Residency (domicile)

Residency (domicile)

:"This article deals with personal residence in a given place. For other uses, see Residency (disambiguation) and Resident."

Residency is the act of establishing or maintaining a residence in a given place.

United States of America

It is important in terms of politics, as candidates must maintain residency within the district in which they intend to run. Requirements vary by jurisdiction, and sometimes by the political office for which a person runs. The cutoff may be as little as a month or as much as several years. Once elected, the office-holder must remain resident in the appropriate district, or may usually be forced to resign.

As a general principle, residency for federal politicians is defined as the intent to return to the particular district or state they represent following their term in office. The purchase or occupancy of a home in the DC metro area, for example, for proximity to the Capitol and the Congressional offices, does not change an Iowa Congressman's legal residency in his state.

The Servicemembers Civil Relief Act (SCRA) provides specific protections to military service members who are domiciled outside their home states.

Voting by the general public (the electorate) is also defined by residency, with most people being prohibited from doing so except at the precinct for their primary residence. There are sometimes exceptions for this, such as so that expatriates can vote in the country where they maintain their original citizenship.

It is also important in terms of other law, such as requirements that vehicles and other things which must be licensed in the place which the owner resides. There is a grace period normally around 30 days for persons moving into the area.

In addition to such responsibilities, certain benefits also come from residency.Discounts on tuition usually are allowed for students who are resident within the state or province (or country) for a year or more, if it is a public university or the like. Other forms of public assistance such as welfare may also have a waiting period, to prevent abuse.

Residency in any given U.S. state is recognized by the U.S. Constitution as "citizenship" of that state, a somewhat unusual arrangement known as "dual citizenship" (though not in the original multi-national context).


In Malta, residency has been interpreted to include not only the physical presence in the country, but includes and allows periodic absence from the country. A person who is temporarily absent from Malta because of work, study, illness or mission, must not and cannot be considered as not resident in Malta. A person who goes abroad to study or for work purposes is still 'directly and continuously concerned' with the political activity of the country of residence and therefore has the right to vote.


The Malaysia My Second Home program (commonly abbreviated "MM2H") is an international residency scheme enacted by the Government of Malaysia to allow foreigners to live in the country on a long-stay visa of up to 10 years. To qualify for the program, applicants must meet certain financial and medical criteria. Successful applicants are then entitled to enter and leave the country on a largely unrestricted basis, and also benefit from other incentives aimed at making their stay in Malaysia more convenient. Certain restrictions may apply.

ee also

* Domicile (law)
* Expatriate
* Permanent residency

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  • domicile — do·mi·cile 1 / dä mə ˌsīl, dō / n [Latin domicilium dwelling place, home] 1: the place where an individual has a fixed and permanent home for legal purposes – called also legal residence; 2: the place where an organization (as a corporation) is… …   Law dictionary

  • residency — res·i·den·cy / re zə dən sē/ n pl cies 1: an often official place of residence 2: the condition of being a resident of a particular place Merriam Webster’s Dictionary of Law. Merriam Webster. 1996 …   Law dictionary

  • domicile — [n] human habitat abode, accommodation, apartment, castle, commorancy, condo*, condominium, co op, crash pad*, dump, dwelling, habitation, home, house, joint, legal residence, mansion, pad*, rack*, residence, residency, roof over head*, roost*,… …   New thesaurus

  • domicile — 1. noun, formal changes of domicile Syn: residence, home, house, address, residency, lodging, accommodations; informal digs; formal dwelling (place), abode, habitation 2. verb he is domiciled in Australia Syn: is set …   Thesaurus of popular words

  • domicile — Synonyms and related words: abide, abiding place, abode, accommodations, address, bed, berth, bestow, billet, board, bunk, cantonment, cohabit, commorancy, crash pad, crib, diggings, digs, domiciliate, domus, doss down, dwell, dwelling, dwelling… …   Moby Thesaurus

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  • domicile — n 1. home, abode, residence, residency, dwelling, dwelling place, dwelling home, habitation, habitancy, Scot, and North Eng. bigging, Scot. howff, lodging, lodgings, lodging place, lodgement or lodgment, nest, roost, perch; quarters, living… …   A Note on the Style of the synonym finder

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  • residence — res·i·dence / re zə dəns/ n 1: the act or fact of living in a place 2 a: the place where one actually lives as distinguished from a domicile or place of temporary sojourn a person can have more than one residence but only one domicile ◇ A… …   Law dictionary

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