Scientology and other religions

Scientology and other religions

Scientology claims that it is fully compatible with all existing major world religions and that it does not conflict with those religions or their religious practices. There are, however, major differences in the beliefs and practices between Scientology and most religions, especially the major monotheistic religions. Members are not allowed to engage in other treatments or mental therapies (even if religious).Steve Bruce: "Cathedrals to cults: the evolving forms of the religious life". In: Paul Heelas (Hrsg.): "Religion, Modernity, and Postmodernity", Blackwell, Oxford 1998, pp. 19-35, 23.] [HCO Policy Letter 15 December 1965R Issue I revised 25 July 1987, STUDENT'S GUIDE TO ACCEPTABLE BEHAVIOR. Guideline "#14. Do not engage in any rite, ceremony, or any similar religious "treatment or mental therapy" while on course without the express permission of the Director of Training."] However, some ministers from other churches have adopted some Scientology secular programs. [ [ Scientology awards reach out to black community] ROBERT FARLEY, St. Petersburg Times, February 18, 2006] [cite web | first = Matt| last = Sedensky| title = Unlikely allies| url =| work = AP| publisher = Knoxville News Sentinel | date = 2007-08-25| accessdate = 2007-08-30]

Church of England

The Church of England complained in March 2003 to the Advertising Standards Authority about the Church's advertising poster promoting Narconon—the drug rehabilitation program based on the works of L. Ron Hubbard. The poster claimed "250,000 people salvaged from drugs." The Church of England Diocese of Birmingham challenged the claim. Upholding the complaint, the ASA considered that, "without clarification, readers were likely to interpret the claim '250,000 people salvaged from drugs' to mean that 250,000 people had stopped being dependent on street or prescription drugs because of Scientology. The Authority "accepted that more than 250,000 people had undertaken the Church's Drug Purification and Drug Rundown programs, which were designed to free people from the effects of taking drugs," but "the Authority understood that, within Scientology, the concept of 'drug use' referred to a variety of behaviors that ranged from heavy use of street drugs to occasional ingestion of alcohol or prescription medicines and exposure to chemical toxins." [ [ Advertising Standards Authority record] of successful Church of England complaint about Narconon advertisement]

The Diocese of Birmingham objected to Scientology using space in the community center alloted for religious use. The Diocese pointed out that Scientology does not have religious status in the UK: "Scientology has rightly been refused recognition as a religion by the UK Charity Commissioners" in the words of a Diocese spokesman.cite web | first = James| last = Cartledge | title = Church anger at 'cult' space| url =| work = Evening Mail| publisher= | date = 2004-04-24| accessdate = 2007-08-30] The Diocese also stated that "as much a religion as a dog is a vegetable."

Russian Orthodox Church

In May 2001, the Russian Orthodox Church criticized Scientologists, Jehovah's Witnesses, Unificationists and Mormons as being dangerous "totalitarian sects." [ [ "Russian Orthodox Targets 'Totalitarian Sects'"] at Zenit News Agency [ Archive copy] at the Internet Archive Wayback Machine]

Lutheran Church

The Lutheran Church in Germany has criticized Scientology's activities and doctrines, along with those of several religious movements. According to the U.S. State Department's 2004 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices, "The Lutheran Church also characterizes The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (Mormons), the Jehovah's Witnesses, the Church of Christ, Christian Scientists, the New Apostolic Church, and the Johannish Church as 'sects,' but in less negative terms than it does Scientology." [ [ "2004 Country Report on Human Rights Practices in Germany"] at United States Department of State]

Roman Catholicism

The Roman Catholic Church has not made official doctrinal pronouncements specifically related to Scientology. Certain beliefs that are widely associated with Scientology, such as reincarnation, are specifically rejected by the Catholic Church as being incompatible with Catholic belief and practice. Scientology is also, according to a number of religious scholars, a form of gnosticism, which would make it hard to reconcile with Roman Catholicism and other denominations that regard gnosticism as a heresy. [cite news|first=Tirdad |last=Derakhshani |url= |title=Spirituality through therapy |work=The Philadelphia Inquirer |date=2005-07-03 |accessdate=2006-07-01 ]

Religious compatibility

Scientology's claim of religious compatibility to entry-level Scientologists is soon modified by the additional teaching that the various levels of spiritual process which can be reached through Scientology are more advanced than those attainable in other religions. The major monotheistic religions and Scientology share the claim of Universality of their belief system which precludes compatibility in the view of most scholars. Critics point out that, within Scientology, "spiritual abilities" tends to be synonymous with "mystical powers" rather than with "inner peace." Hubbard himself cautioned against the unwise or improper use of powers in his book "History of Man".

In its application for tax-exempt status in the United States, the Church of Scientology International states:

Hubbard sometimes identified himself with Maitreya (Metteya in Pali), a prophesied Buddha of the future. This identification is made most strongly in his 1955–1956 poem "Hymn of Asia", which begins with the line "Am I Metteyya? sic" and emphasizes certain traits of Hubbard that the editors of the publication said matched traits predicted by the "Metteya Legend," such as Metteya appearing in the West, having golden hair or red hair (Hubbard was red-haired), and appearing in a time of world peril, with the earliest of the predicted dates for his return being 2,500 years after Gautama Buddha, or roughly 1950. According to sociologist Stephen A. Kent, however, the traits which the editors say are predicted by the "Metteya Legend" either are not actually present in the Buddhist texts or in some cases are contradicted by the texts: instead of coming at a time of world peril, for instance, the predictions about Maitreya say he will be born to royalty whose domain is "mighty and prosperous, full of people, crowded and well fed," and rather than having hair "like flames," Kent says that the texts predict curly black hair for the Maitreya. [cite journal |last=Kent |first=Stephen A. |authorlink=Stephen A. Kent |year=1996 |title=Scientology's Relationship With Eastern Religious Traditions |journal=Journal of Contemporary Religion |volume=11 |issue=1 |pages=21 |url='s%20Relationship%20With%20Eastern%20Religious%20Traditions%20.htm |accessdate=2007-03-31]

The revealed beliefs in Scientology at higher levels become increasingly contradictory with the world's major religions. The concept of past lives in Scientology is at odds with Judaism, Christianity and Islam. Beliefs concerning the origins and age of the Earth, the root of evil, and the nature of man make it impossible to uphold the beliefs of most other religions while also being a Scientologist. Hubbard claimed that Islam was the result of an extraterrestrial memory implant, called the Emanator, of which the Kaaba is supposedly an artifact. Mainstream religions, in his view, had failed to realize their objectives: "It is all very well to idealize poverty and associate wisdom with begging bowls, or virtue with low estate. However, those who have done this (Buddhists, Christians, Communists and other fanatics) have dead ended or are dead ending." [Hubbard, HCO PL of January 21 1965]

The section of the Fishman Affidavit pertaining to Operating Thetan level VIII put forward that Hubbard said that Jesus was a pederast. The Church had consistently held this section of the Fishman Affidavit to be a forgery. However, in a recent court case the Church, possibly in error, identified this section as material they hold the copyright to. [Karin Spaink. The Fishman Affidavit: introduction. Retrieved 2008-02-29. [] ]

ee also

*Jesus in Scientology
*Scientology as a state-recognized religion


External links

* [] Collection of CoS quotations regarding Christianity
* [] Collection of CoS quotations regarding Christianity

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