NANDA International (formerly the North American Nursing Diagnosis Association) is a professional organization of nurses standardized nursing terminology that was officially founded in 1982 and develops, researches, disseminates and refines the nomenclature, criteria, and taxonomy of nursing diagnoses. In 2002, NANDA relaunched as NANDA International in response to the broadening scope of its membership. NANDA International published Nursing Diagnosis quarterly, which became the International Journal of Nursing Terminologies and Classifications in 2002.Other related international associations are AENTDE (Spanish), AFEDI (French language) and JSND (Japan)



In 1973 the First National Conference on the Classification of Nursing Diagnoses was held in St. Louis, Missouri which created the National Conference Group, a task force to standardize nursing terminology. In 1982 NANDA was formed including members from the United States and Canada.

NANDA developed a nursing classification to organize nursing diagnoses into different categories. Although the taxonomy was revised to accommodate new diagnoses, in 1994 it became apparent that an overhaul was needed. In 2002 Taxonomy II, which was a revised version of Gordon's functional health patterns, was released.

In 2002, NANDA became NANDA International in response to requests from its growing base of membership from outside North America. The acronym of NANDA was retained in the name because of the name recognition, but it is no longer merely "North American", and in fact boasts members from 32 countries as of 2010.

Taxonomy II

The current structure of NANDA's nursing diagnoses is referred to as Taxonomy II and has three levels: 13 domains, 47 classes, and 205 diagnoses.


  • 1982-1988 Dr. Marjory Gordon
  • 1988-1993 Jane Lancour
  • 1993-1996 Dr. Lois Hoskins
  • 1996-1998 Dr. Judith Warren
  • 1998-2000 Dr. Dorothy A. Jones
  • 2000-2002 Kay Avant
  • 2002-2004 Mary Ann Lavin
  • 2004-2006 Martha Craft-Rosenberg
  • 2006-2008 Dr. Heather Herdman
  • 2008-2012 Prof. Dickon Weir-Hughes

See also


  • Herdman, TH (Ed.) Nursing Diagnoses: Definitions and classification 2009-2011. Wiley-Blackwell: Singapore.

External links

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