Joseph Barbera

Joseph Barbera

Infobox Person
name= Joseph Barbera

caption= Joseph Barbera
birth_date= birth date|1911|3|24|mf=y
birth_place= New York City, New York, USA
death_date= Death date and age|2006|12|18|1911|3|24
death_place= Los Angeles, California, USA
spouse= Dorothy Earl (c. 1935–1963)
Sheila Holden (1963–2006)

Joseph Roland "Joe" Barbera (pron-en|bɑrˈbɛrə respell|bar|BERR|ə; March 24, 1911 – December 18, 2006) was an influential American animator, director, producer, storyboard artist, and cartoon artist, whose movie and television cartoon characters entertained millions of fans worldwide for much of the twentieth century. Through his young adult years, Barbera lived, attended college, and began his career in New York City.

After working odd jobs and as a banker, Barbera joined Van Beuren Studios in 1932 and subsequently Terrytoons in 1936. In 1937 he moved to California and while working at Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (MGM), Barbera met William Hanna. The two men began a collaboration that was at first best known for producing "Tom and Jerry" and live action films. In 1957, they co-founded Hanna-Barbera, which became the most successful television animation studio in the business, producing programs such as "The Flintstones", "The Huckleberry Hound Show", "The Jetsons", "Scooby-Doo", "The Smurfs", and "Yogi Bear". In 1967, Hanna-Barbera was sold to Taft Broadcasting for $12 million, but Hanna and Barbera remained head of the company until 1991. At that time the studio was sold to Turner Broadcasting System, which in turn was merged with Time Warner, owners of Warner Bros., in 1996; Hanna and Barbera stayed on as advisors.

Hanna and Barbera won seven Academy Awards and eight Emmy Awards. Their cartoons have become cultural icons, and their cartoon characters have appeared in other media such as films, books, and toys. Hanna-Barbera's shows have a global audience of over 300 million people and have been translated into more than 20 languages.


Joseph Barbera was born in the Little Italy (Lower East Side) section of Manhattan, New York, to immigrants of Sicilian descent. His family moved to Flatbush, Brooklyn, New York when he was four months old.cite web|url=
title=Master cartoonist who created Tom and Jerry draws his last |first=Melissa |last=Whitworth
location=New York |accessdate=2008-09-09 | |accessdate=2007-02-18
] cite book|last=Barbera|first=Joseph|title=My Life in "Toons": From Flatbush to Bedrock in Under a Century|year=1994|publisher=Turner Publishing|location=Atlanta, GA|isbn= 1-57036-042-1] rp|17-18, 58 He had two younger brothers, Larry and Ted, both of whom served in World War II. As a member of the United States Army, Larry participated in the invasion of Sicily. Ted was a fighter pilot with the United States Army Air Forces and served in the Aleutian Islands Campaign.rp|91-95 Barbera's father, Vincent, was the prosperous owner of three barbershops who squandered the family fortunes on gambling.rp|19 By the time Barbera was 15, his father had abandoned the family and his maternal Uncle Jim became a father figure to him.rp|22-24

Barbera displayed a talent for drawing as early as the first grade.rp|25-26 He graduated from Erasmus Hall High School in Brooklyn in 1928.rp|23 While in high school, Barbera won several boxing titles. He was briefly managed by World Lightweight Boxing Champion Al Singer's manager but soon lost interest in boxing.rp|30-32 In 1935, Barbera married his high school sweetheart, Dorothy Earl. In school they had been known as "Romeo and Juliet".rp|28

Barbara and his wife briefly separated when he went to California. They reunited but were on the verge of another separation when they discovered that Dorothy was pregnant with their first child. The marriage officially ended in 1963.rp|58, 61, 66, 90, 129 Shortly after his divorce, Barbara met his second wife, Sheila Holden, at Musso Frank's restaurant, where she worked as bookkeeper and cashier. Unlike Dorothy, who had preferred to stay at home with the children, Sheila enjoyed the Hollywood social scene that Barbera often frequented.rp|137-139, 147cite web|url=|title=Joseph Barbera |date=2006-12-20|work = The Times|accessdate=2008-09-20]

Barbera died at the age of 95 at his home in Studio City, Los Angeles on December 18, 2006, ending a seventy-year career in animation.cite web | url =| title = Cartoon creator Joe Barbera dies | accessdate = 2006-12-18 | date = 2006-12-18 | publisher = Dallas Morning News / AP] His wife Sheila was at his side at the end; he was also survived by three children from his first marriage: Jayne (who worked for Hanna-Barbera), Lynn, and Neal.rp|105-107


Early career

During high school, Barbera worked as a tailor's delivery boy.rp|28 During the Great Depression, he tried unsuccessfully to become a cartoonist for a magazine called "The NY Hits Magazine". He supported himself with a job at a bank, and continued to pursue publication for his cartoons. His magazine drawings of single cartoons, not comic strips, began to be published in "Redbook", "Saturday Evening Post", and "Collier's"—the magazine with which he had the most success.rp|35–36 Barbera also wrote Walt Disney for advice on getting started in the animation industry.cite book|last=Grant|first=John|title=Masters of Animation|year=1994|publisher=Watson-Guptill Publications|location=New York, NY|isbn= 0-8230-3041-5] rp|105 Disney wrote back, saying he would call Barbera during an upcoming trip to New York, but the call never took place.rp|38cite news|url=,%20Half%20of%20Cartoon%20Duo,%20Dies%20at%2095%20-%20New%20York%20Times&st=cse|title=Joseph Barbera, Half of Cartoon Duo, Dies at 95|last=Itzkoff|first=Dave|date=2006-12-19|work=The New York Times|accessdate=2008-08-23]

Barbera took art classes at the Art Students League of New York and the Pratt Institute and was hired to work in the Painting Department of the Fleischer Studios. In 1932, he joined the Van Beuren Studios as an animator and scriptwriter.rp|38–42 He worked on cartoons such as "Cubby Bear" and "Rainbow Parades", and also co-produced Tom and Jerry. This Tom and Jerry series involved several boys; it was unrelated to Barbera's later cat-and-mouse series. When Van Beuren closed down in 1936, Barbera moved over to Paul Terry's Terrytoons studio.rp|53–54


Lured by a substantial salary increase, Barbera left Terrytoons and New York for the new Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer (MGM) cartoon unit in California in 1937.rp|58–59rp|106 He found that Los Angeles was suffering just as much from the Great Depression as Brooklyn and almost returned to Brooklyn.rp|201

Barbera's desk was opposite that of William Hanna. The two quickly realized they would make a good team.cite book|last=Hanna|first=William|coauthors=Tom Ito|title=A Cast of Friends|publisher=Da Capo Press|location=Emeryville, California|date=2000|isbn=0-30680-917-6|url=|accessdate=2008-08-18] rp|Foreword By 1939 they had solidified a partnership that would last 50 years.cite web|url=|title=William Hanna|last=Vallance|first=Tom|date=2001-03-24|work=The Independent|accessdate=2008-08-04] cite web|url=,0,282729.story|title=A Cartoon King Is Dead at 90|date=2001-03-23|work=Associated Press|accessdate=2008-08-14] Barbera and Hanna worked alongside cartoonist Tex Avery, who created cartoon characters such as Daffy Duck and Bugs Bunny.rp|33cite book|last=Adams|first=T. R.|title=Tom and Jerry: 50 years of Cat and Mouse|publisher=Crescent Books, a Random House Company|location=New York, NY|year=1991|isbn=0-517-05688-7] rp|18

In 1940 Hanna and Barbera jointly directed "Puss Gets the Boot", which was nominated for an Academy Award for Best (Cartoon) Short Subject.cite web|url=|title=The cartoon dream team|date=2001-03-21|work=BBC News|accessdate=2008-08-13]

Modeled after the "Puss Gets the Boot" characters with slight differences, the series followed Jerry, the pesky rodent who continuously outwitted his feline foe, Tom.cite news|title=William Hanna: Master animator whose cartoon creations included Tom and Jerry and the Flintstones|last=Gifford|first=Denis|date=2001-03-24|work=The Guardian|url=|accessdate= 2008-08-21] cite web|url=|title=William Hanna|date=2001-11-22|work=The Daily Telegraph|accessdate=2008-08-16] Hanna said they settled on the cat and mouse theme for this cartoon because: "We knew we needed two characters. We thought we needed conflict, and chase and action. And a cat after a mouse seemed like a good, basic thought."cite news|title=Hanna Obit|date=2001-03-22|work=City News Service — Los Angeles|accessdate=2008-08-16] The revamped characters first appeared in 1941's "The Midnight Snack".rp|46 Over the next 17 years Barbera and Hanna worked exclusively on "Tom and Jerry", directing more than 114 highly popular cartoon shorts.cite web|url=|title=Tom and Jerry: Episode Guide|date=2008|publisher=Cartoon Network|accessdate=2008-09-25] During World War II they also made animated training films.rp|92–93 "Tom and Jerry" relied mostly on motion instead of dialog. Despite its popularity, "Tom and Jerry" has often been criticized as excessively violent.cite book|last=Hanna|first=William|coauthors=Joseph Barbera, with Ted Sennett|title=The Art of Hanna-Barbera: Fifty Years of Creativity|year=1989|publisher=Viking Studio Books|location=New York, NY|isbn= 0-67082-978-1] rp|42cite journal|last=Smoodin|first=Eric|title=Cartoon and Comic Classicism: High-Art Histories of Lowbrow Culture|journal=American Literary History|publisher=Oxford University Press|location=Oxford, England|date=Spring, 1992|volume=4|issue=1] rp|134 It was nonetheless groundbreaking in its use of live action stars. Among the more prominent guest stars were Gene Kelly, who appeared in "Anchors Aweigh" (1945) and "Invitation to the Dance" (1956), and Esther Williams in "Dangerous When Wet" (1953).cite web|url=|title= William Hanna Dies at 90; Created Cartoon Characters|date=2001-03-23|work=The New York Times|accessdate=2008-08-06] cite web|url=|title= Animation legend William Hanna dies at 90|date=2001-03-23|work=CNN|accessdate=2008-08-06] The series won its first Academy Award for the 11th short, "The Yankee Doodle Mouse" (1943)—a war-time adventure. "Tom and Jerry" was ultimately nominated for 14 Academy Awards, winning 7.cite news|last=Pearson|first=Richard|title=William Hanna TV Animator |date=2001-03-25|page=C04|work=The Washington Post] No other character-based theatrical animated series has won more awards, nor has any other series featuring the same characters.cite web|url=|title=Animation Legend William Hanna Dead|date=2001-03-21|work=CBS News|accessdate=2008-08-14]

Quimby accepted each Academy Award for "Tom and Jerry's" without inviting Barbera and Hanna onstage. The cartoons were also released with Quimby listed as the sole producer, following the same practice for which he had condemned Ising.rp|83–84 Quimby also once took six months to give Barbera a promised raise.rp|82 When Quimby retired in late 1955, Hanna and Barbera were placed in charge of MGM's animation division. As the studio began to lose more revenue due to television,cite news|title=William Hanna|date=2001-03-24|work=Features|work=The Times] cite news|last=Moore|first=Ron|title=Toons King Dies; Hanna's Magic Touch Brought Us Fred, Yogi, and Scooby-Doo|date=2001-03-24|publisher=Daily Record] MGM soon realized that re-releasing old cartoons was far more profitable than producing new ones.rp|2–3, 109 In 1957 MGM ordered Barbera and Hanna's business manager to close the cartoon division and lay off everyone by a phone call.rp|2–3, 109 Barbera and Hanna found the no-notice closing puzzling because "Tom and Jerry" had been so successful.


In 1957 Barbera reteamed with his former partner Hanna to produce cartoon films for television and theatrical release. The two brought different skills to the company; Barbera was a skilled gag writer and sketch artist, while Hanna had a gift for timing, story construction, and recruiting top artists. Major business decisions would be made together, though each year the title of president alternated between them.rp|77, 146rp|120 A coin toss determined that Hanna would have precedence in the naming of the new company,rp|Foreword first called H-B Enterprises but soon changed to Hanna-Barbera Productions.

The first offering from the new company was "The Ruff & Reddy Show", a series which detailed the friendship between a dog and cat.cite web|url=|title=Hanna, William, and Joseph Barbera: U.S. Television Animators|last=Mullen|first=Megan|publisher=Museum of Broadcast Communications|accessdate=2008-08-10] Despite a lukewarm response for their first theatrical venture, "Loopy De Loop", Hanna-Barbera soon established themselves with two successful television series: "The Huckleberry Hound Show" and "The Yogi Bear Show". A 1960 survey showed that half of the viewers of "Huckleberry Hound" were adults. This prompted the company to create a new animated series, "The Flintstones".cite web|url=|title=Hanna Barbera's golden age of animation|last=Savage|first=Mark|date=2006-12-19|work=BBC News|accessdate=2008-08-13] A parody of "The Honeymooners", the new show followed a typical Stone Age family with home appliances, talking animals, and celebrity guests. With an audience of both children and adults, "The Flintstones" became the first animated prime-time show to be a hit.cite web|url=|title=Legendary American cartoonist dies|date=2001-03-21|work=BBC News|accessdate=2008-08-10] Fred Flintstone's signature exclamation "yabba dabba doo" soon entered everyday usage, and the show boosted the studio to the top of the TV cartoon field. The company later produced a space-age version of "The Flintstones", known as "The Jetsons". Although both shows reappeared in the 1970s and 1980s, "The Flintstones" was far more popular.

By the late 1960s, Hanna-Barbera Productions was the most successful television animation studio in the business. The Hanna-Barbera studio produced over 3000 animated half-hour television shows. Among the more than 100 cartoon series and specials they produced were: "Atom Ant", "Augie Doggie and Doggie Daddy" (an imitation of the earlier "Spike and Tyke" MGM cartoons), "Jonny Quest", "Josie and the Pussycats", "Magilla Gorilla", "Pixie and Dixie and Mr. Jinks", Quick Draw McGraw, and "Top Cat".cite news|title=William Hanna; Cartoon scriptwriter with a natural gift for gags and comic timing|last=Kerr|first=Alison|date=2001-03-24|publisher=The Herald (Glasgow)|page= 16] Top Cat was based on Phil Silvers's character Sgt. Bilko,cite web|url=|title=Cartoon Pioneer Hanna Dead at 90|last=Gentile|first=Gary|date=2001-03-22|work=The Associated Press|accessdate=2008-08-15] though it has been erroneously reported that Sgt. Bilko was the basis for Yogi Bear. The Hanna-Barbera studio also produced "Scooby-Doo" (1969–1986) and "The Smurfs" (1981–1989). The company also produced animated specials based on "Alice in Wonderland", "Jack and the Beanstalk", Cyrano de Bergerac as well as the feature-length movie "Charlotte's Web".rp|228–230

As popular as their cartoons were with 1960s audiences, they were disliked by artists.cite web|url=|title= The Times They Lived: William Hanna, B. 1910; Stone-Age Visionary|last=Nash|first=Eric P.|date=2001-12-30|work=The New York Times|accessdate=2008-08-15] Television programs had lower budgets, and this economic reality caused many animation studios to go out of business, putting many people in the industry out of work. Hanna-Barbera was key in the development of pioneering animation techniques, which allowed television animation to be more cost-effective, but often sacrificed artistic quality.cite web|url=|title=William Hanna, the cartoonist who transformed animation, dies aged 90|last=Buncombe|first=Andrew|date=2001-03-24|work=The Independent|accessdate=2008-08-17] Hanna and Barbera had first experimented with these techniques in the early days of "Tom and Jerry".rp|74, 115 To reduce the cost of each episode, shows often focused more on character dialogue than detailed animation. The number of drawings for a seven-minute cartoon decreased from 14,000 to nearly 2,000, and the company implemented innovative techniques such as rapid background changes to improve viewing. Critics criticized the change from lush, detailed animation to flat characters with repetitive motion. Barbera once said that their choice was to adapt to the television budgets or change careers.cite book|last=Wells|first=Paul|title=Animation and America|publisher=Rutgers University Press|location=New Brunswick, NJ|isbn=0-8135-3160-8|url=,M1|accessdate=2008-08-23] rp|75cite journal|last=Thompson|first=Kirsten Moana|date=01-12-2004 |title=Animation and America by Paul Wells|journal=Film Quarterly|publisher=University of California Press| volume=58|issue=2] rp|54 The new style did not limit the success of their animated shows, enabling Hanna-Barbera to stay in business, providing employment to many who would otherwise have been out of work. This new style of character animation, known as "limited animation",rp|75rp|54 paved the way for future animated characters such as Homer Simpson and those in "South Park". The television animation techniques and story methodology of the team are now legendary.cite web|url=|title=William Hanna|last=Hogan|first=Sean|date=2001-03-23|work=The Irish Times|pages=16|accessdate=2008-08-17]

In 1966, Hanna-Barbera Productions was sold to Taft Broadcasting (renamed Great American Communications in 1987) for $12 million.rp|162, 235–236 Barbera and Hanna remained at the head of the company until 1991.cite news|title=William Hanna, animator and cartoon creator|last=Alasdair |first=Steven|date=2001-03-28|work=The Scotsman] rp|16cite book|title=International Directory of Company Histories|publisher=St. James Press|location=Farmington Hills, MI|year=1998|volume=23|url=|accessdate=2008-08-19] cite news|title=William Hanna|last=Natale |first=Richard|coauthors=Phil Gallo|date=2001-03-21|work=Variety|accessdate=2008-08-24] rp|151 At that point, the company was sold to the Turner Broadcasting System for an estimated $320 million, which itself merged with Time Warner, owners of Warner Bros., in 1996. This began a close association with the Cartoon Network. Barbera and Hanna continued to advise their former company and periodically worked on new Hanna-Barbera shows, including the "The Cartoon Cartoon Show" series and hit silver screen versions of "The Flintstones" (1994) and "Scooby-Doo" (2002).cite journal|last=Rinker|first=Harry L.|year=1996|month=February|title= William Danby Hanna and Joseph Roland Barbera|journal=Antiques & Collecting Magazine|volume=100|issue=12|pages=24] [cite web |url= |title=Cartoon creator Joe Barbera dies |accessdate=2008-08-16 |date=2006-12-18 |work=Associated Press] In the Tom and Jerry cartoon "The Mansion Cat" (2000) Barbera voiced the houseowner.cite web|url=,20812,1571324,00.html|title=Animation Legend Joseph Barbera Died Today|date=2006-12-18|publisher=TimeWarner|accessdate=2008-09-20]

After Hanna's death in 2001, Barbera remained active as an executive producer for Warner Bros. Animation on direct-to-video cartoon features as well as television series such as "What's New, Scooby-Doo?" and "Tom and Jerry Tales".cite web|url=|title=Obituary: Joseph Barbera |date=2006-12-18|publisher=BBC News|accessdate=2008-09-20] He also wrote, co-storyboarded, co-directed and co-produced "The KarateGuard" (2005), the first theatrical "Tom and Jerry" short in more than 45 years.cite web|url=|title= Joseph Barbera|last=Vallance|first=Tom|date=2006-12-06|work = The Independent|accessdate=2008-09-20] cite web|url=|title=Joseph Barbera, 1911-2006|last=Carlson|first=Jen|date=2006-12-19|publisher=Gothamist|accessdate=2008-09-20] His final animated project was the direct-to-video feature "" (2007).cite web|url=|title=Tom and Jerry: A Nutcracker Tale|date=2007|publisher=Imdb|accessdate=2008-09-20]


Most of the cartoons Barbera and Hanna created revolved around close friendship or partnership; this theme is evident with Tom and Jerry, Yogi Bear and Boo Boo, Fred Flintstone and Barney Rubble, Ruff and Ready, "The Jetsons" family, and the friends in "Scooby-Doo". These may have been a reflection of the close business friendship and partnership that Barbera and Hanna shared for almost 60 years.rp|214 Although their professional strengths, weaknesses, and personalities meshed perfectly, Barbera and Hanna travelled in completely different social circles. Hanna's circle of personal friends primarily included other animators; Barbera had an affinity for Hollywood's celebrity society—Zsa Zsa Gabor was a frequent visitor to his house.rp|52–53, 137–139, 147, 222–224 Their division of work roles complemented each other but they rarely talked outside of work since Hanna was interested in the outdoors and Barbera liked beaches and good food and drink.rp|120–121 Nevertheless, in their long partnership, in which they worked with over 2000 animated characters, Barbera and Hanna rarely exchanged a cross word. Barbera said: "We understood each other perfectly, and each of us had deep respect for the other's work." Hanna once said he was never a good artist but his partner could "capture mood and expression in a quick sketch better than anyone I've ever known."

Barbera and Hanna were also among the first animators to realize the enormous potential of television.cite web|url=|title=Cartoon pioneer William Hanna dead at 90|date=2001-03-23|publisher=USA Today|accessdate=2008-08-19] Leonard Maltin says the Hanna-Barbera team "held a record for producing consistently superior cartoons using the same characters year after year—without a break or change in routine their characters are not only animated superstars, but also a very beloved part of American pop culture".cite web|url=|title=Joe Barbera, creator of cartoon classics, dies at 95|last=Glendinning|first=Lee |date=2006-12-19|work=The Guardian|accessdate=2008-08-04] They are often considered the only rivals to Walt Disney in the art of making animated cartoons.cite news|title=Cat and mouse game fathered TV cartoon empire|last=Juddery|first=Mark|date=2001-03-29|work=The Australian|pages=12|accessdate=2008-08-22]

Barbera and Hanna had a lasting impact on television animation.rp|16 Cartoons they created often make "greatest" lists.cite web|url=|title=Bugs Bunny tops greatest cartoon characters list|date=2002-07-30|work=CNN|accessdate=2008-08-14] Many of their characters have appeared in film, books, toys, and other media. Their shows had a global audience of over 300 million people and have been translated into more than 20 languages. The works of Barbera and Hanna have been praised not only for their animation, but for their music. "The Cat Concerto" (1946) and "Johann Mouse" (1952) have both been called "masterpieces of animation" largely because of their classical music.rp|34rp|133

In all, the Hanna-Barbera team won seven Academy Awards and eight Emmy Awards,cite web|url=|title=William Hanna — Awards|publisher=allmovie|accessdate=2008-08-12] cite news|title=Joseph Barbera: Animation pioneer whose creations with William Hanna included the Flintstones and Tom and Jerry|last=Vallance|first=Tom|date=2006-12-20|work=The Independent (London)] rp|32 including the 1960 award for "The Huckleberry Hound Show", which was the first Emmy awarded to an animated series. They also won these awards: Golden Globe for Television Achievement (1960), Golden IKE Award—Pacific Pioneers in Broadcasting (1983), Pioneer Award—Broadcast Music Incorporated (1987), Iris Award—NATPE Men of the Year (1988), Licensing Industry Merchandisers' Association ward for Lifetime Achievement (1988), Governors Award of the Academy of Television Arts and Sciences (1988), Jackie Coogan Award for Outstanding Contribution to Youth through Entertainment Youth in Film (1988), Frederic W. Ziv Award for Outstanding Achievement in Telecommunications—Broadcasting Division College—Conservatory of Music University of Cincinnati (1989), stars on the Hollywood Walk of Fame (1976), several Annie Awards,rp|170 several environmental awards, and were recipients of numerous other accolades prior to their induction into the Television Hall of Fame in 1994.rp|171 In March 2005 the Academy of Television Arts & Sciences and Warner Bros. Animation dedicated a wall sculpture at the Television Academy's Hall of Fame Plaza in North Hollywood to Hanna and Barbera.cite news|title=The Acadeny of Television Arts & Sciences on Wednesday unveiled a 1,200-pound bronze wall sculpture, dedicated to animators and show creators Joseph Barbera and the late William Hanna, at its Hall of Fame Plaza in North Hollywood.|date=2005-03-17|publisher=Daily Variety]

In 1992 Barbera met with Michael Jackson, an avid cartoon fan, in an unsuccessful attempt to arrange for him to sing in "". Barbera drew five quick sketches of "Tom and Jerry" for Jackson and autographed them. Jackson autographed a picture of himself and his niece Nicole for Barbera with the words: "To my hero of yesterday, today, and tomorrow, with many thanks for all the many cartoon friends you gave me as a child. They were all I had.—Michael"cite book|last=Barbera|first=Joseph|title=My Life in "Toons": From Flatbush to Bedrock in Under a Century|year=1994|publisher=Turner Publishing|location=Atlanta, GA|isbn= 1-57036-042-1] rp|236–237

ee also

*Golden Age of American animation
*List of Tom and Jerry cartoons
*List of works produced by Hanna-Barbera
*"Peace on Earth" (re-released as "Good Will to Men")
*"Tom and Jerry" awards and nominations


Further reading

*cite book|last=Cawley|first=John|coauthors=Jim Korkis|title=The Encyclopedia of Cartoon Superstars: From a to (Almost Z) |year=1990|publisher=Pioneer|location=Las Vegas, NV|isbn= 1-55698-269-0
*cite book|last=Erickson|first=Hal|title=Television Cartoon Shows: An Illustrated Encyclopedia, 1949–1993|year=1987|publisher=McFarland & Company|location=Jefferson City, NC|isbn= 0-78640-029-3
*cite book|last=Horn|first=Maurice|title=The World Encyclopedia of Cartoons|year=1980|publisher=Chelsea House Publishing|location=New York, NY|isbn= 0-87754-088-8
*cite book|last=Mallory|first=Michael |title=Hanna Barbera Cartoons|year=1987|publisher=Universe|location=Englewood, NJ|isbn= 0-88363-108-3
*cite book|last=Maltin|first=Leonard|title=Of Mice and Magic: A History of American Animated Cartoons|year=1987|publisher=New American Library|location=New York, NY|isbn= 0-45225-993-2

External links

*imdb name|id=0053484|name= Joseph Barbera
* [ Hanna Barbera Studios]
* [ Mark Evanier's recollections]
* [ National Public Radio Joe Barbera Obituary by Joe Bevilacqua]
* [ 1990 WNYC Radio Interview with Joe Barbera by Joe Bevilacqua]
* [ Official Daws Butler Website - Voice of Hanna-Barbera Cartoons]
* [ Warner Brothers official Hanna-Barbera website]

NAME= Barbera, Joseph
SHORT DESCRIPTION=Animator and cartoonist
DATE OF BIRTH= March 24, 1911
PLACE OF BIRTH= Little Italy, Manhattan, New York, United States
DATE OF DEATH= December 18 2006
PLACE OF DEATH= Los Angeles, California

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