Ettore Marchiafava

Ettore Marchiafava

Ettore Marchiafava( 1847, Rome- 1935, Rome) was an Italian physician and zoologist who worked on malaria

Ettore Marchiafava , was the personal doctor of three popes and the Royal House of Savoy, a senator and professor of Pathological Anatomy at the Sapienza University of Rome. He studied malaria intensively for 11 years, from 1880 to 1891.With Angelo Celli , in 1880 , he studied a new protozoan discovered by Alphonse Laveran, finding it in the blood of the many patients affections from malaria fever, recognizing of several the stages of development.They called the new microorganism "Plasmodium". He wrote "Sulle febbri malariche estivo-autunnali" (1892), and "La infezione malarica" (1902). In 1884, with Angel Celli, he first observed Gram-negative diplococci in the cerebrospinal fluid of a fatal case of meningitis in 1884. This was the then unnamed "Neisseria meningitidis" (Meningococcus) the agent of bacterial meningitis, although this was not proven until 1887 when Anton Weichselbaum isolated the bacterium from six cases of meningitis and established the isolates as a distinct species. Marchiafava described for the first time the histopathology of syphilitic cerebral arteritis. In 1897 observed a calloused body in the brain of an alcoholic patient, and in 1903, with Amico Bignami, published a complete description of the insanity of alcoholics,one form of which is today known as Marchiafava-Bignami disease. He was the first one to prove the importance of sclerosis of the coronary arteries in the pathogenesis of myocardial infarctionHe also worked on Nephropathy and described streptococcal glomerulonephritis.In 1931, it described Paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria in depth,and also a rare form of this disease Strübing-Marchiafava-Micheli Syndrome.

He was the hygiene member of the city council of Rome and, in 1925, he organized the first international conference on malaria.

Translated from Wikipedia Italy.


*Conci, C. 1975 Repertorio delle biografie e bibliografie degli scrittori e cultori italiani di entomologia. "Mem. Soc. Ent. Ital." 48 1969(4) 817-1069.
*Conci, C. & Poggi, R. 1996 Iconography of Italian Entomologists, with essential biographical data. "Mem. Soc. Ent. Ital." 75 159-382, 418 .
*Hackett, L. W. 1936 [Marchiafava, E.] "J. Parasitol." 22 219-220
*Missiroli, A. 1936 [Marchiafava, E.] "Riv. Malariol." 15 185-189
*Roncalli, Amici R 2001 The history of Italian parasitology. "Vet. Parasitol." 98(1-3):3-30.

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  • Ettore Marchiafava — (* 3. Januar 1847 in Rom; † 24. Oktober 1935 ebenda) war ein italienischer Mediziner, Pathologe und Neurologe. Marchiafava studierte in Rom und wurde dort 1872 promoviert. Er war Assistent an dem Lehrstuhl für pathologische Anatomie von Tommasi… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ettore Marchiafava — Ettore Marchiafava, né le 3 janvier 1847 à Rome où il est mort le 24 octobre 1935, est un médecin et parasitologiste italien. Biographie …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Marchiafava — Ettore Marchiafava (* 3. Januar 1847 in Rom; † 24. Oktober 1935 ebenda) war ein italienischer Mediziner, Pathologe und Neurologe. Marchiafava studierte in Rom und wurde dort 1872 promoviert. Er war Assistent an dem Lehrstuhl für pathologische… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Marchiafava-Bignami disease — Classification and external resources ICD 10 G37.1 ICD 9 341.8 …   Wikipedia

  • Ettore — ist ein männlicher italienischer Vorname. Herkunft und Bedeutung des Namens Der Name Ettore wird von Hektor (griechisch Ἕκτωρ) abgeleitet. Dieser ist eine Gestalt aus Homers berühmtem Epos Die Ilias, in der er der König von Troja ist und im… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Marchiafava-Anämie — Marchiafava An|ä|mie [markjafa̱wa...; nach dem ital. Pathologen Ettore Marchiafava, 1847 1935]: erworbene, chronische, hämolytische Anämie, bei der hämolytische Erscheinungen und Hämoglobinurie in Abhängigkeit vom Säure Basen Gleichgewicht des… …   Das Wörterbuch medizinischer Fachausdrücke

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  • Marchiafava-Bignami disease — Mar·chi·a·fa·va Bi·gna·mi disease (mahr″ke ə fahґvah be nyahґme) [Ettore Marchiafava, Italian pathologist, 1847–1935; Amico Bignami, Italian pathologist, 1862–1929] see under disease …   Medical dictionary

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  • History of malaria — The history of malaria predates humanity, as this ancient disease evolved before humans did. Malaria, a widespread and potentially lethal infectious disease, has afflicted people for much of human history, and has affected settlement patterns.… …   Wikipedia

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