Centennial Park, New South Wales

Centennial Park, New South Wales

Infobox Australian Place | type = suburb
name = Centennial Park
city = Sydney
state = nsw


caption = Centennial Park
lga = City of Sydney, City of Randwick
postcode = 2021
pop =
area =
est =
propval =
stategov = Sydney
fedgov = Sydney
dist1 = 4
dir1 = south-east
location1= Sydney CBD
near-nw = Paddington
near-n = Woollahra
near-ne = Bondi Junction
near-w = Moore Park
near-e = Queens Park
near-sw = Kensington
near-s = Randwick
near-se = Randwick

Centennial Park is a large area of parkland in the Eastern Suburbs of Sydney in the state of New South Wales, Australia. Centennial Park is located 4 kilometres south-east of the Sydney central business district, in the City of Randwick. [Gregory's Sydney Street Directory, Gregory's Publishing Company, 2007]

Centennial Park is also a small residential suburb, on the western fringe of the parkland, which is part of the local government area of the City of Sydney.

History

The government began plans for a celebratory park in 1886 and passed an Act of Parliament in the following year. Some of the grandiose plans for the area such as a museum and a national convention building, never eventuated.

Centennial Park was dedicated by Sir Henry Parkes in January 1888 to celebrate the first 100 years of European settlement in Australia and described by him as 'emphatically the people's park'. The Governor-General, Lord Hopetoun dedicated the park 'to the people of New South Wales forever'. [The Book of Sydney Suburbs, Frances Pollon (Angus and Robertson) 1990, p.57 ISBN 0-207-14495-8]

The land was originally set aside by Governor Lachlan Macquarie for grazing and watering stock. The ponds to the south, known as Lachlan Swamps, were named in his honour and were the chief water supply for Sydney from 1830 to 1880. Water was carried to Hyde Park along a tunnel called Busby's Bore, after its designer John Busby (1765-1857). The tunnel served the needs of Sydney until the Nepean scheme made it redundant in the 1880s. In 1851, it was a scene of a duel between the first Premier of New South Wales, Sturt Donaldson, and the Surveyor-General, Thomas Mitchell. Both men survived to fulfil their duties.

In more recent times, the park has had its share of bad news and publicity. On February 7th, 1986, Sallie-Anne Huckstepp was found drowned in the Busby Pond. It was thought that she had been murdered by a well-known Sydney criminal, Neddy Smith, but he was not convicted. The Sydney Morning Herald described her as a "32-year-old gangster's moll, heroin addict and prostitute who mingled with Sydney's most notorious criminals and blew the whistle on crooked cops." [Sydney Morning Herald, July 12-13 2008, p.24] Huckstepp was not the only person to be murdered in the park. One of the resident hermits was found one morning with his head bashed in.

The Park

Centennial Park is 2.20 square kilometres in area (being originally larger), administered by [http://www.centennialparklands.com.au/ the Centennial Park & Moore Park Trust] , a [http://www.nsw.gov.au/ NSW Government] agency. It covers varied terrain, from low-lying wetlands and ornamental lakes to expanses of grass and playing fields, to pine and native forests. The area was originally swampland, known as Lachlan Swamps. It is located adjacent to another large public space, Moore Park. It is one of Australia's most famous parks and is listed on the Register of the National Estate. [The Heritage of Australia, Macmillan Company, 1981, p.2/60]

Federation Monument

The Federation Monument, which consists of the Commonwealth Stone (1901) and the Federation Pavilion (1988), is significant as the site of the official ceremony to mark the Federation of Australia and the inauguration of the Commonwealth of Australia on 1 January 1901. [ [http://www.aussieheritage.com.au/listings/nsw/Centennial%20Park/FederationMonument/4151 Federation Monument, Centennial Park, NSW Profile ] ]

The Federation Pavilion, designed by Alexander Tzannes, was erected around the 'Commonwealth Stone' as a permanent monument to Federation, in the Bicentennial Year of European Settlement in 1988. An inscription around the pavilion is from a poem by Bernard O'Dowd, and reads: "Mammon or millenial Eden". The building was renovated and plaques were added to celebrate the Centenary of the Federation of Australia on 1 January 2001.

The Commonwealth Stone is made of sandstone, and it is almost the only remnant of the original pavilion used by Lord Hopetoun. Most of the structure rotted, being made of plaster of Paris; the base survived and is now located in Cabarita Park. [John Huxley, "Sunrise in the big backyard", Sydney Morning Herald, 14 February 1998, p. 9.]

Grand Drive

Grand Drive is the circular main road through the park. It runs for 3.8km and is part of the Sydney Marathon course, which was used in the 2000 Summer Olympics. The drive is separated into five concentric circles, with the outer track used for cycling or rollerblading, fourth largest for car driving, third for car parking and many trees, the second is a paved pathway for walking, also used for running, the smallest being a dirt track for horseriding.

McKay Oval

Located in the most western area of the park, it is the home ground of Sydney Boys High School for Rugby Union, Soccer and Cricket matches, in the Greater Public Schools Competition. When leased to Sydney Boys High School in 1929, it was a swamp littered with rocks. After the swamp was drained, the rocks were removed mostly by the students, who for their training warmups had to find ten stones. Drainage issues still exist to this day, on occasions where there is heavy rain, winter sports matches are relocated or cancelled. Cricket matches everywhere are always cancelled in light rain. The main oval is currently surrounded by small white fence, which is also the boundary for cricket games, though spectators for the winter sports are allowed inside this boundary and are allowed to sit very close to the field, around 5 metres.

Built adjacent is the Fairland Pavilion, the hosting area for various lunches and afternoon teas, also the location of the canteen, changerooms, scoreboard, first aid, and storerooms for the bulk of the sporting equipment.

Housing

The residential part of Centennial Park sits on the western fringe of the parkland and features some historic houses on large blocks.

References

External links

* [http://www.centennialparklands.com.au/ Centennial Parklands]


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