- Llewelyn Davies boys
The Davies boys (the family only used the double surname Llewelyn Davies in formal contexts) were the sons of Arthur (1863–1907) and
Sylvia Llewelyn Davies(1866–1910) (daughter of cartoonist/writer George du Maurier). They served as the inspiration for the characters of Peter Panand the other boys of J. M. Barrie's Neverlandworks, and several of the main characters were named after them.
Barrie became their guardian following the deaths of their parents in their mid-forties, and they were publicly associated with Barrie and with Peter Pan for the rest of their lives. The three oldest served in the British military in
World War I. Two of the brothers died in their early twenties (one in combat, the other in a suspicious drowning), and a third later committed suicide. Their early lives have been the subject of two cinematic dramatizations.
:"(See main articles about each one for individual information.)"
The boys were born and grew up in the
Paddingtonand Notting Hillareas of London. Their parents were a barristerand the daughter of a successful cartoonist and writer, and they enjoyed a comfortable middle class upbringing in a household with servants. They were befriended in 1897 by playwright/novelist J. M. Barrie, who first met George and Jack in Kensington Gardensduring outings with their nurse ( nanny) Mary Hodgson and infant Peter. He initially entertained them with his playful antics such as dancing with his dog Porthos, wiggling his ears, and performing feats with his eyebrows, and further endeared himself to them with his stories. He became a regular part of their lives, whom they came to call "Uncle Jim".
In addition to the time the boys spent with Barrie in Kensington Gardens and at the Davies home, the family accompanied him to his retreat Black Lake Cottage, where George, Jack, and Peter were the subjects of "The Boy Castaways", a photobook made by Barrie about their play adventures living on an island and fighting pirates. The boys and their activities with Barrie provided him with much of the inspiration for the character of
Peter Pan, introduced in " The Little White Bird" in 1901, and the characters of the Lost Boys and Wendy Darling's brothers, introduced in Barrie's 1904 play " Peter Pan, or The Boy Who Wouldn't Grow Up" and further immortalized in its 1911 adaptation as the novel "Peter and Wendy".
After death of parents
Their father died of a salivary
sarcomain 1907, and their mother died of cancerin 1910. Over the course of their illnesses, Barrie became more involved with the family, including providing financial support for them. With Sylvia's death, Barrie became the boys' trustee and guardian (though never in the legal sense), along with their maternal grandmother Emma du Maurier, Sylvia's brother Guy du Maurier, and Arthur's brother Compton Llewelyn Davies. Mary Hodgson continued to care for them, until increasing friction with Barrie and a confrontation with Jack's new wife led to her resignation when the boys were in their teens and twenties. Barrie, whose success as a novelist and playwright made him wealthy, provided housing, education, and financial support for them until they were independent.
Jack was already in the
Royal Navy, and George and Peter volunteered to serve as officers in the British Armyupon the United Kingdom's entry into World War I; George was killed in action in 1915. Michael drowned with a close friend at Oxford Universityin 1921. Peter, plagued by his life-long identification as "the real Peter Pan" and other personal troubles, committed suicide in 1960.
Relationship with Barrie
Although there has often been suspicion about the nature of Barrie's relationship with the Davies boys, there is no evidence that he engaged in any sexual activity with them, nor that there was any suspicion of such at the time. Their father Arthur was troubled by Barrie's relationship with them, but that was based on its interference with his own relationship with them as their father, and he didn't care for the man personally. As an adult, Nico flatly denied any inappropriate behavior or intentions by Barrie.Birkin, Andrew: "J. M. Barrie & the Lost Boys" (Constable & Co., 1979; revised edition, Yale University Press, 2003)] "I don't believe that Uncle Jim ever experienced what one might call 'a stirring in the undergrowth' for anyone — man, woman, or child," he wrote to biographer
Andrew Birkinin 1978. "He was an innocent — which is why he could write Peter Pan." [ [http://www.endicott-studio.com/rdrm/rrPeterPan2.html J. M. Barrie and Peter Pan — Winter 2005 Issue — Endicott Studio] ]
The boys' relationships with Barrie varied. George and Michael were very close to him, and their deaths affected him strongly. Jack harbored some resentment of Barrie for taking his father's place during and after Arthur's illness. Peter's relationship with Barrie was ambivalent, but Nico adored him.
BBCproduced an award-winning miniseries "The Lost Boys" in 1978, written by Andrew Birkin, and starring Ian Holmas Barrie, Ann Bellas their mother, and Tim Pigott-Smithas their father. It dramatizes with good historical accuracy the relationship between the Davies family and Barrie, from the time they met until shortly after Michael's death. The boys are each portrayed by a series of actors as they age. Birkin also wrote the biography "J. M. Barrie & the Lost Boys" on the same subject.
A semi-fictional movie about their relationship with Barrie, "
Finding Neverland", starring Johnny Deppand Kate Winsletas Barrie and their mother, was released to cinemas in November 2004. It covers in a condensed fashion the period from their first meeting until the debut of the play, but omits their father (who was said to have already died) and Nico (who was born during that time and was only an infant at the end of it). The boys are played by Nick Roud(George), Joe Prospero(Jack), Freddie Highmore(Peter), and Luke Spill(Michael).
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