Type Public
Industry Motorcycles
Founded 1995
Headquarters Gurun, Kedah, Malaysia
Website Modenas official website

Syarikat Motosikal dan Enjin Nasional Sdn. Bhd (National Motorcycle and Engine Company), or known as Modenas for short is a Malaysian national motorcycle company producing various small motorcycle models below 200 cc targeted for local market and export. The company's headquarters and factory are located at the small town of Gurun, Kedah, Malaysia.

The history of the company began at the early 1990s. After the success of Malaysian automotive manufacturer Proton, the government looked forward to launch a national motorcycle project. Modenas was formed in 1995 and majority of its shares were held by Kawasaki, Sojitz, Khazanah Nasional and DRB-HICOM.

Modenas achieved its 1,000,000th unit production in June 2007. Currently Modenas is exporting its products to 13 countries worldwide with Greece being the largest importer.



Generally, Modenas produces motorcycle models ranging below 250 cc. Most models are scooter models and Honda Super Cub compatible mopeds, or known by Malaysians as cub仔.

Kriss 110

Modenas Kriss 2 with front disc brake
  • Max power: 8.8 ps @ 8,500 rpm
  • Max torque: (0.85 kgf·m) @ 4,000 rpm
  • Engine type: SOHC 2-valve 4-stroke single-cylinder, air-cooled
  • Displacement: 111 cc
  • Bore x stroke: 53 x 50.6 mm
  • Compression ratio: 9.0:1
  • Fuel tank capacity: 4.3 L
  • Dry weight: About 100 kg
  • Transmission: 4-speed with automatic centrifugal clutch
  • Max speed: about 120>> km/h

Modenas Kriss is the first model launched by Modenas in 1996. The model is actually named after a Malay traditional weapon, kris, though some motorcycle shops in the United Kingdom had mistakenly advertised the model to be named from the acronym of a famous American motorcycle racer, Kenny Roberts because Modenas had once built some racing motorcycles for Modenas KR Motorcycle Grand Prix team.

It was previewed to the public during Malaysian National Day parade in 1996 and began production at the end of 1996. The original model only uses drum brakes, but in 1999 the front disc brake model was launched, known as Kriss 2 (or Kriss 115 Sports in some countries). Powered by 111 cc Kawasaki-developed engines, Modenas Kriss becomes the best-selling motorcycle model in Malaysia.

Another Kriss variant known as Kriss SG was launched in 2002. However, unlike other Kriss variants, this model did not sell very well due to its outdated design.

All Kriss series variants outcame major cosmetic changes in 2003 especially at the lights for newer, better looks.

In 2005, all Kriss 110 variants have been phased out to make way for production of Kristar, leaving only Kriss 100 as the sole variant of Kriss. However, Modenas decided to bring back the Kriss 110 into production in August 2006 due to extremely high demand from the customers, which is known as Kriss 110SE.

Kriss 110 SE

  • Max power: 9.0 PS @ 8,500 rpm
  • Max torque: (0.95 kgf·m) @ 4,000 rpm
  • Engine type: SOHC 2-valve 4-stroke single-cylinder, air-cooled
  • Displacement: 111 cc
  • Bore x stroke: 53 x 50.6 mm
  • Compression ratio: 9.0:1
  • Fuel tank capacity: 4.3 L
  • Dry weight: about 105 kg
  • Transmission: 4-speed with automatic centrifugal clutch
  • Max speed: about 120 km/h

This is the Modenas Newest Kriss Motorcycle. Since Kriss is the most good selling motorcycle in Malaysia (rather than Kristar), Modenas decided to bring Kriss back and called them Kriss 110 SE (Second Edition).

Kriss 100

After the success of Kriss variants to dominate 110 cc small motorcycle segment in Malaysian market, Modenas launched another Kriss variant, this time with a 97 cc engine developed by Modenas. This model uses the same chassis and components as its other Kriss 'brothers' except the engine. However, there is no disc brake option available for Kriss 100.

KR3 500 cc

1997 Modenas KR3 racing motorcycle
  • Engine Type: 2-stroke, water-cooled V3
  • Cylinder: Aluminium, chrome plated
  • Piston: forged aluminium, single piston ring
  • Bore x stroke: 59.6 x 59.6 mm
  • Displacement: 498 cc
  • Inlet system: Crankcase Reed, Keihin carburetors
  • Ignition: Programmable ECU, CDI
  • Max horsepower: 175PS+ @ 12,200 rpm
  • Transmission: 6-speed constant mesh, with alternative ratios
  • Clutch: Dry multiplate clutch
  • Frame Type: Twin-Spar fabricated aluminium alloy
  • Front suspension: Inverted-type telescopic Ohlins fork
  • Rear suspension: Link type, Ohlins shock absorber
  • Front brake: Brembo, opposed 4 pistons caliper x 2, Twin carbon discs
  • Rear brake: Brembo, single steel disc
  • Wheels: 17 inches front & rear
  • Wheelbase: 1370 mm
  • Weight: 116 kg approx.

The Modenas KR3 was the first racing motorcycle ever produced by Modenas. It featured a 500 cc V3 engine which was different from most 500 cc Motorcycle GP which used 4-cylinder engines. The KR3 was built by Modenas for Modenas KR Motorcycle Grand Prix team from 1997 to 2001 before taken over by Proton from 2002 to 2004 with the same machine before the team moved to Proton KR V5 machines.

Jaguh 175

  • Max power: 16 PS (11.8 kW) @ 8,500 rpm
  • Max torque: 13.7 N·m (1.4 kgf·m) @ 7,500 rpm
  • Engine type: SOHC 2-valve 4-stroke single-cylinder, air-cooled
  • Displacement: 173 cc
  • Bore x stroke: 65 x 52.4 mm
  • Compression ratio: 9.0:1
  • Fuel tank capacity: 14 L
  • Dry weight: 132 kg
  • Transmission: 6-speed
  • Max speed: About 133 km/h

In year 1999, Modenas launched a small cruiser model based on popular Kawasaki Eliminator 125 cruiser series. This model is aimed for bikers who wish to own large American cruiser motorcycle but cannot afford to own them, due to very high duty on imported motorcycles placed by the government and also refusal of the banks to finance loans on large motorcycles.

Karisma 125

  • Max power: 6.8 kW @ 8,500 rpm
  • Max torque: 9.3 N·m (0.95 kgf·m) @ 7,500 rpm
  • Engine type: SOHC 2-valve 4-stroke single-cylinder, air-cooled
  • Displacement: 124.9 cc
  • Bore x stroke: 51.5 x 60 mm
  • Compression ratio: 9.2:1
  • Fuel tank capacity: 7.5 L
  • Dry weight: 105 kg
  • Transmission: CVT
  • Max speed: About 110 km/h

During these recent years, more and more scooter models were introduced in Malaysia. However, Kawasaki never produced any scooters, therefore Modenas had to source from a Taiwanese scooter company for the technology transfer.

The earliest production batches suffered poor handling, and after some improvements the handling of this model became better and Modenas Karisma dominates the Malaysian scooter market since 2004.

Elit Sport 150

On August 2003, Modenas introduced three scooters, based on models produced by PGO Scooters of Taiwan. Mostly as the great competitor of scooter producer such as Suzuki VS, Yamaha and Honda.

Modenas Elit scooter, basically a rebadged PGO Scooters T-Rex was launched as an alternative to the Karisma model, in two displacement choices - 125 cc and the larger, more powerful 150 cc variant. Another PGO-based 150 cc model, the PGO G-Max 150(called as BLUR 150 in USA & BOBCAT 150 in Europe) was introduced as the "Modenas Elit Sports" in Malaysia, with a more aggressive engine tuning, alloy swing-arm and different more solid chassis/new era body design. The standard engine of Elit Sport 150 cc pick up and top speed can easily beat Standard Cup Motors such as Honda EX5 100, Honda Wave 125, Modenas Kriss 110, Modenas Kriss 120, Yamaha Lagenda 100 and 115, and Nouvo LC 135.


  • Type : 4T /C5M
  • Bore X Stroke : 57 X 58.6 mm
  • Displacement : 149.5 cc
  • Compression Ratio : 10
  • Carburetor : CVK 24
  • Ignition System : C.D.I
  • Starting System : Electric & Kick
  • Cooling System : Forced air cooling
  • Lubrication : Compress & splash
  • Fuel Tank Capacity : 7.5 litres
  • Fuel Consumption : 30 km/L
  • Top Speed : 130 km/h


  • Type : C.V.T auto speed change
  • Clutch : Centrifugal
  • Primary Reduction Ratio : 1
  • Final Reduction Ratio : 10.13
  • Driving System : Dry, auto centrifugal system


  • Type : Steel tube
  • Front Suspension : Telescopic fork
  • Rear Suspension : Six bar linkage
  • Front Brake : Hydraulic disk
  • Rear Brake : Drum

Electrical System

  • Battery : 7 Ah


  • Max power: 5.5 kW @ 7,750 rpm
  • Max torque: 7.38 N·m @ 6,500 rpm
  • Engine type: SOHC 2-valve 4-stroke single-cylinder, air-cooled
  • Displacement: 101 cc
  • Bore x stroke: 51.5 x 48.5 mm
  • Compression ratio: 10.5:1
  • Fuel tank capacity: 6.7 L
  • Dry weight: 98 kg
  • Transmission: CVT
  • Max speed: About 100 km/h

Modenas Ceria scooter was launched together with the Elit model. Also based on a PGO (the BuBu 100), this more retro-styled scooter uses a smaller 101 cc engine, making Ceria the scooter with the smallest displacement ever produced by Modenas.


  • Max power: 12.5 kW @ 9,000 rpm
  • Max torque: 14.1 N-m @ 8,000 rpm
  • Engine type: 2-stroke single-cylinder, air-cooled
  • Displacement: 118 cc
  • Bore x stroke: 54 x 51.8 mm
  • Compression ratio: 7.3:1
  • Fuel tank capacity: 4.6 L
  • Dry weight: 98 kg
  • Transmission: 6-speed manual
  • Max speed: About 205 km/h[130 mph]

After years producing only 4-stroke powered motorcycles, Modenas launched its first 2-stroke motorcycle, Dinamik together with Elit and Ceria scooters. It is also claimed by Modenas that this model exceeded Euro 2 emission standards without the addition of a catalytic converter.

This model was built by Modenas as a preparation to take part in Malaysian Cub Prix tournament which are currently dominated by Yamaha machines. During the tournament, Modenas increases the displacement up to 125 cc to provide more power and torque.


  • Max power: 13 PS (9.56 kW) @ 8,000 rpm
  • Max torque: 11.7 N·m @ 6,000 rpm
  • Engine type: SOHC 4-valve 4-stroke single-cylinder, water-cooled
  • Displacement: 149.6 cc
  • Bore x stroke: 57 x 58.6 mm
  • Compression ratio: 11:1
  • Fuel tank capacity: 8.5 L (± 0.3 L reserve)
  • Dry weight: 144 kg
  • Transmission: CVT
  • Max speed: About 130 ~ 140 km/h

At the end of February 2004, Modenas launched their first water-cooled scooter, Modenas Elegan. This model is targeted for those who wants to travel long distances. In addition to more powerful water-cooled engine, Elegan scooter features a large gasoline tank accessible under the handlebars, large underseat storage compartment, and digital meter panel for odometer, fuel gauge and thermometer. The engine cylinder is coated with Ni-Si ceramic for better reliability during long distance travels.


Kristar was launched by Modenas at the end of 2004. Modenas decided to produce Kristar as their all-new model after nearly a decade of Modenas Kriss production.

Even though Kristar uses the same engine as Kriss, Modenas claimed that Kristar achieved better fuel economy of 46.95 km/L @ 90 km/h, compared with Kriss with the fuel economy of 44 km/L @ 90 km/h. The increase of fuel economy is due to the installation of the fuel tank breather tube connected to the inlet manifold for better fuel emission and better fuel economy.

Besides of the new design and better fuel economy, Kristar also features an underseat compartment that can be opened from the same ignition key slot, dual headlights, stylish superbike-like muffler and rear light failure detection system which claimed by Modenas as the only model equipped with this system. [[Image:[1]]]


  • Max power: 7.1 kW @ 7,750 rpm
  • Max torque: 9.3 N·m @ 6,785 rpm
  • Engine type: SOHC 2-valve 4-stroke single-cylinder, air-cooled
  • Displacement: 250 cc
  • Dry weight: 97 kg
  • Transmission: CVT
  • Max speed: About 130 km/h

Modenas Passion is the latest scooter model launched by Modenas on January 2006. Using a pair of 14-inch cast iron wheels, Modenas Passion has a direct competition with Yamaha Ego.


Modenas X-cite 130
  • Max power: 7.18 kW @ 7,500 rpm
  • Max torque: 10.7 N·m @ 5,500 rpm
  • Engine type: SOHC 2-valve 4-stroke single-cylinder, air-cooled
  • Displacement: 130.4 cc
  • Bore x stroke: 53.0 x 59.1 mm
  • Compression ratio: 10:1
  • Fuel tank capacity: 3.8 L
  • Fuel consumption: 48.7 km/L
  • Dry weight: 102.5 kg
  • Transmission: 4-speed rotary
  • Max speed: About 130 km/h

Modenas X-cite is the latest motorcycle model launced by Modenas on 12 September 2006 as the largest Cub仔 model ever manufactured by Modenas to compete with the water-cooled Yamaha Y135LC.

The main features of the Modenas X-cite are as follows:-

  • Fuel tank which is accessible at the front, just below the handlebars which can be opened via ignition key slot
  • Large underseat storage compartment
  • Tachometer
  • Keihin constant-velocity carburetor with throttle position sensor
  • Ignition slot cover for better protection against theft
  • Molybdenum-coated piston


Malaysian's hero, Adnan Sempit's motorcycle. The newer Modenas that was launch on March 2009. It introduced the revolusioner chasis and the redesigned Xcite 130 engine. This Modenas has become one of the Malaysian most best seller Moped in 2009. GT 128 also has the most highest spec in its class, nearest the 135 LC. Now GT128 is the flagship model of Modenas market.

  • Ignition System: DC CDI
  • Carburetor: KEIHIN NCV 24 mm with throttle position sensor
  • Compression Ratio: 10:1
  • Max power: 7.18 kW @ 7,500 rpm
  • Max torque: 10.7 N·m @ 5,500 rpm
  • Engine type: SOHC 2-valve 4-stroke single-cylinder, air-cooled
  • Displacement: 130 cc
  • Bore x stroke: 53.0 x 59.1 mm
  • Compression ratio: 10:1
  • Fuel tank capacity: 4.3 L
  • Dry weight: 12 kg
  • Transmission: 4-speed rotary
  • Max speed: About 145 km/h
  • Fuel consumption: 64.4 km/l @ 80 km/h


The redowngraded of Modenas GT128 with the 110 cc engine. It uses the revolusioner GT128 chasis while the main power is came from 110 cc kriss 1 redesign engine. The Modenas CT is the replacement of Modenas Kriss 1 and 2.

Currently, Modenas has develop an E-Bike, known as CTric that use 100% of electricity to move it. With its zero emission when used, it was predicted to launch before the end of 2010.


A fully electric bike using the same chassis as CT110/100. It was launched on 17th June 2011 and also the first time MODENAS entering the electric vehicle segment.

Modenas CTric specification:

  • Engine
  • Type: Electric Motorcycle
  • Traction Motor Type: Brushless DC Motor
  • Rated Power: 1.0 kW
  • Max Power: 3.6 kW @ 70 km/h
  • Speed Control System: Pulse Width Modulation
  • Hall Sensor: Honeywell
  • Transmission
  • Type: Fully Automatic
  • Final Reduction Ratio: 4.2
  • Driving System: Chain
  • Chassis
  • Type: Steel Pipe Backbone
  • Front Suspension: Telescopic fork
  • Rear Suspension: Trailing swing arm suspension
  • Front Brake: Drum 110 mm
  • Rear Brake: Drum 110 mm
  • Electrical System
  • Battery: Lead Acid, Nano Gel
  • Capacity: 1200Wh (5 units)
  • Voltage: 60V 20Ah @ 2 Hours rate
  • Charger: Intelligent Charger
  • Input: 240V (50/60Hz)
  • Output: 60V DC
  • Charging Time: (Normal) 8 Hours
  • Charging Time: (Fast)3.5 Hours
  • Discharge Cycles: 500 cycles
  • Estimated Life: 2.5 years or 30,000 km

This model is believe to be the first electric bike model using the underbone chassis which is most of the small electric bike is based on the scooter models.

Participation in motorcycle races

Modenas formed a factory team and supported some other teams using their machines to take part in Malaysian Cub Prix, a tournament of moped held in Malaysia to compete with Yamaha and Suzuki machines. The teams use Modenas Kriss machines for Wira category and Modenas Dinamik for Expert category.

Modenas also used to take part in Motorcycle Grand Prix via Team Modenas KR before taken over by Proton in 2001. Kenny Robert and Bud Aksland built the 500 cc V3-cylinder 2-stroke machine for the team.

See also

External links

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