- A23 road
UK road routebox
caption= The A23 near Patcham, East Sussex.
direction= North - South
Reigate Sevenoaks Dorking
East Grinstead Crawley
The A23 road, in its original form, was a major road in the
United Kingdomrunning between Londonand Brighton, East Sussex. It became an arterial route between these two places following the construction of Westminster Bridgein 1750 and the consequent improvement of roads leading to the bridge south of the river by the TurnpikeTrusts. The increase in population of Brighton in the late eighteenth century, which transformed it from a small fishing village to a large seaside resort, enhanced the importance of this route, as did the residence there of George IV, as Prince of Wales, who made Brighton into a place of fashion. Today the original A23 has been bypassed round Croydon; and by the M23 motorwayfor the section of its route between Hooleyand Crawley.
The 53-mile route from London to Brighton forms the basis of the route of the annual
London to Brighton Veteran Car Run. This is featured in the film Genevieve although in the film most of the rural motoring scenes were actually shot in Buckinghamshire. The A23 is also used for other various other London to Brighton events.
Main roads running from the centre of London are always deemed to start from
Charing Cross, although the A23 itself begins as "Westminster Bridge Road" near Waterloo station. Almost immediately it turns south; the straightness of much of the heading south belies its Roman origins.
The road becomes:
Kennington Road: 1 mile (1.6km) in length; near Kennington Park it joins the A3 ("Kennington Park Road"), but soon bears south again, becoming in turn over the next five miles (8km):
Streatham High Road
Norburythe continuing road becomes "London Road"; after 1.25 miles (2km), at
Thornton Heaththe CroydonBypass, "Thornton Road" and then Purley Way(known for its superstores, particularly Ikea, and for the site of the original Croydon Airport) takes the place of the original road through Croydon, which is now the A235, rejoining the "new" A23 at Purley (near the Purley War Memorial Hospital), now named Brighton Road.
* continuing south through
Coulsdonon the newly opened Farthing Way, the relief road for Coulsdon Town Centre, over the North Downsto Hooley. the start of the M23 motorway
** "here is now
* through the built-up areas of
Merstham; Redhill, Salfordsand skirting Horley
** "here is now
* making an end-on connection with the M23 spur for Gatwick Airport the A23 becomes
dual carriagewayas it is diverted round the airport; it rejoins the original route at Lowfield Heath and continues south into Crawley as "London Road"
CrawleyRing Road: the original road was through the town
Pease Pottage, the southern junction with the M23
* through relatively rural countryside of
West Sussexthe road runs into Brighton/East Sussex over the South Downs
Major roads intersected by the route
*A3 and A202 at Kennington
*A205 South Circular Road at Streatham Hill
*A214 at Streatham
*A232 at Waddon
*M23 close to Junction 7 (no southbound access)
*A25 at Redhill
*A272 at Bolney
*A27 Brighton Bypass at Mill Road Roundabout
Great Britain road numbering scheme
* [http://www.coulsdontcis.co.uk/content/project/project.htm Coulsdon relief road scheme] .
* [http://www.sabre-roads.org.uk/roadlists/f99/23.shtml SABRE page on the A23]
* [http://www.road-to-nowhere.co.uk/route-guides/maps/A23.htm Road to Nowhere: A23]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.