Angoon, Alaska

Angoon, Alaska

Infobox Settlement
official_name = Angoon, Alaska
settlement_type = City
nickname =
motto =

imagesize =
image_caption =


mapsize = 250px
map_caption = Location of Angoon, Alaska

mapsize1 =
map_caption1 =

pushpin_label_position = left
pushpin_mapsize = 300
pushpin_map_caption =
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = United States
subdivision_type1 = State
subdivision_name1 = Alaska
subdivision_type2 = Census Area
subdivision_name2 = Hoonah-Angoon
government_type =
leader_title =
leader_name =
established_title =
established_title2 =
established_date =
established_date2 =
area_magnitude =
area_total_sq_mi = 38.6
area_total_km2 = 100
area_land_sq_mi = 22.5
area_land_km2 = 58.3
area_water_sq_mi = 16.1
area_water_km2 = 41.7
area_urban_sq_mi =
area_urban_km2 =
area_metro_sq_mi =
area_metro_km2 =
population_as_of = 2002
population_note =
population_footnotes = cite web | date = June 21, 2006 | url = | title = | format = | work = Angoon, Alaska | publisher = Eddystone Creations | accessdate = June 11 | accessyear = 2007]
population_total = 542
population_metro =
population_urban =
population_density_km2 = 9.8
population_density_sq_mi = 25.4
timezone = Alaska
utc_offset = -9
timezone_DST = Alaska
utc_offset_DST = -8
latd = 57 |latm = 3 |lats = 10 |latNS = N
longd = 135 |longm = 19 |longs = 54 |longEW = W
elevation_m = 7
elevation_ft = 23
website =
postal_code_type =
postal_code =
area_code = 907
blank_name = FIPS code
blank_info = 02-03440
blank1_name = GNIS feature ID
blank1_info = [Gnis3|1420113 1420113]
footnotes =

Angoon (sometimes formerly spelled "Angun") is a city on Admiralty Island in Hoonah-Angoon Census Area, Alaska, United States. At the 2000 census the population was 572. The name in Tlingit, "Aangóon", means roughly "isthmus town."


Angoon is located at coor dms|57|29|49|N|134|34|25|W|city (57.496891, -134.573579)GR|1.

Angoon is the largest permanent settlement on Admiralty Island. It is located on an isthmus at the mouth of Kootznahoo Inlet on the west side of the island. It is 97 km (60 miles) southwest of Juneau. The only other community on the island is Cube Cove, to the north.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 38.6 square miles (99.9 km²), of which, 22.5 square miles (58.3 km²) of it is land and 16.1 square miles (41.7 km²) of it (41.69%) is water.


As of the censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 572 people, 184 households, and 138 families residing in the city. The population density was 25.4 people per square mile (9.8/km²). There were 221 housing units at an average density of 9.8/sq mi (3.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 11.36% White, 0.52% Black or African American, 81.99% Native American, 0.17% Asian, 1.40% from other races, and 4.55% from two or more races. 5.42% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 184 households out of which 42.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.5% were married couples living together, 17.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.0% were non-families. 22.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 2.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.11 and the average family size was 3.64.

In the city the population was spread out with 34.8% under the age of 18, 8.6% from 18 to 24, 28.3% from 25 to 44, 21.9% from 45 to 64, and 6.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 110.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 115.6 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $29,861, and the median income for a family was $31,429. Males had a median income of $21,250 versus $30,625 for females. The per capita income for the city was $11,357. About 27.0% of families and 27.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 39.1% of those under age 18 and 20.0% of those age 65 or over.


Admiralty Island has long been the home of the Kootznoowoo Tlingit group. Kootznoowoo means "fortress of bears". Angoon has a less-rainy climate than most of southeastern Alaska and was valued by the Tlingit for that reason.

During the Russian period in Alaska, from the 1700s to the mid-1800s, fur trading was a major economic activity in the area.

In 1878, after the Alaska Purchase, the Northwest Trading Company established a trading post and whaling station on nearby Killisnoo Island and employed Angoon villagers to hunt whales. Whaling, a school and a Russian Orthodox Church attracted many Tlingits to neighboring Killisnoo.

In 1882, a whaling vessel's harpoon charge accidentally misfired and exploded, killing a crewmember who was a Tlingit shaman, or medicine man. Villagers demanded payment of 200 blankets to the man's family, as was customary. The Northwest Trading Company sought help from the United States Navy at Sitka. Angoon and a nearby summer camp were shelled and destroyed by the Navy Cutter "U.S.S. Corwin".

After a short time, the Northwest Trading Company switched to herring processing. During this time, many Tlingits moved to Killisnoo for employment at the fish plant. In 1928, Killisnoo was destroyed by fire and many Tlingits returned to Angoon.

In 1973, Angoon won a U. S. $90,000 settlement from the United States Government for the 1882 bombardment.

Fishing and fish processing are the mainstays of the economy at Angoon now.

Further reading

* Garfield, Viola (1947) "Historical Aspects of Tlingit Clans in Angoon, Alaska." "American Anthropologist," vol. 49, no. 3, pp. 438-452.

* Jacobs, Harold (2000) "Xoodzidaa Kwáan: Inhabitants of the Burning Wood Fort." In: "Will the Time Ever Come? A Tlingit Source Book," ed. by Andrew Hope III and Thomas F. Thornton, pp. 34-47. Fairbanks, Alaska: Alaska Native Knowledge Network.

* Reckley, G. Eve, "Angoon Account of Bombardment Challenges Military Reports." "In Commemoration." Kootznoowoo Heritage Foundation of Angoon. pp. 9-16.


External links

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