- USS Yakutat (AVP-32)
USS "Yakutat" (AVP-32) was a sclass|Barnegat|seaplane tender commissioned by the
U.S. Navyfor use in World War II. "Yakutat" tended to seaplanes, and served in the volatile Pacific Warin combat areas that provided her four battle stars by war's end. Post-war she was assigned to the U.S. Coast Guard, who awarded her four more battle stars for her Vietnamoperations.
"Yakutat" (AVP-32) was laid down on 1 April 1942 at
Seattle, Washington, by Associated Shipbuilders, Inc.; launched on 2 July 1942; sponsored by Mrs. Peter Barber, a mother who had lost three sons when the battleshipUSS|Oklahoma|BB-37 (BB-37) was sunk on 7 December 1941 at Pearl Harbor; and commissioned on 31 March 1944, Comdr. George K. Fraser in command.
World War II Pacific Theatre operations
After her shakedown in the
San Diego, California, area, "Yakutat" got underway on 25 May and arrived at San Pedro, California, late the following day. Following post-shakedown availability in the West Coast Shipbuilders' yard at San Pedro, the small seaplane tender sailed for Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, on 17 June; she reached Ford Islandone week later. Underway at 0700 on 28 June, "Yakutat" steamed for the Marshalls as an escort for USS|Makin Island|CVE-93. Arriving at Kwajaleinon 6 July, she shifted to Eniwetokwithin a week, where she embarked officers and men of a patrol service unit and took on board a cargo of 5-inch illuminating ammunition. She sailed for Saipanon 14 July.
Setting up base in Tanapag Harbor
Reaching recently secured
Tanapag Harboron 17 July, "Yakutat" began setting up a seaplane base there and immediately commenced servicing seaplanes, providing subsistence and quarters for the aviators and aircrews attached to those aircraft. The tender provided the aircraft with gasoline and oil via bowser fueling boatsand commenced servicing planes by the over-the-stern method as well. "Yakutat" remained at Tanapag Harbor for the rest of July, all of August, and into September. After shifting to the Garapananchorage, Saipan, on 8 September, "Yakutat" transferred all plane personnel to USS|Coos Bay|AVP-25 and sailed for the Palaus on the 12th. In company with USS|Chandeleur|AV-10, USS|Pocomoke|AV-9, USS|Onslow|AVP-48, and USS|Mackinac|AVP-13, "Yakutat" reached Kossol Passageon 16 September, the day after the initial landings on Pelelieu.
Setting up a new base near Pelelieu
Proceeding to the seaplane operation area via a "comparatively well-marked channel" and "while sweeping operations went on continuously" nearby, "Yakutat" soon commenced laying out a seaplane anchorage. The following day, the tender serviced the first plane of Patrol Bomber Squadron (VPB) 216, furnishing fuel and boat service.
Harassed by enemy bombs
With nine planes operational, VPB 216 was based on "Yakutat", conducting long-range patrols and
antisubmarinesweeps daily. During that time, the tender also served as secondary fighter director unit and experienced air alerts on six occasions. Enemy planes remained in the vicinity for varying lengths of time and occasionally dropped bombs in the lagoonarea. "Yakutat" serviced the Martin PBM patrol planes into early November 1944. On 9 November, the ship got underway for Ulithiand arrived there the following day. "Yakutat" tended planes there from 13 to 26 November before she underwent a drydocking for a routine bottom cleaning and hull repairs. She then sailed for Guamon the 29th.
Apra Harboron the 30th, "Yakutat" loaded spare parts for Martin PBM Mariner flying boats before she got underway on the 2d to return to Saipan. She arrived later the same day; completed the discharge of her cargo two days later and, on the 5th, took on board 13 officers and 30 men of VPB 216 for temporary subsistence. "Yakutat" tended planes of VPB 16 and VPB 17 at Saipan through mid-January 1945. She departed Tanapag harbor on the morning of 17 January, steamed independently for Guam, and reached her destination later that day. However, she remained there only a short time, for she sailed on the 19th for the Palaus and reached Kossol Roadson the 21st. "Yakutat" discharged cargo there and fueled seaplanes until 6 February, when she sailed in company with USS|St. George|AV-16 and escorted by "PC-1130", bound for the Carolines.
Anchoring at Ulithi on the 7th, "Yakutat" tended seaplanes there for most of February; highlighting that brief tour was the ship's going to the vicinity of a crashed Vought OS2U Kingfisher floatplane on the 10th. After salvaging equipment from the plane -- the aircraft apparently too badly damaged to warrant repair -- "Yakutat" sank the plane with gunfire and returned to her anchorage in the seaplane operating area. On 25 February, "Yakutat" sailed for the Marianas in company with "St. George" and reached Garapan harbor two days later. She tended seaplanes there for a little less than a month before sailing for
Okinawaon the 23d to take part in Operation Iceberg, the conquest of the Ryūkyūs.
Supporting Operation Iceberg
"Yakutat" tended the PBM Mariners of VPB 27 for the rest of the war. The seaplane tender established
seadromeoperations at Kerama Rettoon the 28th and spent the rest of the important Okinawa campaign engaged in her vital but unsung task. The presence of enemy aircraft in the vicinity on numerous occasions meant many hours spent at general quartersstations, lookouts' eyes and radaralert for any sign of approaching enemy planes. "Yakutat" provided quarters and subsistence for the crews of the Mariners and furnished the planes with gas, lube oil, and JATO(jet-assisted take-off) units. The twin-engined Martin flying boats conducted antisubmarine and air-sea rescue ("Dumbo") duties locally, as well as offensive patrols that ranged as far as the coast of Korea.
Rescuing plane crash survivors
Although the ship received a dispatch on 21 June to the effect that all "organized resistance on Okinawa has ceased", her routine remained busy. A week later, for example, a Consolidated PB2Y Coronado crashed on take-off and sank approximately 500 yards off the
starboardbeam of the ship. "Yakutat" dispatched two boats to the scene and rescued eight men. Boats from another ship rescued the remaining trio of survivors from the Coronado. All men were brought on board "Yakutat", where they were examined and returned to their squadron, VPB 13.
On 15 July, "Yakutat" sailed for
Chimu Wan, Okinawa -- in company with USS|Norton Sound|AV-11, "Chandeleur", "Onslow", USS|Shelikof|AVP-52, and USS|Bering Strait|AVP-34 -- but returned to port due to a typhoonin the vicinity. However, she got underway again the following day and reached Chimu Wan the same date. She remained there, tending seaplanes, largely anchored but occasionally moving to open water to be free to maneuver when typhoons swirled by. On one occasion, while returning to Chimu Wan after a typhoon evacuation, "Yakutat" made sonarcontact on a suspected submarine, on 3 August. The seaplane tender made one attack, dropping depth chargesfrom her stern-mounted tracks, but lost the contact soon thereafter.
"Yakutat" was at Chimu Wan when Japan capitulated and hostilities ended on 15 August. With the officers and men of the crew assembled aft, the ship's commanding officer, Lt. Comdr. W. I. Darnell humbly led his crew in offering thanks to God "for being kept afloat to see the final day of this war." Although
V-J Daymeant that offensive operations against the Japanese ceased, it only meant the beginning of the long occupation of the erstwhile enemy's homeland and possessions. "Yakutat" remained at Chimu Wan for the rest of August and for most of September, before she sailed for Japanese home waters on 20 September, in company with "St. George". En route, the two seaplane tenders caught up with Vice Admiral Jesse B. Oldendorf's Task Unit56.4.3 formed around the battleshipsUSS|Tennessee|BB-43 and USS|California|BB-44 and became units of Task Force 56, and later, when redesignated, as Task Force 51.
Tending seaplanes in Japanese waters
Wakanoura Wan, Honshū, on the 22d, finding USS|Floyds Bay|AVP-40 already there and operating as tender for seaplanes. "Yakutat" underwent a brief availability alongside USS|Cascade|AD-26 before she commenced her tending operations at Wakanoura Wan. She operated as tender for seaplanes using that port until 12 October, when she shifted to Hiro Wanwhere she performed seaplane tender operations and seadrome control duties for a little over a month. Underway on 14 November, "Yakutat" arrived at Sasebo on the 15th, stayed there until the 19th, and then set sail for the United Stateswith 58 officers and 141 enlisted men embarked as passengers. After stopping at Midway Islandfor fuel on the 27th, the small seaplane tender continued on, bound for the Pacific Northwest.
Return to Stateside
Port Townsend, Washington, on 6 December, "Yakutat" transferred all passengers to "LCI-957" for further transportation and then shifted to Sinclair Inlet, Washington, where she offloaded all bombs and ammunition before reporting on the 7th to the Bremerton Group of the Pacific Reserve (19th) Fleet.
Transferred to the U.S. Coast Guard
"Yakutat" subsequently shifted south to the naval air station at
Alameda, California, where she was decommissioned on 29 July 1946. Transferred on loan to the Coast Guard on 31 August 1948, the erstwhile small seaplane tender was towed to the Hunters Point Naval Shipyardin September, where she was fitted out into the winter months. She was recommissioned at San Francisco, California, on 23 November 1948 as USCGC Yakutat (WAVP-380).
North Atlantic operations
Proceeding via the
Panama Canaland Kingston, Jamaica, "Yakutat" eventually commenced weather patrol duties in the North Atlantic out of Portland, Maine, in late January 1949. Homeported at New Bedford, Massachusetts, in 1949, "Yakutat" operated out of that port over the next 11 years, always ready to perform her assigned missions of search and rescue, ocean station patrol, and providing meteorologicaland oceanographicservices. Periodically, the ship conducted refresher training in company with naval units out of Guantanamo Bay, Cuba.
Rescuing survivors of ship collision
During the course of her operations. "Yakutat" proceeded, in February 1952, to the scene of an unusual maritime disaster that occurred off
Cape Cod. Two tankers -- SS|Fort Mercer and SS|Pendleton -- each broke in two and foundered, almost simultaneously. "Yakutat", as ship in tactical command of the rescue efforts, consequently picked up men from both ships and directed the rescue efforts by other participating vessels in the vicinity. Later that year, in December, "Yakutat" rescued survivors of a plane crash off the entrance to St. George's Harbor, Bermuda, with her small boats.
Participating in Coast Guard operations as part of
Operation Market Timeoff the coast of Vietnam in 1967 and again in 1970 and 1971, "Yakutat" was also re-designated as a high endurance cutter and given the alphanumeric hull number WHEC-380. Placed under the operational command of the Navy for her second deployment to Vietnam in 1970, "Yakutat" was transferred to the Navy of the Republic of South Vietnamon 10 January 1971.
Transferred to South Vietnam
Renamed "Tran Nhat Duat" (HQ-03), the former seaplane tender and weather ship cooperated with units of the United States Navy on coastal patrol and counter-insurgency missions off the coast of embattled South Vietnam until the collapse of that country in the spring of 1975. Fleeing to the
Philippines, "Tran Nhat Duat" and her five sisterships of the former South Vietnamese Navy lay moored in Subic Bayawaiting disposition—ships without a country. The Philippine government, however, acquired the ships in 1975, and title was formally transferred on 5 April 1976. "Tran Nhat Duat" and her sistership "Tran Quac Toan" (HQ-06) (formerly USS|Cook Inlet|AVP-36 were acquired only to be cannibalized for spare parts to keep the other four units of the class in operating condition.
Military awards and honors
"Yakutat" (AVP-32) received four battle stars for her World War II service. She also received one award of the
Navy Unit Commendation, one award of the Meritorious Unit Commendation, and four battle stars for Vietnam service while assigned to the United States Coast Guard.
List of United States Navy ships
* [http://www.history.navy.mil/danfs/#Anchor-Editoria-14954 Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships]
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