Flat (music)

Flat (music)
Figure 1. The notes A flat and A double flat on the treble clef.

In music, flat, or Bemolle (from German bemollen, "to make minor" [as, e.g., a third interval]), means "lower in pitch"; the flat symbol lowers a note by a half step.[1] Intonation may be flat, sharp, or both, successively or simultaneously. More specifically, in music notation, flat means, "lower in pitch by a semitone (half step)," and has an associated symbol (), which is a stylised lowercase "b" that may be found in key signatures or as an accidental, as may sharps. The Unicode character ♭(U+266D) is the flat sign. Its HTML entity is ♭.

Under twelve tone equal temperament, C flat for instance is the same as, or enharmonically equivalent to, B natural, and G flat is the same as F sharp. In any other tuning system, such enharmonic equivalences in general do not exist. To allow extended just intonation, composer Ben Johnston uses a sharp as an accidental to indicate a note is raised 70.6 cents (ratio 25:24), or a flat to indicate a note is lowered 70.6 cents.[2]

Double flats also exist, which look like double flat (similar to two flats, ) and lower a note by two semitones, or a whole step. Less often (in for instance microtonal music notation) one will encounter half, or three-quarter, or otherwise altered flats. The Unicode character '

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Flat — or flats may refer to:* Flatness * Flat (music), a symbol which denotes a lower pitch (music|flat) * Flat, an apartment within a residential building * Flat (geometry), the generalization of lines and planes in an n dimensional Euclidean space *… …   Wikipedia

  • Music Master Chopin — Genres Music video games Developers Bloober Team Publishers CD Projekt (in PL) First release Music Master Chopin Classic, Music Master Chopin Rock De …   Wikipedia

  • flat — flat1 [flat] adj. flatter, flattest [ME < ON flatr, akin to OHG flaz < IE * plāt, plēt , wide, flat (> Gr platys, broad, OE flet, floor) < base * plā , broad] 1. having a smooth, level surface; having little or no depression or… …   English World dictionary

  • Music for Mallet Instruments, Voices and Organ — is a 1973 composition by American composer Steve Reich. The piece is scored for glockenspiels, marimbas, metallophone (vibraphone without resonators), women s voices, and organ, and runs about 17 minutes. The piece is in four sections, played… …   Wikipedia

  • Flat Earth Records — is an independent punk record label based in Leeds, UK. Started in 1986, Flat Earth has released music which could largely be described as anarcho punk or hardcore, although the size of the label s catalogue means that this is by no means a… …   Wikipedia

  • Music of North Carolina — Music of the United States AK AL AR AS AZ CA CO CT DC DE FL GA GU HI IA ID IL IN KS KY LA MA …   Wikipedia

  • Flat Stanley — is the title character of a 1964 children s book (ISBN 0 06 009791 4) by Jeff Brown (born 1925 ndash; died December 3, 2003).Other books by Jeff Brown in this series: * Stanley In Space * Stanley and the Magic Lamp * Invisible Stanley * Stanley s …   Wikipedia

  • Flat-pack philosophy — Flat Pack Philosophy, sorti en 2006, est le dernier album du groupe Buzzcocks. Flat Pack Philosophy Album par Buzzcocks Sortie 2006 Durée 36:32 Genre(s) Punk Rock P …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Music of the Philippines — Music of Southeast Asia Brunei Cambodia …   Wikipedia

  • Music of Burma — Music of Southeast Asia Brunei Cambodia …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”