- West Sussex
West Sussex is a
countyin the south of England, bordering onto East Sussex(with Brighton and Hove), Hampshireand Surrey. The county of Sussexhas been divided into East and West since the 12th century, and obtained separate county councils in 1888, but it remained a single ceremonial county until 1974 and the coming into force of the Local Government Act 1972. Also at this time the Mid Sussexregion (including Haywards Heath, Burgess Hilland East Grinstead) was transferred from East Sussex.
West Sussex is a diverse county; it is well known for its
stately homes and castlessuch as Arundel Castleand Bramber Castle. Over half the county is protected countryside, offering popular walking and cycling ground for visitors and residents alike [http://www.westsussex.gov.uk/ccm/navigation/leisure-and-tourism/] . Chichesteris the county townof West Sussex, and the highest point of the county is Black Down, at 280m/919 ft (gbmapping|SU919296).
Most settlements in West Sussex are either along the south coast or are situated in the M23 corridor.
Crawleyand Worthingare the largest settlements in the county, with populations of approximately 100 000 inhabitants each. Next in size order comes the market town of Horsham, and Bognor Regis, on the south coast. Chichester, the county town, boasts a cathedraland city status, and is situated not far from the border with Hampshire. Other towns in alphabetical order are Burgess Hill, East Grinsteadand Haywards Heathin the Mid Sussex district, and Littlehamptonin the Arun district.
Other settlements include the towns of
Arundeland Shoreham-by-Sea, and the smaller settlements of Billingshurst, Cuckfield, Henfield, Hassocks, Hurstpierpoint, Lancing, Midhurst, Petworth, Rustington, Steyning, Storringtonand Pulborough.
"For a full list of settlements see
List of places in West Sussex."
Communications and transport
The M23/A23 runs through the east of the county from Waterloo in
Londonall the way to Brighton. Other major roads are the A272 which runs east to west, and the A27 which does the same but closer to the coast; the A272 going through the middle of the county. Along the majority of the coast can be found the A259, which is often used as an alternate route to the A27. Gatwick Airport, which handled over 32 million passengers in 2005, is located to the north of Crawley, and is the second largest airport in the United Kingdom. There is also a considerably smaller local airportat Shoreham. There are 3 main railway routes; the Brighton Main Line, the Arun Valley Lineand the West Coastway Line.
[http://www.westsussex.gov.uk/ West Sussex County Council] , based at County Hall Chichester, provides a large range of services including education, social services, fire and rescue, libraries, town and country planning, refuse disposal and consumer services. In addition, there are seven local government districts within the county of West Sussex:
Places of interest
Castles, houses and other buildings
* Barnham Windmill
Christ's Hospital, an old public school notable for its archaic uniforms and picturesque campus.
Goodwood House& Goodwood Motor Circuit
High Salvington windmill
Hurstpierpoint College- a Public School, notable for its substantial Sussex flint buildings and large campus.
Lancing College- a Public School, notable for its substantial Sussex sandstone chapel and large campus.
*Queen Victoria Hospital
East Grinstead- Home of the McIndoe burns centre. Pioneered reconstructive surgery for burns patients during the Second World War.
Sackville College, a Jacobean almshouse in East Grinstead
Standen, East Grinstead
CobnorHouse - Home to the Beale Family who were heavily involved with Chichester Harbour
Amberley Working Museum
* Steyning Museum [http://www.steyningmuseum.org.uk/]
* Tangmere Military Aviation Museum [http://www.tangmere-museum.org.uk/]
Weald and Downland Open Air Museumof Historic Buildings at Singleton
WWT Arundel(a nature reserveof the Wildfowl and Wetlands Trust)
South Downs Way- a long distance footpath
Cissbury Ringand Chanctonbury Ring, ancient hill forts located on the South Downs
Fishbourne Roman Palace
St. Margaret's Church, West Hoathly- an 11th century Anglo-Saxon church
St Mary's Church, Sompting- an 11th century Anglo-Saxon church.
* St Swithuns Church
St. Nicholas' Church, Worth- a 10th century church in Worth, Crawley
St. Marks Church, Horsham- an Anglican church in Horsham
"See also "
Pallant House Galleryin Chichester houses one of the most significant collections of 20th century British art outside London. It includes a substantial body of early and mid-20th century work bequeathed by Walter Hussey(Dean of Chichester Cathedral, 1955-1977) and many later works donated by Sir Colin St John 'Sandy' Wilson.
Worthing Museum and Art Galleryhouses the biggest collection of Georgian & Victorian costume in South East England.
* Gatwick Airport
Shoreham Airport- the world's oldest continually-operational airport.
This is a chart of trend of regional gross value added of West Sussex at current basic prices [http://www.statistics.gov.uk/downloads/theme_economy/RegionalGVA.pdf published] (pp.240-253) by "Office for National Statistics" with figures in millions of British Pounds Sterling.
The following are some of the companies based in West Sussex:
Virgin Atlantic Airways
TUI Travel PLC
The Body Shop
Rolls-Royce Motor Cars
West Sussex has a comprehensive education system, with 37 state schools and 20 independent schools.
West Sussex County Council has 70
councillors; the majority of them being Conservative. There are 47 Conservative councillors, 16 Liberal Democrats, and 7 Labour Party councillors. [http://www.westsussex.gov.uk/ccm/content/your-council/councillors.en]
As of the 2005 general election, West Sussex is largely represented by Conservative MPs, with the exception of the Labour Party constituency of Crawley, where Labour held the seat by just 37 votes. The Members of Parliament, their corresponding constituencies and the percentage of the vote they received are as follows:
* Arundel & South Downs -
Nick Herbert, Conservative, 49.8%
* Bognor Regis -
Nick Gibb, Conservative, 44.6%
* Chichester -
Andrew Tyrie, Conservative, 48.3%
* Crawley -
Laura Moffatt, Labour, 39.1%
* Horsham -
Francis Maude, Conservative, 50.0%
* Mid Sussex -
Nicholas Soames, Conservative, 48.0%
* Worthing East -
Tim Loughton, Conservative, 43.9%
* Worthing West -
Peter Bottomley, Conservative, 47.6%
The Royal Sussex Regiment
Eastbourne RedoubtHome of the Royal Sussex Regimental Museum
* [http://www.westsussex.info West Sussex.info] Information about the arts, culture, sports and community in West Sussex
* [http://www.familytreedesigns.co.uk/angmering.htm Angmering Area Project] has all of Angmering census returns available to view as well as censuses for many surrounding parishes. This collection is constantly added to.
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