List of antbirds

List of antbirds

The antbirds are a large family, Thamnophilidae, of smallish passerine bird species of subtropical and tropical Central and South America. The family has more than 200 species and includes the antshrikes, antwrens, antvireos, fire-eyes, bare-eyes and bushbirds. They are closely related to the antthrushes and antpittas in the family Formicariidae, the tapaculos, and especially the gnateaters.Irestedt, Martin; Fjeldså, Jon; Johansson, Ulf S. & Ericson, Per G.P. (2002): Systematic relationships and biogeography of the tracheophone suboscines (Aves: Passeriformes). "Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution" 23(3): 499–512. doi|10.1016/S1055-7903(02)00034-9 (HTML abstract)] Rice, Nathan H. (2005): Further Evidence for Paraphyly of the Formicariidae (Passeriformes). "Condor" 107(4): 910-915. DOI|10.1650/7696.1 [http://www.ansp.org/research/biodiv/ornithology/pdf/antbird-paraphyly.pdf PDF fulltext] ]

pecies

ubfamily N.N.: Basal antbirds

*Genus "Terenura"
** Streak-capped Antwren, "Terenura maculata"
** Orange-bellied Antwren, "Terenura sicki"
** Rufous-rumped Antwren, "Terenura callinota"
** Chestnut-shouldered Antwren, "Terenura humeralis"
** Yellow-rumped Antwren, "Terenura sharpei"
** Ash-winged Antwren, "Terenura spodioptila"

*Genus "Myrmornis"
** Wing-banded Antbird, "Myrmornis torquata"

*Genus "Pygiptila"
** Spot-winged Antshrike, "Pygiptila stellaris"

*Genus "Thamnistes" - Russet Antshrike

ubfamily Thamnophilinae: antshrikes and relatives

*Genus "Megastictus"
** Pearly Antshrike, "Megastictus margaritatus"

*Genus "Thamnomanes"
** Saturnine Antshrike, "Thamnomanes saturninus"
** Dusky-throated Antshrike, "Thamnomanes ardesiacus"
** Cinereous Antshrike, "Thamnomanes caesius"
** Bluish-slate Antshrike, "Thamnomanes schistogynus"

*Genus "Xenornis"Placement here needs confirmation.]
** Spiny-faced Antshrike, "Xenornis setifrons"

*Genus "Dichrozona" - Banded Antbird or Banded Antwren

*Genus "Taraba" - Great Antshrike

*Genus "Hypoedaleus" - Spot-backed Antshrike

*Genus "Batara" - Giant Antshrike

*Genus "Mackenziaena"
** Tufted Antshrike, "Mackenziaena severa"
** Large-tailed Antshrike, "Mackenziaena leachii"

*Genus "Cymbilaimus"
** Fasciated Antshrike, "Cymbilaimus lineatus"
** Bamboo Antshrike, "Cymbilaimus sanctaemariae"

*Genus "Frederickena"
** Black-throated Antshrike, "Frederickena viridis"
** Undulated Antshrike, "Frederickena unduligera"

*Genus "Dysithamnus" - antvireos (8 species)

*Genus "Herpsilochmus" - wren-like antshrikes (15 species)

*Genus "Sakesphorus"
** Collared Antshrike, "Sakesphorus bernardi"
** Black-crested Antshrike, "Sakesphorus canadensis"
** Silvery-cheeked Antshrike, "Sakesphorus cristatus"
** Black-backed Antshrike, "Sakesphorus melanonotus"
** Band-tailed Antshrike, "Sakesphorus melanothorax"
** Glossy Antshrike, "Sakesphorus luctuosus"

*Genus "Thamnophilus" (possibly polyphyletic)
** Barred Antshrike, "Thamnophilus doliatus"
*** Caatinga Barred Antshrike, "Thamnophilus (doliatus) capistratus"
** Chapman's Antshrike, "Thamnophilus zarumae"
** Bar-crested Antshrike, "Thamnophilus multistriatus"
** Chestnut-backed Antshrike, "Thamnophilus palliatus"
** Lined Antshrike, "Thamnophilus tenuepunctatus"
** Black-hooded Antshrike, "Thamnophilus bridgesi"
** Black Antshrike, "Thamnophilus nigriceps"
** Cocha Antshrike, "Thamnophilus praecox"
** Blackish-gray Antshrike, "Thamnophilus nigrocinereus"
** Castelnau's Antshrike, "Thamnophilus cryptoleucus"
** White-shouldered Antshrike, "Thamnophilus aethiops"
** Uniform Antshrike, "Thamnophilus unicolor"
** Upland Antshrike, "Thamnophilus aroyae"
** Plain-winged Antshrike, "Thamnophilus schistaceus"
** Mouse-colored Antshrike, "Thamnophilus murinus"
** Western Slaty Antshrike, "Thamnophilus atrinucha"
** Northern Slaty Antshrike, "Thamnophilus punctatus"
*** Guianan Slaty Antshrike, "Thamnophilus (p.) punctatus"
*** Marañón (or Peruvian) Slaty Antshrike, "Thamnophilus (punctatus) leucogaster"
** Natterer's Slaty Antshrike, "Thamnophilus stictocephalus"
** Bolivian Slaty Antshrike, "Thamnophilus sticturus"
** Planalto Slaty Antshrike, "Thamnophilus pelzelni"
** Sooretama Slaty Antshrike, "Thamnophilus ambiguus"
** Acre Antshrike, "Thamnophilus divisorus"
** Streak-backed Antshrike, "Thamnophilus insignis"
** Amazonian Antshrike, "Thamnophilus amazonicus"
** Variable Antshrike, "Thamnophilus caerulescens"
** Rufous-winged Antshrike, "Thamnophilus torquatus"
** Rufous-capped Antshrike, "Thamnophilus ruficapillus"

ubfamily N.N.: Typical antwrens and relatives

Tribe "Microrhopini"
*Genus "Neoctantes"
** Black Bushbird, "Neoctantes niger"

*Genus "Clytoctantes" - typical bushbirds (2 species)
** Recurve-billed Bushbird, "Clytoctantes alixii"
** Rondônia Bushbird, "Clytoctantes atrogularis"

*Genus "Myrmorchilus"
** Stripe-backed Antbird, "Myrmorchilus strigilatus"

*Genus "Microrhopias" - Dot-winged Antwren

Tribe Formicivorini
*Genus "Myrmochanes"
** Black-and-white Antbird, "Myrmochanes hemileucus"

* Genus "Epinecrophylla" (previously included in "Myrmotherula", as the Stipple-throated group)
** Brown-bellied Antwren, "Epinecrophylla gutturalis"
** Checker-throated Antwren, "Epinecrophylla fulviventris"
** White-eyed Antwren, "Epinecrophylla leucophthalma"
** Foothill Antwren, "Epinecrophylla spodionota"
** Stipple-throated Antwren, "Epinecrophylla haematonota"
** Brown-backed Antwren, "Epinecrophylla fjeldsaai"
** Ornate Antwren, "Epinecrophylla ornata"
** Rufous-tailed Antwren, "Epinecrophylla erythrura"

*Genus "Myrmotherula" (possibly paraphyletic)
**Streaked group (closer to "Myrmochanes"):
** Pygmy Antwren, "Myrmotherula brachyura"
** Moustached Antwren, "Myrmotherula ignota"
*** Short-billed Antwren, "Myrmotherula (ignota) obscura"
** Guianan Streaked-Antwren, "Myrmotherula surinamensis"
** Amazonian Streaked-Antwren, "Myrmotherula multostriata"
** Pacific Antwren, "Myrmotherula pacifica"
** Cherrie's Antwren, "Myrmotherula cherriei"
** Klages's Antwren, "Myrmotherula klagesi"
** Stripe-chested Antwren, "Myrmotherula longicauda"
** Sclater's Antwren, "Myrmotherula sclateri"
** Yellow-throated Antwren, "Myrmotherula ambigua"
**Grey group (may include "Formicivora"):
** White-flanked Antwren, "Myrmotherula axillaris"
** Slaty Antwren, "Myrmotherula schisticolor"
** Rio Suno Antwren, "Myrmotherula sunensis"
** Salvadori's Antwren, "Myrmotherula minor"
** Ihering's Antwren, "Myrmotherula iheringi"
** Rio de Janeiro Antwren, "Myrmotherula fluminensis"
** Plain-winged Antwren, "Myrmotherula behni"
** Ashy Antwren, "Myrmotherula grisea"
** Unicolored Antwren, "Myrmotherula unicolor"
** Alagoas Antwren, "Myrmotherula snowi"
** Long-winged Antwren, "Myrmotherula longipennis"
** Band-tailed Antwren, "Myrmotherula urosticta"
** Gray Antwren, "Myrmotherula menetriesii"
** Rufous-bellied Antwren, "Myrmotherula guttata"
** Plain-throated Antwren, "Myrmotherula hauxwelli"
** Leaden Antwren, "Myrmotherula assimilis"
**unassigned (Relationships unknown):
** Star-throated Antwren, "Myrmotherula gularis"

*Genus "Formicivora" (8 species)

*Genus "Stymphalornis"
** Parana Antwren, "Stymphalornis acutirostris"

Tribe Pithyini
*Genus "Pithys"
** White-plumed Antbird, "Pithys albifrons"
** White-masked Antbird, "Pithys castanea"

*Genus "Skutchia"
** Pale-faced Antbird, "Skutchia borbae"

*Genus "Phlegopsis"
** Black-spotted Bare-eye, "Phlegopsis nigromaculata"
** Reddish-winged Bare-eye, "Phlegopsis erythroptera"

*Genus "Phaenostictus"
** Ocellated Antbird, "Phaenostictus mcleannani"

*Genus "Gymnopithys" (4 species)

*Genus "Rhegmatorhina"
** Hairy-crested Antbird, "Rhegmatorhina melanosticta"
** Chestnut-crested Antbird, "Rhegmatorhina cristata"
** White-breasted Antbird, "Rhegmatorhina hoffmannsi"
** Harlequin Antbird, "Rhegmatorhina berlepschi"
** Bare-eyed Antbird, "Rhegmatorhina gymnops"

*Genus "Cercomacra" (12 species)

*Genus "Hypocnemis" - warbing-antbirds (2-7 species)

*Genus "Drymophila" (8 species)

Tribe Myrmecizini
*Genus "Sclateria" - Silvered Antbird

*Genus "Percnostola"
** Black-headed Antbird, "Percnostola rufifrons"
** White-lined Antbird, "Percnostola lophotes"

*Genus "Schistocichla" (sometimes placed in "Percnostola"; 3-7 species)

*Genus "Myrmoborus"
** White-browed Antbird, "Myrmoborus leucophrys"
** Ash-breasted Antbird, "Myrmoborus lugubris"
** Black-faced Antbird, "Myrmoborus myotherinus"
** Black-tailed Antbird, "Myrmoborus melanurus"

*Genus "Gymnocichla" - Bare-crowned Antbird

*Genus "Rhopornis"
** Slender Antbird, "Rhopornis ardesiaca"

*Genus "Pyriglena"
** White-backed Fire-eye, "Pyriglena leuconota"
** White-shouldered Fire-eye, "Pyriglena leucoptera"
** Fringe-backed Fire-eye, "Pyriglena atra"

*Genus "Hypocnemoides" (2 species)

*Genus "Hylophylax" (3 species)

*Genus "Willisornis" [South American Classification Committee (2007) [http://www.museum.lsu.edu/~Remsen/SACCprop286.html Revive the genus Dichropogon] - Accessed 8 April 2008.] [ [http://www.museum.lsu.edu/~Remsen/SACCprop340.html Reassign Dichropogon to Willisornis] - South American Classification Committee (2008)]
** Scale-backed Antbird, "Willisornis poecilinotus"

*Genus "Myrmeciza" (paraphyletic)
**Chestnut-tailed group (Pithyini)
** Southern Chestnut-tailed Antbird, "Myrmeciza hemimelaena"
** Northern Chestnut-tailed Antbird, "Myrmeciza castanea"
**Large dark group (close to "Pyriglena")
** Plumbeous Antbird, "Myrmeciza hyperythra"
** Goeldi's Antbird, "Myrmeciza goeldii"
** White-shouldered Antbird, "Myrmeciza melanoceps"
** Sooty Antbird, "Myrmeciza fortis"
** Immaculate Antbird, "Myrmeciza immaculata"
**Patterned breast group (close to "Hypocnemoides" and "Hylophylax")
** Ferruginous-backed Antbird, "Myrmeciza ferruginea"
** Scalloped Antbird, "Myrmeciza ruficauda"
** White-bibbed Antbird, "Myrmeciza loricata"
** Squamate Antbird, "Myrmeciza squamosa"
**Main group
** Gray-headed Antbird, "Myrmeciza griseiceps"
** Dull-mantled Antbird, "Myrmeciza laemosticta"
** Esmeraldas Antbird, "Myrmeciza nigricauda"
** Stub-tailed Antbird, "Myrmeciza berlepschi"
**unassigned
** Yapacana Antbird, "Myrmeciza disjuncta"
** White-bellied Antbird, "Myrmeciza longipes"
** Chestnut-backed Antbird, "Myrmeciza exsul"
** Gray-bellied Antbird, "Myrmeciza pelzelni"
** Black-throated Antbird, "Myrmeciza atrothorax"

Unassigned

*Genus "Biatas" - White-bearded Antshrike

References

* Irestedt, Martin; Fjeldså, Jon; Nylander, Johan A. A. & Ericson, Per G. P. (2004): Phylogenetic relationships of typical antbirds (Thamnophilidae) and test of incongruence based on Bayes factors. "BMC Evol. Biol." 4: 23. DOI|10.1186/1471-2148-4-23 [http://www.biomedcentral.com/content/supplementary/1471-2148-4-23-S1.pdf Supplementary information]

* Isler, M., P. Isler, B. Whitney, and K. Zimmer (2007). "Species limits in the "Schistocichla" complex of Percnostola Antbirds (Passeriformes: Thamnophilidae)." Wilson Bull. 119(1): 53-70.

* Isler, M., P. Isler, and B. Whitney (2007). "Species limits in Antbirds (Thamnophilidae): The Warbling Antbird (Hypocnemis cantator) complex." Auk 124(1): 11-28.

* Isler, M., D. Lacerda, P. Isler, S. Hackett, K. Rosenberg, and R. Brumfield (2006). "Epinecrophylla, a new genus of antwrens (Aves: Passeriformes: Thamnophilidae)." Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 119(4): 522-527

Footnotes


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