- Dannemarie, Haut-Rhin
Administration Country France Region Alsace Department Haut-Rhin Arrondissement Altkirch Canton Dannemarie Intercommunality porte d'Alsace Mayor Paul Mumbach
Statistics Elevation 296–354 m (971–1,161 ft)
(avg. 315 m/1,033 ft)
Land area1 4.35 km2 (1.68 sq mi) Population2 2,344 (2006) - Density 539 /km2 (1,400 /sq mi) INSEE/Postal code 68068/ 68210 1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries. 2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
Dannemarie is a commune in the Haut-Rhin department in Alsace in north-eastern France. It is the principal town in the canton of the same name and the seat of the Communauté de communes de la Porte d'Alsace.
The town is situated in Sundgau between the towns of Mülhausen (approximately 27 km north) and Belfort (approximately 23 km west) and lies on the river Largue, a tributary of the Ill (a river which flows into the Rhein). It can be reached via the Routes départementales D-103 (Thann-Delle) and D-419 (Belfort-Altkirch-Basel).
In 1016 the town is mentioned as Danamarachiricha meaning "Church of the Lady Mary". Throughout history the name changed several times and took on some French and German forms. The name in the local German language was Dammerskirch. From the thirteenth century until 1324 it was part of the Ferrette region. Until the end of the Thirty Years' War in 1648 it was ruled over by the House of Habsburg before falling under the jurisdiction of Cardinal Mazarin.
In August 1914, during the First World War, French troops moved in during the fighting on the approaching Western Front and it became the military headquarters.
- The railway viaduct on the Belfort-Mülhausen line is a 493m long stone arched bridge over the Largue. It was built in 1862 and has since been rebuilt and destroyed four times, in 1870, 1914, 1915 and 1944.
- One of the most impressive buildings in the town is the town hall or Hôtel de Ville.
- Peter von Hagenbach (c1420-1474), Burgundian Landvogt.
- Eugène Ricklin (1862–1935), an Alsatian politician was born in Dannemarie.
- Leo Justinus Kauffmann (1901–1944), composer, was born in Dannemarie.
- Monique Wittig (1935–2003), author and feminist theorist, was born in Dannemarie.
- ^ http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/europe/8218069.stm BBC News. 25th August 2009.
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