List of Merritt Island launch sites

List of Merritt Island launch sites

Merritt Island, off of the eastern coast of Florida, is home to two spaceports, servicing several launch sites for rockets.

John F. Kennedy Space Center

John F. Kennedy Space Center has one launch site with two pads. This was the site of the Saturn V launches, all manned Skylab flights, the Apollo-Soyuz Test Project, as well as those of the Space Shuttle. Current plans will see the two launch pads being converted for future "Project Constellation" use after the Shuttle is retired in 2010.

* Launch Complex 39A, active, Saturn V (primary facility), Space Shuttle--future planned Ares V (CaLV) primary facility and Ares I (CLV) backup facility
* Launch Complex 39B, active, Saturn V (backup facility), Saturn IB (Skylab and Apollo-Soyuz), Space Shuttle--future planned Ares I primary facility and Ares V backup facility
* Launch Complex 39C, unbuilt, Saturn V-- possible future Ares I and Ares V back-up/manned Mars mission support facilityFact|date=December 2007
* Launch Complex 39D, planned but never built, Advanced Saturn V
* Launch Complex 39E, planned but never built, Advanced Saturn V

Cape Canaveral Air Force Station

Cape Canaveral Air Force Station (CCAFS) was the site of all pre-Apollo manned launches, as well as many other important early Department of Defense (DoD) and NASA launches. For the DoD, it plays a secondary role to Vandenberg AFB in California, but is still the launch site for many NASA unmanned space probes, as those spacecraft are typically launched on Air Force launchers. Active launch vehicles are in bold.

Much of the support activity for CCAFS occurs at nearby Patrick Air Force Base.
* Launch Complex 1, inactive, Snark, Matador, Aerostat
* Launch Complex 2, inactive, Snark, Matador, Aerostat
* Launch Complex 3, inactive, Bumper-WAC, BOMARC, Polaris, X-17,
* Launch Complex 4, inactive, BOMARC, Redstone, Matador, Jason, Draco
* Launch Complex 4A, inactive, BOMARC
* Launch Complex 5, inactive, Jupiter, Redstone, Mercury/Redstone The site of all six manned and unmanned Mercury/Redstone launches.
* Launch Complex 6, inactive, Redstone, Jupiter.
* Launch Complex 9, inactive, Navaho
* Launch Complex 10, inactive, Jason, Draco, Nike Tomahawk
* Launch Complex 11, inactive, Atlas
* Launch Complex 12, inactive, Atlas, Atlas Agena
* Launch Complex 13, inactive, Atlas, Atlas Agena
* Launch Complex 14, inactive, Atlas, Mercury/Atlas D, Atlas Agena. The site of all four manned Mercury/Atlas launches.
* Launch Complex 15, inactive, Titan I, Titan II
* Launch Complex 16, inactive, Titan I, Titan II, Pershing
* Launch Complex 17A, active, Thor, Delta II
* Launch Complex 17B, active, Thor, Delta II, Delta III
* Launch Complex 18, inactive, Viking, Vanguard, Thor, Blue Scout Junior, Blue Scout
* Launch Complex 19, inactive, Titan I, Gemini/Titan II. The site of all ten manned Gemini/Titan II launches.
* Launch Complex 20, inactive, Titan I, Titan III, Starbird, Prospector, Aries, LCLV, Super Loki
* Launch Complex 21, inactive, Goose, Mace
* Launch Complex 22, inactive, Goose, Mace
* Launch Complex 25, inactive, Polaris, X-17, Poseidon, Trident I
* Launch Complex 26, inactive, Jupiter, Redstone. Launch site of Explorer 1 - the first successful U.S. satellite
* Launch Complex 29, inactive, Polaris
* Launch Complex 30, inactive, Pershing
* Launch Complex 31, inactive, Minuteman, Pershing. Used as a burial vault for the Space Shuttle "Challenger"
* Launch Complex 32, inactive, Minuteman
* Launch Complex 34, inactive, Saturn I, Saturn IB. Site of Apollo 1 fire. Possible future launch site for unmanned Ares I.Fact|date=December 2007
* Launch Complex 36A, inactive, Atlas/Centaur, Atlas II.

* Launch Complex 36B, inactive, Atlas, Atlas II, Atlas III.
* Launch Complex 37A, inactive, unused.
* Launch Complex 37B, active, Saturn I, Saturn IB, Delta IV
* Launch Complex 40, inactive, Titan III, Titan IV, future site for Falcon 9.
* Launch Complex 41, active, Titan III, Titan IV, Atlas V
* Launch Complex 43, inactive, Super Loki
* Launch Complex 45, inactive, Roland
* Launch Complex 46, inactive, Trident II, Athena
* Launch Complex 47, active, Super Loki

Other

* Atlantic Missile Range drop zone, inactive, High Virgo, Bold Orion, Hound Dog, Skybolt
* Grand Turk Island drop zone, inactive
* Mobile Launch Area, inactive, Lark, Matador, MX-775, Snark
* SLBM Launch Area, inactive, Polaris, Poseidon, Trident
*Shuttle Landing Facility, active, Pegasus
*Cape Canaveral AFS Skid Strip, active, Navaho, Pegasus, Pegasus XL
*Patrick AFB, inactive, Matador

See also

* KSC Press Site

External links

* [http://www.astronautix.com/sites/capveral.htm Encyclopedia Astronautica entry]
* [http://www.stellarlink.org/academic/merrittspacelaunch.kml Google Earth Merritt Island Tour]


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