Convoy SC 121

Convoy SC 121
A depth charge being loaded onto a depth-charge thrower aboard the corvette HMS Dianthus, 14 August 1942

Convoy SC-121 was the 121st of the numbered series of World War II Slow Convoys of merchant ships from Sydney, Cape Breton Island to Liverpool.[1] Ships departed New York City 23 February 1943;[2] and were met by Mid-Ocean Escort Force Group A-3 consisting of the USCG Treasury Class Cutter Spencer, the Wickes class destroyer Greer, Flower class corvettes Dianthus, Rosthern, Trillium and Dauphin,[3] and the convoy rescue ship Melrose Abbey.[4] Three of the escorts had defective SONAR and three had inoperative RADAR.[5]


On 6 March U-405 sighted the convoy[4] scattered by nine consecutive days of northwesterly Force 10 gales and snow squalls.[6] The storm damaged the radio communication system aboard the escort commander's ship Spencer; and Dauphin had to leave the convoy with damaged steering gear.[5] U-230 torpedoed British freighter Egyptian on the night of 6-7 March.[7] British freighter Empire Impala stopped to rescue survivors and was torpedoed after dawn by No. 120 Squadron RAF B-24 Liberators from Northern Ireland and by the Wickes class destroyer Babbitt and the USCG Treasury Class Cutters Bibb and Ingham from Iceland.[4]

U-530 torpedoed straggling Swedish freighter Milos on the evening of 9 March; and that night U-405 torpedoed Norwegian freighter Bonneville while U-229 torpedoed British freighter Nailsea Court and escort oiler Rosewood and American ammunition ship Malantic.[8]

Flower class corvettes Liverpool on 14 March.[7] Only 76 of the 275 crewmen of the sunken ships were rescued.[5]

Ships in convoy

Name[9] Flag[9] Dead[7] Tonnage[9] Cargo[7] Notes[9]
Alcoa Leader (1919) United States 5,041 gross register tons (GRT) petrol
Astrid (1942) Norway 2,861 GRT sugar
Badjestan (1928) United Kingdom 5,573 GRT wheat
Baldbutte (1919) United States 6,295 GRT
Bengkalis (1918) Netherlands 6,453 GRT general cargo survived this convoy and convoy ONS 5
Bonneville (1929) Norway 36 4,665 GRT 7,196 tons explosives & general cargo carried convoy commodore Capt H C Birnie DSO RD RNR; sunk by U-405 10 March
Brant County (1915) Norway 5,001 GRT general cargo returned to Halifax
British Freedom (1928) United Kingdom 6,985 GRT furnace fuel oil
British Progress (1927) United Kingdom 4,581 GRT petrol veteran of convoy SC 104
Camerata (1931) United Kingdom 4,875 GRT iron ore
Clunepark (1928) United Kingdom 3,491 GRT phosphates
Coulmore (1936) United Kingdom 3,670 GRT general cargo torpedoed, but towed and salvaged
Dilworth (1919) United States 7,045 GRT gas oil
Egton (1938) United Kingdom 4,363 GRT iron ore
Egyptian (1920) United Kingdom 44 2,868 GRT oilseed, palm oil & tin ore sunk by U-230 7 March
El Grillo (1922) United Kingdom 7,264 GRT fuel oil
Empire Advocate (1913) United Kingdom 5,787 GRT general cargo survived this convoy and convoy ONS 5
Empire Bunting (1919) United Kingdom 6,448 GRT general cargo arrived in tow after steering failure on 11 March
Empire Caxton (1942) United Kingdom 2,873 GRT bauxite
7,025 GRT general cargo
5,736 GRT general cargo
48 6,116 GRT 7,628 tons general cargo sunk by 7,035 GRT west African produce carried convoy vice commodore Capt A Cocks DSC RD RNR
7,015 GRT refrigerated and general cargo straggled and sunk (probably by U-190)
5,644 GRT grain
4,290 GRT general cargo survived this convoy and convoy ONS 5
Eskdalegate (1930) United Kingdom 4,250 GRT iron ore
Fort Lamy (1919) United Kingdom 5,242 GRT steel & general cargo veteran of convoy ON 154; straggled and sunk (probably by 7,127 GRT general cargo
Garnes (1930) Norway 1,559 GRT veteran of convoy SC 104
Gascony (1925) United Kingdom 4,716 GRT general cargo
Gatineau Park (1942) United Kingdom 7,128 GRT general cargo fitted with Admiralty net defense
Guido (1920) United Kingdom 3,921 GRT sugar & cotton romped and sunk (possibly by 2,968 GRT flour
Harpefjell (1939) Norway 1,333 GRT general cargo
Harperly (1930) United Kingdom 4,586 GRT bauxite survived to be sunk 2 months later in convoy ONS 5
Hollywood (1920) United States 5,498 GRT general cargo veteran of convoy PQ 18
Katendrecht (1925) Netherlands 5,099 GRT gas oil
Kingswood (1929) United Kingdom 5,080 GRT general cargo
L V Stanford (1921) United States 7,138 GRT furnace fuel oil veteran of convoy SC 107
USS Laramie (1919) United States 5,450 GRT detached for Greenland
Leadgate (1925) United Kingdom 2,125 GRT flour straggled and sunk by 6,479 GRT tin & general cargo
Lombardy (1921) United Kingdom 3,379 GRT general cargo
Lorient (1921) United Kingdom 4,737 GRT steel & lumber veteran of convoy SC 42; survived to be sunk 2 months later in convoy ONS 5
Malantic (1929) United States 25 3,837 GRT 8,000 tons ammunition veteran of convoy SC 107; sunk by 5,620 GRT general cargo
Melrose Abbey (1929) United Kingdom 1,924 GRT convoy rescue ship
Miguel de Larrinaga (1924) United Kingdom 5,231 GRT tobacco veteran of convoy SC 42
Milos (1898) Sweden 30 3,058 GRT 804 tons steel & lumber sunk by U-530 11 March
Morska Wola (1924) Poland 3,208 GRT general cargo veteran of convoy HX 84
Nadin (1904) Greece 3,582 GRT steel & lumber
Nailsea Court (1936) United Kingdom 45 4,946 GRT 7,661 tons copper & general cargo sunk by U-229 10 March
Parkhaven (1920) Netherlands 4,803 GRT general cargo
Porjus (1906) Sweden 2,965 GRT steel & pulp veteran of convoy SC 104; returned to port & sailed with convoy SC 122
Raranga (1916) United Kingdom 10,043 GRT refrigerated & general cargo
Ravnefjell (1938) Norway 1,339 GRT general cargo veteran of convoy HX 79 & convoy ON 154; survived this convoy & convoy SC 130
Reaverley (1940) United Kingdom 4,998 GRT bauxite returned to port
Rosewood (1931) United Kingdom 42 5,989 GRT furnace fuel oil escort oiler; sunk by 6,266 GRT furnace fuel oil
Scorton (1939) United Kingdom 4,813 GRT sugar
Sinnington Court (1928) United Kingdom 6,910 GRT general cargo veteran of convoy SC 104
Suderoy (1913) Norway 7,562 GRT fuel oil veteran of convoy SC 104
Sutlej (1940) United Kingdom 5,189 GRT general cargo
Thraki (1941) Greece 7,460 GRT grain & general cargo
Trontolite (1918) United Kingdom 7,115 GRT
Vancolite (1928) United Kingdom 11,404 GRT
Vojvoda Putnik (1916) Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia 5,879 GRT wheat straggled and sunk by 4,256 GRT iron ore returned to port to be sunk sailing with convoy SC 122


  • Hague, Arnold (2000). The Allied Convoy System 1939-1945. Naval Institute Press. ISBN 1-55750-019-3. 
  • Milner, Marc (1985). North Atlantic Run. Naval Institute Press. ISBN 0-87021-450-0. 
  • Morison, Samuel Eliot (1975). History of United States Naval Operations in World War II, Volume I The Battle of the Atlantic 1939-1943. Little, Brown and Company. 
  • Rohwer, J. and Hummelchen, G. (1992). Chronology of the War at Sea 1939-1945. Naval Institute Press. ISBN 1-55750-105-X. 
  1. ^ Hague 2000 p.133
  2. ^ Hague 2000 p.135
  3. ^ Milner 1985 p.291
  4. ^ a b c d e Rohwer & Hummelchen 1992 p.196
  5. ^ a b c Morison 1975 p.342
  6. ^ Morison 1975 p.341
  7. ^ a b c d e Hague 2000 p.137
  8. ^ Hague 2000 pp.137-8
  9. ^ a b c d "SC convoys". Andrew Hague Convoy Database. Retrieved 2011-05-29. 

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем сделать НИР

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Convoy SC-121 — was the 121st of the numbered series of World War II Slow Convoys of merchant ships from Sydney, Cape Breton Island to Liverpool. [Hague 2000 p.133] Fifty seven ships departed New York City 23 February 1943; [Hague 2000 p.135] and were met by Mid …   Wikipedia

  • Convoy ON 154 — was the 154th of the numbered series of World War II merchant ship convoys Outbound from the British Isles to North America. The ships departed Liverpool on 18 December 1942;[1] they were met by the Royal Canadian Navy Mid Ocean Escort Force… …   Wikipedia

  • Convoy SC 107 — was the 107th of the numbered series of World War II Slow Convoys of merchant ships from Sydney, Cape Breton Island to Liverpool.[1] Ships departed New York City on 24 October 1942;[2] and were found and reported by Western Local Escort Force[3]… …   Wikipedia

  • Convoy rescue ship — During the Second World War purpose built convoy rescue ships accompanied some Atlantic convoys to rescue survivors from ships which had been attacked. Rescue ships were typically small freighters with passenger accommodations. Conversion to… …   Wikipedia

  • Convoy HX 228 — Part of World War II Date 10 11 March 1943 Location North Atlantic Result Inconclusive …   Wikipedia

  • Convoy HX-228 — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=Convoy partof=World War II date=10 11 March 1943 place=North Atlantic result=Inconclusive combatant1= combatant2= commander1=Admiral Karl Dönitz commander2=Comm: JO Dunn B 3 Group: AA Taitstrength1= 9 U boats… …   Wikipedia

  • USS Montgomery (DD-121) — For other ships of the same name, see USS Montgomery. Montgomery alongside one of her sister ships USS Radford (DD 120) Career (US) …   Wikipedia

  • USS Swerve (AM-121) — was an Auk class minesweeper acquired by the U.S. Navy for the dangerous task of removing mines from minefields laid in the water to prevent ships from passing. Swerve was the first U.S. Navy vessel so named. It was laid down on 27 May 1942 by… …   Wikipedia

  • SS British Drummer — Career Name: Empire Ensign (1945–47) British Drummer (1947–57) Anella (1957–58) Norse Commander (1958–66) Owner: Ministry of War Transport (1945) Ministry of Transport (1945–47) British Tank …   Wikipedia

  • USCG Treasury class cutter — The Treasury class high endurance cutters were a group of 7 ships launched by the United States Coast Guard between 1936 and 1937. These ships were also collectively known as the 327 s as they were all convert|327|ft|m in length. [Silverstone… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”