
Died 11 March 1849(aged 70)
Savona, Kingdom of Sardinia
Burial Royal Basilica of Superga, Turin Religion Roman Catholic
Maria Cristina of Naples and Sicily (Maria Cristina Amelia Teresa; 17 January 1779 – 11 March 1849) was a Princess of Naples and Sicily and later Queen of Sardinia as wife of Charles Felix of Sardinia.
Princess of Naples and Sicily
She was a daughter of King Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies and his wife Maria Carolina of Austria, a daughter of Empress Maria Theresa of Austria. Her (younger) twin sister Princess Maria Cristina Amelia died of smallpox in 1783, aged five, a week after their brother Prince Giuseppe died.
She was her mother's favourite child.
Duchess of Genoa
She was married on 6 April 1807 in Palermo with Prince Charles Felix of Savoy, who became King unexpectedly, when his two elder brothers abdicated, Charles Emmanuel IV of Sardinia in 1802 and Victor Emmanuel I of Sardinia in 1821. Till her husband became king, she was styled as the Duchess of Genoa.
Queen of Sardinia
During her husband's reign, they resided at the Palazzo Chiablese, where her husband died in 1831.
In 1825, the Queen engaged the archaeologist Marquess Luigi Biondi (1776–1839), whose excavation work uncovered Tusculum. In 1839 and 1840, the architect and archaeologist Luigi Canina (1795–1856) was engaged by the royal family and excavated the Theatre area of Tusculum. The ancient works of art excavated were sent to the Duke of Savoy's Castle of Agliè in Piedmont.
Charles Felix died in 1831 after a reign of ten years. Maria Cristina lived the rest of her life in Turin, Naples, Agliè and Frascati, and died in Savona, Liguria. She was buried beside her husband in the Basilica of Superga, Great Mausoleum, Savoy Crypt, Turin, Piedmont, Italy. The couple had no children.
Titles, styles, honours and arms
Titles and styles
- 17 January 1779 – 6 April 1807 Her Royal Highness Princess Maria Cristina of Naples and Sicily
- 6 April 1807 – 12 March 1821 Her Royal Highness The Duchess of Genoa
- 12 March 1821 – 27 April 1831 Her Majesty the Queen of Sardinia
- 27 April 1831 – 11 March 1849 Her Majesty the Dowager Queen of Sardinia
References and notes
Maria Cristina of Naples and SicilyCadet branch of the House of BourbonBorn: 17 January 1779 Died: 11 March 1849
- ^ Later known as the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies
Regnal titles Preceded by
Maria Theresa of Austria-Este
Queen consort of Sardinia
12 March 1821 - 27 April 1831
Maria Theresa of Austria
1st Generation 2nd GenerationCaroline, Duchess of Berry · Luisa Carlotta, Infanta Francisco de Paula of Spain · Maria Christina, Queen of Spain · Maria Antonia, Grand Duchess of Tuscany · Maria Amalia, Infanta Sebastian of Portugal and Spain · Maria Carolina, Countess of Montemolín · Theresa Christina, Empress of Brazil · Maria Carolina, Duchess of Aumale 3rd GenerationMaria Annunciata, Archduchess Charles Louis of Austria · Maria Immaculata, Archduchess Karl Salvator of Austria-Tuscany · Maria Pia, Duchess of Parma · Maria Immacolata, Countess of Bardi · Princess Maria Isabella · Maria Antonietta, Countess of Caserta · Princess Maria Theresa · Maria Carolina, Countess Andrzej Zamoyski · Princess Maria Annuziata 4th Generation
Princess Cristina of Bourbon-Two Sicilies · Maria Teresa, Princess of Hohenzollern · Maria Immaculata, Princess Johann Georg of Saxony · Maria Cristina, Archduchess Peter Ferdinand of Austria-Tuscany · Maria di Grazia, Princess Imperial of Brazil · Princess Maria Giuseppina
5th GenerationPrincess Maria Antonietta · Princess Maria Cristina, Mrs. Manuel Sotomayor-Luna · Barbara, Countess Franz Xavier of Stolberg-Wernigerode · Lucia, Duchess of Genoa · Princess Urraca · Isabel Alfonsa, Countess Jan Kanty Zamoyski · Dolores, Princess Augustyn Józef Czartoryski · Mercedes, Countess of Barcelona · Esperanza, Princess Pedro Gastão of Orléans-Braganza · Princess Maria del Carmen · Princess Maria Margarita, Mrs. Luis Gonzaga Maldonado · Princess Maria Immaculata, Mrs. Miguel García de Sáez 6th GenerationTeresa, Machioness of Laula · Princess Inés, Mrs. Luis Morales · Beatrice, Princess Napoléon · Ana Maria, Baroness Cochin · Princess Maria Carolina, Mrs. Andreas Baumbach · Maria Annunziata, Countess Karl Friedik of Creutz · Anna Cecilia, Countess Rodolphe of Causans · Princess Elena 7th GenerationPrincess Cristina, Mrs. Pedro López-Quesada · María, Archduchess Simeon of Austria · Inés, Nobile Michele Carrelli Palombi · Princess Victoria, Mrs. Markos Nomikos · Princess Maria Carolina · Princess Maria Chiara · Princess Dorothée · Princess Anna Sophia Princesses of Savoy by marriage 1st Generation 2nd GenerationPrincess Anne of Cyprus · Claudine de Brosse 3rd Generation 4th Generationnone 5th GenerationPrincess Yolande Louise of Savoy* · Anna d'Este 6th GenerationPrincess Anne of Lorraine 7th Generation 8th Generation 9th GenerationMaria Vittoria of Savoy* · Urania de La Cropte de Beauvais 10th Generation 11th Generation 12th Generation 13th Generation 14th GenerationArchduchess Adelaide of Austria · Princess Elisabeth of Saxony 15th Generation 16th Generation 17th GenerationPrincess Marie José of Belgium · Princess Anne of Orléans*** · Princess Irene of Greece and Denmark*** 18th Generation 19th Generation*also a princess of Savoy by birth
**Princess of Savoy-Genoa
***Princess of Savoy-AostaPrincess Maria Cristina of Naples and Sicily (1807-1821) · Princess Elisabeth of Saxony (1850-1855) · Princess Isabella of Bavaria (1883-1924) · Maria Luisa Alliaga Gandolfi dei conti di Ricaldone (1938-1963) · Princess Lydia of Arenberg (1963-1977) · Princess Lucia of the Two Sicilies (1990-1996)
Queens of SardiniaAnne Marie d'Orléans (1720-1728) · Landgravine Polyxena of Hesse-Rotenburg (1730-1735) · Princess Elisabeth Therese of Lorraine (1737-1741) · Infanta Maria Antonia Ferdinanda of Spain (1773-1785) · Princess Marie Clotilde of France (1796-1802) · Archduchess Maria Theresa of Austria-Este (1802-1821) · Princess Maria Cristina of Naples and Sicily (1821-1831) · Archduchess Maria Theresa of Austria (1831-1849) · Archduchess Adelaide of Austria (1849-1855)
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.