- York railway station
Infobox UK station
name = York
National Express East Coast
code = YRK
platforms = 11
usage0405 = 5.796
usage0506 = 6.148
usage0607 = 6.363
years = 1877
events = Opened
years1 = 1909
events1 = Extended
years2 = 1938
events2 = Footbridge Built
years3 = 1947
events3 = Repaired
years4 = 2008
events4 = Currently being refurbished:"This article is about a railway station in England. For the similarly named subway station in
Brooklyn, New York City, see York Street (IND Sixth Avenue Line)."
York railway station is a main-line railway station in the historic city of
York. It lies on the East Coast Main Line(ECML) 303 km (188½ miles) north of London's King's Cross station towards Edinburgh's Waverley Station. Originally it was part of the North Eastern Railway.
The first York railway station was a temporary building on Queen Street outside the walls of the city, opened in 1839 by the
York and North Midland Railway, and was the terminus of the original trunk route for trains to London, via Derby and Birmingham. A second station, inside the walls, was built by George Townsend Andrewsin 1840 and opened on 4 January 1841. This station closed in 1877 when the present station opened but remained in use for a further 88 years as carriage storage space. Andrews also designed the neo-Tudor arch where the walls were breached and the hotel across the head of the lines, completed in 1853. This station was the first to incorporate a hotel in its structure. The hotel and flanking departure and arrival buildings, now used as offices, still stand (on Toft Green/Tanner Row), although the train-shed was largely demolished in 1965. [cite book | last = Pevsner | first = Nikolaus | authorlink = Nikolaus Pevsner | coauthors = and Neave, David | title = Yorkshire: York and the East Riding | origyear = 1972 | edition = 2nd edition | year = 1995 | publisher = Penguin Books | location = London | id = ISBN 0-14-071061-2 |pages=pp201-2 ]
It was replaced by the present station, designed by the North Eastern Railway architect Thomas Prosser and William Peachey. On completion in 1877, it had 13 platforms and was the largest in the world.
In 1909 new platforms were added, and in 1938 the current footbridge was built. The building was damaged during the
Second World Warand extensively repaired in 1947. In 2006-7, the approaches to the station were reorganised in order to improve facilities for bus, taxi and car users as well as pedestrians and cyclists. The former motive power depot and goods station now house the National Railway Museum.
All the platforms except 9/10/11 are under the large, curved, glass and iron roof. They are accessed via a long footbridge (which also connects to the
National Railway Museum) or by lifts and a tunnel.
The platforms at York have been renumbered several times, the current use is:
*Platform 1: South-facing
bay platformmostly used for services to Hull and for stabling empty stock.
*Platform 2: North-facing
bay platformconnected only to the Scarborough branch, used mostly for stabling a spare TPX unit (along with the accompanying station siding).
*Platform 3: Main southbound platform, accessible directly from the station concourse. Most southbound
National Express East Coastor CrossCountryservices and some Westbound First Trans-Pennine Express services use this.
*Platform 4: Northward continuation of platform 3 connected only to the Scarborough branch, used by most First Trans-Pennine Express services from Scarborough.
*Platform 5: Main northbound platform, accessible by footbridge or tunnel. Most northbound
National Express East Coastor CrossCountryservices and some North/Eastbound First Trans-Pennine Express services use this.
*Platform 6: South-facing
bay platformused mostly by Northern Railcommuter services, and sometimes by East Midlands Trainsservices to London St. Pancras.
*Platform 7: South-facing
bay platformused mostly by Northern Railcommuter services.
*Platform 8: North-facing
bay platformused almost exclusively by Northern Railtrains on the Harrogate Line.
*Platforms 9, 10, 11: Bidirectional platforms used by
National Express East Coast, Cross-Countryand First TransPennine Expressservices. As of mid-September 2008 Platform 9 is out of use and being refurbished; at peak hours this can cause delays on the approach to the station as trains wait for platforms to become free.
Platforms 10 and 11 exist outside the main body of the station. Another siding (the former "fruit dock") exists opposite Platform 11.
The station is operated by
National Express East Coaston behalf of Network Rail, and provides services to:
Doncaster, Retford, Grantham, Newark, Peterborough, Stevenage, Londonand other stations on the ECML south
Darlington, Durham, Newcastle upon Tyne, Edinburgh, Glasgow, Aberdeen, Invernessand other stations on the ECML north
Leeds, Sheffield, Derby, Birmingham, Bristolvia CrossCountryservices on to
Harrogateand Knaresborough(going on to Leeds) on the Harrogate Line
Liverpool, Manchester Piccadillyand Manchester Airportto the west and Middlesbroughto the north via First TransPennine Expressservices
Bradford, Halifax, Hebden Bridgeand stations to Prestonand Blackpoolor Manchester Victoriaby Northern Rail's commuter services
Leicester, Kettering, Bedford, Lutonand other stations on the Midland Main Lineserved by East Midlands Trainsthrough Sheffield.
*Hull on the
Hull to York Line, Selby, and Scarborough on the North TransPennine Line to the east.
The station is used by the following TOCs
National Express East Coast- Inter-City 225( Class 91 electric locomotiveand DVT) and Inter-City 125(HST) services between London and the North East and Scotland.
First TransPennine Express- Class 185 "Pennine" diesel multiple unitsbetween Manchester and Liverpool and Scarborough, Newcastle or Middlesbrough.
Northern Rail- assorted Sprinter(Class 15x) and Pacer (Class 14x) diesel multiple unitsoperating 'stopping' services across Yorkshire, Greater Manchester and Lancashire.
CrossCountry- Class 220 and Class 221 'Voyager' diesel multiple unitson cross-country services linking the Midlandsand South West with the North East, South East Wales and Scotland.
East Midlands Trains- very limited weekend-only service, run by Class 222 Meridian diesel multiple units. East Midlands Trainsterminate at York in the winter and run on to Scarborough in the summer. East Midlands Trainsoffers an alternative (but much slower) route to the South along the Midland Main Linevia Leicesterto London St Pancras (now the home of Eurostarinternational services).
*Grand Central -
Inter-City 125between London and the North East and Sunderland.
* [http://www.imagesofengland.org.uk/Details/Default.aspx?id=464934&mode=quick Images of England details of Old Station]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.