Codex Vaticanus 354

Codex Vaticanus 354
New Testament manuscripts
Uncial 028
Gospel of Luke 17:34-18:8

Gospel of Luke 17:34-18:8
Name Vaticanus 354
Sign S
Text Gospels
Date 949
Script Greek
Now at Vatican Library
Size 36 cm by 24 cm
Type Byzantine text-type
Category V
Note first dated uncial

Codex Vaticanus, designated by S or 028 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), ε 1027 (von Soden), formerly called Codex Guelpherbytanus, is a Greek manuscript of the four Gospels which can be dated to a specific year instead of an estimated range. The colophon of the codex lists the date as 949 (on folio 234 verso). This manuscript is one of the four oldest New Testament manuscripts dated in this manner, and the only dated uncial.[1]

The manuscript has complex contents.



The codex contains 235 parchment leaves (36 cm by 24 cm), with complete text of the four Gospels. The text is written in two columns per page, 27 lines per page,[2] 15-17 letters per line. It is written in large, oblong, and compressed uncial letters. It has no breathings and accents.[3]

The nomina sacra are written in an abbreviated way.

The text is divided according to the κεφαλαια (chapters), whose numbers are given at the margin, and their τιτλοι (titles of chapters) at the top. There is also a division according to the smaller Ammonian sections, with references to the Eusebian Canons.[3]

It contains the Epistula ad Carpianum, lists of the κεφαλαια (tables of contents) before each Gospel, subscriptions at the end of each Gospel, and numbers of stichoi. It contains many later corrections (e.g. Luke 8:15), and margin notes (e.g. Matt. 27:16.17) predominantly added by later hand. It also includes neumes, and it is one of the oldest manuscript with neumes.[3] The writing is large oblong and compressed, and appears Slavic.


Gospel of Matthew 8:1-10 in Vaticanus 354

The Greek text of this codex is a representative of the Byzantine text-type in close relationship to the codices Codex Mosquensis II, Codex Washingtonianus. Kurt Aland placed it in Category V.[2] It belongs to the textual family K1.

In Matthew 27:16 it has marginal comment: "In many ancient copies which I have met with I found Barabbas himself likewise called Jesus; that is, the question of Pilate stood there as follows, Τινα θελετε απο των δυο απολυσω υμιν, Ιησουν τον Βαραββαν η Ιησουν τον λεγομενον Χριστον; for apparently the paternal name of the robber was Barabbas, which is interpreted Son of the teacher".[4]

John 5:4

The spurious texts of Luke 22:43.44, John 5:4, and Pericope Adultera (John 7:53-8:11) are marked by asterisks (※) as questionable texts.[3]

In John 8:1 it reads επορευετο instead of επορευθη.


The name of the scribe was Michael, a monk, who finished his work "in the month of March, the fifth day, the sixth hour, the year 6457, the seventh indiction".[5]

The manuscript was examined and described by Bianchini.[6] It was collated with some errors by Birch in 1781-1783,[7] but collators in his day rarely noticed orthographical forms. Tischendorf in 1866 corrected the collation of Birch. Tischendorf states that facsimile of Bianchini was coarsely executed, he made another for himself.[8]

The codex currently is located in Rome (Bibl. Vat. Gr. 354).[2]

See also


  1. ^ Bruce M. Metzger, Bart D. Ehrman, The Text of the New Testament: Its Transmission, Corruption and Restoration, Oxford University Press, New York — Oxford 2005, p. 54.
  2. ^ a b c Aland, Kurt; Barbara Aland; Erroll F. Rhodes (trans.) (1995). The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism. Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 113. ISBN 978-0-8028-4098-1. 
  3. ^ a b c d Gregory, Caspar René (1900). Textkritik des Neuen Testaments. 1. Leipzig: J.C. Hinrichs’sche Buchhandlung. p. 65. 
  4. ^ Bruce M. Metzger, A Textual Commentary on the Greek New Testament, Deutsche Bibelgesellschaft: Stuttgart 2001, p. 56
  5. ^ Bruce M. Metzger, Manuscripts of the Greek Bible: An Introduction to Greek Paleography, Oxford University Press, New York – Oxford, 1991, p. 110.
  6. ^ Bianchini, Evanqelium quadruplex, Rome 1749, Part 1, vol. 2, S.
  7. ^ Birch, Quatuor evangelia Graece, Kopenhagen 1788, p. III. IV, und Nachbildung, und Variae lectiones ad textum IV. evangeliorum. Kopenhagen 1801, p. Iv. V.
  8. ^ Scrivener, Frederick Henry Ambrose; Edward Miller (1894). A Plain Introduction to the Criticism of the New Testament, vol. 1 (4 ed.). London: George Bell & Sons. p. 146. 

Further reading

External links

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужно решить контрольную?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Codex Vaticanus 354 — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Codex Vaticanus (homonymie). Manuscrits du Nouveau Testament Papyri • Onciale • Minuscules • Lectionnaire Onciale 028 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Codex Vaticanus 354 — Manuskripte des Neuen Testaments Papyri • Unziale • Minuskeln • Lektionare Unzial 028 Name Codex Vaticanus 354 Text Evangeli …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Codex Vaticanus (disambiguation) — Codex Vaticanus (in Latin, Vatican s codex ) is a term that may refer to any of the (thousands of) manuscripts preserved in the Vatican Library. Contents 1 Manuscripts of Aristotle 2 Manuscripts of Catullus 3 Manuscripts of the Bible …   Wikipedia

  • Codex Vaticanus Graecus 354 — Manuskripte des Neuen Testaments Papyri • Unziale • Minuskeln • Lektionare Unzial 028 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Codex Vaticanus 2061 — For the similarly named manuscript, see Codex Vaticanus. New Testament manuscripts papyri • uncials • minuscules • lectionaries Uncial 048 Name Codex Vaticanus 2061 Text Acts, GE, Paul † …   Wikipedia

  • Codex Vaticanus (homonymie) — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Codex Vaticanus est une expression latine signifiant « codex du Vatican », qui est utilisée pour désigner les manuscrits conservés à la… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Codex Vaticanus 2066 — For the similarly named manuscript, see Codex Vaticanus Graecus 1209 and Codex Vaticanus 354. New Testament manuscripts papyri • uncials • minuscules • lectionaries Uncial 046 Name Vaticanus 2066 Text Revelation of John …   Wikipedia

  • Codex Vaticanus (Begriffsklärung) — Codex Vaticanus ist die Bezeichnung für Handschriften im Besitz der Vatikanischen Bibliothek. Bei Wikipedia existieren Artikel zu folgenden Handschriften: Codex Vaticanus Graecus 64, wurde um das Jahr 1270 verfasst. Codex Vaticanus Graecus 354,… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Codex Vaticanus Graecus 2061 — Manuskripte des Neuen Testaments Papyri • Unziale • Minuskeln • Lektionare Unzial 048 Name Codex Vaticanus 2061 Text Apostelgeschichte, Katholische Briefe, Paulusbriefe Sprache Griechisch Datum …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Codex Cyprius — New Testament manuscripts papyri • uncials • minuscules • lectionaries Uncial 017 Name Cyprius Sign Ke Text Gospels Date …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”