Chekiang Province, Republic of China

Chekiang Province, Republic of China
浙江省 (1912–1955)
Chekiang Province (1912–1955)
Zhejiang ROC.jpg

Chekiang Province of the Republic of China.

Capital Tachen Islands
Area 17 km²
Population (1954) 1700
County 7 counties (1951)
4 counties and 2 administrative regions (1954)[1]

Chekiang Province, Republic of China (1912–1955) was abolished after the Republic of China Army, Republic of China government officials and local residents were evacuated from Tachen to Taiwan in 1955 following the ROC's military defeat to People's Liberation Army forces during the Battle of Dachen Archipelago, and today all of its former territory is administered within Zhejiang Province of the PRC.[2]

After the Chinese Civil War, the Kuomintang-led Republic of China government lost its control in Mainland China and only held several east coast islands off Mainland Chekiang Province, including Tachen, Ichiangshan, Pishan, Taumenshan, Yüshan and Nanji.[3] The county governments withdrawn to the islands from the mainland included seven counties, namely Wenling, Linhai, Huangyan, Pinyang, Sanmen, Leqing and Yuhuan. Chiang Kai-shek, the late President of the Republic of China, appointed Hu Zongnan, the general of the ROC Armed Forces, to establish the "Government of Chekiang Province" on the Dachen Islands on September 1951. Its purpose was to fight against the mainland which was controlled by the Communist Party of China.

In 1952, the Chekiang Government reorganized the seven counties into four counties, which were Wenling, Linhai, Pinyang and Yuhuan. Sanmen county was reorganised as "Yushan Administrative Bureau", and "Zhuyu Administrative Bureau" was also established. These administrative bureaus were originally intended to be used as the "special region" for direct economic trading with Mainland China, however they were abolished one year later.

In 1953, the Chekiang Government office moved to Taiwan.

In 1955, the People's Liberation Army conquered Yijiangshan Island during the Battle of Yijiangshan Islands. The Republic of China evacuated the military garrison and civil residents from Dachen and Nanji to the island of Taiwan with the assistance of the United States Seventh Fleet. The Chekiang Government in Taiwan was abolished soon afterwards, and the People's Republic of China successfully occupied the offshore islands, establishing control over the whole of Zhejiang Province.[4][5]


See also

Coordinates: 29°00′N 120°00′E / 29°N 120°E / 29; 120

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • 20th Army (People's Republic of China) — Organization= The Chinese Army has more or less a direct organizational relation to the Corps terminology employed by other nations. It is subordinate to the Chinese Group Army (or Army Group ) and usually consists of three divisions with other… …   Wikipedia

  • CHINA — CHINA, country of eastern Asia. Early Jewish Visitors and Settlers Individual Jews might have visited China before the eighth century, but the first authentic literary evidence of their presence dates only from that period. Two fragmentary… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Chekiang — /che kyang /; Chin. /ju gyahng /, n. Older Spelling. Zhejiang. * * * ▪ province, China Introduction Chinese (Wade Giles)  Che chiang,  (Pinyin)  Zhejiang,         sheng ( …   Universalium

  • china — /chuy neuh/, n. 1. a translucent ceramic material, biscuit fired at a high temperature, its glaze fired at a low temperature. 2. any porcelain ware. 3. plates, cups, saucers, etc., collectively. 4. figurines made of porcelain or ceramic material …   Universalium

  • China — /chuy neuh/, n. 1. People s Republic of, a country in E Asia. 1,221,591,778; 3,691,502 sq. mi. (9,560,990 sq. km). Cap.: Beijing. 2. Republic of. Also called Nationalist China. a republic consisting mainly of the island of Taiwan off the SE coast …   Universalium

  • China–Portugal relations — People s Republic of China relations–Portugal relations Map indicating locations of People s Republic of China and Portugal China …   Wikipedia

  • Reorganized National Government of China — Republic of China 中華民國 Chunghwa Minkuo Puppet regime of Imperial Japan ← …   Wikipedia

  • Historical time zones of China — The time zones of the areas claimed by the Republic of China (from 1912 to 1949) In 1912, the Central Observatory of the Republic of China in Peking (now romanised as Beijing) divided the country into five time zones, namely Kunlun Time Zone… …   Wikipedia

  • Bank of China (Hong Kong) — Infobox Company company name = Bank of China (Hong Kong) Limited company company type = Public HKSE: 2388; OTCBB: BLYHK (listing is as BOC Hong Kong (Holdings) Limited) slogan = Your premier bank foundation = 2001 location = Hong Kong key people …   Wikipedia

  • Beijing China olympic wld — ▪ Table ● Official name: Zhonghua Renmin Gongheguo (People’s Republic of China). ● Form of government: single party people’s republic with one legislative house (National People’s Congress [2,9801]). ● Chief of state: President Hu Jintao. Head of …   Universalium

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”