- Vance County, North Carolina
Infobox U.S. County
county = Vance County
state = North Carolina
map size = 250
founded = 1881
seat = Henderson | area_total_sq_mi =270
area percentage = 6.04%
census yr = 2000
pop = 42954
web = www.vancecounty.org
Vance County is a
countylocated in the U.S. stateof North Carolina. As of 2000, the population was 42,954. Its county seatis HendersonGR|6.
The county was formed in 1881 from parts of Franklin County, Granville County, and Warren County. According to the 1955 book, "Zeb's Black Baby", by Samuel Thomas Peace Sr., "The formation of Vance County was accomplished largely as a political expediency. It was in 1881 when Blacks in large numbers were voting solidly Republican. Granville and Franklin Counties were nip and tuck, Democratic or Republican. From the Democratic standpoint, Warren County was hopelessly Republican. But by taking from Granville, Franklin and Warren, those sections that were heavily Republican and out of these sections forming the new county of Vance, the Democratic party could lose Vance to the Republicans and save Granville and Franklin for the Democrats (see
gerrymandering). [U.S.] Senator [Zebulon Baird] Vance was a Democrat. He took kindly to this move and thanked the [North Carolina] Legislature for honoring him with naming the new county after him. At the same time...Vance showed his humor by always referring to Vance County as 'Zeb's Black Baby.'" In the 1890 Census, Vance County was more than 63 percent African American. [http://home.earthlink.net/~ncvance/name.html]
Law and government
Vance County is governed by a seven-member Board of Commissioners, who appoint a county manager [http://www.vancecounty.com/Commissioners.htm] . Vance County is a member of the
Kerr-Tar Regional Council of Governments.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 270
square miles (699 km²), of which, 254 square miles (657 km²) of it is land and 16 square miles (42 km²) of it (6.04%) is water. Kerr Lakeand Kerr Lake State Recreation Areaare partially located in Vance County.
The county is divided into eight townships: Dabney, Henderson, Kittrell, Middleburg, Sandy Creek, Townsville, Watkins, and Williamsboro.
Mecklenburg County, Virginia- north
Warren County, North Carolina- east
Franklin County, North Carolina- south
Granville County, North Carolina- west
As of the
censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 42,954 people, 16,199 households, and 11,647 families residing in the county. The population densitywas 169 people per square mile (65/km²). There were 18,196 housing units at an average density of 72 per square mile (28/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 48.21% White, 48.31% Black or African American, 0.20% Native American, 0.39% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 2.03% from other races, and 0.84% from two or more races. 4.56% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 16,199 households out of which 33.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.00% were married couples living together, 20.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.10% were non-families. 24.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 3.06.
The county had the dubious distinction of having the highest teen pregnancy rate in the state for the year 2005 as researched by the Adolescent Pregnancy Prevention Coalition of North Carolina. The rate was 110.4 per 1000 teens, significantly above the state average of 61.7 per 1000 teens.
In the county the population was spread out with 27.10% under the age of 18, 8.90% from 18 to 24, 28.80% from 25 to 44, 22.60% from 45 to 64, and 12.60% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 89.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.30 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $31,301, and the median income for a family was $36,389. Males had a median income of $28,284 versus $21,433 for females. The
per capita incomefor the county was $15,897. About 16.30% of families and 20.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.70% of those under age 18 and 19.30% of those age 65 or over.
Cities and towns
* Vance County Schools [http://www.vcs.k12.nc.us/]
* Vance Charter School [http://www.vancecharter.org/]
* Kerr-Vance Academy [http://www.kerrvance.com/]
* Crossroads Christian Academy [http://www.crossroadschristianhenderson.com/]
* Victory Christian Academy
Vance-Granville Community College
* [http://home.comcast.net/~teylu/ncvance/ Vance County History & Genealogy]
* [http://www.vancecounty.com Vance County government official website]
* [http://www.hendersonvance.org/ Henderson-Vance Chamber of Commerce]
* [http://vancecountyedc.com/ Vance County Economic Development Commission]
* [http://www.hendersondispatch.com/ "The Daily Dispatch"]
* [http://www.vgcc.edu Vance-Granville Community College]
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